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1984 United States presidential election in Mississippi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

United States presidential election in Mississippi, 1984

← 1980 November 6, 1984 1988 →
 
Ronald Reagan presidential portrait crop.jpg
Vice President Mondale 1977 closeup.jpg
Nominee Ronald Reagan Walter Mondale
Party Republican Democratic
Home state California Minnesota
Running mate George H.W. Bush Geraldine Ferraro
Electoral vote 7 0
Popular vote 581,477 352,192
Percentage 61.85% 37.46%

MS1984.jpg
County Results

President before election

Ronald Reagan
Republican

Elected President

Ronald Reagan
Republican

The 1984 United States presidential election in Mississippi took place on November 6, 1984. All fifty states and the District of Columbia, were part of the 1984 United States presidential election. Mississippi voters chose seven electors to the Electoral College, which selected the president and vice president of the United States.

Mississippi was won by incumbent United States President Ronald Reagan of California, who was running against former Vice President Walter Mondale of Minnesota. Reagan ran for a second time with former C.I.A. Director George H. W. Bush of Texas, and Mondale ran with Representative Geraldine Ferraro of New York, the first major female candidate for the vice presidency.

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Transcription

Contents

Partisan background

The presidential election of 1984 was a very partisan election for Mississippi, with over 99 percent of the electorate voting only either Democratic or Republican.[1] The vast majority of counties in Mississippi voted in majority for Reagan, a particularly strong turn out, even in this typically conservative-leaning state. A notable exception is the re-occurring Democratic stronghold of "Black Belt" counties bordering the Mississippi River itself, which tended to vote Democratic during this time. In fact, in Jefferson County, possessing the largest African-American share of any United States county's population, Mondale received 77.94 percent of the vote, a proportion exceeded only by the District of Columbia, fellow Black Belt county Macon in Alabama, and Native American Shannon County in South Dakota.[2]

Mississippi weighed in for this election as 3% more Republican than the national average. As of the 2016 presidential election, this is the last election in which the following counties voted for a Republican presidential candidate: Clay, Issaquena, Jefferson Davis, Sunflower, and Tallahatchie.[3]

Democratic platform

Walter Mondale accepted the Democratic nomination for presidency after pulling narrowly ahead of Senator Gary Hart of Colorado and Rev. Jesse Jackson of Illinois - his main contenders during what would be a very contentious[4] Democratic primary. During the campaign, Mondale was vocal about reduction of government spending, and, in particular, was vocal against heightened military spending on the nuclear arms race against the Soviet Union,[5] which was reaching its peak on both sides in the early 1980s.

Taking a (what was becoming the traditional liberal) stance on the social issues of the day, Mondale advocated for gun control, the right to choose regarding abortion, and strongly opposed the repeal of laws regarding institutionalized prayer in public schools. He also criticized Reagan for his economic marginalization of the poor, stating that Reagan's reelection campaign was "a happy talk campaign," not focused on the real issues at hand.[6]

A very significant political move during this election: the Democratic Party nominated Representative Geraldine Ferraro to run with Mondale as Vice-President. Ferraro is the first female candidate to receive such a nomination in United States history. She said in an interview at the 1984 Democratic National Convention that this action "opened a door which will never be closed again,"[7] speaking to the role of women in politics.

Republican platform

Reagan challenging Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev to "tear down this wall!," from the Brandenburg Gate in June, 1987. Reagan's firm stance with the Soviet Union was an important contributor to his 1984 reelection.
Reagan challenging Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev to "tear down this wall!," from the Brandenburg Gate in June, 1987. Reagan's firm stance with the Soviet Union was an important contributor to his 1984 reelection.

By 1984, Reagan was very popular with voters across the nation as the President who saw them out of the economic stagflation of the early and middle 1970's, and into a period of (relative) economic stability.[8]

The economic success seen under Reagan was politically accomplished (principally) in two ways. The first was initiation of deep tax cuts for the wealthy,[9] and the second was a wide-spectrum of tax cuts for crude oil production and refinement, namely, with the 1980 Windfall profits tax cuts.[10] These policies were augmented with a call for heightened military spending,[11] the cutting of social welfare programs for the poor,[12] and the increasing of taxes on those making less than $50,000 per year.[9] Collectively called "Reaganomics", these economic policies were established through several pieces of legislation passed between 1980 and 1987.

These new tax policies also arguably curbed several existing tax loopholes, preferences, and exceptions, but Reaganomics is typically remembered for its trickle down effect of taxing poor Americans more than rich ones. Reaganomics has (along with legislation passed under presidents George H. W. Bush and Bill Clinton) been criticized by many analysts as "setting the stage" for economic troubles in the United State after 2007, such as the Great Recession.[13]

Virtually unopposed during the Republican primaries, Reagan ran on a campaign of furthering his economic policies. Reagan vowed to continue his "war on drugs," passing sweeping legislation after the 1984 election in support of mandatory minimum sentences for drug possession.[14] Furthermore, taking a (what was becoming the traditional conservative) stance on the social issues of the day, Reagan strongly opposed legislation regarding comprehension of gay marriage, abortion, and (to a lesser extent) environmentalism,[15] regarding the final as simply being bad for business.

Republican victory

A Reagan-Bush Rally in Gulfport, Mississippi on October 1, 1984.
A Reagan-Bush Rally in Gulfport, Mississippi on October 1, 1984.

Reagan won the election in Mississippi with a resounding 24 point sweep-out landslide. Mississippi continued its trend of voting for the same presidential candidate as its sister Dixie State Alabama this election cycle – a trend which has remained unbroken since 1872.

Results

United States presidential election in Mississippi, 1984
Party Candidate Votes Percentage Electoral votes
Republican Ronald Reagan 581,477 61.85% 7
Democratic Walter Mondale 352,192 37.46% 0
Libertarian David Bergland 2,336 0.25% 0
Workers World Larry Holmes 1,169 0.12% 0
Socialist Workers Party Melvin Mason 1,032 0.11% 0
Independent Lyndon LaRouche 1,001 0.11% 0
America First Bob Richards 629 0.07% 0
New Alliance Party Dennis Serrette 356 0.04% 0
Totals 940,192 100.0% 7

Results by county

Ronald Wilson Reagan
Republican
Walter Frederick Mondale
Democratic
Various candidates
Other parties
Margin Total votes cast
County # % # % # % # % #
Adams 9,440 54.32% 7,849 45.17% 89 0.51% 1,591 9.16% 17,378
Alcorn 7,203 58.66% 4,862 39.60% 214 1.74% 2,341 19.07% 12,279
Amite 3,463 57.24% 2,569 42.46% 18 0.30% 894 14.78% 6,050
Attala 4,870 59.28% 3,327 40.50% 18 0.22% 1,543 18.78% 8,215
Benton 1,737 50.12% 1,715 49.48% 14 0.40% 22 0.63% 3,466
Bolivar 6,939 43.85% 8,769 55.42% 116 0.73% -1,830 -11.56% 15,824
Calhoun 3,579 67.06% 1,749 32.77% 9 0.17% 1,830 34.29% 5,337
Carroll 2,823 65.70% 1,462 34.02% 12 0.28% 1,361 31.67% 4,297
Chickasaw 3,605 60.52% 2,329 39.10% 23 0.39% 1,276 21.42% 5,957
Choctaw 2,491 68.00% 1,166 31.83% 6 0.16% 1,325 36.17% 3,663
Claiborne 1,294 28.86% 3,179 70.90% 11 0.25% -1,885 -42.04% 4,484
Clarke 4,551 66.61% 2,262 33.11% 19 0.28% 2,289 33.50% 6,832
Clay 4,112 50.23% 4,046 49.42% 29 0.35% 66 0.81% 8,187
Coahoma 5,759 44.96% 6,839 53.39% 212 1.65% -1,080 -8.43% 12,810
Copiah 5,806 55.74% 4,591 44.08% 19 0.18% 1,215 11.66% 10,416
Covington 4,165 64.95% 2,219 34.60% 29 0.45% 1,946 30.34% 6,413
DeSoto 12,576 73.88% 4,369 25.67% 77 0.45% 8,207 48.21% 17,022
Forrest 15,719 69.63% 6,786 30.06% 71 0.31% 8,933 39.57% 22,576
Franklin 2,564 62.86% 1,494 36.63% 21 0.51% 1,070 26.23% 4,079
George 4,346 72.10% 1,655 27.46% 27 0.45% 2,691 44.64% 6,028
Greene 2,744 67.55% 1,297 31.93% 21 0.52% 1,447 35.62% 4,062
Grenada 5,181 60.80% 3,325 39.02% 15 0.18% 1,856 21.78% 8,521
Hancock 7,662 74.07% 2,630 25.43% 52 0.50% 5,032 48.65% 10,344
Harrison 33,995 72.83% 12,495 26.77% 187 0.40% 21,500 46.06% 46,677
Hinds 56,953 56.69% 42,373 42.18% 1,142 1.14% 14,580 14.51% 100,468
Holmes 3,102 35.44% 5,641 64.45% 10 0.11% -2,539 -29.01% 8,753
Humphreys 2,309 46.99% 2,596 52.83% 9 0.18% -287 -5.84% 4,914
Issaquena 512 49.52% 501 48.45% 21 2.03% 11 1.06% 1,034
Itawamba 4,587 62.96% 2,674 36.71% 24 0.33% 1,913 26.26% 7,285
Jackson 29,585 76.79% 8,821 22.89% 123 0.32% 20,764 53.89% 38,529
Jasper 3,727 54.00% 3,104 44.97% 71 1.03% 623 9.03% 6,902
Jefferson 856 21.88% 3,049 77.94% 7 0.18% -2,193 -56.06% 3,912
Jefferson Davis 2,884 51.81% 2,644 47.50% 38 0.68% 240 4.31% 5,566
Jones 17,586 70.47% 7,298 29.25% 70 0.28% 10,288 41.23% 24,954
Kemper 2,354 52.83% 2,089 46.88% 13 0.29% 265 5.95% 4,456
Lafayette 6,006 62.05% 3,646 37.67% 28 0.29% 2,360 24.38% 9,680
Lamar 7,929 79.85% 1,964 19.78% 37 0.37% 5,965 60.07% 9,930
Lauderdale 18,807 69.00% 7,534 27.64% 916 3.36% 11,273 41.36% 27,257
Lawrence 3,970 63.49% 2,274 36.37% 9 0.14% 1,696 27.12% 6,253
Leake 4,663 62.04% 2,845 37.85% 8 0.11% 1,818 24.19% 7,516
Lee 13,312 67.47% 6,208 31.46% 210 1.06% 7,104 36.01% 19,730
Leflore 7,550 49.63% 7,443 48.93% 219 1.44% 107 0.70% 15,212
Lincoln 8,898 66.50% 4,458 33.32% 25 0.19% 4,440 33.18% 13,381
Lowndes 12,049 66.29% 6,078 33.44% 50 0.28% 5,971 32.85% 18,177
Madison 9,298 53.24% 8,002 45.82% 163 0.93% 1,296 7.42% 17,463
Marion 7,355 66.11% 3,757 33.77% 13 0.12% 3,598 32.34% 11,125
Marshall 4,389 42.70% 5,845 56.87% 44 0.43% -1,456 -14.17% 10,278
Monroe 7,387 62.28% 4,437 37.41% 36 0.30% 2,950 24.87% 11,860
Montgomery 3,093 62.07% 1,881 37.75% 9 0.18% 1,212 24.32% 4,983
Neshoba 6,715 71.71% 2,630 28.09% 19 0.20% 4,085 43.62% 9,364
Newton 5,911 73.23% 2,127 26.35% 34 0.42% 3,784 46.88% 8,072
Noxubee 2,123 41.23% 2,928 56.87% 98 1.90% -805 -15.63% 5,149
Oktibbeha 7,574 59.65% 5,097 40.14% 26 0.20% 2,477 19.51% 12,697
Panola 5,850 51.43% 5,465 48.04% 60 0.53% 385 3.38% 11,375
Pearl River 9,978 76.10% 3,085 23.53% 49 0.37% 6,893 52.57% 13,112
Perry 3,098 65.30% 1,415 29.83% 231 4.87% 1,683 35.48% 4,744
Pike 8,254 57.28% 6,137 42.59% 20 0.14% 2,117 14.69% 14,411
Pontotoc 5,182 67.80% 2,434 31.85% 27 0.35% 2,748 35.95% 7,643
Prentiss 4,821 62.35% 2,897 37.47% 14 0.18% 1,924 24.88% 7,732
Quitman 2,198 48.33% 2,343 51.52% 7 0.15% -145 -3.19% 4,548
Rankin 22,393 79.10% 5,874 20.75% 41 0.14% 16,519 58.35% 28,308
Scott 5,763 63.66% 3,274 36.16% 16 0.18% 2,489 27.49% 9,053
Sharkey 1,487 43.76% 1,723 50.71% 188 5.53% -236 -6.95% 3,398
Simpson 5,983 67.04% 2,894 32.43% 47 0.53% 3,089 34.61% 8,924
Smith 5,116 76.24% 1,573 23.44% 21 0.31% 3,543 52.80% 6,710
Stone 2,980 71.07% 1,185 28.26% 28 0.67% 1,795 42.81% 4,193
Sunflower 5,178 51.21% 4,913 48.59% 20 0.20% 265 2.62% 10,111
Tallahatchie 2,901 51.38% 2,725 48.26% 20 0.35% 176 3.12% 5,646
Tate 4,677 61.89% 2,846 37.66% 34 0.45% 1,831 24.23% 7,557
Tippah 4,706 64.46% 2,566 35.15% 29 0.40% 2,140 29.31% 7,301
Tishomingo 3,527 54.87% 2,879 44.79% 22 0.34% 648 10.08% 6,428
Tunica 1,109 39.55% 1,621 57.81% 74 2.64% -512 -18.26% 2,804
Union 5,837 67.74% 2,766 32.10% 14 0.16% 3,071 35.64% 8,617
Walthall 3,305 59.65% 2,219 40.05% 17 0.31% 1,086 19.60% 5,541
Warren 12,959 60.99% 8,054 37.90% 235 1.11% 4,905 23.08% 21,248
Washington 12,454 53.19% 10,617 45.34% 343 1.46% 1,837 7.85% 23,414
Wayne 5,000 63.81% 2,818 35.96% 18 0.23% 2,182 27.85% 7,836
Webster 3,390 70.71% 1,397 29.14% 7 0.15% 1,993 41.57% 4,794
Wilkinson 1,722 39.28% 2,627 59.92% 35 0.80% -905 -20.64% 4,384
Winston 5,192 59.36% 3,543 40.51% 11 0.13% 1,649 18.85% 8,746
Yalobusha 2,934 55.52% 2,337 44.22% 14 0.26% 597 11.30% 5,285
Yazoo 6,275 54.99% 5,037 44.14% 100 0.88% 1,238 10.85% 11,412
Totals 582,377 61.88% 352,192 37.42% 6,523 0.69% 230,185 24.46% 941,092

See also

References

  1. ^ "1984 Presidential General Election Results – Mississippi". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved 2013-11-11.
  2. ^ Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections; 1984 Presidential Election Statistics
  3. ^ Sullivan, Robert David; ‘How the Red and Blue Map Evolved Over the Past Century’; America Magazine in The National Catholic Review; June 29, 2016
  4. ^ Kurt Andersen, "A Wild Ride to the End", Time, May 28, 1984
  5. ^ Trying to Win the Peace, by Even Thomas, Time, July 2, 1984
  6. ^ Mondale's Acceptance Speech, 1984, AllPolitics
  7. ^ Martin, Douglas (2011-03-27). "Geraldine A. Ferraro, First Woman on Major Party Ticket, Dies at 75". The New York Times. pp. A1. Retrieved November 5, 2013.
  8. ^ Raines, Howell (November 7, 1984). "Reagan Wins By a Landslide, Sweeping at Least 48 States; G.O.P. Gains Strength in House". The New York Times. Retrieved November 11, 2013.
  9. ^ a b "U.S. Federal Individual Income Tax Rates History, 1913–2011 (Nominal and Inflation-Adjusted Brackets)". Tax Foundation. September 9, 2011. Archived from the original on January 16, 2013. Retrieved November 10, 2013.
  10. ^ Joseph J. Thorndike (Nov 10, 2005). "Historical Perspective: The Windfall Profit Tax". Retrieved November 11, 2013.
  11. ^ Historical tables, Budget of the United States Government Archived 2012-04-17 at the Wayback Machine, 2013, table 6.1.
  12. ^ Niskanen, William A. (1992). "Reaganomics". In David R. Henderson (ed.). Concise Encyclopedia of Economics (1st ed.). Library of Economics and Liberty. OCLC 317650570, 50016270, 163149563
  13. ^ Jerry Lanson (2008-11-06). "A historic victory. A changed nation. Now, can Obama deliver?". Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 2013-11-02.
  14. ^ Alexander, Michelle (2010). The New Jim Crow. New York: The New Press. p. 5. ISBN 978-1595581037.
  15. ^ Prendergast, William B. (1999). The Catholic vote in American politics. Washington DC: Georgetown University Press. pp. 186, 191–193. ISBN 0-87840-724-3.
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