To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

1970 Pennsylvania gubernatorial election

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1970 Pennsylvania gubernatorial election

← 1966 November 3, 1970 (1970-11-03) 1974 →
Milton Shapp (1976).png
No image.svg
Nominee Milton Shapp Ray Broderick
Party Democratic Republican
Running mate Ernie Kline Ralph Scalera
Popular vote 2,043,029 1,542,854
Percentage 55.22% 41.7%

Pennsylvania Gubernatorial Election Results by County, 1970.svg
County results
Shapp:      40–50%      50–60%      60–70%
Broderick:      40-50%      50-60%      60-70%

Governor before election

Raymond Shafer

Elected Governor

Milton Shapp

The Pennsylvania gubernatorial election of 1970 was held on November 3. Democrat Milton Shapp challenged incumbent Republican Lieutenant Governor Ray Broderick.

Primary elections

Republican primary

Lieutenant Governor Broderick was unopposed for the Republican nomination.

Democratic primary

The Democratic campaign was a bruising rematch between 1966 nominee Milton Shapp and Auditor General Bob Casey. As in the prior election, Shapp and Casey proved to be disparate personalities. The liberal and business-oriented Shapp ran an aggressive campaign into which he injected much of his own funding, while the affable Casey ran a relatively conservative campaign and appealed to labor and rural voters.


Pennsylvania gubernatorial Democratic primary election, 1970[1]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Milton Shapp 519,161 49.15
Democratic Bob Casey 480,944 45.53
Democratic Harvey Johnston 33,427 3.17
Democratic Sam Neff 8,957 0.85
Democratic Walter Tray 8,252 0.78
Democratic Ed Lavalle 5,557 0.53

Major party candidates




Although Pennsylvania's Democratic establishment had not been keen on Shapp during his first run for the executive office, the support of Lieutenant Gubernatorial nominee Ernie Kline, a power broker within the party, caused support to much better coalesce behind Shapp than it had in 1966. Shapp, who is Jewish, also dealt with a lower degree of anti-Semitism during this campaign, as moderate voters were put off by the hateful messages that had been transmitted during the prior election cycle. Broderick's campaign faced an uphill battle, as he was forced to deal with the unpopularity of his boss, Governor Ray Shafer. Furthermore, Broderick was portrayed as unrealistic in his promises, as he asserted that he would not raise taxes, despite a massive state deficit. Broderick attempted to present himself as an ally of Richard Nixon and ran on a corresponding law-and-order platform; however, his tough stances often backfired, such as when outrage ensued over a Republican cartoon that depicted Shapp's liberal view as equivalent to the Viet Cong.[2]

Shapp won victory by a huge margin. His liberalism and local base allowed him to nearly win the suburbs of Philadelphia, a GOP stronghold at the time. Furthermore, he not only performed well in conservative Central Pennsylvania, but even defeated Broderick by a considerable margin in those locales.[2]


Pennsylvania gubernatorial election, 1970[3][4]
Party Candidate Running mate Votes Percentage
Democratic Milton Shapp Ernie Kline 2,043,029 55.21%
Republican Ray Broderick Ralph Scalera 1,542,854 41.69%
Constitutional A.J. Watson Joe Brewer 83,406 2.25%
American Independent Francis McGeever Conrad Moore 21,647 0.58%
Socialist Workers George Taylor Paul Barnes 3,588 <0.01%


  1. ^
  2. ^ a b Kennedy, John J. (2006). Pennsylvania Elections: Statewide Contests From 1950-2004. University Press of America. ISBN 9780761832799.
  3. ^ The Pennsylvania Manual, p. 626.
  4. ^ The Pennsylvania Manual, p. 625.
This page was last edited on 22 November 2020, at 06:22
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.