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1936 in aviation

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of aviation-related events from 1936:

Events

January

February

  • British Marine Aircraft Ltd. is established at Hamble, Hampshire to produce Sikorsky S-42-A flying boats under licence in the United Kingdom but nothing comes of it. The company subsequently will become Folland Aircraft Limited.[8]
  • Flying an Aeronca C-3, Helen Richey sets an international women's speed record for light planes, averaging 73 mph (117.5 km/hr) during a 51-minute flight covering 100 km (62.1 miles).[9]
  • February 2 – Karl Lange makes a daring landing on the ice of Chesapeake Bay in the Goodyear Blimp Enterprise as part of a United States Army Air Corps operation to bring supplies by air to the residents of Virginia′s Tangier Island, who face starvation after a severe winter storm. Ships have been unable to reach the island because of ice in the bay.[10]
  • February 9 – After a one-hour, 54-mile (87-km) flight from Langley Field, Virginia, a U.S. Army Air Corps 49th Bomb Squadron Keystone B-6A bomber drops 1,000 pounds (454 kg) of supplies in 50-pound (22.7-kg) parcels to the residents of Tangier Island, flying at an altitude of not more than 10 feet (3 meters).[11]
  • February 10 – During the morning, two U.S. Army Air Corps 49th Bomb Squadron B-6A bombers make flights to drop supplies at very low altitudes at Tangier Island, and a third B-6A drops supplies at nearby Smith Island, Maryland. Two B-6As drop additional supplies at Tangier Island during the afternoon. Based on the success of the supply flights of February 9 and 10, the 49th Bomb Squadron will fly an additional 13 flights to drop supplies to the islands using Martin B-10B bombers.[11]
  • February 13 – Imperial Airways commences airmail services to West Africa.
  • February 15 – Italian aircraft based at nearby Mek'ele, Ethiopia, maintain at least 12 aircraft over the battlefield all day during the Battle of Amba Aradam against Ethiopian troops. It is a forerunner of the World War II "cab rank" technique of keeping airborne aircraft continually on call over a battlefield to bomb enemy positions when needed.[12][13]
  • February 16–19 – On February 16, Marshal Pietro Badoglio orders Italian ground forces not to pursue Ethiopian forces after they begin to retreat from Amba Aradam and assigns the task of exploitation of Italy's victory to the Italian Royal Air Force (Regia Aeronautica), a novel task for an air force. Italian aircraft drop 40 tons (36,288 kg) of bombs on retreating Ethiopian forces over the last four days of the battle with devastating effect, and on February 19 a strafing aircraft mortally wounds the Ethiopian military leader Ras Mulugeta Yeggazu, who dies eight days later.[14]
  • February 17 – The Australian airline Ansett Airways (the future Ansett Australia) begins flight operations. Its first flight is from Hamilton Airport in Victoria to Melbourne, using a Fokker Universal.
  • February 27 – During the Second Battle of Tembien, Italian aircraft drop 200 tons (181 tonnes/metric tons) of high-explosive bombs on forming-up areas for Ethiopian troops and kill many Ethiopians fleeing the battlefield as they ford the Takkaze River.[15]

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

First flights

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

December

Entered service

January

February

March

June

July

August

October

November

Retirements

December

References

  1. ^ Crosby, Francis, The Complete Guide to Fighters & Bombers of the World: An Illustrated History of the World's Greatest Military Aircraft, From the Pioneering Days of Air Fighting in World War I Through the Jet Fighters and Stealth Bombers of the Present Day, London: Hermes House, 2006, ISBN 9781846810008, p. 267.
  2. ^ Hinchcliffe, Peter, The Other Battle: Luftwaffe Night Aces Versus Bomber Command, Edison, New Jersey: Castle Books, 2001, ISBN 0-7858-1418-3, p. 44.
  3. ^ Hardesty, Von, Red Phoenix: The Rise of Soviet Air Power 1941-1945, Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1982, ISBN 0-87474-510-1, p. 48.
  4. ^ A Chronological History of Coast Guard Aviation: The Early Years, 1915-1938.
  5. ^ Angelucci, Enzo, The American Fighter: The Definitive Guide to American Fighter Aircraft From 1917 to the Present, New York: Orion Books, 1987, p. 108.
  6. ^ Barker, A. J., The Rape of Ethiopia 1936, New York: Ballantine Books, Inc., 1971, p. 76.
  7. ^ Barker, A. J., The Rape of Ethiopia 1936, New York: Ballantine Books, Inc., 1971, p. 77.
  8. ^ Fagan, Dave. 'Hamble' Aviation in Hampshire UK 1900 to 2000 Archived 2006-03-16 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved May 20, 2005
  9. ^ a b Lynch, Adam, "Hometown Heroine," Aviation History, March 2012, p. 56.
  10. ^ Anonymous, "Bombing Planes to Bring Food to Ice Victims," Chicago Tribune, February 2, 1936.
  11. ^ a b Bentley Jr., Stewart W. (2010). The Touch of Greatness: Colonel William C. Bentley Jr., USAAC/USAF; Aviation Pioneer. Author House. pp. 41–42. ISBN 978-1-4490-2386-7.
  12. ^ Barker, A. J., The Rape of Ethiopia 1936, New York: Ballantine Books, Inc., 1971, p. 81.
  13. ^ flightglobal.com Close Air Support in Burma
  14. ^ Barker, A. J., The Rape of Ethiopia 1936, New York: Ballantine Books, Inc., 1971, pp. 82-83.
  15. ^ Barker, A. J., The Rape of Ethiopia 1936, New York: Ballantine Books, Inc., 1971, p. 84.
  16. ^ Phythyon, John R., Jr., Great War at Sea: Zeppelins, Virginia Beach, Virginia: Avalanche Press, Inc., 2007, p. 47.
  17. ^ Barker, A. J., The Rape of Ethiopia 1936, New York: Ballantine Books, Inc., 1971, p. 91.
  18. ^ Barker, A. J., The Rape of Ethiopia 1936, New York: Ballantine Books, Inc., 1971, pp. 97-99.
  19. ^ Murray, Williamson, Strategy for Defeat: The Luftwaffe 1933-1945, Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama: Air University Press, 1983, no ISBN number, p. 15.
  20. ^ Barker, A. J., The Rape of Ethiopia 1936, New York: Ballantine Books, Inc., 1971, p. 105.
  21. ^ Barker, A. J., The Rape of Ethiopia 1936, New York: Ballantine Books, Inc., 1971, p. 120.
  22. ^ Barker, A. J., The Rape of Ethiopia 1936, New York: Ballantine Books, Inc., 1971, p. 128.
  23. ^ Barker, A. J., The Rape of Ethiopia 1936, New York: Ballantine Books, Inc., 1971, p. 65.
  24. ^ Calderwood, Roy (1999). Times subject to Tides: The Story of Barra Airport. Erskine: Kea Publishing. ISBN 0-9518958-3-4.
  25. ^ A Chronological History of Coast Guard Aviation The Early Years (1915-1938)
  26. ^ U.S. Coast Guard Cutter History: Campbell WPG/WAGC/WHEC-32 ex-George W. Campbell
  27. ^ Winker, J. A. (1986). "Scientific ballooning, past and present". American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-01-28.
  28. ^ Akerman, John D.; Piccard, Jean F. (1937). "Upper Air Study by Means of Balloons and the Radio Meteorograph". Journal of the Aeronautical Sciences. The American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA). 4 (8): 332–337. doi:10.2514/8.423. Retrieved March 14, 2015.
  29. ^ Abbink, Jon, Mirjam de Bruijn, and Klaas van Walraven, eds., Rethinking Resistance: Revolt and Violence in African History, Leiden, the Netherlands: Koninklijke Brill NV, 2003, ISBN 9004126244, p. 102.
  30. ^ Guttman, Robert, "Heinkel's Jet Test-Bed," Aviation History, March 2012, p. 14.
  31. ^ Nolan, M.S., Fundamentals of Air Traffic Control, Pacific Grove, California: Brooks Cole Publishing Company, 1999.
  32. ^ a b Thomas, Hugh, The Spanish Civil War, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1986, ISBN 0-671-75876-4, pp. 330-331.
  33. ^ a b c d e f g h The Main Events of the Spanish Civil War
  34. ^ Thomas, Hugh, The Spanish Civil War, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1986, ISBN 0-671-75876-4, pp. 363-364.
  35. ^ a b c Thomas, Hugh, The Spanish Civil War, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1986, ISBN 0-671-75876-4, p. 370.
  36. ^ Doyle, Neville. 1991. From Sea-Eagle to Flamingo: Channel Islands Airlines 1923-1939. ISBN 1-85421-103-X
  37. ^ Thomas, Hugh, The Spanish Civil War, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1986, ISBN 0-671-75876-4, p. 364.
  38. ^ Thomas, Hugh, The Spanish Civil War, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1986, ISBN 0-671-75876-4, pp. 357-358.
  39. ^ "Short biography of Lajos Rotter Sr. (1901-1983)". Retrieved 3 July 2012.
  40. ^ Welch, Ann (1980). The Story of Gliding (2nd ed.). John Murray. ISBN 0-7195-3659-6.
  41. ^ Thomas, Hugh, The Spanish Civil War, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1986, ISBN 0-671-75876-4, pp. 370-371.
  42. ^ Thomas, Hugh, The Spanish Civil War, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1986, ISBN 0-671-75876-4, p. 381.
  43. ^ Thomas, Hugh, The Spanish Civil War, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1986, ISBN 0-671-75876-4, pp. 371, 373.
  44. ^ Thomas, Hugh, The Spanish Civil War, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1986, ISBN 0-671-75876-4, pp. 382-383.
  45. ^ a b c Thomas, Hugh, The Spanish Civil War, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1986, ISBN 0-671-75876-4, p. 386.
  46. ^ a b Bedwell, Don, "Beating the Odds," Aviation History, March 2016, p. 47.
  47. ^ Thomas, Hugh, The Spanish Civil War, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1986, ISBN 0-671-75876-4, p. 383.
  48. ^ O'Connor, Derek, "The Remarkable Mrs. Markham," Aviation History, November 2017, pp. 56, 58-59.
  49. ^ Lynch, Adam, "Hometown Heroine," Aviation History, March 2012, pp. 56-57.
  50. ^ a b Donald, David, ed., The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft, New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 1997, ISBN 0-7607-0592-5, p. 198.
  51. ^ Aviation Hawaii: 1930-1939 Chronology of Aviation in Hawaii
  52. ^ a b Mondey, David, ed., The Complete Illustrated History of the World's Aircraft, Secaucus, New Jersey: Chartwell Books, Inc., 1978, ISBN 0-89009-771-2, p. 34.
  53. ^ Layman, R.D., Before the Aircraft Carrier: The Development of Aviation Vessels 1849-1922, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1989, ISBN 0-87021-210-9, p. 124.
  54. ^ Thomas, Hugh, The Spanish Civil War, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1986, ISBN 0-671-75876-4, p. 468, 470.
  55. ^ Thomas, Hugh, The Spanish Civil War, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1986, ISBN 0-671-75876-4, p. 471.
  56. ^ Thomas, Hugh, The Spanish Civil War, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1986, ISBN 0-671-75876-4, pp. 470-471.
  57. ^ a b Maslov, Mikhail A. Polikarpov I-15, I-16 and I-153. Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing, 2010. ISBN 978-1-84603-981-2, pp. 17-18.
  58. ^ Hardesty, Von, Red Phoenix: The Rise of Soviet Air Power 1941-1945, Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1982, ISBN 0-87474-510-1, p. 50.
  59. ^ Thomas, Hugh, The Spanish Civil War, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1986, ISBN 0-671-75876-4, p. 469.
  60. ^ Thomas, Hugh, The Spanish Civil War, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1986, ISBN 0-671-75876-4, p. 486.
  61. ^ Thomas, Hugh, The Spanish Civil War, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1986, ISBN 0-671-75876-4, p. 568.
  62. ^ aviastar.org Aircraft Profile #182: Handley Page Heyford
  63. ^ "Aircraft Accident Report." Archived 2011-08-23 at the Wayback Machine Department of Commerce.
  64. ^ "Confetti on Lone Peak." Time, June 21, 1937.
  65. ^ Chesneau, Roger, ed., Conway's all the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946, New York: Mayflower Books, 1980, ISBN 0-8317-0303-2, p. 226.
  66. ^ Potter, E. B., Sea Power: A Naval History, Second edition, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1981, ISBN 0-87021-607-4, p. 235.
  67. ^ Guttman, Robert, "Heinkel's Jet Test-Bed," Aviation History, March 2012.
  68. ^ Angelucci, Enzo, The American Fighter: The Definitive Guide to American Fighter Aircraft From 1917 to the Present, New York: Orion Books, 1987, ISBN 0-517-56588-9, p. 399.
  69. ^ Polmar, Norman, "A Lack of Performance Part One," Naval History, April 2017, p. 24.
  70. ^ Francillon, René J., Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1979, ISBN 0-87021-313-X, p. 150.
  71. ^ Francillon, René J., Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1979, ISBN 0-87021-313-X, p 358.
  72. ^ Francillon, René J., Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1979, ISBN 0-87021-313-X, pp. 301, 568.
  73. ^ Francillon, René J., Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1979, ISBN 0-87021-313-X, p. 204-205.
  74. ^ Francillon, René J., Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1979, ISBN 0-87021-313-X, pp. 198, 566.
  75. ^ Francillon, René J., Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1979, ISBN 0-87021-313-X, p. 156.
  76. ^ Polmar, Norma, "Historic Aircraft: The Hall Contribution," Naval History, February 2014, p. 15.
  77. ^ Donald, David, ed., The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft, New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 1997, ISBN 0-7607-0592-5, p. 59.
  78. ^ Swanborough, Gordon, and Peter M. Bowers, United States Navy Aircraft Since 1911, London: Putnam, 1976, ISBN 0-370-10054-9, p. 199.
  79. ^ Angelucci, Enzo, The American Fighter: The Definitive Guide to American Fighter Aircraft From 1917 to the Present, New York: Orion Books, 1987, pp. 220, 222.
  80. ^ Donald, David, ed., The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft, New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 1997, ISBN 0-7607-0592-5, p. 80.
  81. ^ Donald, David, ed., The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft, New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 1997, ISBN 0-7607-0592-5, p. 63.
This page was last edited on 11 April 2021, at 17:31
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