To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Languages
Recent
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

1958 South African general election

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1958 South African general election

← 1953 16 April 1958 (1958-04-16) 1961 →

All 156 general roll seats in the House of Assembly
Turnout74.42% Decrease
  First party Second party
 
JG Strijdom.jpg
Sir De Villiers Graaff.jpg
Leader J. G. Strijdom De Villiers Graaff
Party National United
Last election 94 seats 57 seats
Seats won 103 53
Seat change Increase9 Decrease4
Popular vote 642,006 492,080
Percentage 55.54% 42.57%

South African House of Assembly 1958.svg
House of Assembly after the election

Prime Minister before election

J. G. Strijdom
National

Elected Prime Minister

J. G. Strijdom
National

General elections were held in South Africa on 16 April 1958. The result was a victory for the National Party, under the leadership of J.G. Strijdom, which won 103 seats in the House of Assembly. It was the first election in South Africa with a whites-only electorate, following the removal of the Cape Qualified Franchise in the late 1950s to be replaced by four (white) MPs elected to represent Coloured voters in separate constituencies.

Changes in composition and franchise

Native Representative Members

The third term of the (white MPs) elected to represent black voters, from special electoral districts in Cape Province under the Representation of Natives Act 1936, expired on 30 June 1954. These seats were not vacated by a dissolution of Parliament, so they were not contested at the 1953 general election.

The three representative seats were filled by elections on 1 December 1954. Two Liberal Party of South Africa MPs (A.W.P. Stanford of Transkei and Mrs V.M.L. Ballinger of Cape Eastern) were returned. Stanford took his seat from an Independent. Ballinger had been elected as an Independent at the three previous representative elections, before becoming the first President of the Liberal Party, when it was formed on 9 May 1953. The third seat was taken by L.B. Lee-Warden, an Independent candidate.

The term of these members expired on 30 June 1960 (the first 30 June to fall after five years from the date of election). The Native Representative Members seats were to be abolished in 1960, at the end of the current term.[1]

Coloured Representative Members

The Separate Representation of Voters Act 1951, had provided for coloured voters in Cape Province to be removed from the general voters rolls and placed on a separate roll. The coloured voters lost the right to participate in general roll elections and were given four (white) representative members in Parliament.

The implementation of the 1951 Act was delayed in what is known as the Coloured vote constitutional crisis, due to legal arguments about whether Parliament had complied with the requirement for a two-thirds majority in joint session, before it could remove the coloured voters from the general roll.

Eventually legislation to change the size and electoral system for the Senate was enacted, which the courts accepted as enabling the 1951 Act to be validated by the constitutionally required margin.[2]

The Coloured Representative Members were elected, for the first time, on 3 April 1958, for a term expiring with the next dissolution of Parliament. Four supporters of the United Party were elected to fill the new seats.

Delimitation of electoral divisions

The South Africa Act 1909 had provided for a delimitation commission to define the boundaries for each electoral division, for general roll voters in the four provinces. The representation by province, under the eleventh delimitation report of 1958, is set out in the table below. The figures in brackets are the number of electoral divisions in the previous (1953) delimitation. If there is no figure in brackets then the number was unchanged.[3]

Provinces Cape Natal Orange Free State Transvaal Total
Divisions 52 (54) 16 (15) 14 (13) 68 150

Composition at the dissolution

At the end of the 11th Union Parliament, when it was dissolved in 1958, the House of Assembly consisted of two types of members. White voters were represented by 156 members and black voters in Cape Province by three white MPs (known at the time as Native Representative Members). A third type of MP was about to be elected, so that four white MPs would represent coloured voters in Cape Province. They were known as the Coloured Representative Members (CRM).

The general election, on 16 April 1958, only affected the representatives of white voters. The other members were elected on different dates (see above).

The representation by party and province, at the dissolution was:-[4]

Province National United Independents Labour Liberal Total
Cape (general) 31 23 - - - 54
Cape (NRM) - - 1 - 2 3
Natal 2 11 1 1 - 15
Orange FS 13 - - - - 13
SW Africa 6 - - - - 6
Transvaal 44 18 3 3 - 68
Total 96 52 5 4 2 159

Abbreviations in the province list.

  • Orange FS: Orange Free State
  • SW Africa: South-West Africa
  • NRM: Native Representative Members

Results

The general election, for 156 seats in the 12th Union Parliament, was the first in South African history when only voters classified as white took part. In the eleven previous general elections, the Cape Province and Natal general electoral roll had included some black (until 1938 in the Cape), Asian (until 1948) and coloured electors.

The election saw the collapse of the South African Labour Party which lost all 5 of its seats and whose vote dropped from almost 35,000 votes in 1953 to 2,670 votes in 1958. The drop in support is largely attributed to the party leader Alex Hepple's growing outspokenness in opposition to apartheid and his co-operation with the African National Congress, positions which were not supported at the time by white workers who were the bulk of the Labour Party's electorate.

South African House of Assembly 1958.svg
PartyVotes%Seats+/–
National Party642,00655.54103+9
United Party492,08042.5753–4
United National South West Party11,5681.000New
Liberal Party2,9340.250New
Labour Party 2,6700.230–5
Suid-Afrikaneese Bond1,0740.090New
Republican Party850.010New
Christian Democratic Party340.000New
Independents3,5520.310New
Coloured Representative Members4New
Native Representative Members30
Total1,156,003100.00163+4
Valid votes1,156,00399.35
Invalid/blank votes7,5730.65
Total votes1,163,576100.00
Registered voters/turnout1,563,42674.42
Source: Potgieter[5]

By province

The overall composition of the House, after the general election, was as below. There were boundary changes, from the delimitation of seats in the previous Parliament, so no attempt is made to identify changes.

Province National United Liberal Independents Total
Cape (general) 33 19 0 0 52
Cape (NRM) 0 0 2 1 3
Cape (CRM) 0 4 0 0 4
Natal 2 14 0 0 16
Orange FS 14 0 0 0 14
SW Africa 6 0 0 0 6
Transvaal 48 20 0 0 68
Total 103 57 2 1 163
Source: Keesings[6]

References

  • In No Uncertain Terms, by Helen Suzman (Mandarin Paperback 1994)
  • Keesing's Contemporary Archives
  • South Africa 1982 Official Yearbook of the Republic of South Africa, published by Chris van Rensburg Publications
  • The South African Constitution, by H.J. May (3rd edition 1955, Juta & Co)
  1. ^ Keesing's Contemporary Archives 1952-1954, page 13954 (election); The South African Constitution, pp 101-109 (for the details of the native representative seats); In No Uncertain Terms, page 44 (abolition of the seats).
  2. ^ The South African Constitution, introduction (discusses steps taken in the legal and political disputes)
  3. ^ South Africa 1982, page 129 (table setting out delimitations of seats by province, the relevant one being that of 1958)
  4. ^ Keesing's Contemporary Archives, 1957–58, page 16169
  5. ^ Dirk J. Potgieter (1971) Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Volume 4, p273
  6. ^ Keesing's Contemporary Archives, 1957–58, page 16169
This page was last edited on 4 December 2020, at 22:24
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.