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1968 Sulawesi earthquake

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1968 Sulawesi earthquake and tsunami
UTC time1968-08-14 22:14:23
ISC event818025
USGS-ANSSComCat
Local dateAugust 15, 1968 (1968-08-15)
Local time06:14:23
Magnitude7.4 ML
Depth17 km (11 mi) [1]
Epicenter0°04′N 119°41′E / 0.06°N 119.69°E / 0.06; 119.69 [1]
FaultPalu-Koro fault
Areas affectedIndonesia
Casualties213 killed

The 1968 Sulawesi earthquake struck Indonesia on August 14. It had a Richter magnitude of 7.4, spawned a large tsunami, and killed roughly 200 people.

Damage and casualties

The earthquake had a Richter magnitude of 7.4. It created a tsunami with wave heights of 8 m (26 ft) to 10 m (33 ft), which soon traveled onto Sulawesi. The most extensive waves reached 300 m (980 ft) inland, destroying 700 homes and killing around 200 people.[2]

Geology

The earthquake ruptured along Palu-Koro fault[3] in Manimbaja Bay. It caused subsidence that decreased elevations by as much as 2 m (6 ft 7 in) to 3 m (9.8 ft) along the coast. It also appeared to uplift at least one of the Togian Islands.[2]

The earthquake was near the Celebes Sea; it sank the island of Tuguan.[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Engdahl, E. R.; Vallaseñor, A. (2002). "Global seismicity: 1900–1999" (PDF). International Handbook of Earthquake & Engineering Seismology. Part A, Volume 81A (First ed.). Academic Press. p. 682. ISBN 978-0124406520.
  2. ^ a b "Today in Earthquake History: August 14". United States Geological Survey. October 2, 2012. Retrieved August 14, 2013.
  3. ^ Watkinson I.M.; Hall R. (2016). "Fault systems of the eastern Indonesian triple junction: evaluation of Quaternary activity and implications for seismic hazards" (PDF). In Cummins P.R.; Meilano I. (eds.). Geohazards in Indonesia: Earth Science for Disaster Risk Reduction. Geological Society of London, Special Publications. Geological Society, London, Special Publications. 441. pp. 71–120. Bibcode:2017GSLSP.441...71W. doi:10.1144/SP441.8. ISBN 9781862399662.
  4. ^ Newsletter, International Tsunami Information Center, 1968

External links


This page was last edited on 17 December 2020, at 12:51
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