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1992 Big Bear earthquake

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1992 Big Bear earthquake
USGS Shakemap - 1992 Big Bear earthquake.jpg
1992 Big Bear earthquake is located in California
Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Palm Springs
Palm Springs
1992 Big Bear earthquake
UTC time1992-06-28 15:05:33
ISC event289115
USGS-ANSSComCat
Local dateJune 28, 1992 (1992-06-28)
Local time08:05:33 PDT
Magnitude6.5 Mw [1]
Depth3.1 miles (5 km) [2]
Epicenter34°17′N 116°49′W / 34.29°N 116.82°W / 34.29; -116.82 [2]
TypeStrike-slip [2]
Areas affectedInland Empire
Southern California
United States
Total damage≥$60 million[3]
Max. intensityVIII (Severe) [4]
Foreshocks5.2 Mw June 28 at 14:43 [5]
Aftershocks5.3 Mw  July 9 at 01:43 [5]
5.2 Mw  Nov 27 at 16:00 [5]
5.1 Mw  Dec 4 at 02:08 [5]
Casualties63 injuries[3]

The 1992 Big Bear earthquake occurred at 08:05:33 PDT on June 28 in Big Bear Lake, California, with a moment magnitude of 6.5 and a maximum perceived intensity of VIII (Severe) on the Mercalli intensity scale. The earthquake occurred at a relatively shallow depth of 5 kilometers (3.1 mi).

Earthquake

The Big Bear earthquake happened east of Los Angeles, and 3 hours 26 minutes after the M 7.3 1992 Landers earthquake occurred 22 miles (35 km) to the east. It was first believed to be an aftershock of the larger event. However, the United States Geological Survey determined that it was a separate, but related, shock. The two events are considered a regional sequence, rather than a main shock and aftershock. They were part of a complex pattern of regional stress adjustment that also led to the 1999 Hector Mine earthquake.[6]

Damage

In the Big Bear area, severe damage was reported. Roughly 2,600 chimneys were destroyed, 20 homes were knocked off their foundations, and many unreinforced masonry structures partially or completely collapsed.[7] Ruptured gas pipelines and dislodged fuel tanks caused by the tremor sparked fires that destroyed additional structures.[3] The earthquake also caused landslides in the San Bernardino Mountains,[8] blocking several roadways and creating dust clouds that led many to believe forest fires were occurring.[7] The Stanfield Cutoff was heavily damaged, and had to be closed for several days for repairs.[3]

Marilyn Quayle, wife of then-Vice President Dan Quayle, toured the damage in Big Bear.[3] In total, approximately 40 percent of structures in the Big Bear area suffered some degree of damage,[7] amounting to more than $60 million in losses. 63 injuries were attributed to this earthquake, most of which were minor.

See also

References

  1. ^ ISC (January 19, 2015), ISC-GEM Global Instrumental Earthquake Catalogue (1900–2009), Version 2.0, International Seismological Centre
  2. ^ a b c USGS (September 4, 2009), PAGER-CAT Earthquake Catalog, Version 2008_06.1, United States Geological Survey
  3. ^ a b c d e Eland, Ron (June 27, 2012). "Shake, rattle and roll: 20 years later". Big Bear Grizzly. Retrieved November 15, 2019.
  4. ^ USGS, M6.5 - Southern California, United States Geological Survey
  5. ^ a b c d Jones, L. E.; Hough, S. E. (1995), "Analysis of broadband records from the 28 June 1992 Big Bear earthquake: Evidence of a multiple-event source", Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 85 (3): 690
  6. ^ Parsons, Tom; Dreger, Douglas S. (July 1, 2000). "Static-stress impact of the 1992 Landers earthquake sequence on nucleation and slip at the site of the 1999 M=7.1 Hector Mine earthquake, southern California". Geophysical Research Letters. 27 (13): 1949–1952. Bibcode:2000GeoRL..27.1949P. doi:10.1029/1999GL011272.
  7. ^ a b c "The Landers / Big Bear Earthquakes of June 28, 1992". John A. Martin & Associates, Inc. Archived from the original on June 3, 2002.
  8. ^ "Big Bear Earthquake". Southern California Earthquake Center. Archived from the original on June 18, 2012. Retrieved May 23, 2012.

External links


This page was last edited on 17 July 2020, at 20:37
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