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1922 Georgia gubernatorial election

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1922 Georgia Democratic gubernatorial primary

← 1920 September 13, 1922 1924 →
Senator Thomas Hardwick.jpg
Nominee Clifford Walker Thomas W. Hardwick
Party Democratic Democratic
Electoral vote 294 118
Popular vote 123,784 86,389
Percentage 58.11% 40.56%

Governor before election

Thomas W. Hardwick

Elected Governor

Clifford Walker

The 1922 Georgia gubernatorial election took place on November 7, 1922, in order to elect the Governor of Georgia.

Incumbent Democrat Governor Thomas W. Hardwick was defeated in the Democratic primary.

As was common at the time, the Democratic candidate ran unopposed in the general election so therefore the Democratic primary was the real contest, and winning the primary was considered tantamount to election.

Democratic primary

The Democratic primary election was held on September 13, 1922. As Walker won a majority of county unit votes, there was no run-off.

County unit system

From 1917 until 1962, the Democratic Party in the U.S. state of Georgia used a voting system called the county unit system to determine victors in statewide primary elections.[1]

The system was ostensibly designed to function similarly to the Electoral College, but in practice the large ratio of unit votes for small, rural counties to unit votes for more populous urban areas provided outsized political influence to the smaller counties.[2][3]

Under the county unit system, the 159 counties in Georgia were divided by population into three categories. The largest eight counties were classified as "Urban", the next-largest 30 counties were classified as "Town", and the remaining 121 counties were classified as "Rural". Urban counties were given 6 unit votes, Town counties were given 4 unit votes, and Rural counties were given 2 unit votes, for a total of 410 available unit votes. Each county's unit votes were awarded on a winner-take-all basis.[2][3]

Candidates were required to obtain a majority of unit votes (not necessarily a majority of the popular vote), or 206 total unit votes, to win the election. If no candidate received a majority in the initial primary, a runoff election was held between the top two candidates to determine a winner.[4]



Democratic primary[6][7][8]
Candidate Votes % CUV
Clifford Walker 123,784 58.11 294
Thomas W. Hardwick 86,389 40.56 118
H. Bedinger Baylor 2,830 1.33 0

General election

In the general election, Walker ran unopposed.


1922 Georgia gubernatorial election[9][10][11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Clifford Walker 75,019[a] 100.00%
Turnout 75,019 100.00%
Democratic hold Swing


  1. ^ "County Unit System". Georgia County Clerks Association. Archived from the original on 31 May 2008. Retrieved 8 June 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Eugene Talmadge". The Jim Crow Encyclopedia. The African American Experience. Archived from the original on 23 January 2015. Retrieved 12 August 2013.
  3. ^ a b "County Unit System, eh?". Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies. 6 October 2011. Retrieved 8 June 2020.
  4. ^ Buchanan, Scott (13 June 2017). "County Unit System". New Georgia Encyclopedia. Retrieved 8 June 2020.
  5. ^ Garrett, Franklin M. (1969). Atlanta and Environs: A Chronicle of Its People and Events, 1880s-1930s. II. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press. p. 818. ISBN 0-8203-0264-3.
  6. ^ "GA Governor, 1922 - D Primary". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 8 June 2020.
  7. ^ Congressional Quarterly 1998, p. 107.
  8. ^ Georgia Register 1923, pp. 117-120.
  9. ^ "GA Governor, 1922". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 8 June 2020.
  10. ^ Glashan 1979, pp. 68-69.
  11. ^ Hunt Lyman, Robert, ed. (1923). The World Almanac and Book of Facts for 1923. New York, NY: Press Publishing Co. (The New York World). p. 845.
  12. ^ Congressional Quarterly 1998, p. 48.
  13. ^ Dubin 2013, p. 7.
  14. ^ Langland, James, ed. (1922). Chicago Daily News Almanac and Year-Book for 1923. Chicago, IL: Chicago Daily News Company. p. 695.


  1. ^ Some sources indicate Walker only received 75,000 votes.[12][13][14]


  • Gubernatorial Elections, 1787-1997. Washington, D.C.: Congressional Quarterly Inc. 1998. ISBN 1-56802-396-0.
  • Glashan, Roy R. (1979). American Governors and Gubernatorial Elections, 1775-1978. Meckler Books. ISBN 0-930466-17-9.
  • Dubin, Michael J. (2013). "Annual Summary". United States Gubernatorial Elections, 1912-1931: The Official Results by State and County. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, Inc. ISBN 9781476601007.
  • Compiled by Lucian Lamar Knight, ed. (1923). Georgia's Official Register, 1923 (PDF). State of Georgia, Department of Archives and History.
This page was last edited on 17 November 2020, at 16:15
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