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1994 Java earthquake

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1994 Java earthquake
UTC time1994-06-02 18:17:34
ISC event167105
USGS-ANSSComCat
Local dateJune 3, 1994
Local time01:17:37 WIB (Indonesia Western Standard Time)
Magnitude7.8 Mw [1]
Depth18 km (11 mi) [1]
Epicenter10°31′S 112°52′E / 10.51°S 112.87°E / -10.51; 112.87 [1]
Areas affectedIndonesia
Casualties250 killed

The 1994 Java earthquake occurred on June 3 at 01:17:37 local time off the coast of Indonesia. The epicenter was off the eastern part of the southern Java coast, near the east end of the Java Trench.[2]

Earthquake

This earthquake occurred with a moment magnitude of 7.8 in a region which is characterized as having a weak seismic coupling.[3] Earthquakes with slow rupture velocities are the most efficient tsunami generators, and this earthquake was classified as a tsunami earthquake.[4]

Tsunami

The tsunami reached Java and Bali, with runups up to 14 m (46 ft) on the east Java coast and up to 5 m (16 ft) on the southwestern Bali coast. More than 200 people were killed in the tsunami.[5] The shock could be felt strongly across Bali, central and eastern Java, Lombok, and Sumbawa.[6]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c ISC (19 January 2015), ISC-GEM Global Instrumental Earthquake Catalogue (1900–2009), Version 2.0, International Seismological Centre
  2. ^ Synolakis, C.; Imamura, F.; Tsuji, Y.; Matsutomi, H.; Tinti, S.; Cook, B.; Chandra, Y. P.; Usman, M. (1995), "Damage, conditions of east Java tsunami of 1994 analyzed" (PDF), Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union, 76 (26): 257, Bibcode:1995EOSTr..76..257S, doi:10.1029/95eo00150, archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-05-28, retrieved 2010-08-24
  3. ^ Lay, T.; Bilek, S. (2012), "Anomalous Earthquake Ruptures at Shallow Depths on Subduction Zone Megathrusts" (PDF), The Seismogenic Zone of Subduction Thrust Faults, Columbia University Press, pp. 488, 489
  4. ^ Polet, J.; Kanamori, H. (2000), "Shallow subduction zone earthquakes and their tsunamigenic potential", Geophysical Journal International, 142 (3): 684, 685, Bibcode:2000GeoJI.142..684P, doi:10.1046/j.1365-246x.2000.00205.x
  5. ^ "Tsunamis – past and present".
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-14. Retrieved 2017-08-28.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External links

This page was last edited on 13 April 2020, at 08:21
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