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1984 United States presidential election in South Carolina

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

United States presidential election in South Carolina, 1984

← 1980 November 6, 1984 1988 →
 
Ronald Reagan presidential portrait crop.jpg
Vice President Mondale 1977 closeup.jpg
Nominee Ronald Reagan Walter Mondale
Party Republican Democratic
Home state California Minnesota
Running mate George H.W. Bush Geraldine Ferraro
Electoral vote 8 0
Popular vote 615,539 344,470
Percentage 63.55% 35.57%

SC1984.jpg
County Results
  Mondale—50-60%
  Mondale—<50%
  Reagan—<50%
  Reagan—50-60%
  Reagan—60-70%
  Reagan—70-80%
  Reagan—80-90%

President before election

Ronald Reagan
Republican

Elected President

Ronald Reagan
Republican

The 1984 United States presidential election in South Carolina took place on November 6, 1984. All fifty states and the District of Columbia, were part of the 1984 United States presidential election. South Carolina voters chose eight electors to the Electoral College, which selected the president and vice president of the United States.

South Carolina was won by incumbent United States President Ronald Reagan of California, who was running against former Vice President Walter Mondale of Minnesota. Reagan ran for a second time with incumbent Vice President and former C.I.A. Director George H. W. Bush of Texas, and Mondale ran with Representative Geraldine Ferraro of New York, the first major female candidate for the vice presidency.

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Transcription

Contents

Partisan background

The presidential election of 1984 was a very partisan election for South Carolina, with over 99 percent of the electorate voting only either Democratic or Republican.[1] The majority of counties in South Carolina voted in majority for Reagan in a particularly strong turnout, even in this typically conservative-leaning state.

South Carolina weighed in for this election as 5% more Republican than the national average. As of the 2016 presidential election, this is the last election in which Bamberg County voted for a Republican Presidential candidate.[2]

Democratic platform

Walter Mondale accepted the Democratic nomination for presidency after pulling narrowly ahead of Senator Gary Hart of Colorado and Rev. Jesse Jackson of Illinois - his main contenders during what would be a very contentious[3] Democratic primary. During the campaign, Mondale was vocal about reduction of government spending, and, in particular, was vocal against heightened military spending on the nuclear arms race against the Soviet Union,[4] which was reaching its peak on both sides in the early 1980s.

Taking a (what was becoming the traditional liberal) stance on the social issues of the day, Mondale advocated for gun control, the right to choose regarding abortion, and strongly opposed the repeal of laws regarding institutionalized prayer in public schools. He also criticized Reagan for his economic marginalization of the poor, stating that Reagan's reelection campaign was "a happy talk campaign," not focused on the real issues at hand.[5]

A very significant political move during this election: the Democratic Party nominated Representative Geraldine Ferraro to run with Mondale as Vice-President. Ferraro is the first female candidate to receive such a nomination in United States history. She said in an interview at the 1984 Democratic National Convention that this action "opened a door which will never be closed again,"[6] speaking to the role of women in politics.

Republican platform

Reagan challenging Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev to "tear down this wall!," from the Brandenburg Gate in June, 1987. Reagan's firm stance with the Soviet Union was an important contributor to his 1984 reelection.
Reagan challenging Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev to "tear down this wall!," from the Brandenburg Gate in June, 1987. Reagan's firm stance with the Soviet Union was an important contributor to his 1984 reelection.

By 1984, Reagan was very popular with voters across the nation as the President who saw them out of the economic stagflation of the early and middle 1970's, and into a period of (relative) economic stability.[7]

The economic success seen under Reagan was politically accomplished (principally) in two ways. The first was initiation of deep tax cuts for the wealthy,[8] and the second was a wide-spectrum of tax cuts for crude oil production and refinement, namely, with the 1980 Windfall profits tax cuts.[9] These policies were augmented with a call for heightened military spending,[10] the cutting of social welfare programs for the poor,[11] and the increasing of taxes on those making less than $50,000 per year.[8] Collectively called "Reaganomics", these economic policies were established through several pieces of legislation passed between 1980 and 1987.

These new tax policies also arguably curbed several existing tax loopholes, preferences, and exceptions, but Reaganomics is typically remembered for its trickle down effect of taxing poor Americans more than rich ones. Reaganomics has (along with legislation passed under presidents George H. W. Bush and Bill Clinton) been criticized by many analysts as "setting the stage" for economic troubles in the United State after 2007, such as the Great Recession.[12]

Virtually unopposed during the Republican primaries, Reagan ran on a campaign of furthering his economic policies. Reagan vowed to continue his "war on drugs," passing sweeping legislation after the 1984 election in support of mandatory minimum sentences for drug possession.[13] Furthermore, taking a (what was becoming the traditional conservative) stance on the social issues of the day, Reagan strongly opposed legislation regarding comprehension of gay marriage, abortion, and (to a lesser extent) environmentalism,[14] regarding the final as simply being bad for business.

Republican victory

Reagan won the election in South Carolina with a resounding 28 point sweep-out landslide. While South Carolina typically voted conservative at the time, the election results in South Carolina are also reflective of a nationwide reconsolidation of base for the Republican Party which took place through the 1980s; called by Reagan the "second American Revolution."[7] This was most evident during the 1984 presidential election.

It is speculated that Mondale lost support with voters nearly immediately during the campaign, namely during his acceptance speech at the 1984 Democratic National Convention. There he stated that he intended to increase taxes. To quote Mondale, "By the end of my first term, I will reduce the Reagan budget deficit by two thirds. Let's tell the truth. It must be done, it must be done. Mr. Reagan will raise taxes, and so will I. He won't tell you. I just did."[5] Despite this claimed attempt at establishing truthfulness with the electorate, this promise to raise taxes badly eroded his chances in what had already begun as an uphill battle against the charismatic Ronald Reagan.

Reagan also enjoyed high levels of bipartisan support during the 1984 presidential election, both in South Carolina, and across the nation at large. Many registered Democrats who voted for Reagan (Reagan Democrats) stated that they had chosen to do so because they associated him with the economic recovery, because of his strong stance on national security issues with Russia, and because they considered the Democrats as "supporting American poor and minorities at the expense of the middle class."[14] These public opinion factors contributed to Reagan's 1984 landslide victory, in South Carolina and elsewhere.

Results

United States presidential election in South Carolina, 1984
Party Candidate Votes Percentage Electoral votes
Republican Ronald Reagan 615,539 63.55% 8
Democratic Walter Mondale 344,470 35.57% 0
Libertarian David Bergland 4,360 0.45% 0
American Party Delmar Dennis 3,490 0.36% 0
New Alliance Party Dennis Serrette 681 0.07% 0
Totals 968,540 100.0% 8

Results by county

Ronald Wilson Reagan
Republican
Walter Fritz Mondale
Democratic
Various candidates
Other parties
Margin Total votes cast
County # % # % # % # % #
Abbeville 3,798 55.24% 3,051 44.38% 26 0.38% 747 10.87% 6,875
Aiken 25,872 71.60% 9,892 27.38% 369 1.02% 15,980 44.23% 36,133
Allendale 1,570 41.66% 2,170 57.57% 29 0.77% -600 -15.92% 3,769
Anderson 24,123 69.54% 10,324 29.76% 244 0.70% 13,799 39.78% 34,691
Bamberg 2,908 49.87% 2,892 49.60% 31 0.53% 16 0.27% 5,831
Barnwell 4,346 60.45% 2,811 39.10% 32 0.45% 1,535 21.35% 7,189
Beaufort 13,668 64.72% 7,347 34.79% 103 0.49% 6,321 29.93% 21,118
Berkeley 16,972 69.24% 7,380 30.11% 159 0.65% 9,592 39.13% 24,511
Calhoun 2,742 53.83% 2,315 45.45% 37 0.73% 427 8.38% 5,094
Charleston 53,779 63.83% 29,481 34.99% 1,000 1.19% 24,298 28.84% 84,260
Cherokee 8,655 67.57% 4,101 32.02% 53 0.41% 4,554 35.55% 12,809
Chester 4,441 55.20% 3,559 44.24% 45 0.56% 882 10.96% 8,045
Chesterfield 5,451 54.15% 4,593 45.62% 23 0.23% 858 8.52% 10,067
Clarendon 5,102 47.48% 5,591 52.03% 53 0.49% -489 -4.55% 10,746
Colleton 6,200 55.63% 4,910 44.06% 35 0.31% 1,290 11.57% 11,145
Darlington 11,100 58.70% 7,456 39.43% 354 1.87% 3,644 19.27% 18,910
Dillon 4,646 57.71% 3,360 41.74% 44 0.55% 1,286 15.98% 8,050
Dorchester 15,289 68.26% 7,037 31.42% 73 0.33% 8,252 36.84% 22,399
Edgefield 3,224 49.77% 3,227 49.81% 27 0.42% -3 -0.05% 6,478
Fairfield 3,147 43.19% 4,117 56.50% 23 0.32% -970 -13.31% 7,287
Florence 22,753 60.51% 14,639 38.93% 208 0.55% 8,114 21.58% 37,600
Georgetown 7,370 53.29% 6,392 46.22% 68 0.49% 978 7.07% 13,830
Greenville 66,766 73.07% 24,137 26.42% 466 0.51% 42,629 46.66% 91,369
Greenwood 10,887 62.91% 6,339 36.63% 81 0.47% 4,548 26.28% 17,307
Hampton 3,464 47.92% 3,736 51.69% 28 0.39% -272 -3.76% 7,228
Horry 20,396 69.23% 8,940 30.34% 127 0.43% 11,456 38.88% 29,463
Jasper 3,102 45.09% 3,753 54.56% 24 0.35% -651 -9.46% 6,879
Kershaw 8,822 66.70% 4,323 32.69% 81 0.61% 4,499 34.02% 13,226
Lancaster 10,383 63.92% 5,804 35.73% 57 0.35% 4,579 28.19% 16,244
Laurens 9,729 64.49% 5,312 35.21% 45 0.30% 4,417 29.28% 15,086
Lee 3,548 47.31% 3,912 52.16% 40 0.53% -364 -4.85% 7,500
Lexington 38,628 80.95% 8,828 18.50% 265 0.56% 29,800 62.45% 47,721
McCormick 1,186 43.51% 1,526 55.98% 14 0.51% -340 -12.47% 2,726
Marion 4,698 48.07% 5,043 51.60% 32 0.33% -345 -3.53% 9,773
Marlboro 3,951 47.70% 4,294 51.84% 38 0.46% -343 -4.14% 8,283
Newberry 7,176 65.19% 3,790 34.43% 42 0.38% 3,386 30.76% 11,008
Oconee 8,625 71.61% 3,333 27.67% 86 0.71% 5,292 43.94% 12,044
Orangeburg 14,286 48.20% 15,121 51.02% 229 0.77% -835 -2.82% 29,636
Pickens 15,155 76.68% 4,481 22.67% 128 0.65% 10,674 54.01% 19,764
Richland 46,773 57.44% 32,212 39.56% 2,444 3.00% 14,561 17.88% 81,429
Saluda 3,515 63.90% 1,962 35.67% 24 0.44% 1,553 28.23% 5,501
Spartanburg 41,553 66.41% 20,130 32.17% 892 1.43% 21,423 34.24% 62,575
Sumter 12,909 57.14% 9,566 42.35% 115 0.51% 3,343 14.80% 22,590
Union 6,331 58.64% 4,424 40.98% 41 0.38% 1,907 17.66% 10,796
Williamsburg 6,492 45.95% 7,586 53.69% 50 0.35% -1,094 -7.74% 14,128
York 20,008 67.99% 9,273 31.51% 146 0.50% 10,735 36.48% 29,427
Totals 615,539 63.55% 344,470 35.57% 8,531 0.88% 271,069 27.99% 968,540

See also

References

  1. ^ "1984 Presidential General Election Results – South Carolina". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved 2018-03-02.
  2. ^ Sullivan, Robert David; ‘How the Red and Blue Map Evolved Over the Past Century’; America Magazine in The National Catholic Review; June 29, 2016
  3. ^ Kurt Andersen, "A Wild Ride to the End", Time, May 28, 1984
  4. ^ Trying to Win the Peace, by Even Thomas, Time, July 2, 1984
  5. ^ a b Mondale's Acceptance Speech, 1984, AllPolitics
  6. ^ Martin, Douglas (2011-03-27). "Geraldine A. Ferraro, First Woman on Major Party Ticket, Dies at 75". The New York Times. pp. A1. Retrieved November 5, 2013.
  7. ^ a b Raines, Howell (November 7, 1984). "Reagan Wins By a Landslide, Sweeping at Least 48 States; G.O.P. Gains Strength in House". The New York Times. Retrieved November 11, 2013.
  8. ^ a b "U.S. Federal Individual Income Tax Rates History, 1913–2011 (Nominal and Inflation-Adjusted Brackets)". Tax Foundation. September 9, 2011. Archived from the original on January 16, 2013. Retrieved November 10, 2013.
  9. ^ Joseph J. Thorndike (Nov 10, 2005). "Historical Perspective: The Windfall Profit Tax". Retrieved November 11, 2013.
  10. ^ Historical tables, Budget of the United States Government Archived 2012-04-17 at the Wayback Machine, 2013, table 6.1.
  11. ^ Niskanen, William A. (1992). "Reaganomics". In David R. Henderson (ed.). Concise Encyclopedia of Economics (1st ed.). Library of Economics and Liberty. OCLC 317650570, 50016270, 163149563
  12. ^ Jerry Lanson (2008-11-06). "A historic victory. A changed nation. Now, can Obama deliver?". Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 2013-11-02.
  13. ^ Alexander, Michelle (2010). The New Jim Crow. New York: The New Press. p. 5. ISBN 978-1595581037.
  14. ^ a b Prendergast, William B. (1999). The Catholic vote in American politics. Washington DC: Georgetown University Press. pp. 186, 191–193. ISBN 0-87840-724-3.
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