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1977 Indianapolis 500

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The 61st International 500 Mile Sweepstakes was held at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway in Speedway, Indiana on Sunday, May 29, 1977. Considered one of the most historically significant editions of the Indianapolis 500, several sidebar stories complemented the unprecedented accomplishment of race winner A. J. Foyt. Foyt became the first driver to win the Indianapolis 500 four times. As of 2019, Foyt's record has been tied by Al Unser Sr. and Rick Mears, but still stands as an Indy 500 record. Foyt's victory is also the last time the winning car (both chassis and engine) was built entirely within the United States.

The race was sanctioned by USAC, and was part of the 1977 USAC National Championship Trail. After rain-shortened races in three of the past four years (1973, 1975, 1976), the 1977 race was run the full distance under hot and sunny conditions.

Two major stories headlined qualifying. During time trials, Tom Sneva won the pole position with a new track record. He became the first driver to break the 200 mph barrier at the Speedway. On the final day of time trials, Janet Guthrie broke the gender barrier by becoming the first female driver to qualify for the Indy 500.

During the summer of 1976, the entire track was repaved in asphalt. It marked the first time since the original brick surface was laid in the fall of 1909 that the Indianapolis Motor Speedway was repaved in its entirety. The surface was allowed to cure over the winter, and during a tire test in March, Gordon Johncock ran a lap of 200.401 mph, an unofficial track record.[3]

This would be the final Indy 500 for track owner Tony Hulman, who would die of heart failure on October 27, 1977. IMS Radio Network anchor Sid Collins did not call the race for the first time since 1951. Collins committed suicide on May 2,[4] just five days before opening day, after being diagnosed with ALS. Collins was replaced by new "Voice of the 500" Paul Page.

Other historical milestones during the month included the first grandson of a former driver entering (Teddy Pilette) and the first father and son combination attempting to qualify for the same race (Jim and James McElreath Jr.). However, neither Pilette (grandson of 1913 competitor Théodore Pilette) nor McElreath Jr. succeeded in making the field.[5]

Race schedule

Race schedule — May, 1977
Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat
1
 
2
 
3
 
4
 
5
 
6
 
7
Opening Day
8
Practice
9
Practice
10
Practice
11
Practice
12
Practice
13
Practice
14
Pole Day
15
Time Trials
16
Practice
17
Practice
18
Practice
19
Practice
20
Practice
21
Time Trials
22
Time Trials
23
 
24
 
25
 
26
Carb Day
27
Mini-Marathon
28
Parade
29
Indy 500
30
Memorial Day
31
 

 

 

 

 
Color Notes
Green Practice
Dark Blue Time trials
Silver Race day
Red Rained out*
Blank No track activity

* Includes days where track
activity was significantly
limited due to rain

Time trials

Pole Day – Saturday May 14

Tom Sneva's pole-winning car
Tom Sneva's pole-winning car

During the first week of practice, several drivers flirted with the elusive 200 mph barrier. Mario Andretti, A. J. Foyt, and Johnny Rutherford all ran unofficial practice laps over 200 mph. All three became immediate favorites for the pole position. Going into the month, the official one-lap track record was still 199.071 mph, set by Johnny Rutherford back in 1973.

Pole day was sunny and warm, and an estimated 200,000 spectators arrived anticipating a record-setting day. No drivers broke the 200 mph barrier during practice on the morning of pole day, but participants and observers expected the record to fall during official time trials. At 11:00 a.m., A. J. Foyt was the first driver to make an attempt. His four-lap speed of 193.465 mph was far short of the record. Al Unser Sr. (195.950 mph) went faster and took over the top spot about a half hour later.

At 11:51 a.m., Tom Sneva took to the track. He set new all-time one-lap and four-lap track records. He became the first driver to break the highly anticipated 200 mph barrier at Indy.

  • Lap 1 – 44.91 seconds, 200.401 mph (new 1-lap track record)
  • Lap 2 – 44.88 seconds, 200.535 mph (new 1-lap track record)
  • Lap 3 – 45.54 seconds, 197.628 mph
  • Lap 4 – 45.68 seconds, 197.032 mph
  • Total – 3:01.01, 198.884 mph (new 4-lap track record)

Though his last two laps dropped off, Sneva's four-lap average was fast enough to secure the pole position. Sneva was rewarded by having 200 silver dollars poured into his helmet.[6] The symbolic gesture, performed by Phil Hedback of Bryant Heating and Cooling Company,[6] mimicked Parnelli Jones, who broke the 150 mph barrier in 1962, and was awarded with 150 silver dollars poured into his helmet.[7]

About an hour later, USAC officials retracted A. J. Foyt's qualifying time, stating that during post-inspection, they discovered that his pop-off valve was fractured and malfunctioned. Since the infraction was not Foyt's fault, he was allowed to re-qualify. Foyt's speed of 194.563 mph was faster than his previous attempt.

Bobby Unser (197.618 mph) put himself in the middle of the front row, bumping his brother Al to the outside. Johnny Rutherford, an early favorite for the front row, waved off his first run, then stalled on his second run. The day ended with the field filled to 16 cars, with Rutherford among those not qualified. Sneva was the only driver to run any laps over 200 mph all afternoon.

Second Day – Sunday May 15

Johnny Rutherford (197.325 mph) put in the third-fastest speed in the field, but as a second day qualifier, he was forced to line up behind the first day qualifiers in 17th position.

Five cars completed runs, filling the field to 21 cars. Clay Regazzoni wrecked during his attempt, but was not seriously injured. Regazzoni was planning on running both Indy and the Monaco Grand Prix, but the crash complicated his travel schedule.

Third Day – Saturday May 21

Clay Regazzoni started the day in Monte Carlo, but rain washed out his chance to qualify for the Monaco Grand Prix. Car owner Teddy Yip made plans to fly him back to Indy and attempt to qualify for the 500. Mario Andretti, who put in a safe qualifying time at Indy the weekend before, remained in Monaco to compete in the race, he would finish 5th.

Qualifying was sparse during the early parts of the day, with at least 12 cars taking to the track, but only two attempts run to completion. At the end of the day, the field was filled to 27 cars. Clay Regazzoni did not make it to the Speedway in enough time, and he would have to wait until Sunday.

Bump Day – Sunday May 22

The final day of time trials became a historic milestone in auto racing history. Janet Guthrie was the first car to take the track, and she became the first female driver to qualify for the Indianapolis 500. Her four-lap average of 188.403 mph put her safely in the field, and she was the fastest car of the afternoon. Like he did for Tom Sneva a week earlier, Phil Hedback poured 188 silver dollars in her helmet,[6] matching her qualifying speed, which was also a female closed-course speed record.[8]

After a hectic travel burden, Clay Regazzoni finally put a car in the field.

At about 3:30 p.m., Salt Walther (184.549 mph) completed a run, followed later by Bubby Jones (184.938 mph), and the field was filled to 33 cars. Cliff Hucul (187.198 mph) bumped out Walther. With about an hour to go, Eldon Rasmussen bumped out Vern Schuppan, and John Mahler bumped out Joe Saldana.

The final hour of qualifying saw several drivers try, but fail, to bump their way in. Young rookie Rick Mears was too slow on his two attempts, and he failed to qualify. Jim Hurtubise once again was the center of attention for a few minutes, as he rolled out his Mallard/Offy to the qualifying line. After one slow lap he waved off, and it was the final qualifying attempt ever made by a front-engined car at Indy.

As the 6 o'clock gun fired, James McElreath, Jr. was the final car on the track, but his speed was too slow to make the field. Jim and James, Jr. were trying to become the first father and son to qualify for the same Indy 500. James, Jr. fell short, however, and would die in a sprint car crash later in the year, never having a chance to race together.

Carburetion Day – Thursday May 26

After qualifying closed, the team of Salt Walther purchased the qualified car of Bill Puterbaugh from owner Lee Elkins. Salt's father George and brother Jeff were responsible for the purchase, and paid a reported $60,000 for the entry, and subsequently fired Puterbaugh from the ride.[9] Salt Walther was named the new driver for the car, and it was repainted in his livery. According to the rules, the car would have to move to the rear of the field on race day. Almost immediately, the situation received significant negative criticism. A day later, Puterbaugh was reinstated to the ride, therefore Puterbaugh was reinstated to his 28th starting position.[10]

The final practice day saw Johnny Rutherford (194.533 mph) set the fastest lap. Mike Mosley was the only incident of the day, suffering a broken piston. Later in the afternoon, Jim McElreath's #73 Carrillo team won the first annual Miller Pit Stop Contest.

Starting lineup

Grid

Row Inside Middle Outside
1 8 United States Tom Sneva
Norton Spirit Special
Penske Racing
McLaren, Cosworth DFX
198.884 mph (320.073 km/h)
6 United States Bobby Unser  W 
Cobre Tire/Clayton Special
Fletcher Racing
Lightning, Offenhauser
197.618 mph (318.035 km/h)
21 United States Al Unser  W 
American Racing Wheels Special
Vel's Parnelli Jones Racing
Parnelli, Cosworth DFX
195.950 mph (315.351 km/h)
2 14 United States A. J. Foyt  W 
Gilmore Racing Special
A.J. Foyt Enterprises
Coyote, Foyt V-8
194.563 mph (313.119 km/h)
20 United States Gordon Johncock  W 
STP Double Oil Filter Special
Patrick Racing
Wildcat, DGS
193.517 mph (311.435 km/h)
9 United States Mario Andretti  W 
CAM2 Motor Oil Special
Penske Racing
McLaren, Cosworth DFX
193.353 mph (311.171 km/h)
3 25 United States Danny Ongais  R 
Interscope Racing
Interscope Racing
Parnelli, Cosworth DFX
193.040 mph (310.668 km/h)
48 United States Pancho Carter
Jorgensen Steel Special
All American Racers
Eagle, Offenhauser
192.452 mph (309.721 km/h)
5 United States Mike Mosley
Sugaripe Prune Special
Jerry O'Connell
Lightning, Offenhauser
190.064 mph (305.878 km/h)
4 40 United States Wally Dallenbach Sr.
STP Oil Treatment Special
Patrick Racing
Wildcat, DGS
189.563 mph (305.072 km/h)
60 United States Johnny Parsons
STP/Goodyear Special
Patrick Racing
Wildcat, DGS
189.255 mph (304.576 km/h)
97 United States Sheldon Kinser
Genesee Beer Special
Grant King
Dragon, Offenhauser
189.076 mph (304.288 km/h)
5 18 United States George Snider
Mel Simon Special
Bobby Hillin
Wildcat, DGS
188.976 mph (304.127 km/h)
78 United States Bobby Olivero  R 
Alex Foods Special
Alex Morales
Lightning, Offenhauser
188.452 mph (303.284 km/h)
86 United States Al Loquasto
Frostie Root Beer Special
Al Loquasto
McLaren, Offenhauser
187.647 mph (301.989 km/h)
6 36 United States Jerry Sneva  R 
21st Amendment Special
Spirit of America Racers
McLaren, Offenhauser
186.616 mph (300.329 km/h)
2 United States Johnny Rutherford  W 
1st National City Travelers Checks Special
McLaren Racing
McLaren, Cosworth DFX
197.325 mph (317.564 km/h)
11 United States Roger McCluskey
1st National City Travelers Checks Special
Lindsey Hopkins
Lightning, Offenhauser
190.992 mph (307.372 km/h)
7 10 United States Lloyd Ruby
1st National City Travelers Checks Special
Lindsey Hopkins
Lightning, Offenhauser
190.840 mph (307.127 km/h)
73 United States Jim McElreath
Carillo Special
Carrillo Industries
Eagle, AMC
187.715 mph (302.098 km/h)
98 United States Gary Bettenhausen
Agajanian-Knievel Special
Grant King
King, Offenhauser
186.596 mph (300.297 km/h)
8 24 United States Tom Bigelow
Thermo King Special
Ralph Wilke
Eagle, Offenhauser
186.471 mph (300.096 km/h)
84 United States Bill Vukovich II
Gilmore Racing Special
A.J. Foyt Enterprises
Coyote, Foyt V-8
186.393 mph (299.970 km/h)
65 United States Lee Kunzman
City of Syracuse Special
Patrick Santello
Eagle, Offenhauser
186.384 mph (299.956 km/h)
9 92 United States Steve Krisiloff
Dave McIntire Chevy Special
Tassi Vatis
Eagle, Offenhauser
184.691 mph (297.231 km/h)
27 United States Janet Guthrie  R 
Bryant Air Conditioning Special
Rolla Vollstedt
Lightning, Offenhauser
188.403 mph (303.205 km/h)
29 Canada Cliff Hucul  R 
Team Canada Special
Hucul/Hunter/Arndt
McLaren, Offenhauser
187.198 mph (301.266 km/h)
10 16 United States Bill Puterbaugh
Dayton-Walther Special
George Walther
Eagle, Offenhauser
186.800 mph (300.625 km/h)
38 Switzerland Clay Regazzoni  R 
Theodore Racing
Teddy Yip
McLaren, Offenhauser
186.047 mph (299.414 km/h)
17 United States Dick Simon
Bryant Air Conditioning Special
Rolla Vollstedt
Vollstedt, Offenhauser
185.615 mph (298.718 km/h)
11 42 United States John Mahler
20th Century Special
Don Mergard
Eagle, Offenhauser
185.242 mph (298.118 km/h)
58 Canada Eldon Rasmussen
Rent-A-Racer Special
Eldon Rasmussen
Rascar, Foyt V-8
185.119 mph (297.920 km/h)
72 United States Bubby Jones  R 
Bruce Cogle Ford Special
Bobby Hillin
Eagle, Offenhauser
184.938 mph (297.629 km/h)
Sources: [11][12][13]

Alternates

Failed to qualify

 R  = Indianapolis 500 rookie
 W  = Former Indianapolis 500 winner

Race summary

Pre-race

After Janet Guthrie became the first female driver to qualify for the Indy 500, controversy began to surround the famous starting command, "Gentlemen, start your engines!" Speedway management did not want to alter the traditional phrase.[14] During the week before the race, the management announced that they would not change the wording of the command, but numerous suggestions were being offered by various promoters and members of the media around the country. Looking for an excuse, the management insisted that the cars were actually started by male crew members with an electric hand-held starter from behind the car. Guthrie and her crew were quite displeased by the stubbornness of the Speedway management, considering her unprecedented accomplishment. The crew reacted by assigning Kay Bignotti[14] (wife of George Bignotti) as the crew member to operate the inertial starter at the back of Guthrie's car. The Speedway's argument fell apart, and they decided upon a special amended command for that year. They did not announce beforehand what the special command would be,[14] and Hulman's highly anticipated phrase was the following:

In company with the first lady ever to qualify at Indianapolis, gentlemen, start your engines.

First half

At the start, Al Unser swept from the outside of the front row, and led into turn one. Polesitter Tom Sneva grabbed second. Bobby Unser settled into third. Johnny Rutherford over-revved the engine, and dropped out with gearbox failure. Janet Guthrie was in the pits early with engine trouble. She would suffer a long day of numerous frustrating pits stops.

Gordon Johncock took the lead for the first time on lap 18. After Johncock pitted, A. J. Foyt led laps 27-51.

Lloyd Ruby crashed in turn two and brought out the yellow on lap 49. It would be Ruby's final Indy 500. During the sequence of pit stops, Gordon Johncock came to the lead, and led most of the laps to the midpoint.

Eldon Rasmussen brought out the yellow for a spin on lap 69. He was able to continue. It was only the second, and would be the last, on-track incident of the race.

At the halfway point, attrition had taken its toll during the hot day. Only 17 cars were still running. After numerous attempts to re-join the race, Janet Guthrie finally dropped out around the halfway point, having completed only 27 laps.

Second half

Gordon Johncock was the dominating leader in the second half. He took the lead again on lap 97, and led through lap 179. A. J. Foyt, Tom Sneva, and Al Unser were the closest pursuers.

A long stretch of green flag racing continued until lap 159, when George Snider and Pancho Carter stalled on the track.

Two cycles of pit stops remained for the leaders. Gordon Johncock continued to lead A. J. Foyt. Tom Sneva was also still on the lead lap. The three leaders made the next-to-last pits stops within one lap of each other. Johncock was beginning to complain of dehydration and heat exhaustion, and the crew doused him with water. Johncock, however, managed to return to the track with a lead of about 15–20 seconds.

Finish

A. J. Foyt's 1977 winning car
A. J. Foyt's 1977 winning car

With 20 laps to go, Johncock still led Foyt by 10 seconds. Sneva was lurking in third place. With Johncock physically ailing, A. J. Foyt began to close the margin. Johncock made his final stop on lap 181. He took on fuel only, and the crew again doused him with water. He pulled away after a 14.7 second stop. Two laps later, Foyt made his final stop. Foyt took on right side tires and fuel, and was away in only 12.9 seconds. Johncock re-assumed the lead, but it was down to only 7 seconds.

Suddenly as Johncock hit the mainstretch the next time around to complete lap 184, a huge cloud of smoke came from his car and he veered to the inside. Johncock parked the car in turn one with a broken crankshaft. Foyt inherited the lead with only 16 laps to go. Johncock climbed from his car, and hopped into the infield creek to splash some water on himself to cool off.

Foyt now held a nearly 30-second lead over second place Tom Sneva. Foyt was able to cruise comfortably over the final 15 laps and became the first driver to win the Indianapolis 500 four times.

Post race

The historic accomplishment was highly celebrated, and Foyt invited track owner Tony Hulman to ride with him in the pace car to salute the fans. It was one of the very few times that Tony Hulman rode with the winner of the race as he died the following October.

Tom Sneva bettered his 6th place finish from the previous year to a solid 2nd place. He would ride this momentum by winning the Pocono 500 later in the season and win the 1977 National Drivers championship.

Race results

Box score

Finish Start No Name Chassis Engine Laps Status Points
1 4 14 United States A. J. Foyt  W  Coyote Foyt V-8 200 3:05:57.16 1000
2 1 8 United States Tom Sneva McLaren Cosworth DFX 200 -28.63 seconds[15] 800
3 3 21 United States Al Unser  W  Parnelli Cosworth DFX 199 Flagged 700
4 10 40 United States Wally Dallenbach Sr. Wildcat DGS 199 Flagged 600
5 11 60 United States Johnny Parsons Wildcat DGS 193 Flagged 500
6 22 24 United States Tom Bigelow Eagle Offenhauser 192 Flagged 400
7 24 65 United States Lee Kunzman Eagle Offenhauser 191 Flagged 300
8 18 11 United States Roger McCluskey Lightning Offenhauser 191 Flagged 250
9 25 92 United States Steve Krisiloff Eagle Offenhauser 191 Flagged 200
10 16 36 United States Jerry Sneva  R  McLaren Offenhauser 187 Flagged 150
11 5 20 United States Gordon Johncock  W  Wildcat DGS 184 Crankshaft 100
12 28 16 United States Bill Puterbaugh Eagle Offenhauser 170 Valve 50
13 32 58 Canada Eldon Rasmussen Rascar Foyt V-8 168 Flagged 0
14 31 42 United States John Mahler
(Relieved by Larry Cannon; Laps 150-157)
Eagle Offenhauser 157 Flagged 0
15 8 48 United States Pancho Carter Eagle Offenhauser 156 Engine 0
16 21 98 United States Gary Bettenhausen King Offenhauser 138 Clutch 0
17 23 84 United States Bill Vukovich II Coyote Foyt V-8 110 Wing Strut 0
18 2 6 United States Bobby Unser  W  Lightning Offenhauser 94 Oil Leak 0
19 9 5 United States Mike Mosley Lightning Offenhauser 91 Timing Gear 0
20 7 25 United States Danny Ongais  R  Parnelli Cosworth DFX 90 Header 0
21 33 72 United States Bubby Jones  R  Eagle Offenhauser 78 Valve 0
22 27 29 Canada Cliff Hucul  R  McLaren Offenhauser 72 Gearbox 0
23 20 73 United States Jim McElreath Eagle AMC 71 Turbocharger 0
24 13 18 United States George Snider Wildcat DGS 65 Valve 0
25 14 78 United States Bobby Olivero  R  Lightning Offenhauser 57 Piston 0
26 6 9 United States Mario Andretti  W  McLaren Cosworth DFX 47 Header 0
27 19 10 United States Lloyd Ruby Lightning Offenhauser 34 Crash T2 0
28 15 86 United States Al Loquasto McLaren Offenhauser 28 Magneto 0
29 26 27 United States Janet Guthrie  R  Lightning Offenhauser 27 Timing Gear 0
30 29 38 Switzerland Clay Regazzoni  R  McLaren Offenhauser 25 Fuel Cell 0
31 30 17 United States Dick Simon Vollstedt Offenhauser 24 Overheating 0
32 12 97 United States Sheldon Kinser Dragon Offenhauser 14 Piston 0
33 17 2 United States Johnny Rutherford  W  McLaren Cosworth DFX 12 Gearbox 0

 R  = Indianapolis 500 rookie
 W  = Former Indianapolis 500 winner

All cars utilized Goodyear tires.

Race statistics

Points standings after the race

Rank Driver Points Difference Position
Change
1 A.J. Foyt 1640 Leader +2
2 Al Unser 1400 -240 0
3 Wally Dallenbach 1325 -315 -2
4 Tom Sneva 1260 -380 +3
5 Tom Bigelow 840 -800 +3
6 Gordon Johncock 715 -925 -1
7 Roger McCluskey 660 -980 +2
8 Johnny Rutherford 640 -1000 -5
9 Mike Mosley 600 -1040 -3
10 Johnny Parsons 500 -1140 Unranked

Broadcasting

Radio

The race was carried live on the IMS Radio Network. Following the suicide of chief announcer Sid Collins on May 2, Paul Page was elevated to the anchor position and became the new "Voice of the 500." Lou Palmer reported from victory lane. Fred Agabashian returned for his 12th and final year as the "driver expert." At the opening of the broadcast, veteran Jim Shelton reported on the death of Collins to the worldwide listening audience, then introduced Page as the new anchor.

Paul Page had been groomed by Sid Collins to be his eventual replacement. Despite the bereavement of the crew regarding Collins’ death, the broadcast was a flawless affair, and ushered in a new era for the network. In the coming years, Page would upgrade the workings of the broadcast, including enhanced communication with the reporters, and new talent at the positions.

This would be the 30th year for Jim Shelton on the crew, reporting from his familiar fourth turn position. Darl Wible debuted on the crew in 1977, reporting from the backstretch location. Bob Forbes served as the wireless roving reporter in the garages. Among the celebrities interviewed in the pits were Evel Knievel, Sam Hanks, and Formula One commentator Anthony Marsh.

Indianapolis Motor Speedway Radio Network
Booth Announcers Turn Reporters Pit/garage reporters

Chief Announcer: Paul Page
Driver expert: Fred Agabashian
Statistician: John DeCamp
Historian: Donald Davidson

Turn 1: Ron Carrell
Turn 2: Howdy Bell
Backstretch: Darl Wible
Turn 3: Doug Zink
Turn 4: Jim Shelton

Jerry Baker (north pits)
Chuck Marlowe (north-center pits)
Luke Walton (south-center pits)
Lou Palmer (south pits)
Bob Forbes (garages)

Television

The race was carried in the United States on ABC Sports on a same-day tape delay basis. "Heavy Action" was used in an "Indianapolis 500" opening credits for the second time as Monday Night Football Producers Roone Arledge and Chuck Howard along with Directors Chet Forte and Larry Kamm also did work on this broadcast.[17] Jim McKay anchored the broadcast. The broadcast took place in the midst of the National Association of Broadcast Employees and Technicians strike at ABC. Unlike previous years during this era, ABC-TV got the first interview with the race winner, as Bill Flemming spoke with A.J. Foyt prior to Lou Palmer.

The broadcast has re-aired in partiality on ESPN Classic since May 2011.

The broadcast is also available for free via the official IndyCar Series[18] and official Indianapolis Motor Speedway[19] YouTube channels.

ABC Television
Booth Announcers Pit/garage reporters

Host: Chris Schenkel
Announcer: Jim McKay
Color: Jackie Stewart

Chris Economaki
Bill Flemming

Gallery

Notes

See also

References

  1. ^ Fox, Jack C. (1994). The Illustrated History of the Indianapolis 500 1911-1994 (4th ed.). Carl Hungness Publishing. p. 22. ISBN 0-915088-05-3.
  2. ^ Miller, Robin (May 30, 1977). "Super Tex '500' Winner 4th Time". The Indianapolis Star. p. 1. Retrieved June 2, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.open access
  3. ^ Howell, Glenn (May 1977). Fastest Indy ever!. 147 (5 ed.). Popular Mechanics. pp. 89–91.
  4. ^ "Collins found dead". Register-Guard. Eugene, Ore. May 3, 1977. Retrieved March 26, 2017 – via Google News Archive.
  5. ^ The Talk of Gasoline Alley - 1070-AM WIBC, May 2, 2007
  6. ^ a b c McQueeney, Ron (2011-04-04). "IMS Photo Recalls the Year 1977". Official Blog. Indianapolis Motor Speedway. Archived from the original on 2011-11-05. Retrieved 2012-04-02.
  7. ^ The Talk of Gasoline Alley. May 19, 2006. Network Indiana.
  8. ^ "Janet makes field despite ailing car". The Gadsen Times. 1977-05-23. Retrieved 2012-04-01.
  9. ^ Salt Walther Buys Spot in Indianapolis Feature
  10. ^ Walther steps aside, Puterbaugh reinstated
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2020-03-03. Retrieved 2020-03-03.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ http://www.champcarstats.com/races/197705.htm
  13. ^ https://www.racing-reference.info/race/1977-05/UO
  14. ^ a b c 1977 Indianapolis 500 Telecast: ABC-TV, May 29, 1977
  15. ^ https://www.indianapolismotorspeedway.com/events/indy500/history/historical-stats/race-stats/summaries/margin-of-victory
  16. ^ "How They Finished". The Indianapolis Star. May 30, 1977. p. 1. Retrieved May 7, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.open access
  17. ^ 1977 "Indianapolis 500"
  18. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hRtSsExedvE
  19. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xNXJGO6Bi-4

Works cited


1976 Indianapolis 500
Johnny Rutherford
1977 Indianapolis 500
A. J. Foyt
1978 Indianapolis 500
Al Unser
This page was last edited on 20 February 2021, at 03:48
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