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1950 United States Senate elections

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1950 United States Senate elections

← 1948 November 7, 1950 1952 →

37 of the 96 seats in the U.S. Senate[a]
49 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
 
ScottWikeLucas.jpg
Kenneth wherry.jpg
Leader Scott Lucas
(lost re-election)
Ken Wherry
Party Democratic Republican
Leader since January 3, 1949 January 3, 1949
Leader's seat Illinois Nebraska
Seats before 54 42
Seats after 49 47
Seat change Decrease 5 Increase 5
Popular vote 15,297,854 16,166,439
Percentage 47.2% 49.9%
Swing Decrease 9.0% Increase 7.3%
Seats up 20 12
Races won 15 17

Us 1950 senate election map.svg
Results including special elections
     Democratic gains      Democratic holds
     Republican holds      Republican gains

Majority Leader before election

Scott Lucas
Democratic

Elected Majority Leader

Ernest McFarland
Democratic

The 1950 United States Senate elections occurred in the middle of Harry S. Truman's second term as President. As with most 20th-century second-term mid-terms, the party out of the Presidency made significant gains. The Republican opposition made a net gain of five seats, taking advantage of the Democratic administration's declining popularity during the Cold War and the aftermath of the Recession of 1949. The Democrats held a narrow 49 to 47 seat majority after the election. This became the first time since 1932 that the Senate Majority Leader lost his seat and the only instance where the majority leader lost his seat while his party retained the majority.

Gains and losses

Ticket to a victory dinner for Richard Nixon at the Wm. Penn Hotel.
Ticket to a victory dinner for Richard Nixon at the Wm. Penn Hotel.

The Republicans defeated four incumbent Democrats:

  1. Illinois: Democrat Scott W. Lucas (the incumbent Majority Leader), lost to Everett Dirksen (R).
  2. Maryland: Millard Tydings (D) lost to John M. Butler (R).
  3. Pennsylvania: Francis J. Myers (D) lost to James H. Duff (R).
  4. Utah: Elbert B. Thomas (D) lost to Wallace F. Bennett (R).

Republicans also won two open seats:

  1. Idaho: Glen H. Taylor (D) lost renomination to David Worth Clark, who ended up losing the general election to Herman Welker (R).
  2. California: Sheridan Downey (D) retired, citing ill health and facing a tough renomination fight against Helen Gahagan Douglas, who ended up losing the general election to Richard Nixon (R).

Democrats defeated one incumbent Republican:

  1. Missouri: Forrest C. Donnell (R) lost to Thomas C. Hennings Jr. (D)

Change in Senate composition

Before the elections

  D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8
D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11 D10 D9
D19 D20 D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28
D38
Ran
D37
Ran
D36
Ran
D35
Ran
D34 D33 D32 D31 D30 D29
D39
Ran
D40
Ran
D41
Ran
D42
Ran
D43
Ran
D44
Ran
D45
Ran
D46
Ran
D47
Ran
D48
Ran
Majority → D49
Ran
R39
Ran
R40
Ran
R41
Ran
R42
Retired
D54
Retired
D53
Retired
D52
Ran
D51
Ran
D50
Ran
R38
Ran
R37
Ran
R36
Ran
R35
Ran
R34
Ran
R33
Ran
R32
Ran
R31
Ran
R30 R29
R19 R20 R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28
R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11 R10 R9
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8

Results of the general elections

  D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8
D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11 D10 D9
D19 D20 D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28
D38
Re-elected
D37
Re-elected
D36
Re-elected
D35
Re-elected
D34 D33 D32 D31 D30 D29
D39
Re-elected
D40
Re-elected
D41
Re-elected
D42
Re-elected
D43
Re-elected
D44
Re-elected
D45
Re-elected
D46
Hold
D47
Hold
D48
Hold
Majority → D49
Gain
R39
Re-elected
R40
Re-elected
R41
Hold
R42
Hold
R43
Gain
R44
Gain
R45
Gain
R46
Gain
R47
Gain
R38
Re-elected
R37
Re-elected
R36
Re-elected
R35
Re-elected
R34
Re-elected
R33
Re-elected
R32
Re-elected
R31
Re-elected
R30 R29
R19 R20 R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28
R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11 R10 R9
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8
Key:
D# Democratic
R# Republican

Race summaries

Special elections during the 81st Congress

In these special elections, the winners were seated during 1950 or before January 3, 1951; ordered by election date.

State
(linked to summaries below)
Incumbent Results
(linked to election articles)
Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Connecticut
(Class 1)
William Benton Democratic 1949 (Appointed) Interim appointee elected November 7, 1950.
Idaho
(Class 2)
Henry C. Dworshak Republican 1946 (Special)
1948 (Lost)
1949 (Appointed)
Interim appointee elected November 7, 1950.
Kansas
(Class 3)
Harry Darby Republican 1949 (Appointed) Interim appointee retired November 28, 1950 when successor's election was certified.
Successor elected November 7, 1950.
Republican hold.
Winner was also elected to finish the term, see below.
Kentucky
(Class 3)
Garrett L. Withers Democratic 1949 (Appointed) Interim appointee resigned to trigger special election.
Successor elected November 7, 1950.
Democratic hold.
Winner was also elected to finish the term, see below.
North Carolina
(Class 2)
Frank Porter Graham Democratic 1949 (Appointed) Interim appointee lost nomination to finish term.
Winner elected November 7, 1950.
Democratic hold.
Rhode Island
(Class 1)
Edward L. Leahy Democratic 1949 (Appointed) Interim appointee retired.
Winner elected November 7, 1950.
Democratic hold.

Races leading to the 82nd Congress

In these general elections, the winner was seated on January 3, 1951; ordered by state.

All of the elections involved the Class 3 seats.

State
(linked to summaries below)
Incumbent Results
(linked to election articles)
Candidates
Senator Party Electoral
history
Alabama Lister Hill Democratic 1938 (Appointed)
1938 (Special)
1938
1944
Incumbent re-elected.
Arizona Carl Hayden Democratic 1926
1932
1938
1944
Incumbent re-elected.
Arkansas J. William Fulbright Democratic 1944 Incumbent re-elected.
California Sheridan Downey Democratic 1938
1944
Incumbent ran, but then retired due to ill health.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
Incumbent resigned November 30, 1950 due to ill health and the winner was appointed December 1, 1950 to finish the therm.
Colorado Eugene D. Millikin Republican 1941 (Appointed)
1942
1944
Incumbent re-elected.
Connecticut Brien McMahon Democratic 1944 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida Claude Pepper Democratic 1936 (Special)
1938
1944
Incumbent lost renomination.
New senator elected.
Democratic hold.[1]
Georgia Walter F. George Democratic 1922 (Special)
1926
1932
1938
1944
Incumbent re-elected.
Idaho Glen H. Taylor Democratic 1944 Incumbent lost renomination.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
Illinois Scott W. Lucas Democratic 1938
1944
Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
Indiana Homer E. Capehart Republican 1944 Incumbent re-elected.
Iowa Bourke B. Hickenlooper Republican 1944 Incumbent re-elected.
Kansas Harry Darby Republican 1949 (Appointed) Incumbent retired.
New senator elected.
Republican hold.
Winner was also elected to finish the current term, see above.
Kentucky Garrett L. Withers Democratic 1949 (Appointed) Incumbent retired.
New senator elected.
Democratic hold.
Incumbent resigned to trigger special election and winner was also elected to finish the current term, see above.
Louisiana Russell B. Long Democratic 1948 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Maryland Millard E. Tydings Democratic 1944 Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
Missouri Forrest C. Donnell Republican 1944 Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
Nevada Patrick A. McCarran Democratic 1932
1938
1944
Incumbent re-elected.
New Hampshire Charles W. Tobey Republican 1938
1944
Incumbent re-elected.
New York Herbert H. Lehman Democratic 1926
1932
1938
1944
Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina Clyde R. Hoey Democratic 1932
1932 (Special)
1938
1944
Incumbent re-elected.
North Dakota Milton R. Young Republican 1945 (Appointed)
1946 (Special)
Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio Robert A. Taft Republican 1938
1944
Incumbent re-elected.
Oklahoma Elmer Thomas Democratic 1926
1932
1938
1944
Incumbent lost renomination.
New senator elected.
Democratic hold.
Oregon Wayne Morse Republican 1944 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Wayne Morse (Republican) 74.8%
  • Howard Latourette (Democratic) 23.2%
Pennsylvania Francis J. Myers Democratic 1944 Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
South Carolina Olin B. Johnston Democratic 1944 Incumbent re-elected.
South Dakota Chandler Gurney Republican 1938
1944
Incumbent lost renomination.
New senator elected.
Republican hold.
Utah Elbert D. Thomas Democratic 1932
1938
1944
Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
Vermont George D. Aiken Republican 1940 (Special)
1944
Incumbent re-elected.
Washington Warren G. Magnuson Democratic 1944 (Appointed)
1944
Incumbent re-elected.
Wisconsin Alexander Wiley Republican 1938
1944
Incumbent re-elected.

Special elections during the 82nd Congress

There were no elections in 1951 to the 82nd Congress.

Alabama

Alabama election[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Lister Hill (Incumbent) 125,534 76.54%
Independent John G. Crommelin, Jr. 38,477 23.46%
Majority 87,057 53.08%
Turnout 164,011
Democratic hold

Arizona

Incumbent Democratic U.S. Senator Carl Hayden ran for re-election to a fifth term, defeating Republican nominee Bruce Brockett in the general election. Brockett was formerly the Republican nominee for governor in both 1946 and 1948. Hayden first defeated Cecil H. Miller and Robert E. Miller (of the Arizona Farm Bureau), for the Democratic nomination.

Democratic primary[3]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Carl Hayden (Incumbent) 95,544 70.97%
Democratic Cecil H. Miller 24,340 18.08%
Democratic Robert E. Miller 14,752 10.96%
Total votes 134,636 100.00
General election[4]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Carl Hayden (Incumbent) 116,246 62.80%
Republican Bruce Brockett 68,846 37.20%
Majority 47,400 25.60%
Turnout 185,092
Democratic gain from Republican

Arkansas

Arkansas election[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John L. McClellan (Incumbent) 302,686 100.00%
Democratic hold

California

California election[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Richard Nixon 2,183,454 59.23%
Democratic Helen Gahagan Douglas 1,502,507 40.76%
None Scattering 354 0.01%
Majority 680,947 18.47%
Turnout 3,686,315
Republican gain from Democratic

Colorado

Colorado election[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Eugene D. Millikin (Incumbent) 239,724 53.25%
Democratic John A. Carroll 210,442 46.75%
Majority 29,282 6.50%
Turnout 450,166
Republican hold

Connecticut

Connecticut election[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Brien McMahon (Incumbent) 453,646 52.58%
Republican Joseph E. Talbot 409,053 47.42%
Majority 44,593 5.16%
Turnout 862,699
Democratic hold

Connecticut (Special)

Connecticut special election[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic William Benton 431,413 50.06%
Republican Prescott Bush 430,311 49.94%
Majority 1,102 0.08%
Turnout 861,724
Democratic hold

Florida

Democratic incumbent Senator Claude Pepper lost renomination May 2, 1950 to George A. Smathers, who easily won the general election.[1]

Florida election[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic George A. Smathers 238,987 76.30%
Republican John P. Booth 74,228 23.70%
Majority 164,759 52.60%
Turnout 313,215
Democratic hold

Georgia

Georgia election[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Walter F. George (Incumbent) 261,290 100.00%
Democratic hold

Idaho

Idaho election[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Herman Welker 124,237 61.68%
Democratic D. Worth Clark 77,180 38.32%
Majority 47,057 23.36%
Turnout 201,417
Republican gain from Democratic

Idaho (Special)

Idaho special election[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Henry Dworshak (Incumbent) 104,608 51.86%
Democratic Claude j. Burtenshaw 97,092 48.14%
Majority 7,516 3.72%
Turnout 201,700
Republican hold

Illinois

Illinois election[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Everett Dirksen 1,951,984 53.88%
Democratic Scott W. Lucas (Incumbent) 1,657,630 45.76%
Prohibition Enoch A. Holtwick 13,050 0.36%
Majority 294,354 8.12%
Turnout 3,622,664
Republican gain from Democratic

Indiana

Indiana election[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Homer Capehart (Incumbent) 844,303 52.81%
Democratic Alex M. Campbell 741,025 46.35%
Prohibition ? 13,396 0.84%
Majority 103,278 6.46%
Turnout 1,598,724
Republican hold

Iowa

Iowa election[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Bourke B. Hickenlooper (Incumbent) 470,613 54.82%
Democratic Albert J. Loveland 383,766 44.70%
Prohibition Kellum 3,273 0.38%
State Right Dem Seemann 571 0.07%
Socialist Labor Ludwig 300 0.03%
Majority 86,847 10.12%
Turnout 858,523
Republican hold

Kansas

Kansas election[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Frank Carlson (Incumbent) 335,880 54.25%
Democratic Paul Aiken 271,365 43.83%
Prohibition Verne L. Damon 11,859 1.92%
Majority 64,515 10.42%
Turnout 619,104
Republican hold

Kansas (Special)

Kansas special election[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Frank Carlson (Incumbent) 321,718 55.17%
Democratic Paul Aiken 261,405 44.83%
Majority 60,313 10.34%
Turnout 583,123
Republican hold

Kentucky

Kentucky election[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Earle Clements (Incumbent) 334,249 54.16%
Republican Charles I. Dawson 278,368 45.11%
Independent James E. Olson 4,496 0.73%
Majority 55,881 9.05%
Turnout 617,113
Democratic hold

Kentucky (Special)

Kentucky special election[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Earle Clements (Incumbent) 317,320 54.40%
Republican Charles I. Dawson 265,994 45.60%
Majority 51,326 8.80%
Turnout 583,314
Democratic hold

Louisiana

Louisiana election[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Russell Long (Incumbent) 220,907 87.72%
Republican Charles S. Gerth 30,931 12.28%
Majority 189,976 75.44%
Turnout 251,838
Democratic hold

Maryland

Maryland election[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John Marshall Butler 326,921 53.00%
Democratic Millard E. Tydings (Incumbent) 283,180 46.00%
Progressive Sam Fox 6,143 1.00%
Majority 43,741 7.00%
Turnout 615,614
Republican gain from Democratic

Missouri

Missouri election[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Thomas C. Hennings Jr. 685,732 53.60%
Republican Forrest C. Donnell (Incumbent) 592,922 46.34%
Christian Nationalist John W. Hamilton 610 0.05%
Socialist Labor Henry W. Genck 150 0.01%
Majority 92,810 7.26%
Turnout 1,279,414
Democratic gain from Republican

Nevada

Nevada election[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Pat McCarran (Incumbent) 35,829 58.01%
Republican George E. Marshall 25,933 41.99%
Majority 9,896 16.02%
Turnout 61,762
Democratic hold

New Hampshire

New Hampshire election[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Charles W. Tobey (Incumbent) 106,142 55.99%
Democratic Emmet J. Kelley 72,473 38.23%
Write-In Wesley Powell 10,943 5.77%
Majority 33,669 17.76%
Turnout 189,558
Republican hold

New York

The Socialist Workers state convention met on July 9, and nominated Joseph Hansen for the U.S. Senate.[5]

The American Labor state convention met on September 6 and nominated W.E.B. DuBois for the U.S. Senate.[6]

The Republican state convention met on September 7 at Saratoga Springs, New York. They re-nominated Lieutenant Governor Joe R. Hanley for the U.S. Senate.[7]

The Democratic state convention met on September 7 at Rochester, New York, and re-nominated the incumbent U.S. Senator Herbert H. Lehman[8]

The Liberal state convention met on September 6 and 7 at the Statler Hotel in New York City, and endorsed Democratic nominee Lehman.[9]

Although almost the whole Republican statewide ticket was elected in a landslide, only the Democratic incumbent U.S. Senator, Ex-Governor Herbert H. Lehman, managed to stay in office.

New York election[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Herbert H. Lehman (Incumbent) 2,319,719 44.37%
Republican Joe R. Hanley 2,367,353 45.28%
Liberal Herbert H. Lehman (Incumbent) 312,594 5.98%
American Labor W. E. B. Du Bois 205,729 3.93%
Socialist Workers Joseph Hansen 13,340 0.29%
Industrial Government Stephen Emery 7,559 0.15%
Majority 264,960 5.07%
Turnout 5,228,394
Democratic hold

North Carolina

North Carolina election[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Clyde R. Hoey (Incumbent) 376,472 68.66%
Republican Halsey B. Leavitt 171,804 31.34%
Majority 204,668 37.32%
Turnout 548,276
Democratic hold

North Carolina (Special)

North Carolina special election[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Willis Smith 364,912 66.97%
Republican E. L. Galvin 177,753 32.62%
Write-In Frank P. Graham 2,259 0.41%
Majority 187,159 34.35%
Turnout 544,924
Democratic hold

North Dakota

North Dakota election[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Milton R. Young 126,209 67.59%
Democratic Harry O’Brien 60,507 32.41%
Majority 65,702 35.18%
Turnout 186,716
Republican hold

Ohio

Ohio election[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Robert A. Taft (Incumbent) 1,645,643 57.54%
Democratic Joseph T. Ferguson 1,214,459 42.46%
Majority 431,184 15.08%
Turnout 2,860,102
Republican hold

Oklahoma

Oklahoma election[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Mike Moroney 345,953 54.81%
Republican W. H. ‘Bill’ Alexander 285,224 45.19%
Majority 60,729 8.62%
Turnout 631,177
Democratic hold

Oregon

Oregon election[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Wayne Morse (Incumbent) 376,510 74.79%
Democratic Howard LaTourette 116,780 23.20%
Progressive Harlin Talbert 10,165 2.02%
Majority 259,730 51.59%
Turnout 503,455
Republican hold

Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania election[2]</ref>
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican James H. Duff 1,820,400 51.30%
Democratic Francis J. Myers (Incumbent) 1,694,076 47.74%
Prohibition Earl N. Bergerstock 12,618 0.36%
G.I.’s Against Communism Jack Sill 8,353 0.24%
Progressive Lillian R. Narins 5,516 0.16%
Socialist William J. Van Essen 4,864 0.14%
Industrial Government Frank Knotek 1,596 0.04%
Militant Workers Clyde A. Turner 1,219 0.03%
Majority 126,324 3.56%
Turnout 3,548,642
Republican gain from Democratic

Rhode Island (Special)

Rhode Island special election[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John O. Pastore 183,725 56.03%
Republican Austin T. Levy 144,184 43.97%
Majority 39,541 12.06%
Turnout 327,909
Democratic hold

South Carolina

South Carolina election[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Olin D. Johnston (Incumbent) 50,458 100.00%
Democratic hold

South Dakota

South Dakota election[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Francis Case 160,670 63.92%
Democratic John A. Engel 90,692 36.08%
Majority 69,978 27.84%
Turnout 251,362
Republican hold

Utah

Utah election[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Wallace F. Bennett 142,427 53.86%
Democratic Elbert D. Thomas (Incumbent) 121,198 45.83%
Independent Bill Baker 815 0.31%
Majority 21,229 8.03%
Turnout 264,440
Republican gain from Democratic

Vermont

Vermont election[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican George Aiken (inc.) 69,543 77.99%
Democratic James E. Bigelow 19,608 21.99%
None Scattering 20 0.02%
Majority 49,935 56.00%
Turnout 89,171
Republican hold

Washington

Washington election[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Warren G. Magnuson (Incumbent) 397,719 53.40%
Republican Walter Williams 342,464 45.98%
Independent Herbert J. Phillips 3,120 0.42%
Socialist Labor H. J. Churchward 1,480 0.20%
Majority 55,255 7.42%
Turnout 744,783
Democratic hold

Wisconsin

Wisconsin election[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Alexander Wiley (Incumbent) 595,283 53.33%
Democratic Henry W. Maier 515,539 46.19%
Socialist Edwin W. Knappe 3,972 0.36%
Independent Perry J. Stearns 644 0.06%
Independent James E. Boulton 332 0.03%
Independent Artemio Cozzini 307 0.03%
None Scattering 58 0.01%
Majority 79,744 7.14%
Turnout 1,116,135
Republican hold

See also

References

  • "DEWEY'S PLURALITY OFFICIALLY 572,668; Canvassers' Tabulation Shows Lehman Defeated Hanley by Margin of 246,960". The New York Times. December 15, 1950.
  • New York Red Book 1951

Notes

  1. ^ 32 general elections and 5 specials
This page was last edited on 31 July 2019, at 03:31
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