To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

1986 in spaceflight

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1986 in spaceflight
Challenger explosion.jpg
Space Shuttle Challenger disintegrates during the launch of STS-51-L, killing all seven astronauts
National firsts
Satellite Sweden
Rockets
Maiden flightsAriane 2
RetirementsAriane 1
Space Shuttle Challenger
Crewed flights
Orbital2
Total travellers9

The year 1986 saw the destruction of Space Shuttle Challenger shortly after lift-off, killing all seven aboard,[1] the first in-flight deaths of American astronauts. This accident followed the successful flight of Columbia just weeks earlier,[2] and dealt a major setback to the U.S. crewed space program, suspending the Shuttle program for 32 months.[3]

The year also saw numerous fly-bys of Halley's Comet as well as other successes.

Launches

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload
(⚀ = CubeSat)
Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks

January

12 January
11:55
United StatesSpace Shuttle Columbia United StatesKennedy LC-39A United StatesUnited Space Alliance
United StatesSTS-61-C NASA Low Earth Satellite deployment 18 January
13:58
Successful
United StatesSatcom K1 RCA Americom Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Successful
United StatesMSL-2 NASA Low Earth (Columbia) Microgravity experiments 18 January
13:58
Successful
United StatesGetaway Special Bridge NASA Low Earth (Columbia) Getaway Special carrier 18 January
13:58
Successful
Crewed orbital flight with seven astronauts; Maiden flight of the Getaway Special Bridge
28 January
16:38
United StatesSpace Shuttle Challenger United StatesKennedy LC-39B United StatesUnited Space Alliance
United StatesSTS-51-L NASA Intended: Low Earth Satellite deployment + 73 seconds Launch failure
United StatesTDRS-B NASA Intended: Geosynchronous Communications
United StatesSPARTAN 203 NASA Intended: Low Earth Examine Halley's Comet
Space Shuttle Challenger disaster; Vehicle disintegrated at + 73 seconds from an O-ring failure in the right SRB.
All seven astronauts were killed, including Christa McAuliffe, the intended first Teacher in Space.
First Shuttle launch from LC-39B.

February

9 February
10:06
United StatesAtlas H United StatesVandenberg SLC-3E United States
United StatesUSA-15 (NOSS-8) US Navy Low Earth SIGINT In orbit Successful
United StatesUSA-16 (NOSS) US Navy Low Earth SIGINT In orbit Successful
United StatesUSA-17 (NOSS) US Navy Low Earth SIGINT In orbit Successful
United StatesUSA-18 (NOSS) US Navy Low Earth SIGINT In orbit Successful
19 February
21:28
Soviet UnionProton-K Soviet UnionBaikonur Site 200/39 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionDOS-7 (Mir Core) Low Earth (Mir) Space station 23 March 2001
05:07
Successful
Core module of the Mir space station
22 February
01:44
European UnionAriane 1 FranceKourou ELA FranceArianespace
FranceSPOT 1 CNES Sun-synchronous Earth observation In orbit Successful
SwedenViking SSC Sun-synchronous Plasma research In orbit Successful
Final flight of Ariane 1
SPOT 1 retired on 31 December 1990 and orbit was lowered to a disposal orbit in 2003
Viking is the first Swedish satellite, and operations concluded on 12 May 1987

March

13 March
12:33
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U2 Soviet UnionBaikonur Site 1/5 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionSoyuz T-15 Low Earth
(Salyut 7 and Mir)
Salyut 7 EO-5
Mir EO-1
16 July
12:34
Successful
Crewed orbital flight with two cosmonauts; Final crewed spaceflight to Salyut 7 and the first to Mir.
Final flight of the Soyuz-T spacecraft.
Only spacecraft to dock with two space stations during one flight.
19 March
10:08
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U2 Soviet UnionBaikonur Site 1/5 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionProgress 25 Low Earth (Mir) Logistics 21 April
00:48
Successful
28 March
23:30
European UnionAriane 3 FranceKourou ELA FranceArianespace
United StatesGStar 2 GTE Spacenet Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Successful
BrazilBrasilsat-A2 Embratel Current: Graveyard
Operational: Geosynchronous
Communications In orbit Successful
Brasilsat-A2 was retired on 6 March 2004 and moved 200 kilometres (120 mi) higher to a graveyard orbit

April

18 April
17:45
United StatesTitan 34D United StatesVandenberg SLC-4E United States
United StatesKH-9-20 NRO Intended: Sun-synchronous Reconnaissance + 8.5 seconds Launch Failure
United StatesSSF-D-6 NRO Intended: Sun-synchronous ELINT
SRM burnthrough, exploded 8.5 seconds after launch
Final flight of the KH-9 spacecraft
23 April
19:40
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U2 Soviet UnionBaikonur Site 1/5 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionProgress 26 Low Earth (Mir) Logistics 23 June
18:41
Successful

May

3 May
22:18
United StatesDelta 3914 United StatesCape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 17A United StatesMcDonnell Douglas
United StatesGOES-G NOAA, NASA Geostationary Weather satellite 3 May Launch Failure
Rocket destroyed 71 sec. after liftoff due to engine shutdown; First launch from CCAFS after Space Shuttle Challenger disaster
21 May
08:21
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U2 Soviet UnionBaikonur Site 1/5 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionSoyuz TM-1 Low Earth (Mir) Test flight 30 May
04:26
Successful
Maiden flight of Soyuz-TM spacecraft; Uncrewed test flight
31 May
00:53
European UnionAriane 2 FranceKourou ELA FranceArianespace
United NationsIntelsat 514 Intelsat Intended: Geosynchronous Communications 31 May Launch Failure
Maiden flight of Ariane 2; Third stage failed to ignite

August

28 August
08:02
Soviet UnionMolniya-M/2BL Soviet UnionPlesetsk Site 16/2 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1774 (Oko) Molniya Missile defence 2 November 2010
15:14
Successful

September

17 September
15:52
United StatesAtlas E/Star-37S-ISS United StatesVandenberg SLC-3W United States
United StatesNOAA-10 (NOAA-G) NOAA Sun-synchronous Meteorology In orbit Successful

November

14 November
00:23
United StatesScout G-1 United StatesVandenberg SLC-5 United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesPolar BEAR P87-1 US Air Force/STP Low Earth (Polar) In orbit Successful

December

5 December
02:30
United StatesAtlas G United StatesCape Canaveral LC-36B United States
United StatesUSA-20 (FLTSATCOM 7) US Navy Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Successful

Deep space rendezvous

Date (GMT) Spacecraft Event Remarks
24 January Voyager 2 Flyby of Uranus Closest approach: 71,000 kilometres (44,000 mi)
6 March Vega 1 Flyby of Halley's Comet Closest approach: 8,890 kilometres (5,520 mi)
8 March Suisei Flyby of Halley's Comet Closest approach: 151,000 kilometres (94,000 mi)
9 March Vega 2 Flyby of Halley's Comet Closest approach: 8,030 kilometres (4,990 mi)
11 March Sakigake Distant flyby of Halley's Comet Closest approach: 6,990,000 kilometres (4,340,000 mi)
14 March Giotto Flyby of Halley's Comet Closest approach: 595 kilometres (370 mi)

EVAs

Start date/time Duration End time Spacecraft Crew Remarks
28 May
05:43
3 hours
50 minutes
09:33 Salyut 7 EO-5 Soviet UnionLeonid Kizim
Soviet UnionVladimir Solovyov
Retrieved test panels from the outside of Salyut 7 and assembled a test "girder-constructor" apparatus in preparation for work on Mir.
31 May
04:57
5 hours 09:57 Salyut 7 EO-5 Soviet UnionLeonid Kizim
Soviet UnionVladimir Solovyov
Conducted additional tests on the experimental construction equipment, including the welding of several girders joints.

References

  1. ^ "NASA - STS-51L Mission Profile". NASA.gov. NASA. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  2. ^ "Mission Archives: STS-61-C". NASA.gov. NASA. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  3. ^ "Mission Archives: STS-26". NASA.gov. NASA. Retrieved 19 February 2017.
Generic references:
RocketSunIcon.svg
 Spaceflight portal


Preceded by
1985
Timeline of spaceflight
1986
Succeeded by
1987
This page was last edited on 17 January 2021, at 23:38
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.