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1984 United States presidential election in Alabama

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1984 United States presidential election in Alabama

← 1980 November 6, 1984 1988 →
 
Ronald Reagan 1985 presidential portrait (cropped).jpg
Vice President Mondale 1977 closeup.jpg
Nominee Ronald Reagan Walter Mondale
Party Republican Democratic
Home state California Minnesota
Running mate George H. W. Bush Geraldine Ferraro
Electoral vote 9 0
Popular vote 872,849 551,899
Percentage 60.54% 38.28%

Alabama Presidential Election Results 1984.svg
County Results

President before election

Ronald Reagan
Republican

Elected President

Ronald Reagan
Republican

The 1984 United States presidential election in Alabama took place on November 6, 1984. All 50 states and the District of Columbia were part of the 1984 United States presidential election. Alabama voters chose 9 electors to the Electoral College, which selected the president and vice president of the United States.

Alabama was won by incumbent United States President Ronald Reagan of California, who was running against former Vice President Walter Mondale of Minnesota. Reagan ran for a second time with former C.I.A. Director George H. W. Bush of Texas, and Mondale ran with Representative Geraldine Ferraro of New York, the first major female candidate for the vice presidency.

Partisan background

The presidential election of 1984 was a very partisan election for Alabama, with just under 99 percent of the electorate voting only either Democratic or Republican.[1] Every county in the state gave either Reagan or Mondale a majority save Etowah County, which gave Reagan a plurality. Macon County gave Mondale 82.71% of the vote, which was the highest percentage he received in any county nationwide outside the District of Columbia.[2] Reagan's best county was Shelby, which gave him 77.88%.

Republican victory

Reagan won Alabama by a massive 22% landslide margin, a dramatic shift from 1980, when Reagan had won it by just 1.3% over Southerner Jimmy Carter. This was only the third time that the Republican nominee exceeded 60% of the vote in the Yellowhammer State, after Barry Goldwater in 1964 and Richard Nixon in 1972. Mondale carried most of Alabama's Black Belt counties, but outside these predominantly African-American counties, he carried only Colbert, Lawrence, and Jackson Counties, which lay within the region served by the Tennessee Valley Authority (Colbert is home to Muscle Shoals). Overwhelmingly, the state's 'Wallace country' went red this election, unlike in 1976 or even 1980.[3] As an example, Reagan claimed over 2/3 of the vote in Coffee County, Alabama, which had voted for Carter in 1976 by over 20% and had voted for Reagan in 1980 by just 4.7%.[4]

Alabama voted the same way as its Deep Southern neighbor Mississippi for the 29th time in a row, a trend dating back to 1872. The last time the two states voted differently was (and, as of 2020, remains) 1840, when Mississippi voted for William Henry Harrison, and Alabama, for Martin Van Buren. (In 1868, Mississippi, unlike Alabama, hadn't yet been re-admitted to the Union.)

Results

1984 United States presidential election in Alabama
Party Candidate Votes Percentage Electoral votes
Republican Ronald Reagan 872,849 60.54% 9
Democratic Walter Mondale 551,899 38.28% 0
Libertarian David Bergland 9,504 0.66% 0
Independent Gus Hall 4,671 0.32% 0
Independent Bob Richards 1,401 0.10% 0
Independent Melvin Mason 730 0.05% 0
Independent Dennis Serrette 659 0.05% 0
Totals 1,441,713 100.0% 9

Results by county

County Ronald Reagan
Republican
Walter Mondale
Democratic
David Bergland[5]
Libertarian
Gus Hall[5]
Independent
Various candidates[5]
Other parties
Margin Total votes cast
# % # % # % # % # % # %
Autauga 8,350 70.07% 3,366 28.25% 165 1.38% 15 0.13% 21 0.18% 4,984 41.82% 11,917
Baldwin 24,964 75.55% 7,272 22.01% 337 1.02% 29 0.09% 443 1.34% 17,692 53.54% 33,045
Barbour 5,459 53.73% 4,591 45.18% 89 0.88% 7 0.07% 15 0.15% 868 8.54% 10,161
Bibb 3,487 61.32% 2,167 38.10% 13 0.23% 6 0.11% 14 0.25% 1,320 23.21% 5,687
Blount 8,508 68.16% 3,738 29.95% 102 0.82% 21 0.17% 113 0.91% 4,770 38.22% 12,482
Bullock 1,697 32.02% 3,537 66.75% 49 0.92% 4 0.08% 12 0.23% -1,840 -34.72% 5,299
Butler 4,941 56.73% 3,641 41.81% 116 1.33% 5 0.06% 6 0.07% 1,300 14.93% 8,709
Calhoun 23,291 61.16% 12,752 33.49% 400 1.05% 1,143 3.00% 496 1.30% 10,539 27.67% 38,082
Chambers 8,024 59.60% 5,302 39.38% 113 0.84% 10 0.07% 14 0.10% 2,722 20.22% 13,463
Cherokee 3,225 51.04% 3,029 47.93% 55 0.87% 3 0.05% 7 0.11% 196 3.10% 6,319
Chilton 8,243 70.53% 2,934 25.10% 93 0.80% 388 3.32% 30 0.26% 5,309 45.42% 11,688
Choctaw 3,960 53.88% 3,373 45.90% 6 0.08% 3 0.04% 7 0.10% 587 7.99% 7,349
Clarke 6,282 58.11% 4,452 41.18% 67 0.62% 4 0.04% 6 0.06% 1,830 16.93% 10,811
Clay 3,432 68.19% 1,456 28.93% 70 1.39% 63 1.25% 12 0.24% 1,976 39.26% 5,033
Cleburne 3,259 70.50% 1,238 26.78% 43 0.93% 33 0.71% 50 1.08% 2,021 43.72% 4,623
Coffee 10,558 69.84% 4,370 28.91% 141 0.93% 10 0.07% 39 0.26% 6,188 40.93% 15,118
Colbert 9,530 45.31% 11,008 52.34% 231 1.10% 29 0.14% 234 1.11% -1,478 -7.03% 21,032
Conecuh 3,538 55.86% 2,735 43.18% 36 0.57% 14 0.22% 11 0.17% 803 12.68% 6,334
Coosa 2,585 58.95% 1,781 40.62% 9 0.21% 7 0.16% 3 0.07% 804 18.34% 4,385
Covington 9,944 71.63% 3,812 27.46% 55 0.40% 45 0.32% 27 0.19% 6,132 44.17% 13,883
Crenshaw 3,261 61.86% 1,904 36.12% 32 0.61% 65 1.23% 10 0.19% 1,357 25.74% 5,272
Cullman 14,782 63.92% 7,989 34.55% 143 0.62% 176 0.76% 36 0.16% 6,793 29.37% 23,126
Dale 10,319 75.37% 3,215 23.48% 133 0.97% 8 0.06% 17 0.12% 7,104 51.88% 13,692
Dallas 9,585 46.26% 10,955 52.88% 151 0.73% 13 0.06% 14 0.07% -1,370 -6.61% 20,718
DeKalb 12,098 62.53% 7,212 37.27% 19 0.10% 5 0.03% 15 0.08% 4,886 25.25% 19,349
Elmore 11,694 72.74% 4,198 26.11% 162 1.01% 7 0.04% 16 0.10% 7,496 46.63% 16,077
Escambia 8,694 68.33% 3,853 30.28% 70 0.55% 77 0.61% 30 0.24% 4,841 38.05% 12,724
Etowah 19,243 49.62% 19,074 49.18% 184 0.47% 252 0.65% 28 0.07% 169 0.44% 38,781
Fayette 4,654 64.63% 2,533 35.18% 9 0.12% 4 0.06% 1 0.01% 2,121 29.45% 7,201
Franklin 5,304 52.90% 4,601 45.89% 100 1.00% 8 0.08% 14 0.14% 703 7.01% 10,027
Geneva 6,308 70.00% 2,330 25.86% 80 0.89% 282 3.13% 11 0.12% 3,978 44.15% 9,011
Greene 1,361 26.13% 3,675 70.55% 51 0.98% 122 2.34% 0 0.00% -2,314 -44.42% 5,209
Hale 2,691 44.44% 3,289 54.31% 60 0.99% 4 0.07% 12 0.20% -598 -9.87% 6,056
Henry 3,952 63.34% 2,231 35.76% 17 0.27% 24 0.38% 15 0.24% 1,721 27.58% 6,239
Houston 20,854 75.82% 6,488 23.59% 56 0.20% 90 0.33% 17 0.06% 14,366 52.23% 27,505
Jackson 6,730 46.15% 7,635 52.36% 169 1.16% 15 0.10% 33 0.23% -905 -6.21% 14,582
Jefferson 158,362 59.41% 107,506 40.33% 485 0.18% 72 0.03% 122 0.05% 50,856 19.08% 266,547
Lamar 3,943 67.21% 1,910 32.55% 4 0.07% 1 0.02% 9 0.15% 2,033 34.65% 5,867
Lauderdale 15,354 53.57% 12,907 45.04% 352 1.23% 23 0.08% 23 0.08% 2,447 8.54% 28,659
Lawrence 4,466 47.04% 4,866 51.25% 77 0.81% 71 0.75% 14 0.15% -400 -4.21% 9,494
Lee 16,757 64.05% 9,077 34.70% 289 1.10% 17 0.06% 21 0.08% 7,680 29.36% 26,161
Limestone 8,423 60.12% 5,410 38.62% 160 1.14% 12 0.09% 5 0.04% 3,013 21.51% 14,010
Lowndes 1,629 31.02% 3,567 67.92% 38 0.72% 5 0.10% 13 0.25% -1,938 -36.90% 5,252
Macon 1,543 16.24% 7,857 82.71% 52 0.55% 19 0.20% 28 0.29% -6,314 -66.47% 9,499
Madison 50,428 64.54% 26,881 34.40% 683 0.87% 58 0.07% 84 0.11% 23,547 30.14% 78,134
Marengo 5,261 51.51% 4,811 47.11% 101 0.99% 8 0.08% 32 0.31% 450 4.41% 10,213
Marion 6,771 63.20% 3,918 36.57% 17 0.16% 4 0.04% 3 0.03% 2,853 26.63% 10,713
Marshall 12,330 60.47% 7,704 37.78% 305 1.50% 32 0.16% 20 0.10% 4,626 22.69% 20,391
Mobile 81,923 62.56% 47,252 36.08% 804 0.61% 772 0.59% 208 0.16% 34,671 26.47% 130,959
Monroe 5,917 60.65% 3,725 38.18% 55 0.56% 40 0.41% 19 0.19% 2,192 22.47% 9,756
Montgomery 43,328 57.77% 31,206 41.61% 337 0.45% 19 0.03% 115 0.15% 12,122 16.16% 75,005
Morgan 24,301 67.99% 11,324 31.68% 73 0.20% 12 0.03% 31 0.09% 12,977 36.31% 35,741
Perry 2,600 48.08% 2,731 50.50% 66 1.22% 5 0.09% 6 0.11% -131 -2.42% 5,408
Pickens 4,685 56.47% 3,586 43.23% 9 0.11% 6 0.07% 10 0.12% 1,099 13.25% 8,296
Pike 6,231 62.60% 3,541 35.58% 146 1.47% 12 0.12% 23 0.23% 2,690 27.03% 9,953
Randolph 4,940 65.74% 2,439 32.46% 124 1.65% 6 0.08% 6 0.08% 2,501 33.28% 7,515
Russell 6,654 46.04% 7,610 52.66% 166 1.15% 6 0.04% 16 0.11% -956 -6.62% 14,452
Shelby 21,858 77.88% 5,884 20.96% 271 0.97% 20 0.07% 6 0.02% 15,974 56.91% 28,068
St. Clair 10,408 71.02% 4,000 27.30% 232 1.58% 8 0.05% 35 0.24% 6,408 43.73% 14,654
Sumter 2,493 35.65% 4,478 64.04% 16 0.23% 1 0.01% 5 0.07% -1,985 -28.39% 6,993
Talladega 14,067 61.11% 8,490 36.88% 220 0.96% 209 0.91% 34 0.15% 5,577 24.23% 23,020
Tallapoosa 9,045 66.19% 4,458 32.62% 139 1.02% 11 0.08% 13 0.10% 4,587 33.57% 13,666
Tuscaloosa 28,075 62.75% 16,066 35.91% 533 1.19% 37 0.08% 28 0.06% 12,009 26.84% 44,739
Walker 12,852 54.11% 10,591 44.59% 94 0.40% 194 0.82% 22 0.09% 2,261 9.52% 23,753
Washington 4,434 58.78% 3,081 40.85% 17 0.23% 2 0.03% 9 0.12% 1,353 17.94% 7,543
Wilcox 2,337 38.81% 3,663 60.83% 8 0.13% 4 0.07% 10 0.17% -1,326 -22.02% 6,022
Winston 6,845 72.22% 2,624 27.69% 5 0.05% 3 0.03% 1 0.01% 4,221 44.53% 9,478
Totals 873,067 60.59% 550,899 38.23% 9,504 0.66% 4,671 0.32% 2,800 0.19% 322,168 22.36% 1,440,950

See also

References

  1. ^ "1984 Presidential General Election Results – Alabama". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved 2013-11-11.
  2. ^ Dave Leip’s Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections; 1984 Presidential Election Statistics
  3. ^ "CQ Almanac Online Edition". library.cqpress.com. Retrieved 2021-01-12.
  4. ^ "CQ Almanac Online Edition". library.cqpress.com. Retrieved 2021-01-12.
  5. ^ a b c "AL US President Race, November 06, 1984". Our Campaigns.
This page was last edited on 10 April 2021, at 04:58
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