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1916 United States presidential election in Oregon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1916 United States presidential election in Oregon

← 1912 November 7, 1916 1920 →
 
Governor Charles Evans Hughes.jpg
Woodrow Wilson-H&E.jpg
Nominee Charles Evans Hughes Woodrow Wilson
Party Republican Democratic
Home state New York New Jersey
Running mate Charles W. Fairbanks Thomas R. Marshall
Electoral vote 5 0
Popular vote 126,813 120,087
Percentage 48.47% 45.90%

Oregon Presidential Election Results 1916.svg
County Results

President before election

Woodrow Wilson
Democratic

Elected President

Woodrow Wilson
Democratic

The 1916 United States presidential election in Oregon took place on November 7, 1916 as part of the 1916 United States presidential election in which all contemporary forty-eight states participated. Voters chose five electors, or representatives to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.

Background and vote

Oregon had been in the 1900s solidified as a one-party Republican bastion, which it would remain at a Presidential level apart from the 1910s GOP split until Franklin D. Roosevelt rose to power in 1932,[1] and apart from a very short New Deal interlude at state level until the "Revolution of 1954". As of 1916, the state had not elected a Democratic Congressman since 1878, and between 1900 and 1954 Democratic representation in the Oregon legislature would never exceed fifteen percent except during the above-mentioned 1930s interlude,[2] so that Republican primaries would become the chief mode of competition.[3]

In 1912, a split in the Republican Party and the relatively limited appeal of Theodore Roosevelt’s Progressive Party in what was at the time the most conservative of the Pacific States allowed Woodrow Wilson to become only the second Democratic Presidential candidate after Horatio Seymour in 1868 to carry Oregon.[4]

For his 1916 re-election against a United GOP, Wilson campaigned on keeping the United States out of World War I,[5] and upon Progressive Era reforms like the income tax.[6] These reforms were much less popular in Yankee-settled Western Oregon – which had close cultural and political ties to New England – with the result that Oregon voted for the Republican nominee, Supreme Court Justice Charles Evans Hughes of New York, over the Democratic nominee, incumbent President Woodrow Wilson of New Jersey. Hughes won Oregon by a close margin of 2.57%; however, alongside South Dakota, Oregon was the only state that Hughes won in the Great Plains or westward. Wilson’s historically based strength in sparsely populated and Ozark mountaineer-settled Eastern Oregon,[4] like that of William Jennings Bryan in 1896, was inadequate to counter this.

Results

Presidential Candidate Running Mate Party Electoral Vote (EV) Popular Vote (PV)
Charles Evans Hughes of New York Charles W. Fairbanks Republican 5[7] 126,813 48.47%
Woodrow Wilson Thomas R. Marshall Democratic 0 120,087 45.90%
Allan L. Benson George Kirkpatrick Socialist 0 9,711 3.71%
Frank Hanly Ira Landrith Prohibition 0 4,729 1.81%
Progressive 0 310 0.12%

Results by county

County Charles Evans Hughes
Republican
Thomas Woodrow Wilson
Democratic
Allan Louis Benson
Socialist
James Franklin Hanly
Prohibition
No Candidate
Progressive
Margin Total votes cast[8]
# % # % # % # % # % # %
Baker 2,541 37.16% 3,897 56.99% 324 4.74% 69 1.01% 7 0.10% -1,356 -19.83% 6,838
Benton 2,902 50.72% 2,488 43.48% 120 2.10% 207 3.62% 5 0.09% 414 7.24% 5,722
Clackamas 6,349 50.91% 5,334 42.77% 556 4.46% 222 1.78% 10 0.08% 1,015 8.14% 12,471
Clatsop 2,568 49.44% 2,239 43.11% 320 6.16% 65 1.25% 2 0.04% 329 6.33% 5,194
Columbia 2,023 53.95% 1,451 38.69% 182 4.85% 92 2.45% 2 0.05% 572 15.25% 3,750
Coos 3,209 43.61% 3,352 45.56% 708 9.62% 74 1.01% 15 0.20% -143 -1.94% 7,358
Crook 1,675 36.21% 2,699 58.34% 209 4.52% 38 0.82% 5 0.11% -1,024 -22.14% 4,626
Curry 541 45.62% 512 43.17% 118 9.95% 8 0.67% 7 0.59% 29 2.45% 1,186
Douglas 3,922 48.16% 3,679 45.18% 420 5.16% 117 1.44% 5 0.06% 243 2.98% 8,143
Gilliam 557 37.89% 870 59.18% 25 1.70% 17 1.16% 1 0.07% -313 -21.29% 1,470
Grant 941 40.56% 1,210 52.16% 145 6.25% 17 0.73% 7 0.30% -269 -11.59% 2,320
Harney 872 37.52% 1,239 53.31% 189 8.13% 22 0.95% 2 0.09% -367 -15.79% 2,324
Hood River 1,314 48.33% 1,188 43.69% 158 5.81% 58 2.13% 1 0.04% 126 4.63% 2,719
Jackson 3,538 39.41% 4,874 54.29% 321 3.58% 230 2.56% 15 0.17% -1,336 -14.88% 8,978
Jefferson 581 36.13% 904 56.22% 62 3.86% 60 3.73% 1 0.06% -323 -20.09% 1,608
Josephine 1,660 46.20% 1,656 46.09% 230 6.40% 42 1.17% 5 0.14% 4 0.11% 3,593
Klamath 1,631 44.37% 1,853 50.41% 170 4.62% 18 0.49% 4 0.11% -222 -6.04% 3,676
Lake 793 41.94% 971 51.35% 98 5.18% 27 1.43% 2 0.11% -178 -9.41% 1,891
Lane 7,253 51.70% 5,880 41.92% 607 4.33% 261 1.86% 27 0.19% 1,373 9.79% 14,028
Lincoln 1,167 50.87% 915 39.89% 190 8.28% 17 0.74% 5 0.22% 252 10.99% 2,294
Linn 4,524 46.26% 4,675 47.81% 318 3.25% 253 2.59% 9 0.09% -151 -1.54% 9,779
Malheur 1,682 42.38% 1,937 48.80% 293 7.38% 54 1.36% 3 0.08% -255 -6.42% 3,969
Marion 8,316 55.48% 5,699 38.02% 473 3.16% 475 3.17% 25 0.17% 2,617 17.46% 14,988
Morrow 748 44.08% 830 48.91% 92 5.42% 26 1.53% 1 0.06% -82 -4.83% 1,697
Multnomah 41,458 51.67% 35,755 44.56% 1,852 2.31% 1,083 1.35% 87 0.11% 5,703 7.11% 80,235
Polk 2,899 47.89% 2,844 46.98% 187 3.09% 120 1.98% 4 0.07% 55 0.91% 6,054
Sherman 717 46.86% 747 48.82% 18 1.18% 48 3.14% 0 0.00% -30 -1.96% 1,530
Tillamook 1,547 53.86% 1,175 40.91% 95 3.31% 53 1.85% 2 0.07% 372 12.95% 2,872
Umatilla 3,664 42.33% 4,606 53.22% 256 2.96% 122 1.41% 7 0.08% -942 -10.88% 8,655
Union 2,253 39.77% 3,086 54.47% 259 4.57% 63 1.11% 4 0.07% -833 -14.70% 5,665
Wallowa 1,198 35.75% 1,960 58.49% 165 4.92% 20 0.60% 8 0.24% -762 -22.74% 3,351
Wasco 2,243 47.53% 2,287 48.46% 103 2.18% 80 1.70% 6 0.13% -44 -0.93% 4,719
Washington 4,888 56.16% 3,363 38.64% 219 2.52% 222 2.55% 11 0.13% 1,525 17.52% 8,703
Wheeler 629 51.73% 570 46.88% 10 0.82% 6 0.49% 1 0.08% 59 4.85% 1,216
Yamhill 4,010 49.95% 3,342 41.63% 219 2.73% 443 5.52% 14 0.17% 668 8.32% 8,028
Totals 126,813 48.47% 120,087 45.90% 9,711 3.71% 4,729 1.81% 310 0.12% 6,726 2.57% 261,650

References

  1. ^ Burnham, Walter Dean; 'The System of 1896', in Kleppner, Paul (editor), The Evolution of American Electoral Systems, pp. 176-179 ISBN 0313213798
  2. ^ Schattschneider, Elmer Eric; The Semisovereign People: A Realist's View of Democracy in America, pp. 76-84 ISBN 0030133661
  3. ^ Murray, Keith; ‘Issues and Personalities of Pacific Northwest Politics, 1889-1950’, The Pacific Northwest Quarterly, vol. 41, no. 3 (July 1950), pp. 213-233
  4. ^ a b Phillips, Kevin P.; The Emerging Republican Majority, p. 483 ISBN 978-0-691-16324-6
  5. ^ Menendez, Albert J.; The Geography of Presidential Elections in the United States, 1868-2004, p. 47 ISBN 0786422173
  6. ^ Phillips; The Emerging Republican Majority, p. 497
  7. ^ "1916 Presidential General Election Results – Oregon". Dave Leip’s U.S. Election Atlas. Retrieved 27 December 2019.
  8. ^ Oregon Secretary of State Elections Division; Abstract of Votes Cast in the several counties in the State of Oregon at a General Election held on the Seventh Day of November, A.D. 1916, for Presidential Electors, Representatives in Congress
This page was last edited on 27 December 2020, at 20:01
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