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1916 United States presidential election in Tennessee

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1916 United States presidential election in Tennessee

← 1912 November 7, 1916 1920 →

All 12 Tennessee votes to the Electoral College
 
Woodrow Wilson-H&E.jpg
Governor Charles Evans Hughes.jpg
Nominee Woodrow Wilson Charles E. Hughes
Party Democratic Republican
Home state New Jersey New York
Running mate Thomas R. Marshall Charles W. Fairbanks
Electoral vote 12 0
Popular vote 153,280 116,223
Percentage 56.31% 42.70%

Tennessee Presidential Election Results 1916.svg
County Results

President before election

Woodrow Wilson
Democratic

Elected President

Woodrow Wilson
Democratic

The 1916 United States presidential election in Tennessee was held on November 7, 1916. Tennessee voters chose twelve representatives, or electors, to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.

Background

For over a century after the Civil War, Tennessee was divided according to political loyalties established in that war. Unionist regions covering almost all of East Tennessee, Kentucky Pennyroyal-allied Macon County, and the five West Tennessee Highland Rim counties of Carroll, Henderson, McNairy, Hardin and Wayne[1] voted Republican – generally by landslide margins – as they saw the Democratic Party as the “war party” who had forced them into a war they did not wish to fight.[2] Contrariwise, the rest of Middle and West Tennessee who had supported and driven the state’s secession was equally fiercely Democratic as it associated the Republicans with Reconstruction.[3] After the disfranchisement of the state’s African-American population by a poll tax was largely complete in the 1890s,[4] the Democratic Party was certain of winning statewide elections if united,[5] although unlike the Deep South Republicans would almost always gain thirty to forty percent of the statewide vote from mountain and Highland Rim support.

In the early 1910s, the state Democratic Party was divided over the issue of prohibition. One faction, known as the “Independent Democrats,” wanted the state's Four Mile Law (which banned the sale of liquor within four miles of any school) to apply statewide, while the other faction, known as the “Regular Democrats,” wanted the state's larger cities to be exempt from this law. In 1910, the Independent Democrats fled the party and formed a coalition, known as the “Fusionists,” with Republicans, helping to elect Governor Ben W. Hooper,[6] although the Republicans did not gain at other levels. With the divisions within the Democratic Party temporarily healed in 1914, the major state issue was the control of Memphis political boss E. H. Crump, who had been arrested and ousted from power for violating state prohibition laws.[7]

Although Tennessee had not voted for a Republican presidential candidate since 1868, Republican nominee Charles Evans Hughes did visit the state – becoming the first Republican nominee to ever visit Nashville – during the first week of September.[8] Democratic incumbent Woodrow Wilson did not visit the state.

Vote

No polls were taken in Tennessee until the end of October, when President Wilson was given a clear lead, which led Hughes to concede the state.[9] Later polls early in November confirmed this view,[10] giving Wilson a five-to-four lead over the whole state. As it turned out, Wilson won by more than the poll had suggested, and improved by six points upon the margins achieved by Alton B. Parker in 1904 and William Jennings Bryan in 1908.

Results

Presidential Candidate Running Mate Party Electoral Vote (EV) Popular Vote (PV)
Woodrow Wilson of New Jersey Thomas R. Marshall Democratic 12[11] 153,280 56.31%
Charles Evans Hughes Charles W. Fairbanks Republican 0 116,223 42.70%
Allan L. Benson George R. Kirkpatrick Socialist 0 2,542 0.93%
Frank Hanly Ira Landrith Prohibition 0 145 0.05%

Results by county

County Thomas Woodrow Wilson
Democratic
Charles Evans Hughes
Republican
Allan Louis Benson
Socialist
James Franklin Hanly
Prohibition
Margin Total votes cast
# % # % # % # % # %
Anderson 537 23.49% 1,730 75.68% 19 0.83% 0 0.00% -1,193 -52.19% 2,286
Bedford 2,578 66.05% 1,324 33.92% 0 0.00% 1 0.03% 1,254 32.13% 3,903
Benton 1,313 61.30% 805 37.58% 24 1.12% 0 0.00% 508 23.72% 2,142
Bledsoe 423 38.32% 681 61.68% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% -258 -23.37% 1,104
Blount 1,015 29.03% 2,462 70.42% 1 0.03% 18 0.51% -1,447 -41.39% 3,496
Bradley 784 34.24% 1,482 64.72% 18 0.79% 6 0.26% -698 -30.48% 2,290
Campbell 485 22.04% 1,670 75.87% 46 2.09% 0 0.00% -1,185 -53.84% 2,201
Cannon 936 67.24% 456 32.76% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 480 34.48% 1,392
Carroll 2,001 46.98% 2,217 52.05% 40 0.94% 1 0.02% -216 -5.07% 4,259
Carter 498 14.40% 2,961 85.60% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% -2,463 -71.21% 3,459
Cheatham 1,117 71.51% 439 28.10% 6 0.38% 0 0.00% 678 43.41% 1,562
Chester 862 55.65% 645 41.64% 42 2.71% 0 0.00% 217 14.01% 1,549
Claiborne 1,053 42.63% 1,398 56.60% 19 0.77% 0 0.00% -345 -13.97% 2,470
Clay 689 53.62% 578 44.98% 17 1.32% 1 0.08% 111 8.64% 1,285
Cocke 595 28.52% 1,478 70.85% 13 0.62% 0 0.00% -883 -42.33% 2,086
Coffee 1,837 78.30% 489 20.84% 20 0.85% 0 0.00% 1,348 57.46% 2,346
Crockett 1,608 58.43% 1,144 41.57% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 464 16.86% 2,752
Cumberland 428 31.59% 924 68.19% 3 0.22% 0 0.00% -496 -36.61% 1,355
Davidson 8,958 72.71% 3,168 25.71% 194 1.57% 0 0.00% 5,790 47.00% 12,320
Decatur 887 49.36% 893 49.69% 17 0.95% 0 0.00% -6 -0.33% 1,797
DeKalb 1,407 50.98% 1,343 48.66% 10 0.36% 0 0.00% 64 2.32% 2,760
Dickson 2,105 66.74% 1,008 31.96% 40 1.27% 1 0.03% 1,097 34.78% 3,154
Dyer 1,997 80.14% 459 18.42% 36 1.44% 0 0.00% 1,538 61.72% 2,492
Fayette 1,812 93.89% 116 6.01% 2 0.10% 0 0.00% 1,696 87.88% 1,930
Fentress 348 26.36% 925 70.08% 44 3.33% 3 0.23% -577 -43.71% 1,320
Franklin 2,469 76.32% 711 21.98% 55 1.70% 0 0.00% 1,758 54.34% 3,235
Gibson 3,609 71.13% 1,443 28.44% 22 0.43% 0 0.00% 2,166 42.69% 5,074
Giles 3,207 68.22% 1,488 31.65% 5 0.11% 1 0.02% 1,719 36.57% 4,701
Grainger 843 35.49% 1,529 64.38% 0 0.00% 3 0.13% -686 -28.88% 2,375
Greene 2,254 42.46% 3,055 57.54% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% -801 -15.09% 5,309
Grundy 736 63.56% 319 27.55% 103 8.89% 0 0.00% 417 36.01% 1,158
Hamblen 741 47.29% 795 50.73% 31 1.98% 0 0.00% -54 -3.45% 1,567
Hamilton 5,828 54.17% 4,697 43.66% 156 1.45% 78 0.72% 1,131 10.51% 10,759
Hancock 386 23.90% 1,229 76.10% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% -843 -52.20% 1,615
Hardeman 1,724 77.80% 485 21.89% 7 0.32% 0 0.00% 1,239 55.91% 2,216
Hardin 979 34.96% 1,811 64.68% 10 0.36% 0 0.00% -832 -29.71% 2,800
Hawkins 1,142 39.42% 1,739 60.03% 16 0.55% 0 0.00% -597 -20.61% 2,897
Haywood 1,677 95.88% 61 3.49% 11 0.63% 0 0.00% 1,616 92.40% 1,749
Henderson 979 40.74% 1,387 57.72% 37 1.54% 0 0.00% -408 -16.98% 2,403
Henry 2,988 67.19% 1,393 31.32% 60 1.35% 6 0.13% 1,595 35.87% 4,447
Hickman 1,479 58.46% 1,026 40.55% 25 0.99% 0 0.00% 453 17.91% 2,530
Houston 627 71.49% 207 23.60% 42 4.79% 1 0.11% 420 47.89% 877
Humphreys 1,148 71.00% 452 27.95% 17 1.05% 0 0.00% 696 43.04% 1,617
Jackson 1,506 67.05% 740 32.95% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 766 34.11% 2,246
James 230 27.51% 606 72.49% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% -376 -44.98% 836
Jefferson 520 23.93% 1,648 75.84% 5 0.23% 0 0.00% -1,128 -51.91% 2,173
Johnson 263 12.67% 1,812 87.33% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% -1,549 -74.65% 2,075
Knox 4,214 41.68% 5,791 57.27% 106 1.05% 0 0.00% -1,577 -15.60% 10,111
Lake 727 83.66% 130 14.96% 12 1.38% 0 0.00% 597 68.70% 869
Lauderdale 1,572 74.64% 532 25.26% 2 0.09% 0 0.00% 1,040 49.38% 2,106
Lawrence 1,787 49.17% 1,837 50.55% 10 0.28% 0 0.00% -50 -1.38% 3,634
Lewis 387 47.96% 414 51.30% 6 0.74% 0 0.00% -27 -3.35% 807
Lincoln 2,791 83.14% 552 16.44% 10 0.30% 4 0.12% 2,239 66.70% 3,357
Loudon 423 37.63% 698 62.10% 3 0.27% 0 0.00% -275 -24.47% 1,124
Macon 980 37.98% 1,600 62.02% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% -620 -24.03% 2,580
Madison 2,659 67.78% 1,194 30.44% 70 1.78% 0 0.00% 1,465 37.34% 3,923
Marion 1,155 43.73% 1,432 54.22% 54 2.04% 0 0.00% -277 -10.49% 2,641
Marshall 1,652 77.41% 461 21.60% 21 0.98% 0 0.00% 1,191 55.81% 2,134
Maury 2,169 74.13% 720 24.61% 37 1.26% 0 0.00% 1,449 49.52% 2,926
McMinn 1,088 38.66% 1,726 61.34% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% -638 -22.67% 2,814
McNairy 1,461 47.47% 1,616 52.50% 1 0.03% 0 0.00% -155 -5.04% 3,078
Meigs 541 47.04% 608 52.87% 1 0.09% 0 0.00% -67 -5.83% 1,150
Monroe 1,263 46.08% 1,459 53.23% 19 0.69% 0 0.00% -196 -7.15% 2,741
Montgomery 1,976 65.45% 991 32.83% 52 1.72% 0 0.00% 985 32.63% 3,019
Moore 722 91.05% 71 8.95% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 651 82.09% 793
Morgan 563 30.14% 1,265 67.72% 40 2.14% 0 0.00% -702 -37.58% 1,868
Obion 3,170 83.64% 591 15.59% 29 0.77% 0 0.00% 2,579 68.05% 3,790
Overton 1,512 58.40% 1,030 39.78% 47 1.82% 0 0.00% 482 18.62% 2,589
Perry 663 57.60% 483 41.96% 5 0.43% 0 0.00% 180 15.64% 1,151
Pickett 418 45.48% 501 54.52% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% -83 -9.03% 919
Polk 767 45.90% 887 53.08% 17 1.02% 0 0.00% -120 -7.18% 1,671
Putnam 2,300 62.38% 1,383 37.51% 2 0.05% 2 0.05% 917 24.87% 3,687
Rhea 661 45.27% 768 52.60% 31 2.12% 0 0.00% -107 -7.33% 1,460
Roane 667 32.16% 1,341 64.66% 66 3.18% 0 0.00% -674 -32.50% 2,074
Robertson 2,106 72.05% 733 25.08% 82 2.81% 2 0.07% 1,373 46.97% 2,923
Rutherford 2,941 72.49% 1,116 27.51% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 1,825 44.98% 4,057
Scott 206 11.40% 1,486 82.24% 101 5.59% 14 0.77% -1,280 -70.84% 1,807
Sequatchie 335 57.86% 238 41.11% 6 1.04% 0 0.00% 97 16.75% 579
Sevier 301 9.59% 2,837 90.38% 1 0.03% 0 0.00% -2,536 -80.79% 3,139
Shelby 10,967 69.92% 4,515 28.79% 202 1.29% 0 0.00% 6,452 41.14% 15,684
Smith 2,196 69.96% 941 29.98% 0 0.00% 2 0.06% 1,255 39.98% 3,139
Stewart 1,711 73.12% 591 25.26% 38 1.62% 0 0.00% 1,120 47.86% 2,340
Sullivan 2,601 59.33% 1,776 40.51% 7 0.16% 0 0.00% 825 18.82% 4,384
Sumner 2,487 78.33% 612 19.28% 76 2.39% 0 0.00% 1,875 59.06% 3,175
Tipton 2,035 85.47% 281 11.80% 65 2.73% 0 0.00% 1,754 73.67% 2,381
Trousdale 688 76.02% 217 23.98% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 471 52.04% 905
Unicoi 226 19.04% 961 80.96% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% -735 -61.92% 1,187
Union 389 20.65% 1,490 79.09% 4 0.21% 1 0.05% -1,101 -58.44% 1,884
Van Buren 405 71.30% 151 26.58% 12 2.11% 0 0.00% 254 44.72% 568
Warren 1,855 74.26% 624 24.98% 19 0.76% 0 0.00% 1,231 49.28% 2,498
Washington 1,831 40.14% 2,723 59.69% 8 0.18% 0 0.00% -892 -19.55% 4,562
Wayne 517 23.94% 1,626 75.28% 17 0.79% 0 0.00% -1,109 -51.34% 2,160
Weakley 3,609 67.04% 1,768 32.84% 6 0.11% 0 0.00% 1,841 34.20% 5,383
White 1,407 69.38% 587 28.94% 34 1.68% 0 0.00% 820 40.43% 2,028
Williamson 2,036 76.95% 600 22.68% 10 0.38% 0 0.00% 1,436 54.27% 2,646
Wilson 2,535 75.09% 841 24.91% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 1,694 50.18% 3,376
Totals 153,280 56.31% 116,223 42.70% 2,542 0.93% 145 0.05% 37,057 13.61% 272,190

References

  1. ^ Wright, John K.; ‘Voting Habits in the United States: A Note on Two Maps’; Geographical Review, vol. 22, no. 4 (October 1932), pp. 666-672
  2. ^ Key (Jr.), Valdimer Orlando; Southern Politics in State and Nation (New York, 1949), pp. 282-283
  3. ^ Lyons, William; Scheb (II), John M. and Stair Billy; Government and Politics in Tennessee, pp. 183-184 ISBN 1572331410
  4. ^ Phillips, Kevin P.; The Emerging Republican Majority, pp. 208, 210 ISBN 9780691163246
  5. ^ Grantham, Dewey W.; ‘Tennessee and Twentieth-Century American Politics’; Tennessee Historical Quarterly, Vol. 54, No. 3 (Fall 1995), pp. 210-229
  6. ^ Phillip Langsdon, Tennessee: A Political History (Franklin, Tenn.: Hillsboro Press, 2000), pp. 287-295.
  7. ^ Gritter, Elizabeth; ‘Black politics in the age of Jim Crow: Memphis, Tennessee, 1865 to 1954’ (thesis number 3418536), p. 49. Published 2010 by The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
  8. ^ ‘Hughes Wins Audience Of Wilson Democrats In Tennessee's Capital: Large Crowds Begin by Heckling Republican Leader and End by Giving Him Rounds of Applause for His Fearless Utterances of Opinion and Policy’; San Francisco Chronicle, September 5, 1916, p. 1
  9. ^ ‘Wilson Retains Lead in Kentucky and Tennessee’; The Washington Post, October 29, 1916, p. 16
  10. ^ ‘Still Uncertain in Many States: Presidential Contest Close to Very End of Straw Vote’; Boston Daily Globe, November 5, 1916, p. 58
  11. ^ "1916 Presidential General Election Results – Tennessee". Dave Leip’s U.S. Election Atlas.
This page was last edited on 23 September 2020, at 03:49
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