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1989 Chilean general election

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1989 Chilean presidential election

← 1970 December 14, 1989 1993 →
 
Patricio Aylwin (1990) - 2.jpg
Hernán Büchi 1983.jpg
Francisco Javier Errázuriz Talavera (Recorte).jpg
Nominee Patricio Aylwin Hernán Büchi Francisco Javier Errázuriz Talavera
Party Christian Democratic Independent Independent
Alliance Concertación / UD DP / DR LSC / PN / AN / SUR
Popular vote 3,850,571 2,052,116 1,077,172
Percentage 55.17% 29.40% 15.43%

President before election

Augusto Pinochet
Military / Independent

Elected President

Patricio Aylwin
Christian Democratic

Presidential election ballot paper
Presidential election ballot paper

General elections were held in Chile on 14 December 1989,[1] bringing an end to the military regime that had been in place since 1973. Patricio Aylwin of the Coalition of Parties for Democracy alliance was elected President, whilst the alliance also won a majority of seats in the Chamber of Deputies and in the elected Senate seats.

From the 1989 elections onwards the military had officially left the political future of the country to civilians to be elected. Pinochet did not endorse any candidate publicly. Former dictatorship minister Hernán Büchi ran for president as candidate of the two right-wing parties, RN and UDI. He had little political experience and was a relatively young (40 years) technocrat credited for Chile's good economic performance in the later half of the 1980s. The right parties faced several problems in the elections: there was considerable infighting between RN and UDI, Büchi had only very reluctantly accepted to run for president and right-wing politicians struggled to define their position towards the Pinochet regime. In addition to this right-wing populist Francisco Javier Errázuriz Talavera ran independently for president and made several election promises Büchi could not match.[2]

The centre-left coalition Concertación was rather united and confident. Its candidate Patricio Aylwin, a Christian Democrat, behaved as if he had won and refused a second television debate with Büchi. Büchi attacked Aylwin on a remark he had made concerning that inflation rate of 20% was not much and he also accused Aylwin of making secret agreements with the Communist Party of Chile, a party that was not part of Concertación.[2] Aylwin spoke with strength about the need to clarify human rights violations but did not confront the dictatorship for it, in contrast Büchi as a regime collaborator lacked any credibility when dealing with human rights violations.[2]

Büchi and Errázuriz lost to Patricio Aylwin. The electoral system meant that the largely Pinochet-sympathetic right was overrepresented in parliament[2] in such way that it could block any reform to the constitution.[2] This over-representation was crucial for UDI to obtain places in parliament and secure its political future.[2] Pinochet declared himself to be satisfied with the election. The far-left and the far-right performed poorly in the election.[2]

Results

President

Candidate Party/coalition Votes %
Patricio Aylwin PDC/CPD 3,850,571 55.17
Hernán Büchi Independent/D&P 2,052,116 29.40
Francisco Javier Errázuriz Independent 1,077,172 15.43
Valid votes 6,979,859 100.00
Null votes 103,631 1.45
Blank votes 75,237 1.05
Total votes 7,158,727 100.00
Registered voters/turnout 7,557,537 94.72
Source: Tricel via Servel
First round
Aylwin
55.17%
Büchi
29.40%
Errázuriz
15.43%

Senate

Coalition Party Votes % Seats
Coalition of Parties for Democracy Christian Democratic Party 2,188,329 32.2 13
Party for Democracy 820,393 12.1 4
Radical Party 147,364 2.2 2
Humanist Party 35,534 0.5 0
Independents 523,369 7.7 3
Democracy and Progress National Renewal 731,678 10.8 5
Independent Democratic Union 347,445 5.1 2
Independents 1,290,886 19.0 9
Liberal-Chilean Socialist Liberal Party 10,129 0.2 0
Chilean Socialist Party 4,254 0.1 0
Independents 199,618 2.9 0
Alliance of the Centre Radical Democracy 28,695 0.4 0
National Advance 697 0.0 0
Independents 62,015 0.9 0
Broad Party of Socialist Left 288,397 4.2 0
Party of the South 45,584 0.7 0
National Party 43,741 0.6 0
Independents 32,282 0.5 0
Invalid/blank votes 358,032
Total 7,158,442 100 38
Registered voters/turnout 7,556,613 94.7
Source: Nohlen
Popular vote
Concertación
54.63%
DyP
34.85%
PAIS
4.24%
L/SCh
3.15%
Independents
0.47%
Others
2.66%
Seats summary
Concertación
57.89%
DyP
42.11%

Results by region

Region Coalition of Parties for Democracy Democracy and Progress Party of the South Alliance of the Centre Liberal-Socialist National Unity for Democracy Independent
I Región 47.13% 30.64% 0.00% 0.00% 3.85% 0.00% 0.00% 18.37%
II Región 41.38% 34.81% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 23.81% 0.00%
III Región 61.82% 33.36% 0.00% 0.00% 2.45% 0.00% 0.00% 2.37%
IV Región 36.85% 35.82% 0.00% 5.63% 0.00% 0.00% 21.70% 0.00%
V Región 48.77% 35.20% 0.00% 0.00% 7.49% 0.00% 8.55% 0.00%
VI Región 59.22% 27.54% 0.00% 11.22% 2.02% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
VII Región 59.61% 34.23% 0.00% 0.00% 6.17% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
VIII Región 46.90% 34.76% 0.00% 4.01% 0.00% 0.00% 14.33% 0.00%
IX Región 49.95% 32.77% 11.84% 0.00% 0.00% 5.44% 0.00% 0.00%
X Región 57.04% 42.96% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
XI Región 55.99% 40.78% 0.00% 1.91% 1.31% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
XII Región 66.23% 31.11% 0.00% 2.66% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
Región Metropolitana 59.90% 35.03% 0.00% 0.00% 4.24% 0.83% 0.00% 0.00%
Source: Servel Electoral

Chamber of Deputies

Coalition Party Votes % Seats
Coalition of Parties for Democracy Christian Democratic Party 1,766,347 26.0 38
Party for Democracy 778,501 11.5 16
Radical Party 268,103 3.9 5
Humanist Party 52,225 0.8 1
The Greens 14,942 0.2 0
Independents 619,595 9.1 9
Democracy and Progress National Renewal 1,242,432 18.3 29
Independent Democratic Union 667,369 9.8 11
Independents 413,780 6.1 8
Unity for Democracy Broad Party of Socialist Left 297,897 4.4 2
Democratic Socialist Radical Party 1,330 0.0 0
Independents 61,374 0.9 0
Alliance of the Centre National Advance 57,574 0.9 0
Radical Democracy 28,575 0.4 0
Independents 91,793 1.4 0
Liberal-Chilean Socialist Liberal Party 47,237 0.7 0
Chilean Socialist Party 10,398 0.2 0
Independents 148,503 2.2 0
National Party 53,819 0.8 0
Party of the South 47,387 0.7 0
Independents 127,941 1.9 1
Invalid/blank votes 361,524
Total 7,158,646 100 120
Registered voters/turnout 7,556,613 94.7
Source: Nohlen
Popular vote
Concertación
51.49%
DyP
34.18%
UpD
5.31%
L/SCh
3.03%
Independents
1.88%
Others
4.11%
Seats summary
Concertación
57.50%
DyP
40.00%
UpD
1.67%
Independents
0.83%

Results by region

Region Coalition of Parties for Democracy Democracy and Progress Party of the South Alliance of the Centre Liberal-Socialist National Unity for Democracy Independent
I Región 47.70% 37.16% 0.00% 1.84% 4.68% 0.00% 7.52% 1.10%
II Región 59.78% 30.32% 0.00% 1.62% 4.58% 0.00% 0.00% 3.70%
III Región 44.50% 32.02% 0.00% 2.09% 2.76% 0.00% 16.88% 1.76%
IV Región 57.73% 33.71% 0.00% 4.68% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 3.88%
V Región 49.69% 35.35% 0.00% 3.60% 4.16% 0.00% 6.27% 0.94%
VI Región 47.34% 33.10% 0.00% 3.21% 2.50% 0.00% 13.15% 0.71%
VII Región 58.70% 32.47% 0.00% 2.13% 0.00% 1.76% 0.00% 4.94%
VIII Región 47.08% 33.61% 0.00% 5.51% 0.00% 0.00% 8.83% 4.97%
IX Región 45.51% 32.95% 9.27% 1.61% 0.00% 4.72% 4.50% 1.43%
X Región 51.88% 36.87% 2.59% 0.17% 0.00% 3.16% 4.23% 1.10%
XI Región 45.79% 39.75% 0.74% 1.54% 0.78% 1.84% 9.57% 0.00%
XII Región 65.03% 31.58% 0.00% 3.39% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
Región Metropolitana 52.70% 34.53% 0.00% 1.69% 5.36% 0.49% 4.40% 0.84%
Source: Servel Electoral

References

  1. ^ Nohlen, D (2005) Elections in the Americas: A data handbook, Volume II, p262 ISBN 978-0-19-928358-3
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Angell, Alan; Pollack, Benny (1990). "The Chilean Elections of 1989". Bulletin of Latin American Research. Society for Latin American Studies. 9 (1): 1–23.
This page was last edited on 13 February 2021, at 02:46
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