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1930 Georgia gubernatorial election

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1930 Georgia Democratic gubernatorial primary runoff

← 1928 October 1, 1930 1932 →
Richard RussellJr.jpg
No image.svg
Nominee Richard Russell Jr. George H. Carswell
Party Democratic Democratic
Electoral vote 330 84
Popular vote 99,505 47,157
Percentage 67.85% 32.15%

Governor before election

Lamartine Griffin Hardman

Elected Governor

Richard Russell Jr.

The 1930 Georgia gubernatorial election took place on November 4, 1930, in order to elect the Governor of Georgia.

Incumbent Democrat Governor Lamartine Griffin Hardman was term-limited, and ineligible to run for a third term.

As was common at the time, the Democratic candidate ran unopposed in the general election so therefore the Democratic primary was the real contest, and winning the primary was considered tantamount to election.

Democratic primary

The Democratic primary election was held on September 9, 1930. As no candidate won a majority of county unit votes, a run-off was held between the top two candidates on October 1, 1930.

County unit system

From 1917 until 1962, the Democratic Party in the U.S. state of Georgia used a voting system called the county unit system to determine victors in statewide primary elections.[1]

The system was ostensibly designed to function similarly to the Electoral College, but in practice the large ratio of unit votes for small, rural counties to unit votes for more populous urban areas provided outsized political influence to the smaller counties.[2][3]

Under the county unit system, the 159 counties in Georgia were divided by population into three categories. The largest eight counties were classified as "Urban", the next-largest 30 counties were classified as "Town", and the remaining 121 counties were classified as "Rural". Urban counties were given 6 unit votes, Town counties were given 4 unit votes, and Rural counties were given 2 unit votes, for a total of 410 available unit votes. Each county's unit votes were awarded on a winner-take-all basis.[2][3]

Candidates were required to obtain a majority of unit votes (not necessarily a majority of the popular vote), or 206 total unit votes, to win the election. If no candidate received a majority in the initial primary, a runoff election was held between the top two candidates to determine a winner.[4]



Democratic primary[8][9][10]
Candidate Votes % CUV
Richard Russell Jr. 56,177 27.26 132
George H. Carswell 51,851 25.16 126
Eurith D. Rivers 47,121 22.87 88
John N. Holder 44,318 21.51 68
James A. Perry 6,594 3.20 0
Democratic primary runoff[8][11][12]
Candidate Votes % CUV
Richard Russell Jr. 99,505 67.85 330
George H. Carswell 47,157 32.15 84

General election

In the general election, Russell ran unopposed.


1930 Georgia gubernatorial election[13][14][15][16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Richard Russell Jr. 56,462 100.00%
Turnout 56,462 100.00%
Democratic hold Swing


  1. ^ "County Unit System". Georgia County Clerks Association. Archived from the original on 31 May 2008. Retrieved 8 June 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Eugene Talmadge". The Jim Crow Encyclopedia. The African American Experience. Archived from the original on 23 January 2015. Retrieved 12 August 2013.
  3. ^ a b "County Unit System, eh?". Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies. 6 October 2011. Retrieved 8 June 2020.
  4. ^ Buchanan, Scott (13 June 2017). "County Unit System". New Georgia Encyclopedia. Retrieved 8 June 2020.
  5. ^ a b Fite, Gilbert C. (1991). Richard B. Russell Jr, Senator from Georgia. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press. pp. 65–66. ISBN 0-8078-5465-4.
  6. ^ a b "Harris named for third term". Evening Star. Washington, D.C. 11 September 1930. p. A-4. Retrieved 12 June 2020.
  7. ^ History of Highway Construction in the State of Georgia and of the State Highway Board, 1916-1939 (PDF). Prepared by Division of Highway Planning of the State Highway Board of Georgia. 1939. p. 16.
  8. ^ a b Congressional Quarterly 1998, p. 107.
  9. ^ "GA Governor, 1930 - D Primary". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 12 June 2020.
  10. ^ Georgia Register 1931, pp. 642-647.
  11. ^ "GA Governor, 1930 - D Runoff". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 12 June 2020.
  12. ^ Georgia Register 1931, pp. 696-698.
  13. ^ Congressional Quarterly 1998, p. 48.
  14. ^ "GA Governor, 1930". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 12 June 2020.
  15. ^ Glashan 1979, pp. 68-69.
  16. ^ Dubin 2013, p. 14.


  • Gubernatorial Elections, 1787-1997. Washington, D.C.: Congressional Quarterly Inc. 1998. ISBN 1-56802-396-0.
  • Glashan, Roy R. (1979). American Governors and Gubernatorial Elections, 1775-1978. Meckler Books. ISBN 0-930466-17-9.
  • Dubin, Michael J. (2013). "Annual Summary". United States Gubernatorial Elections, 1912-1931: The Official Results by State and County. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, Inc. ISBN 9781476601007.
  • Compiled by Ruth Blair, State Historian and Director (1931). Georgia's Official Register, 1931 (PDF). Atlanta, GA: State of Georgia, Department of Archives and History.
This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 17:06
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