To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

1974 in spaceflight

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1974 in spaceflight
Soyuz 18 booster.jpg
Soyuz-U launch vehicle
Orbital launches
First5 January
Last2 December

On March 29, 1974 Mariner 10 became the first spacecraft to fly by Mercury, that saw a spacecraft for the first and last time in the 20th century.


Launches

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload
(⚀ = CubeSat)
Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks

January

5 January
01:45
United StatesAerobee 200A United StatesWhite Sands NASA
NASA Sub-orbital Aeronomy/Ultraviolet astronomy 5 January 1974 Successful
8 January
01:40
United StatesAerobee 200A United StatesWhite Sands NASA
NASA/NRL Sub-orbital Aeronomy/Ultraviolet astronomy 8 January 1974 Successful
12 January
19:12
United KingdomSkylark El Arenosillo NASA
Germany H-GR-58 DFVLR Sub-orbital Astronomy 12 Jan 1974 Successful
12 January Soviet Union R-36 Soviet Union Baikonur (LC-162/36) RVSN
Soviet Union Dkh RVSN Sub-orbital ICBM test 12 January 1974 Successful
15 January
20:00
United States Black Brant VC United States White Sands (LC-36) NASA
NASA Sub-orbital Solar research 15 January 1974 Successful
16 January
02:00
Japan Kappa 9M Japan Kagoshima (LC-36) ISAS
ISAS Sub-orbital Ionosphere & Solar research 16 January 1974 Successful
16 January
17:40
United States Nike Apache United States Wallops Island NASA
NASA Sub-orbital Aeronomy 16 January 1974 Successful
16 January
18:13
United States Super Arcas United States Wallops Island NASA
NASA Sub-orbital Ionosphere research 16 January 1974 Successful
16 January
01:40
United States Aerobee 200A United States White Sands NASA
NASA Sub-orbital Solar research 16 January 1974 Successful
17 January
02:37
United States Nike Tomahawk United States Poker Flat NASA
NASA/NRL Sub-orbital Plasma research 17 January 1974 Successful
17 January
02:37
Soviet Union Kosmos 3M Soviet Union Plesetsk (LC-132/2) VKS
Soviet UnionKosmos 628 (Tsiklon) MOM LEO Navigation In orbit Successful
19 January
01:38
United States Delta 2313 United States CCAFS (LC-17B) UK Ministry of Defence
United StatesSkynet 2A UK MOD Intended: GEO Achieved: LEO Comms 25 January 1974 Failure
Placed in incorrect orbit due to carrier rocket malfunction
19 January
11:34
United Kingdom Skua Spain El Arenosillo RAE
RAE Sub-orbital Ionosphere research 19 January 1974 Success
19 January Soviet Union R-36M Soviet Union LC-103, Baikonur RVSN
POR RVSN Sub-orbital ICBM Test 20 January 1974 Success
21 January
02:39
United States Nike Tomahawk United States Poker Flat NASA
NASA Sub-orbital Plasma research 21 January 1974 Success
21 January
11:30
United KingdomSkua4 SpainEl Arenosillo RAE
RAE Sub-orbital Ionosphere research 21 January 1974 Success
22 January
02:41
United States Nike Tomahawk United States Poker Flat NASA
NASA Sub-orbital Plasma research 22 January 1974 Success
22 January
11:00
Japan Lambda 3H Japan Area 3L, Kagoshima ISAS
ISAS Sub-orbital X-ray astronomy 22 January 1974 Success
22 January
01:40
United States Aerobee 200A United States White Sands NASA
NASA/NRL Sub-orbital Solar research 22 January 1974 Successful
22 January
01:40
United States Minuteman I United States LF-06, Vandenberg AFB USAF
USAF Sub-orbital ICBM test 22 January 1974 Successful
23 January
11:30
United Kingdom Skua Spain El Arenosillo RAE
RAE Sub-orbital Ionosphere research 23 January 1974 Success
23 January
12:50
Canada Black Brant VB Canada Churchill NRC
NRC Sub-orbital Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Aurora research 23 January 1974 Success
24 January
15:00
Soviet Union Voskhod Soviet Union Plesetsk MOM
Soviet UnionKosmos 629 (Zenit-2M) MOM LEO Recon 5 February 1974 Success
25 January
11:30
United Kingdom Skua Spain El Arenosillo RAE
RAE Sub-orbital Ionosphere research 25 January 1974 Success
25 January Soviet Union UR-100N Soviet Union Baikonur Cosmodrome RVSN
RVSN Sub-orbital ICBM test 25 January 1974 Success
26 January United States Minuteman III United States LF-25, Vandenberg AFB USAF
GT-24GB-1 USAF Sub-orbital ICBM test 26 January 1974 Success
26 January Soviet Union UR-100N Soviet Union Baikonur Cosmodrome RVSN
GT-24GB-1 RVSN Sub-orbital ICBM test 26 January 1974 Success
27 January
19:08
United States Nike Tomahawk Norway Andøya NASA
Ferdinand 35 (Polar 3) NDRE Sub-orbital Aurora research 27 January 1974 Success
30 January
11:00
Soviet Union Voskhod Soviet Union Plesetsk MOM
Soviet UnionKosmos 630 (Zenit-4MK) MOM LEO Aurora research 13 February 1974 Success
30 January United States SSBS France BLB, Biscarosse DMA
DMA Sub-orbital Aurora research 30 January 1974 Success

February

1 February
06:30
Japan JCR Japan Area T, Tanegashima NADSA
JapanKosmos 547 (Zenit 2M) NASDA Sub-orbital Test flight 1 February 1974 Successful
4 February
14:40
United Kingdom Skylark 6AC Australia LA-2SL, Woomera BAC
BAC Sub-orbital Astronomy 4 February 1974 Successful
4 February Soviet Union MR-UR-100 Soviet Union LC-177, Baikonur RVSN
RVSN Sub-orbital ICBM test 4 February 1974 Successful
06 February
00:34
Soviet Union Kosmos-3M Soviet Union LC-132/2, Plesetsk VKS
Soviet Union Kosmos 631 (Tselina-O) VKS LEO ELINT 3 October 1980 Successful
6 February
22:48
Canada Black Brant IVB Norway Andoya DLR
DLR Sub-orbital Aurora research (DLR A-BB4-63 Auroral mission) 6 February 1974 Successful
6 February United States Polaris A3 United States Submarine, WTR US Navy
US Navy Sub-orbital SLBM test 6 February 1974 Successful
6 February United States Polaris A3 United States Submarine, WTR US Navy
US Navy Sub-orbital SLBM test 6 February 1974 Successful
9 February
02:10
United States Aerobee 200A United States White Sands NASA
NASA Sub-orbital Astronomy 9 February 1974 Successful
9 February
06:30
Japan LS-C Japan Area T, Tanegashima NASDA
NASDA Sub-orbital Test flight 9 February 1974 Successful
11 February
13:48
United States Titan IIIE/Centaur United States LC-41, CCAFS NASA
Boilerplate NASA Intended: GSO Test carrier rocket 12 February 1974 Failure
United States Viking NASA Intended: GSO Plasma research 12 February 1974 Failure
Upper stage turbopump malfunction

March

April

May

June

July

3 July Soviet Union Soyuz (11A511) Soviet UnionLC-1/5, Baikonur
Soviet Union Soyuz 14 LEO, docked to Salyut 3 Crewed orbital flight 19 July 1974 Successful
16 July United States Scout United States Western Space and Missile Center at Vandenberg AFB NASA
United States Aeros 2 NASA  

August

28 August
10:08
Soviet Union Soyuz (11A511) Soviet Union LC-1/5, Baikonur
Soviet Union Soyuz 15 LEO Plan: Dock to Salyut 3 Crewed orbital flight 28 August 1974 Failure
Failed to dock with Salyut 3

September

October

November

December

2 December
15:00
Soviet Union Soyuz-U (11A511U) Soviet Union LC-1/5, Baikonur
Soviet Union Soyuz 16 LEO Crewed orbital flight 8 December 1974 Successful
First successful crewed use of Soyuz-U launch vehicle
10 December
07:11:01
United StatesTitan IIIE/Star-37 United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-41 United StatesNASA
United StatesGermanyHelios-A NASA / DFVLR Heliocentric Solar probe In orbit Successful
Achieved a closest approach to the Sun of 46.5 million km (0.31 AU) in February 1975, the closest approach achieved by an artificial satellite at that point; it was succeeded later by Helios-B.

Deep Space Rendezvous

Date (GMT) Spacecraft Event Remarks
5 February Mariner 10 Flyby of Venus Gravity assist; Closest approach: 5,768 kilometres (3,584 mi)
10 February Mars 4 Flyby of Mars Closest approach: 2,200 kilometres (1,400 mi) (orbiter mission)
12 February Mars 5 Areocentric orbit injection
9 March Mars 7 Lander missed mars by 1,300 kilometres (810 mi)
12 March Mars 6 Lander lost a few seconds before anticipated landing
29 March Mariner 10 1st flyby of Mercury Closest approach: 703 kilometres (437 mi)
2 June Luna 22 Selenocentric orbit injection Photographic mission
21 September Mariner 10 2nd flyby of Mercury Closest approach: 48,069 kilometres (29,869 mi)
2 November Luna 23 Landed rough at Mare Crisium, the Moon Sample return mission
3 December Pioneer 11 Flyby of Jupiter Gravity assist; Closest approach: 42,960 kilometres (26,690 mi)

EVAs

Start Date/Time Duration End Time Spacecraft Crew Remarks
3 February
15:19
5 hours
19 minutes
20:38 Skylab
SLM-3
United StatesGerald P. Carr
United StatesEdward Gibson
Retrieved the final film from the solar observatory and photographed Kohoutek using an electronographic camera.

References

Generic references:
RocketSunIcon.svg
 Spaceflight portal
  • Bergin, Chris. "NASASpaceFlight.com".
  • Clark, Stephen. "Spaceflight Now".
  • Kelso, T.S. "Satellite Catalog (SATCAT)". CelesTrak.
  • Krebs, Gunter. "Chronology of Space Launches".
  • Kyle, Ed. "Space Launch Report".
  • McDowell, Jonathan. "Jonathan's Space Report".
  • Pietrobon, Steven. "Steven Pietrobon's Space Archive".
  • Wade, Mark. "Encyclopedia Astronautica".
  • Webb, Brian. "Southwest Space Archive".
  • Zak, Anatoly. "Russian Space Web".
  • "ISS Calendar". Spaceflight 101.
  • "NSSDCA Master Catalog". NASA Space Science Data Coordinated Archive. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center.
  • "Space Calendar". NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
  • "Space Information Center". JAXA.
  • "Хроника освоения космоса" [Chronicle of space exploration]. CosmoWorld (in Russian).

Footnotes

This page was last edited on 11 December 2020, at 23:20
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.