To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Languages
Recent
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

1965 Puget Sound earthquake

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1965 Puget Sound earthquake
1965 Puget Sound earthquake is located in Washington (state)
Olympia
Olympia
Seattle
Seattle
1965 Puget Sound earthquake
UTC time1965-04-29 15:28:45
ISC event858143
USGS-ANSSComCat
Local dateApril 29, 1965 (1965-04-29)
Local time08:28:45 PDT
Magnitude6.7 Mw[1]
Depth59 km (37 mi)[2]
Epicenter47°24′N 122°18′W / 47.4°N 122.3°W / 47.4; -122.3
TypeDip-slip
Areas affectedPuget Sound region
Washington
United States
Total damage$12.5–28 million[2]
Max. intensityVIII (Severe)
Peak acceleration.204g at Olympia
AftershocksNone
Casualties7 dead

The 1965 Puget Sound earthquake occurred at 08:28 AM PDT (15:28 UTC) on April 29 within the Puget Sound region of Washington state. It had a magnitude of 6.7 on the moment magnitude scale and a maximum perceived intensity of VIII (Severe) on the Mercalli intensity scale. It caused the deaths of seven people and about $12.5–28 million in damage.[2][3] There were no recorded aftershocks.[4]

Tectonic setting

The western part of Washington State lies above the Cascadia subduction zone, where the Juan de Fuca Plate is being subducted beneath the North American Plate. The seismicity of this region consists of rare great megathrust earthquakes, like the 1700 Cascadia earthquake and more common earthquakes originating from within the subducting slab. These events relate to normal faulting, associated with the bending of the slab, possibly related to a phase change below about 40 km from basalt/gabbro to eclogite.[5]

Earthquake

The earthquake had an estimated magnitude of 6.6 Ms, 6.5 mb and 6.7 Mw.[1][2] At 10–20 seconds the duration of strong ground motion was relatively short.[6] The earthquake's focal mechanism indicates that it resulted from normal faulting within the Juan de Fuca slab. There were no recorded aftershocks, similar to observations from the 1949 Olympia and 2001 Nisqually earthquakes and a characteristic of such intraslab events.[5]

Damage to the Union Pacific Railway occurred when fill slid away from beneath part of a branch line just outside Olympia

Intensity

The pattern of shaking intensity was somewhat variable, with a large region with an intensity of VII (Very strong) containing localized areas of intensity VIII (Severe).[3] These variations generally relate closely to the underlying geology, with higher intensities recorded where there was either artificial fill or alluvium, although there were some exceptions.[4] The observed pattern of intensities was very similar to those from the 1949 Olympia and 2001 Nisqually earthquakes.[1]

Damage

Three people were killed by falling debris in the Duwamish valley floor area of Seattle,[6] and four others died from heart attacks.[7] There was minor damage recorded over a large area, including fallen chimneys and cracked mortar. The two Boeing plants at Renton and Seattle, both built on artificial fill and mudflats, suffered major damage.[4] The State Capitol building suffered cracking to the dome and supporting buttresses, leaving it in a condition where a major aftershock could have caused complete collapse.[8] Single-story unreinforced brick buildings performed the worst in the earthquake with wood-framed structures generally performing very well.[3]

Ground acceleration

A peak ground acceleration of 0.204g was measured at Olympia.[4]

Aftermath

The damage and deaths in the 1965 earthquake helped bring about the installation of the Pacific Northwest Seismic Network in 1969.[9]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Dewey, J.W.; Hopper, M.G.; Wald, D.J.; Quitoriano V. & Adams E.R. (2002). Intensity Distribution and Isoseismal Maps for the Nisqually, Washington, Earthquake of 28 February 2001 (PDF). Open-File Report. 02-346. United States Geological Survey. p. 15.
  2. ^ a b c d National Geophysical Data Center. "Significant earthquake". Retrieved January 8, 2012.
  3. ^ a b c United States Geological Survey (October 21, 2009). "Puget Sound area, Washington 1965 04 29 15:28:43.7 UTC Magnitude 6.5 Intensity VIII". Historic Earthquakes. Retrieved January 8, 2012.
  4. ^ a b c d Oakeshott, G.B. (July 1965). "The Seattle Earthquake" (PDF). Mineral Information Service. 18 (7): 140–141. Retrieved January 8, 2012.
  5. ^ a b Wong, I.G. (2005). "Low Potential for Large Intraslab Earthquakes in the Central Cascadia Subduction Zone" (PDF). Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America. 95 (5): 1880–1902. Bibcode:2005BuSSA..95.1880W. doi:10.1785/0120040132. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 2, 2012. Retrieved January 8, 2012.
  6. ^ a b Mullineaux, D.R.; Bonilla, M.G.; Schlocker, J. (1967). "Relation of building damage to geology in Seattle, Washington during the April 1965 earthquake". Geological Survey Research 1967. United States Geological Survey Professional paper. 575-D. United States Government Printing Office. pp. 183–191. Retrieved January 8, 2012.
  7. ^ Cascadia Region Earthquake Workshop (2008). "Cascadia Deep Earthquakes" (PDF). Open File Report 2008-1. Washington Division of Geology and Earth Resources. p. 8. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 2, 2012. Retrieved January 8, 2012.
  8. ^ David Postman (March 4, 2001). "Is Capitol dome at risk? Huge stone columns knocked out of line". The Seattle Times. seattletimes.nwsource.com. Retrieved January 8, 2012.
  9. ^ United States Geological Survey (July 27, 2011). "ANSS – Advanced National Seismic System Pacific Northwest Region". Retrieved January 8, 2012.

External links

This page was last edited on 8 September 2020, at 23:43
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.