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1908 United States presidential election in Tennessee

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1908 United States presidential election in Tennessee

← 1904 November 3, 1908 1912 →
 
William Jennings Bryan, 1860-1925 (cropped).jpg
William Howard Taft, Bain bw photo portrait, 1908.jpg
Nominee William Jennings Bryan William Howard Taft
Party Democratic Republican
Home state Nebraska Ohio
Running mate John W. Kern James S. Sherman
Electoral vote 12 0
Popular vote 135,608 117,977
Percentage 52.73% 45.87%

Tennessee Presidential Election Results 1908.svg
County Results

President before election

Theodore Roosevelt
Republican

Elected President

William Howard Taft
Republican

The 1908 United States presidential election in Tennessee took place on November 3, 1908. All contemporary 46 states were part of the 1908 United States presidential election. Tennessee voters chose 12 electors to the Electoral College, which selected the president and vice president.

Background and vote

For over a century after the Civil War, Tennessee was divided according to political loyalties established in that war. Unionist regions covering almost all of East Tennessee, Kentucky Pennyroyal-allied Macon County, and the five West Tennessee Highland Rim counties of Carroll, Henderson, McNairy, Hardin and Wayne[1] voted Republican – generally by landslide margins – as they saw the Democratic Party as the “war party” who had forced them into a war they did not wish to fight.[2] Contrariwise, the rest of Middle and West Tennessee who had supported and driven the state’s secession was equally fiercely Democratic as it associated the Republicans with Reconstruction.[3] After the disfranchisement of the state’s African-American population by a poll tax was largely complete in the 1890s,[4] the Democratic Party was certain of winning statewide elections if united,[5] although unlike the Deep South Republicans would almost always gain thirty to forty percent of the statewide vote from mountain and Highland Rim support.

During the 1908 election new GOP nominee William Howard Taft would in October become the first Republican candidate to tour the South, visiting Tennessee and North Carolina[6] Aided by opposition by developing manufacturers to third-time Democratic nominee William Jennings Bryan’s populism,[6] and by his willingness to accept black disfranchisement[7] Taft gained noticeably given the extremely deep-rooted partisan loyalties established by the Civil War. Whereas Alton B. Parker had carried Tennessee by 10.87 percent in 1904, Taft, although doing worse nationally, lost only by 6.85 percentage points

Results

1908 United States presidential election in Tennessee[8]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage Electoral votes
Democratic William Jennings Bryan 135,608 52.73% 12
Republican William Howard Taft 117,977 45.87% 0
Social Democratic Eugene Debs 1,870 0.73% 0
Populist Thomas E. Watson 1,092 0.42% 0
Independence Thomas Hisgen 332 0.13% 0
Prohibition Eugene Chafin 301 0.12% 0
Totals 257,180 100.00% 12
Voter turnout

Results by county

County William Jennings Bryan[9]
Democratic
William Howard Taft[9]
Republican
Eugene Victor Debs[9]
Socialist
Thomas Edward Watson[9]
Populist
Various candidates[9]
Other parties
Margin Total votes cast
# % # % # % # % # % # %
Anderson 632 23.64% 2,022 75.65% 15 0.56% 2 0.07% 2 0.07% -1,390 -52.00% 2,673
Bedford 1,996 57.91% 1,446 41.95% 3 0.09% 2 0.06% 0 0.00% 550 15.96% 3,447
Benton 1,221 57.06% 860 40.19% 6 0.28% 53 2.48% 0 0.00% 361 16.87% 2,140
Bledsoe 295 40.75% 425 58.70% 1 0.14% 3 0.41% 0 0.00% -130 -17.96% 724
Blount 847 24.67% 2,568 74.80% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 18 0.52% -1,721 -50.13% 3,433
Bradley 620 36.17% 1,063 62.02% 18 1.05% 9 0.53% 4 0.23% -443 -25.85% 1,714
Campbell 530 21.99% 1,806 74.94% 30 1.24% 6 0.25% 38 1.58% -1,276 -52.95% 2,410
Cannon 904 57.18% 672 42.50% 0 0.00% 4 0.25% 1 0.06% 232 14.67% 1,581
Carroll 1,802 43.10% 2,290 54.77% 18 0.43% 71 1.70% 0 0.00% -488 -11.67% 4,181
Carter 459 12.70% 3,152 87.19% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 4 0.11% -2,693 -74.50% 3,615
Cheatham 1,206 69.55% 526 30.33% 2 0.12% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 680 39.22% 1,734
Chester 703 50.79% 577 41.69% 10 0.72% 94 6.79% 0 0.00% 126 9.10% 1,384
Claiborne 971 36.96% 1,637 62.31% 0 0.00% 14 0.53% 5 0.19% -666 -25.35% 2,627
Clay 764 54.07% 634 44.87% 4 0.28% 10 0.71% 1 0.07% 130 9.20% 1,413
Cocke 688 27.93% 1,749 71.01% 6 0.24% 11 0.45% 9 0.37% -1,061 -43.08% 2,463
Coffee 1,654 70.50% 656 27.96% 30 1.28% 1 0.04% 5 0.21% 998 42.54% 2,346
Crockett 1,226 50.43% 1,205 49.57% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 21 0.86% 2,431
Cumberland 479 32.17% 1,010 67.83% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% -531 -35.66% 1,489
Davidson 8,309 73.98% 2,721 24.23% 157 1.40% 18 0.16% 27 0.24% 5,588 49.75% 11,232
DeKalb 1,284 46.66% 1,464 53.20% 2 0.07% 1 0.04% 1 0.04% -180 -6.54% 2,752
Decatur 845 46.87% 958 53.13% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% -113 -6.27% 1,803
Dickson 1,499 60.76% 899 36.44% 56 2.27% 11 0.45% 2 0.08% 600 24.32% 2,467
Dyer 1,786 71.87% 672 27.04% 20 0.80% 7 0.28% 0 0.00% 1,114 44.83% 2,485
Fayette 1,849 98.88% 4 0.21% 3 0.16% 14 0.75% 0 0.00% 1,835[a] 98.13% 1,870
Fentress 332 26.95% 894 72.56% 6 0.49% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% -562 -45.62% 1,232
Franklin 2,168 74.71% 716 24.67% 15 0.52% 1 0.03% 2 0.07% 1,452 50.03% 2,902
Gibson 3,173 69.39% 1,369 29.94% 3 0.07% 26 0.57% 2 0.04% 1,804 39.45% 4,573
Giles 3,042 65.87% 1,571 34.02% 0 0.00% 5 0.11% 0 0.00% 1,471 31.85% 4,618
Grainger 673 33.77% 1,309 65.68% 0 0.00% 5 0.25% 6 0.30% -636 -31.91% 1,993
Greene 1,886 48.08% 2,027 51.67% 1 0.03% 2 0.05% 7 0.18% -141 -3.59% 3,923
Grundy 576 58.72% 261 26.61% 134 13.66% 10 1.02% 0 0.00% 315 32.11% 981
Hamblen 795 44.34% 991 55.27% 1 0.06% 3 0.17% 3 0.17% -196 -10.93% 1,793
Hamilton 4,564 50.08% 4,250 46.64% 208 2.28% 12 0.13% 79 0.87% 314 3.45% 9,113
Hancock 370 20.95% 1,396 79.05% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% -1,026 -58.10% 1,766
Hardeman 1,568 72.32% 553 25.51% 14 0.65% 33 1.52% 0 0.00% 1,015 46.82% 2,168
Hardin 720 37.72% 1,132 59.30% 9 0.47% 42 2.20% 6 0.31% -412 -21.58% 1,909
Hawkins 1,152 40.49% 1,693 59.51% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% -541 -19.02% 2,845
Haywood 1,215 84.91% 189 13.21% 27 1.89% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 1,026 71.70% 1,431
Henderson 900 43.48% 1,148 55.46% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 22 1.06% -248 -11.98% 2,070
Henry 2,369 68.15% 1,069 30.75% 18 0.52% 10 0.29% 10 0.29% 1,300 37.40% 3,476
Hickman 1,285 54.15% 1,065 44.88% 18 0.76% 4 0.17% 1 0.04% 220 9.27% 2,373
Houston 665 68.00% 288 29.45% 25 2.56% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 377 38.55% 978
Humphreys 1,301 65.25% 679 34.05% 14 0.70% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 622 31.19% 1,994
Jackson 1,404 59.14% 966 40.69% 2 0.08% 2 0.08% 0 0.00% 438 18.45% 2,374
James 217 26.27% 608 73.61% 1 0.12% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% -391 -47.34% 826
Jefferson 662 25.00% 1,962 74.09% 0 0.00% 4 0.15% 20 0.76% -1,300 -49.09% 2,648
Johnson 232 9.74% 2,148 90.21% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 1 0.04% -1,916 -80.47% 2,381
Knox 4,090 39.77% 5,817 56.56% 159 1.55% 39 0.38% 180 1.75% -1,727 -16.79% 10,285
Lake 464 71.27% 178 27.34% 9 1.38% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 286 43.93% 651
Lauderdale 1,315 70.85% 519 27.96% 22 1.19% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 796 42.89% 1,856
Lawrence 1,591 47.78% 1,725 51.80% 12 0.36% 0 0.00% 2 0.06% -134 -4.02% 3,330
Lewis 465 56.64% 354 43.12% 2 0.24% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 111 13.52% 821
Lincoln 2,311 75.03% 692 22.47% 4 0.13% 64 2.08% 9 0.29% 1,619 52.56% 3,080
Loudon 444 30.62% 986 68.00% 5 0.34% 5 0.34% 10 0.69% -542 -37.38% 1,450
Macon 684 29.67% 1,594 69.15% 3 0.13% 24 1.04% 0 0.00% -910 -39.48% 2,305
Madison 2,409 61.98% 1,357 34.91% 45 1.16% 75 1.93% 1 0.03% 1,052 27.06% 3,887
Marion 842 43.18% 1,074 55.08% 29 1.49% 3 0.15% 2 0.10% -232 -11.90% 1,950
Marshall 1,544 74.77% 440 21.31% 4 0.19% 71 3.44% 6 0.29% 1,104 53.46% 2,065
Maury 2,324 77.91% 620 20.78% 11 0.37% 22 0.74% 6 0.20% 1,704 57.12% 2,983
McMinn 926 40.90% 1,320 58.30% 0 0.00% 13 0.57% 5 0.22% -394 -17.40% 2,264
McNairy 1,057 44.10% 1,300 54.23% 0 0.00% 37 1.54% 3 0.13% -243 -10.14% 2,397
Meigs 464 50.16% 457 49.41% 0 0.00% 4 0.43% 0 0.00% 7 0.76% 925
Monroe 1,406 43.38% 1,827 56.37% 8 0.25% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% -421 -12.99% 3,241
Montgomery 2,961 60.17% 1,903 38.67% 17 0.35% 28 0.57% 12 0.24% 1,058 21.50% 4,921
Moore 677 86.35% 103 13.14% 0 0.00% 3 0.38% 1 0.13% 574 73.21% 784
Morgan 496 28.54% 1,236 71.12% 1 0.06% 0 0.00% 5 0.29% -740 -42.58% 1,738
Obion 2,258 75.52% 711 23.78% 10 0.33% 0 0.00% 11 0.37% 1,547 51.74% 2,990
Overton 1,401 56.63% 1,008 40.74% 65 2.63% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 393 15.89% 2,474
Perry 756 52.28% 678 46.89% 12 0.83% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 78 5.39% 1,446
Pickett 391 43.06% 517 56.94% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% -126 -13.88% 908
Polk 747 38.87% 1,175 61.13% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% -428 -22.27% 1,922
Putnam 1,632 53.35% 1,419 46.39% 5 0.16% 0 0.00% 3 0.10% 213 6.96% 3,059
Rhea 883 46.74% 995 52.67% 4 0.21% 2 0.11% 5 0.26% -112 -5.93% 1,889
Roane 595 26.23% 1,524 67.20% 113 4.98% 18 0.79% 18 0.79% -929 -40.96% 2,268
Robertson 2,418 75.85% 755 23.68% 6 0.19% 7 0.22% 2 0.06% 1,663 52.16% 3,188
Rutherford 2,764 69.27% 1,226 30.73% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 1,538 38.55% 3,990
Scott 190 8.85% 1,932 89.99% 25 1.16% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% -1,742 -81.14% 2,147
Sequatchie 394 61.28% 249 38.72% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 145 22.55% 643
Sevier 291 8.50% 3,130 91.44% 2 0.06% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% -2,839 -82.94% 3,423
Shelby 7,411 68.90% 3,069 28.53% 239 2.22% 14 0.13% 23 0.21% 4,342 40.37% 10,756
Smith 1,638 59.13% 1,056 38.12% 0 0.00% 69 2.49% 7 0.25% 582 21.01% 2,770
Stewart 1,475 64.49% 715 31.26% 97 4.24% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 760 33.23% 2,287
Sullivan 2,393 56.16% 1,836 43.09% 2 0.05% 11 0.26% 19 0.45% 557 13.07% 4,261
Sumner 2,343 76.97% 673 22.11% 11 0.36% 12 0.39% 5 0.16% 1,670 54.86% 3,044
Tipton 1,662 60.99% 1,041 38.20% 3 0.11% 18 0.66% 1 0.04% 621 22.79% 2,725
Trousdale 476 70.00% 198 29.12% 0 0.00% 6 0.88% 0 0.00% 278 40.88% 680
Unicoi 67 7.23% 860 92.77% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% -793 -85.54% 927
Union 496 22.72% 1,684 77.14% 3 0.14% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% -1,188 -54.42% 2,183
Van Buren 329 64.64% 176 34.58% 4 0.79% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 153 30.06% 509
Warren 1,573 67.51% 729 31.29% 19 0.82% 2 0.09% 7 0.30% 844 36.22% 2,330
Washington 1,574 41.04% 2,254 58.77% 4 0.10% 1 0.03% 2 0.05% -680 -17.73% 3,835
Wayne 451 24.21% 1,411 75.74% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 1 0.05% -960 -51.53% 1,863
Weakley 2,976 61.42% 1,812 37.40% 17 0.35% 29 0.60% 11 0.23% 1,164 24.02% 4,845
White 1,572 64.88% 835 34.46% 16 0.66% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 737 30.42% 2,423
Williamson 1,928 75.28% 605 23.62% 5 0.20% 23 0.90% 0 0.00% 1,323 51.66% 2,561
Wilson 2,212 70.99% 902 28.95% 0 0.00% 2 0.06% 0 0.00% 1,310 42.04% 3,116
Totals 135,604 52.73% 117,977 45.87% 1,870 0.73% 1,092 0.42% 633 0.25% 17,627 6.85% 257,176

Notes

  1. ^ In this county where Watson ran second ahead of Taft, margin given is Bryan vote minus Watson vote and percentage margin Bryan percentage minus Watson percentage.

References

  1. ^ Wright, John K.; ‘Voting Habits in the United States: A Note on Two Maps’; Geographical Review, vol. 22, no. 4 (October 1932), pp. 666-672
  2. ^ Key (Jr.), Valdimer Orlando; Southern Politics in State and Nation (New York, 1949), pp. 282-283
  3. ^ Lyons, William; Scheb (II), John M. and Stair Billy; Government and Politics in Tennessee, pp. 183-184 ISBN 1572331410
  4. ^ Phillips, Kevin P.; The Emerging Republican Majority, pp. 208, 210 ISBN 9780691163246
  5. ^ Grantham, Dewey W.; ‘Tennessee and Twentieth-Century American Politics’; Tennessee Historical Quarterly, Vol. 54, No. 3 (Fall 1995), pp. 210-229
  6. ^ a b Tindall, George B.; ‘Southern Strategy: A Historical Perspective’; North Carolina Historical Review; vol. 48, no. 2 (April 1971), pp. 126-141
  7. ^ de Santis, Vincent P.; ‘Republican Efforts to “Crack” the Democratic South’; The Review of Politics, vol. 14, no. 2 (April 1952), pp. 244-264
  8. ^ Dave Leip's U.S. Election Atlas; Presidential General Election Results – Tennessee
  9. ^ a b c d e Géoelections; Popular Vote at the Presidential Election for 1908 (.xlsx file for €30 including full minor party figures)

Notes

This page was last edited on 18 October 2020, at 17:20
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