To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

1932 United States presidential election in New Jersey

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1932 United States presidential election in New Jersey

← 1928 November 8, 1932 1936 →
 
FDR in 1933.jpg
President Hoover portrait.jpg
Nominee Franklin D. Roosevelt Herbert Hoover
Party Democratic Republican
Home state New York California
Running mate John N. Garner Charles Curtis
Electoral vote 16 0
Popular vote 806,630 775,684
Percentage 49.48% 47.59%

New Jersey Presidential Election Results 1932.svg
County Results

President before election

Herbert Hoover
Republican

Elected President

Franklin D. Roosevelt
Democratic

The 1932 United States presidential election in New Jersey took place on November 8, 1932. All contemporary 48 states were part of the 1932 United States presidential election. Voters chose 16 electors to the Electoral College, which selected the president and vice president.

New Jersey was won by the Democratic nominees, Governor Franklin D. Roosevelt of New York and his running mate Speaker of the House John Nance Garner of Texas. Roosevelt and Garner defeated the Republican nominees, incumbent Republican President Herbert Hoover of California and incumbent Vice President Charles Curtis of Kansas.

Roosevelt narrowly carried New Jersey with a plurality of 49.48 percent of the vote to Hoover's 47.59 percent, a victory margin of 1.89%.[1]

Socialist Party candidate Norman Thomas finished in third in New Jersey with 2.64%, more than the 2.23 percent he received nationally. Reflecting a nationwide left-wing backlash against the conservative policies that had been perceived to have culminated in the Great Depression in 1929, Thomas in 1932 received more than 8 times the 0.32 percent he had received in 1928. Combined together, socialist parties received 2.89 percent of the vote in New Jersey in 1932, nearly seven times the 0.43 percent of 1928.

This left-wing backlash was also evident in Roosevelt's own victory in the state. His 1932 victory, although narrow, represented a nearly 22 point swing in favor of the Democratic Party from the results of 1928, in a state that had long been a Republican stronghold. In 1920 and 1924, the state had voted over 68 percent and over 62 percent Republican respectively, with GOP victory margins over the Democrats of nearly 40 points.

On the county level map, reflecting the closeness of the race, Roosevelt managed to narrowly win the state despite carrying only 4 of the state's 21 counties.

The most important component to Roosevelt's victory was his overwhelming victory in heavily populated Hudson County, part of the New York City metro area, and populated by many urban ethnic immigrant communities. Like NYC, the county- along with the state as a whole- had begun trending Democratic in the 1928 election, when the Democrats had nominated Al Smith, a New York City native, and Roman Catholic of Irish, Italian and German immigrant heritage who appealed strongly to ethnic immigrant communities primarily concentrated in urban areas. While Smith in 1928 lost the state overall by a 39.79%–59.77% margin, this still represented a dramatic gain from just four years earlier: in 1924, southern Democrat John W. Davis had received only 27% of the vote in New Jersey. Besides Hudson County, Smith had also made dramatic Democratic gains in other urban parts of North Jersey, including Essex County, home to Newark, along with Middlesex County, Passaic County, Union County, Bergen County, and Mercer County.

Nevertheless, despite losing nationally in a 58–41 GOP landslide, Smith's Democratic gains in urban areas across America, laying the groundwork for a new urban Democratic coalition, were nowhere more evident than in the New York City metro area. After two Republican sweeps of all five boroughs of New York City in 1920 and 1924, Smith won a commanding victory in all five boroughs of NYC in 1928. In New Jersey this urban popularity in the New York City area spilled over into nearby Hudson County, New Jersey. Despite losing every other county in the state, many by large margins, Smith carried Hudson County with over sixty percent of the vote.

In 1932, with embattled incumbent Republican Herbert Hoover being perceived as failing to adequately address the Great Depression, many urban ethnic working-class voters swung even more strongly to the Democratic Party, and Franklin Roosevelt would receive over seventy percent of the vote in Hudson County, providing much of the raw vote margin by which he managed to eke out a narrow statewide win.

Besides his landslide win in Hudson County, FDR also won majorities in heavily populated Middlesex County and rural Warren County, and won a plurality in fairly populated Passaic County, in the last of which he was the first Democratic victor since James Buchanan in 1856.[2]

However Hoover kept the race close statewide by winning majorities in 17 of the state's 21 counties, although all of them by relatively close margins, failing to break sixty percent in a single county.

Overall, the Northeast was Roosevelt's weakest region in 1932, with all 6 of Hoover's state victories coming from this region in the midst of a nationwide Democratic landslide. However the overwhelming urban vote in FDR's favor in 1932 helped to narrowly tip New Jersey into the Democratic column, even as much of the state's geographic area remained Republican. A similar pattern was seen in neighboring New York State, which FDR won comfortably despite winning only ten of the state's 62 counties, the overwhelming majority of his victory margin there being provided by landslide wins in the five boroughs of massively populated New York City.

Like most Northeastern states, New Jersey in the early decades of the 20th century had been a reliably Republican state; the state had not given a majority of the vote to a Democratic presidential candidate since 1892. (In 1912, Woodrow Wilson, then the sitting Governor of New Jersey, won the state's electoral votes, but with a plurality of only 41 percent in a 3-way race against a split Republican field, with former Republican President Theodore Roosevelt running as a third party candidate against incumbent Republican President William Howard Taft. Wilson lost the state to the GOP by a decisive 12-point margin in a head-to-head match-up in 1916.) The state's strong Republican lean was still evident in FDR's 1932 election campaign: although he narrowly won the state with a 49.5-47.6 plurality over Herbert Hoover, in the midst of his nationwide landslide, that still made the state almost 16 points more Republican than the nation. By 1936, with the emergence of the New Deal Coalition, FDR would make dramatic gains for the Democratic Party in New Jersey that would endure and transform it into a closely divided swing state with only a slight Republican lean, a pattern that would endure for much of the 20th century until New Jersey ultimately became a solid Democratic state in the 1990s.

Results

1932 United States presidential election in New Jersey
Party Candidate Votes Percentage Electoral votes
Democratic Franklin D. Roosevelt 806,630 49.48% 16
Republican Herbert Hoover 775,684 47.59% 0
Socialist Norman Thomas 42,998 2.64% 0
Communist William Z. Foster 2,915 0.18% 0
Socialist Labor Verne L. Reynolds 1,062 0.07% 0
National Prohibition William Upshaw 774 0.05% 0
Totals 1,630,063 100.0% 16

Results by county

County Franklin Delano Roosevelt[3]
Democratic
Herbert Clark Hoover[3]
Republican
Norman Mattoon Thomas[3]
Socialist
William Z. Foster[3]
Communist
Verne L. Reynolds[3]
Socialist Labor
William D. Upshaw[3]
National Prohibition
Margin Total votes cast
# % # % # % # % # % # % # %
Atlantic 28,071 46.58% 31,264 51.88% 794 1.32% 84 0.14% 18 0.03% 30 0.05% -3,193 -5.30% 60,261
Bergen 73,921 44.60% 86,885 52.42% 4,577 2.76% 244 0.15% 92 0.06% 24 0.01% -12,964 -7.82% 165,743
Burlington 15,824 38.95% 23,623 58.14% 1,070 2.63% 34 0.08% 31 0.08% 47 0.12% -7,799 -19.20% 40,629
Camden 48,825 44.45% 55,856 50.85% 4,825 4.39% 114 0.10% 52 0.05% 175 0.16% -7,031 -6.40% 109,847
Cape May 7,160 40.96% 10,112 57.84% 174 1.00% 4 0.02% 8 0.05% 24 0.14% -2,952 -16.89% 17,482
Cumberland 12,371 41.28% 16,668 55.61% 728 2.43% 33 0.11% 32 0.11% 139 0.46% -4,297 -14.34% 29,971
Essex 132,666 45.63% 149,630 51.46% 7,540 2.59% 546 0.19% 369 0.13% 21 0.01% -16,964 -5.83% 290,772
Gloucester 13,817 41.17% 18,782 55.96% 836 2.49% 17 0.05% 32 0.10% 77 0.23% -4,965 -14.79% 33,561
Hudson 184,676 71.85% 66,937 26.04% 4,923 1.92% 409 0.16% 64 0.02% 10 0.00% 117,739 45.81% 257,019
Hunterdon 7,531 46.13% 8,476 51.92% 274 1.68% 20 0.12% 5 0.03% 20 0.12% -945 -5.79% 16,326
Mercer 30,284 45.28% 33,715 50.41% 2,606 3.90% 210 0.31% 51 0.08% 13 0.02% -3,431 -5.13% 66,879
Middlesex 45,997 56.94% 32,673 40.45% 1,838 2.28% 217 0.27% 35 0.04% 21 0.03% 13,324 16.49% 80,781
Monmouth 35,219 45.89% 40,467 52.73% 893 1.16% 80 0.10% 51 0.07% 31 0.04% -5,248 -6.84% 76,741
Morris 20,117 37.81% 31,481 59.17% 1,510 2.84% 52 0.10% 6 0.01% 36 0.07% -11,364 -21.36% 53,202
Ocean 7,508 40.67% 10,513 56.95% 366 1.98% 56 0.30% 8 0.04% 9 0.05% -3,005 -16.28% 18,460
Passaic 54,576 49.88% 49,218 44.99% 5,061 4.63% 398 0.36% 135 0.12% 16 0.01% 5,358 4.90% 109,404
Salem 7,357 42.22% 9,870 56.64% 147 0.84% 11 0.06% 5 0.03% 35 0.20% -2,513 -14.42% 17,425
Somerset 12,345 43.66% 15,317 54.18% 541 1.91% 57 0.20% 9 0.03% 4 0.01% -2,972 -10.51% 28,273
Sussex 6,136 45.76% 7,130 53.18% 132 0.98% 3 0.02% 1 0.01% 6 0.04% -994 -7.41% 13,408
Union 51,357 41.77% 67,512 54.91% 3,729 3.03% 307 0.25% 49 0.04% 7 0.01% -16,155 -13.14% 122,961
Warren 10,636 52.25% 9,277 45.58% 417 2.05% 12 0.06% 1 0.00% 12 0.06% 1,359 6.68% 20,355
Totals 806,394 49.49% 775,406 47.59% 42,988 2.64% 2,908 0.18% 1,054 0.06% 757 0.05% 30,988 1.90% 1,629,507

See also

References

  1. ^ "1932 Presidential General Election Results - New Jersey". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved 20 January 2014.
  2. ^ Menendez, Albert J.; The Geography of Presidential Elections in the United States, 1868-2004, pp. 258-259 ISBN 0786422173
  3. ^ a b c d e f Our Campaigns; NJ US President Race, November 08, 1932
This page was last edited on 27 March 2021, at 07:43
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.