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1984 United States presidential election in South Dakota

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1984 United States presidential election in South Dakota

← 1980 November 6, 1984 1988 →
 
Ronald Reagan 1985 presidential portrait (cropped).jpg
Vice President Mondale 1977 closeup.jpg
Nominee Ronald Reagan Walter Mondale
Party Republican Democratic
Home state California Minnesota
Running mate George H. W. Bush Geraldine Ferraro
Electoral vote 3 0
Popular vote 200,267 116,113
Percentage 63.00% 36.53%

South Dakota Presidential Election Results 1984.svg
County Results

President before election

Ronald Reagan
Republican

Elected President

Ronald Reagan
Republican

The 1984 United States presidential election in South Dakota took place on November 6, 1984. All 50 states and the District of Columbia, were part of the 1984 United States presidential election. Voters chose three electors to the Electoral College, which selected the president and vice president of the United States.

South Dakota was won by incumbent United States President Ronald Reagan of California, who was running against former Vice President Walter Mondale of Minnesota. Reagan ran for a second time with incumbent Vice President and former C.I.A. Director George H. W. Bush of Texas, and Mondale ran with Representative Geraldine Ferraro of New York, the first major female candidate for the vice presidency.

In 1984, South Dakota lost a seat in the House of Representatives, making the other seat an at-large seat.

Partisan background

The presidential election of 1984 was a very partisan election for South Dakota, with over 99.5% of the electorate voting for either the Democratic or Republican parties, and only four candidates appearing on the ballot.[1] All but two counties in South Dakota voted in majority for the Republican candidate, a particularly strong turn out even in this typically conservative leaning state. This included the typically more Democratic East River counties such as Brown, and Minnehaha (Sioux Falls). Reagan did the best in Haakon County, and Mondale did the best in nearby Shannon County, which gave Mondale his third-best percentage nationwide behind the District of Columbia and Alabama’s Macon County.[2]

South Dakota weighed in for this election as about eight points more Republican than the national average. As of the 2020 presidential election, this is the last election in which Dewey County, Buffalo County, and Clay County voted for a Republican presidential candidate.[3]

Republican platform

Reagan challenging Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev to "tear down this wall!," from the Brandenburg Gate in June, 1987. Reagan's firm stance with the Soviet Union was an important contributor to his 1984 reelection.
Reagan challenging Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev to "tear down this wall!," from the Brandenburg Gate in June, 1987. Reagan's firm stance with the Soviet Union was an important contributor to his 1984 reelection.

By 1984, Reagan was very popular with voters across the nation as the President who saw them out of the economic stagflation of the early and middle 1970's, and into a period of (relative) economic stability.[4]

The economic success seen under Reagan was politically accomplished (principally) in two ways. The first was initiation of deep tax cuts for the wealthy,[5] and the second was a wide-spectrum of tax cuts for crude oil production and refinement, namely, with the 1980 Windfall profits tax cuts.[6] These policies were augmented with a call for heightened military spending,[7] the cutting of social welfare programs for the poor,[8] and the increasing of taxes on those making less than $50,000 per year.[5] Collectively called "Reaganomics", these economic policies were established through several pieces of legislation passed between 1980 and 1987.

Some of these new policies also arguably curbed several existing tax loopholes, preferences, and exceptions, but Reaganomics is typically remembered for its trickle down effect of taxing poor Americans more than rich ones. Reaganomics has (along with legislation passed under presidents George H. W. Bush and Bill Clinton) been criticized by many analysts as "setting the stage" for economic troubles in the United States after 2007, such as the Great Recession.[9]

Virtually unopposed during the Republican primaries, Reagan ran on a campaign of furthering his economic policies. Reagan vowed to continue his "war on drugs," passing sweeping legislation after the 1984 election in support of mandatory minimum sentences for drug possession.[10] Furthermore, taking a (what was becoming the traditional conservative) stance on the social issues of the day, Reagan strongly opposed legislation regarding comprehension of gay marriage, abortion, and (to a lesser extent) environmentalism,[11] regarding the final as simply being bad for business.

Democratic platform

Walter Mondale accepted the Democratic nomination for presidency after pulling narrowly ahead of Senator Gary Hart of Colorado and Rev. Jesse Jackson of Illinois - his main contenders during what would be a very contentious[12] Democratic primary. During the primary campaign, Mondale was vocal about reduction of government spending, and, in particular, was vocal against heightened military spending on the nuclear arms race against the Soviet Union,[13] which was reaching its peak on both sides in the early 1980s.

Taking a (what was becoming the traditional liberal) stance on the social issues of the day, Mondale advocated for gun control, the right to choose regarding abortion, and strongly opposed the repeal of laws regarding institutionalized prayer in public schools. He also criticized Reagan for his economic marginalization of the poor, stating that Reagan's reelection campaign was "a happy talk campaign," not focused on the real issues at hand.[14]

A very significant political move during this election: the Democratic Party nominated Representative Geraldine Ferraro to run with Mondale as Vice-President. Ferraro is the first female candidate to receive such a nomination in United States history. She said in an interview at the 1984 Democratic National Convention that this action "opened a door which will never be closed again,"[15] speaking to the role of women in politics.

Republican victory

Reagan won the election in South Dakota with a resounding 27 point sweep-out landslide. While South Dakota typically votes conservative, the election results in South Dakota are also reflective of a nationwide reconsolidation of base for the Republican Party which took place through the 1980s; called by Reagan the "second American Revolution."[4] This was most evident during the 1984 presidential election. South Dakota continued its age-old trend of voting in par with its sister Great Plains States (North Dakota, Nebraska, and Kansas), a trend that has not been broken in presidential elections since 1920.

It is speculated that Mondale lost support with voters nearly immediately during the campaign, namely during his acceptance speech at the 1984 Democratic National Convention. There he stated that he intended to increase taxes. To quote Mondale, "By the end of my first term, I will reduce the Reagan budget deficit by two thirds. Let's tell the truth. It must be done, it must be done. Mr. Reagan will raise taxes, and so will I. He won't tell you. I just did."[14] Despite this claimed attempt at establishing truthfulness with the electorate, this claim to raise taxes badly eroded his chances in what had already begun as an uphill battle against the charismatic Ronald Reagan.

Reagan also enjoyed high levels of bipartisan support during the 1984 presidential election, both in South Dakota, and across the nation at large. Many registered Democrats who voted for Reagan (Reagan Democrats) stated that they had chosen to do so because they associated him with the economic recovery, because of his strong stance on national security issues with Russia, and because they considered the Democrats as "supporting American poor and minorities at the expense of the middle class."[11] These public opinion factors contributed to Reagan's 1984 landslide victory, in South Dakota and elsewhere.

Results

1984 United States presidential election in South Dakota
Party Candidate Votes Percentage Electoral votes
Republican Ronald Reagan 200,267 63.00% 3
Democratic Walter Mondale 116,113 36.53% 0
Independent Dennis Serrette 1,150 0.36% 0
Independent Melvin Mason 337 0.11% 0
Totals 317,867 100.0% 3

Results by county

County[16] Ronald Wilson Reagan
Republican
Walter Frederick Mondale
Democratic
Dennis L. Serrette
Independent
Melvin T. Mason
Independent
Margin Total votes cast
# % # % # % # % # %
Aurora 1,029 54.65% 840 44.61% 10 0.53% 4 0.21% 189 10.04% 1,883
Beadle 8,576 70.75% 3,523 29.06% 18 0.15% 5 0.04% 5,053 41.68% 12,122
Bennett 856 65.05% 453 34.42% 4 0.30% 3 0.23% 403 30.62% 1,316
Bon Homme 2,478 63.44% 1,408 36.05% 13 0.33% 7 0.18% 1,070 27.39% 3,906
Brookings 6,679 61.76% 4,089 37.81% 37 0.34% 9 0.08% 2,590 23.95% 10,814
Brown 10,541 60.35% 6,852 39.23% 51 0.29% 21 0.12% 3,689 21.12% 17,465
Brule 1,578 61.74% 961 37.60% 13 0.51% 4 0.16% 617 24.14% 2,556
Buffalo 253 51.21% 236 47.77% 3 0.61% 2 0.40% 17 3.44% 494
Butte 2,865 78.13% 784 21.38% 14 0.38% 4 0.11% 2,081 56.75% 3,667
Campbell 1,035 82.47% 214 17.05% 4 0.32% 2 0.16% 821 65.42% 1,255
Charles Mix 2,660 58.29% 1,879 41.18% 14 0.31% 10 0.22% 781 17.12% 4,563
Clark 1,748 64.31% 960 35.32% 7 0.26% 3 0.11% 788 28.99% 2,718
Clay 3,057 52.63% 2,711 46.68% 29 0.50% 11 0.19% 346 5.96% 5,808
Codington 6,108 63.11% 3,528 36.45% 37 0.38% 5 0.05% 2,580 26.66% 9,678
Corson 955 54.48% 792 45.18% 5 0.29% 1 0.06% 163 9.30% 1,753
Custer 2,183 71.27% 858 28.01% 19 0.62% 3 0.10% 1,325 43.26% 3,063
Davison 4,783 59.43% 3,248 40.36% 14 0.17% 3 0.04% 1,535 19.07% 8,048
Day 2,150 52.43% 1,932 47.11% 14 0.34% 5 0.12% 218 5.32% 4,101
Deuel 1,537 61.73% 941 37.79% 11 0.44% 1 0.04% 596 23.94% 2,490
Dewey 941 54.49% 772 44.70% 8 0.46% 6 0.35% 169 9.79% 1,727
Douglas 1,713 76.00% 536 23.78% 5 0.22% 0 0.00% 1,177 52.22% 2,254
Edmunds 1,553 60.43% 1,007 39.18% 9 0.35% 1 0.04% 546 21.25% 2,570
Fall River 2,748 70.37% 1,135 29.07% 16 0.41% 6 0.15% 1,613 41.31% 3,905
Faulk 1,124 65.89% 579 33.94% 3 0.18% 0 0.00% 545 31.95% 1,706
Grant 2,738 62.80% 1,606 36.83% 13 0.30% 3 0.07% 1,132 25.96% 4,360
Gregory 1,777 69.17% 780 30.36% 12 0.47% 0 0.00% 997 38.81% 2,569
Haakon 1,168 82.84% 237 16.81% 4 0.28% 1 0.07% 931 66.03% 1,410
Hamlin 1,782 64.54% 963 34.88% 10 0.36% 6 0.22% 819 29.66% 2,761
Hand 2,030 70.34% 846 29.31% 8 0.28% 2 0.07% 1,184 41.03% 2,886
Hanson 898 58.69% 625 40.85% 6 0.39% 1 0.07% 273 17.84% 1,530
Harding 723 79.28% 186 20.39% 2 0.22% 1 0.11% 537 58.88% 912
Hughes 4,985 70.32% 2,072 29.23% 29 0.41% 3 0.04% 2,913 41.09% 7,089
Hutchinson 3,372 72.92% 1,237 26.75% 8 0.17% 7 0.15% 2,135 46.17% 4,624
Hyde 797 69.43% 350 30.49% 1 0.09% 0 0.00% 447 38.94% 1,148
Jackson 903 70.82% 365 28.63% 6 0.47% 1 0.08% 538 42.20% 1,275
Jerauld 1,012 64.79% 542 34.70% 6 0.38% 2 0.13% 470 30.09% 1,562
Jones 689 76.64% 206 22.91% 3 0.33% 1 0.11% 483 53.73% 899
Kingsbury 2,121 62.70% 1,249 36.92% 12 0.35% 1 0.03% 872 25.78% 3,383
Lake 3,027 55.92% 2,367 43.73% 15 0.28% 4 0.07% 660 12.19% 5,413
Lawrence 5,949 69.42% 2,565 29.93% 39 0.46% 16 0.19% 3,384 39.49% 8,569
Lincoln 3,988 60.10% 2,626 39.57% 19 0.29% 3 0.05% 1,362 20.52% 6,636
Lyman 1,120 69.78% 478 29.78% 6 0.37% 1 0.06% 642 40.00% 1,605
Marshall 1,529 57.72% 1,111 41.94% 5 0.19% 4 0.15% 418 15.78% 2,649
McCook 1,902 62.12% 1,148 37.49% 8 0.26% 4 0.13% 754 24.62% 3,062
McPherson 1,813 81.08% 418 18.69% 5 0.22% 0 0.00% 1,395 62.39% 2,236
Meade 5,908 73.47% 2,093 26.03% 31 0.39% 9 0.11% 3,815 47.44% 8,041
Mellette 616 66.45% 303 32.69% 6 0.65% 2 0.22% 313 33.76% 927
Miner 1,004 50.78% 960 48.56% 8 0.40% 5 0.25% 44 2.23% 1,977
Minnehaha 29,908 56.25% 23,042 43.34% 177 0.33% 44 0.08% 6,866 12.91% 53,171
Moody 1,633 50.59% 1,586 49.13% 7 0.22% 2 0.06% 47 1.46% 3,228
Pennington 21,947 72.22% 8,224 27.06% 186 0.61% 32 0.11% 13,723 45.16% 30,389
Perkins 1,686 69.93% 714 29.61% 11 0.46% 0 0.00% 972 40.32% 2,411
Potter 1,551 76.22% 482 23.69% 2 0.10% 0 0.00% 1,069 52.53% 2,035
Roberts 2,767 57.17% 2,063 42.62% 7 0.14% 3 0.06% 704 14.55% 4,840
Sanborn 1,080 63.72% 611 36.05% 2 0.12% 2 0.12% 469 27.67% 1,695
Shannon 324 17.71% 1,489 81.41% 7 0.38% 9 0.49% -1,165 -63.70% 1,829
Spink 2,627 60.75% 1,680 38.85% 12 0.28% 5 0.12% 947 21.90% 4,324
Stanley 942 72.52% 351 27.02% 6 0.46% 0 0.00% 591 45.50% 1,299
Sully 836 75.52% 266 24.03% 4 0.36% 1 0.09% 570 51.49% 1,107
Todd 679 39.61% 1,022 59.63% 7 0.41% 6 0.35% -343 -20.01% 1,714
Tripp 2,483 72.18% 935 27.18% 14 0.41% 8 0.23% 1,548 45.00% 3,440
Turner 3,086 67.20% 1,486 32.36% 14 0.30% 6 0.13% 1,600 34.84% 4,592
Union 2,431 51.98% 2,221 47.49% 20 0.43% 5 0.11% 210 4.49% 4,677
Walworth 2,396 75.02% 779 24.39% 15 0.47% 4 0.13% 1,617 50.63% 3,194
Yankton 5,161 63.36% 2,932 36.00% 37 0.45% 15 0.18% 2,229 27.37% 8,145
Ziebach 429 54.17% 359 45.33% 2 0.25% 2 0.25% 70 8.84% 792
Totals 200,267 63.00% 116,113 36.53% 1,150 0.36% 337 0.11% 84,154 26.47% 317,867

See also

References

  1. ^ "1984 Presidential General Election Results – South Dakota". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved 2013-11-11.
  2. ^ "1984 Presidential Election Statistics". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved 2013-11-11.
  3. ^ Sullivan, Robert David; ‘How the Red and Blue Map Evolved Over the Past Century’; America Magazine in The National Catholic Review; June 29, 2016
  4. ^ a b Raines, Howell (November 7, 1984). "Reagan Wins By a Landslide, Sweeping at Least 48 States; G.O.P. Gains Strength in House". The New York Times. Retrieved November 11, 2013.
  5. ^ a b "U.S. Federal Individual Income Tax Rates History, 1913–2011 (Nominal and Inflation-Adjusted Brackets)". Tax Foundation. September 9, 2011. Archived from the original on January 16, 2013. Retrieved November 10, 2013.
  6. ^ Joseph J. Thorndike (Nov 10, 2005). "Historical Perspective: The Windfall Profit Tax". Retrieved November 11, 2013.
  7. ^ Historical tables, Budget of the United States Government Archived 2012-04-17 at the Wayback Machine, 2013, table 6.1.
  8. ^ Niskanen, William A. (1992). "Reaganomics". In David R. Henderson (ed.). Concise Encyclopedia of Economics (1st ed.). Library of Economics and Liberty. OCLC 317650570, 50016270, 163149563
  9. ^ Jerry Lanson (2008-11-06). "A historic victory. A changed nation. Now, can Obama deliver?". Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 2013-11-02.
  10. ^ Alexander, Michelle (2010). The New Jim Crow. New York: The New Press. p. 5. ISBN 978-1595581037.
  11. ^ a b Prendergast, William B. (1999). The Catholic vote in American politics. Washington DC: Georgetown University Press. pp. 186, 191–193. ISBN 0-87840-724-3.
  12. ^ Kurt Andersen, "A Wild Ride to the End", Time, May 28, 1984
  13. ^ Trying to Win the Peace, by Even Thomas, Time, July 2, 1984
  14. ^ a b Mondale's Acceptance Speech, 1984, AllPolitics
  15. ^ Martin, Douglas (2011-03-27). "Geraldine A. Ferraro, First Woman on Major Party Ticket, Dies at 75". The New York Times. pp. A1. Retrieved November 5, 2013.
  16. ^ Our Campaigns; SD US Presidential Election Race, November 06, 1984
This page was last edited on 2 March 2021, at 18:55
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