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1960 United States Census

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Eighteenth Census
of the United States
Seal of the United States Census Bureau.svg
U.S. Census Bureau Seal
General information
Country United States
Date taken April 1, 1960
Total population 179,323,175
Percent change Increase 18.5%
Most populous state New York
16,827,000
Least populous state Alaska
228,000

The Eighteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 179,323,175, an increase of 18.5 percent over the 151,325,798 persons enumerated during the 1950 Census.

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  • Genealogy Introduction—Census Records at the National Archives
  • Why Can't I Find The 1950 Census? | Ancestry Academy | Ancestry
  • Pre-1850 Census Records | Ancestry Academy | Ancestry
  • AF-034: The Secrets of the 1840 Census, Revealed
  • 1920 Census: An Overview | Ancestry Academy | Ancestry

Transcription

My name is Connie Potter. I’m with the National Archives and Records Administration, and I’ll be talking about census records. I’m going to give a brief introduction. Then talk about the census records from 1790 until 1870, and then census records from 1880 until 1930. When working with census records, it’s important to remember a few things. One, this is oral history. No one had to provide information to verify that what they said was correct. And, because it’s oral information, frequently people mispronounce names. People didn’t spell the names correctly. Also, the census takers could have very bad handwriting, so you can’t always read the handwriting. You don’t always know who provided the information, and so the information may be inaccurate because a neighbor or a family member that wasn’t as familiar with everyone in the family might have provided the information. Also, the census reflects what happened the previous ten years, and we’ll see some examples of that as I go through the questions. And finally, not everyone was counted. The Constitution reads, “ Representatives and direct taxes shall be apportioned among the several states which may be included within this union according to their respective numbers which shall be determined by adding to the whole number of free persons including those bound to service for the term of years and excluding Indians not taxed, three-fifths of all other persons. The actual enumeration shall be made within three years of the first meeting of the Congress of the United States, and every subsequent term of ten years in such manner as they shall direct by law.” So, the first census was taken in August of 1790, and it’s been taken every ten years since then. The census is closed for 72 years after it is taken. And they are arranged by census year, state, then county, and, beginning in 1880, enumeration district. And we generally recommend that you start with the most recent census and work backwards, although I’m going to start with the first census and move forwards. Census records from 1790 until 1840 generally list just the head of the household, and they give statistical information on everyone else in the household. Now, the head of the household can include a man, a woman, or an African American if they are free and the head of a household. This example from the 1790 census shows the condition that some of the records were in when we received them. And the person on the second line is Samuel Adams. The person on the first line is John Hancock. Samuel Adams was one white, free male aged 16 and older and in his household was another free white male under 16. There were three free white females. There were no other people, and he held no slaves. This census took nine months to take. Later on, it was either two months or two weeks depending on whether the area counted was in the city or in the country. And, from 1790 until 1820, the marshals who took the census used whatever piece of paper they had on hand. There were no printed forms. So, using the early censuses can be a little difficult because you sometimes need to go back to the first page to figure out what the questions are and, if your ancestor’s on the fourth page, you don’t necessarily know what the questions are until you go back to the top of the page. In 1830, they finally printed the census schedules, but it was still a statistical summary. On line four is Samuel Yoder, and there are two males between ten and fifteen, one between fifteen and under twenty, and one male 30 and under 40. There’s one female under five, and then one female in each of the categories: five and under ten, fifteen and under twenty, twenty and under thirty. So, to use the records you need to know the ages of the people in the family. But what you can also look at are the other people in the neighborhood to see if there are other families that might have been related. So, you want to read the entire census page in these early censuses or, if not, the entire township or county. Beginning in 1850, they list everyone in the household, but they don’t give you their relationship. In 1850 and 1860, there are separate free and slave schedules. This is the 1870 Census for Prescott, Arizona, and you get the name of the person, their age, sex and race, their occupation, and where they were born. The final question reflects what went on in the previous decade. This is the 1870 census, and it refers back to the Civil War. The last column, it asks if you are a male 21 years of age or over, and have you been denied the right to vote on other than a crime or the late rebellion. This is referring to the men who received the right to vote under the Fifteenth Amendment where you could vote regardless of race, color, or previous condition of servitude. Women could not vote, so this refers to the black men who were slaves who were freed under the Fifteenth Amendment after the Civil War. This a slave schedule from Maryland in 1850. The slave schedules rarely rarely give the name of the slave. It usually gives the name of the slave owner or the person who was working with the slave. Now, this one isn’t particularly difficult. If you knew your family member, for example, had been owned by Mrs. Pierce, there are only four slaves listed. But, on some of the slave schedules that can go on for page and page and page. Jefferson Davis in Mississippi had many pages of slaves, and it’s would be almost impossible to determine using these records if your ancestor was a slave for Jefferson Davis. Beginning in 1880, they list the relationship to the head of the household. It also, starting in 1900, provides citizenship information; the year of immigration, naturalization status whether naturalized N-A, whether they filed their first papers P-A, or they were an alien A-L. And, in 1920, it gives the year of naturalization. The records are also arranged by enumeration districts, and those are areas within the county that an enumerator could cover in either two weeks or one month depending on whether they’re in the city or the country. Also, in 1880, for the first time, in cities only, it lists the name of the street and the house number. So, you can get the address beginning in 1880. 1880 census for the first and only time asks health questions. They use phrases that we might not use now, but they ask if you’re deaf and dumb, an idiot, insane, maimed, crippled, or disabled. And some of the examples they use, not examples but some of diseases they put down may not be familiar to you, but just get on the internet and search for a medical dictionary, and you can frequently get the answer that way. On line 15, you’ll see Andrew Davis is a white male age 70. He’s a ship carpenter born in Maine, and his father and mother are both born in Maine. So, you know at least for that time you don’t need to look at immigration records. The other people in the household are Mary, a daughter, age 41, a teacher, and Lucinda also a sister keeps house. The 1890 census was destroyed as a result of a fire in the Department of Commerce, but part of the 1890 veterans’ census survives. The states from Alabama through Kansas are missing. We just have Kentucky through Wyoming and, fortunately, Washington, DC is listed under Washington, DC and not District of Columbia. And, this will give the name of the soldier, what unit he was in, what his health problems were…Now, the census is surviving soldiers, sailors, marines, and widows of the Union. However, fortunately, people don’t always follow directions, so you can find information as far back as the War of 1812 and the Mexican-American War, and Confederate soldiers. This is the 1930 census. The most recent census that’s available. This one gives you, for the first time, how much do you pay for rent, do you rent or did you buy your house and, if so, for how much? Do you have a radio? It gives the place of birth of not only the person but the father and the mother, and this started in 1880. It also asks if you’re a veteran of any wars, and they ask that frequently on the census records. And, in 1930, they give both the occupation and the industry. And President Hoover, his occupation is President of the United States, but his industry is federal employee. These records are available on microfilm at the National Archives building in Washington, DC, and in some of the regional facilities, but you need to check with each facility to see what they have, if it’s onsite, how you can get a hold of it. They’re online at Ancestry.com, Footnote, which is a partial list, HeritageQuest, and these are available at National Archives facilities free of charge although they are subscription-based online services. And mail-order for a fee, and you can get information at “order online” at www.archives.gov.

Contents

Data availability

Microdata from the 1960 census are freely available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. Personally identifiable information will be available in 2032.[1]

State rankings

Rank State Population
1 New York 16,827,000
2 California 15,850,000
3 Pennsylvania 11,343,000
4 Illinois 10,113,000
5 Ohio 9,739,000
6 Texas 9,617,000
7 Michigan 7,848,000
8 New Jersey 6,099,000
9 Massachusetts 5,167,000
10 Florida 4,951,560
11 Indiana 4,677,000
12 North Carolina 4,563,000
13 Missouri 4,331,000
14 Virginia 3,978,000
15 Wisconsin 3,964,000
16 Georgia 3,949,000
17 Tennessee 3,573,000
18 Minnesota 3,426,000
19 Alabama 3,273,000
20 Louisiana 3,270,000
21 Maryland 3,116,000
22 Kentucky 3,047,000
23 Washington 2,860,000
24 Iowa 2,761,000
25 Connecticut 2,548,000
26 South Carolina 2,392,000
27 Oklahoma 2,333,000
28 Mississippi 2,180,000
29 Kansas 2,178,000
30 West Virginia 1,857,000
31 Arkansas 1,788,000
32 Oregon 1,773,000
33 Colorado 1,758,000
34 Nebraska 1,414,000
35 Arizona 1,318,000
36 Maine 974,000
37 New Mexico 958,000
38 Utah 896,000
39 Rhode Island 857,000
x District of Columbia 762,000
40 South Dakota 682,000
41 Montana 678,000
42 Idaho 671,000
43 Hawaii 642,000
44 North Dakota 634,000
45 New Hampshire 609,000
46 Delaware 449,000
47 Vermont 391,000
48 Wyoming 338,000
49 Nevada 280,000
50 Alaska 200,000

City rankings

Rank City State Population[2] Region (2016)[3]
01 New York New York 7,781,984 Northeast
02 Chicago Illinois 3,550,404 Midwest
03 Los Angeles California 2,479,015 West
04 Philadelphia Pennsylvania 2,002,512 Northeast
05 Detroit Michigan 1,670,144 Midwest
06 Baltimore Maryland 939,024 South
07 Houston Texas 938,219 South
08 Cleveland Ohio 876,050 Midwest
09 Washington District of Columbia 763,956 South
10 St. Louis Missouri 750,026 Midwest
11 Milwaukee Wisconsin 741,324 Midwest
12 San Francisco California 740,316 West
13 Boston Massachusetts 697,197 Northeast
14 Dallas Texas 679,684 South
15 New Orleans Louisiana 627,525 South
16 Pittsburgh Pennsylvania 604,332 Northeast
17 San Antonio Texas 587,718 South
18 San Diego California 573,224 West
19 Seattle Washington 557,087 West
20 Buffalo New York 532,759 Northeast
21 Cincinnati Ohio 502,550 Midwest
22 Memphis Tennessee 497,524 South
23 Denver Colorado 493,887 West
24 Atlanta Georgia 487,455 South
25 Minneapolis Minnesota 482,872 Midwest
26 Indianapolis Indiana 476,258 Midwest
27 Kansas City Missouri 475,539 Midwest
28 Columbus Ohio 471,316 Midwest
29 Phoenix Arizona 439,170 West
30 Newark New Jersey 405,220 Northeast
31 Louisville Kentucky 390,639 South
32 Portland Oregon 372,676 West
33 Oakland California 367,548 West
34 Fort Worth Texas 356,268 South
35 Long Beach California 344,168 West
36 Birmingham Alabama 340,887 South
37 Oklahoma City Oklahoma 324,253 South
38 Rochester New York 318,611 Northeast
39 Toledo Ohio 318,003 Midwest
40 Saint Paul Minnesota 313,411 Midwest
41 Norfolk Virginia 305,872 South
42 Omaha Nebraska 301,598 Midwest
43 Honolulu Hawaii 294,194 West
44 Miami Florida 291,688 South
45 Akron Ohio 290,351 Midwest
46 El Paso Texas 276,687 South
47 Jersey City New Jersey 276,101 Northeast
48 Tampa Florida 274,970 South
49 Dayton Ohio 262,332 Midwest
50 Tulsa Oklahoma 261,685 South
51 Wichita Kansas 254,698 Midwest
52 Richmond Virginia 219,958 South
53 Syracuse New York 216,038 Northeast
54 Tucson Arizona 212,892 West
55 Des Moines Iowa 208,982 Midwest
56 Providence Rhode Island 207,498 Northeast
57 San Jose California 204,196 West
58 Mobile Alabama 202,779 South
59 Charlotte North Carolina 201,564 South
60 Albuquerque New Mexico 201,189 West
61 Jacksonville Florida 201,030 South
62 Flint Michigan 196,940 Midwest
63 Sacramento California 191,667 West
64 Yonkers New York 190,634 Northeast
65 Salt Lake City Utah 189,454 West
66 Worcester Massachusetts 186,587 Northeast
67 Austin Texas 186,545 South
68 Spokane Washington 181,608 West
69 St. Petersburg Florida 181,298 South
70 Gary Indiana 178,320 Midwest
71 Grand Rapids Michigan 177,313 Midwest
72 Springfield Massachusetts 174,463 Northeast
73 Nashville Tennessee 170,874 South
74 Corpus Christi Texas 167,690 South
75 Youngstown Ohio 166,689 Midwest
76 Shreveport Louisiana 164,372 South
77 Arlington Virginia 163,401 South
78 Hartford Connecticut 162,178 Northeast
79 Fort Wayne Indiana 161,776 Midwest
80 Bridgeport Connecticut 156,748 Northeast
81 Baton Rouge Louisiana 152,419 South
82 New Haven Connecticut 152,048 Northeast
83 Savannah Georgia 149,245 South
84 Tacoma Washington 147,979 West
85 Jackson Mississippi 144,422 South
86 Paterson New Jersey 143,663 Northeast
87 Evansville Indiana 141,543 Midwest
88 Erie Pennsylvania 138,440 Northeast
89 Amarillo Texas 137,969 South
90 Montgomery Alabama 134,393 South
91 Fresno California 133,929 West
92 South Bend Indiana 132,445 Midwest
93 Chattanooga Tennessee 130,009 South
94 Albany New York 129,726 Northeast
95 Lubbock Texas 128,691 South
96 Lincoln Nebraska 128,521 Midwest
97 Madison Wisconsin 126,706 Midwest
97 Rockford Illinois 126,706 Midwest
99 Kansas City Kansas 121,901 Midwest
100 Greensboro North Carolina 119,574 South

Notes

  1. ^ PIO, US Census Bureau, Census History Staff,. "The "72-Year Rule" - History - U.S. Census Bureau". www.census.gov. Retrieved 2015-10-26.
  2. ^ Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places in the United States: 1790 to 1990, U.S. Census Bureau, 1998
  3. ^ "Regions and Divisions". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 3, 2016. Retrieved September 9, 2016.

External links

This page was last edited on 31 October 2018, at 13:48
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