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1908 Boston Doves season

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1908 Boston Doves
Major League affiliations
Record 63–91 (.409)
League place 6th
Other information
Owner(s) George Dovey, John Dovey
Manager(s) Joe Kelley
< Previous season     Next season >

The 1908 Boston Doves season was the 38th season of the franchise.

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  • The Candy Capital of America
  • Traceroute - Intro to Computer Science


Chicago has been known by many names, the second city, the windy city, the city of Big Shoulders. However, the nickname that caught my attention was “The candy capital of America”. Throughout Chicago’s history we have been home to many of the great American candy manufactures, Mars, Wrigley and Tootsie just to name a few. Although the presence of these companies alone wasn’t the only reason why we were dubbed “the candy capital”. If fact, the history of candy in Chicago dates back to the very beginning of our city. When in 1837 Joseph Mohr opened a store selling candy on what is now Wacker and Wells. Back then, the majority of candy was produced by boiling sugars providing a large selection of hard candies. Granulated sugar, Maple syrup and molasses were used to create taffy, butterscotch and rock candy. These were available in flavors such as lemon, mint, cherry, lavender and maple. In addition, popcorn, nuts, ice cream and macaroons could also be found in store. In the 1840’s the sales of candy was done in a small way as the population of the city was just above 4000 people. Business’s came and went quickly, because they were unsure if Chicago would was going to turn into anything more than the swampy frontier city that it currently currently was. Little did they know that Chicago would change sooner that they expected. In 1848 with the completion of the Illinois, Michigan canal. Chicago had an unprecedented growth spurt. Chicago started as a waterway hub, and its transportation-based advantages only increased with the construction of railroads. What did this mean for Candy manufactures, well, the goods from the farmers of the Midwest came to Chicago first before going anywhere else. Milk from Wisconsin, corn starch and corn syrup from Illinois and Iowa and sugar beets from Michigan. If it wasn’t made locally it could be easily sourced through our efficient transportation network. It wasn’t just goods coming to Chicago, immigrants flocked to the city, our population of 4 thousand residents would increase 20 fold in just 20 years. A city with a growing population, armed with access to the freshest ingredients at the cheapest prices. We were on our way to becoming the candy capital, a journey that wouldn’t be an easy one, in 1871 our city faced our first greatest challenge. The Chicago fire. In October that year over 3 square miles of Chicago were destroyed by fire, with 300 people dead and 100,000 homeless many business were lost. In 1870 there were 17 confectionary manufactures in the city, 13 of those succumbed to the fire. Just like the city. They rose again from the ashes and, in the end, only 4 had ceased operations all together. With a new start, the manufactures adapted, investing in machines that were the product of the industrial revolution. Steam powered engines were powering belt driven mixing machines. Production increased and soon, thanks to how well connected we were, Candy made right here in Chicago was being consumed all over the national. Around this time a German immigrant arrived to our city and didn’t see ruins, he saw potential. Frederick Rueckheim took his life savings of $200 and started his own popcorn and confectionery company. Business was so popular he ask for his brother Louis to come from Germany to join him. Although business was strong it would take them 20 years to discover their flagship product. Other companies were doing quite well in Chicago as well. John Kranz ran a very successful ice cream and confectionery parlor on State street which was equal or better than any in Chicago. Business became more and more popular every year and required more and more employees. Kranz was not only popular in Chicago he shipped his goods to nearly every state in the union. Charles Gunther, who is said to be responsible for the popularity of caramels in America operated a store located at the McVickers Theater until a fire consumed the building in 1890. Not only was Gunther a extremely successful confectioner, he was an eccentric collector of civil war memorabilia which he showed off at museum above his store before he moved it all to Libby Prison. A confederate prison he bought and reconstruct here in Chicago. The Bunte Brother's came to Chicago and started with a small kettle in a back room. Soon they were operating in a 6 story factory. Brothers Ferdinand and Gustav started the business along with Charles Spoehr who had all previously worked for John Kranz. In the 1880s Chicago had over 24 confectionery establishment that were doing more that 3 million dollars a year. Every man and his dog was trying to get into the business. A cheaper and inferior quality candies flood the market. The Chicago Tribune noted the use of scrapings. Which was sugar that had adhered to the ship during the voyage, it was then scraped off and then sold as a scrapings for a much cheaper price. Even more concerning to the public was the use of poisons metal in small quantities to color the candy, vermillion, lead, copper were all widely used. There was a public panic and Chicago responded, the National Confectionary Association was formed here in 1884. To stamp out the production of adulterated confectionery. Though their efforts they established stringent laws in many states and even offered a reward of 100 dollars for information in convicting those known to be using inferior or hazards ingredients. The association which was established by representatives of 69 confectionery manufacturing firms had their first meeting at Chicago's Palmer House. The city was growing, and in 1890 it was announced that Chicago would host the World Columbian Exposition. To put on a worlds fair in just 3 year’s time that rivaled its predecessor in Paris where the Effie Tower was unveiled, was said to be impossible. To surpass it, well that would be nothing short of a miracle. It was here in Jackson park in 1893 that the World Fair took place and with the whole world watching, Chicago managed to pull it off. Attended by over 27 million people, the Exposition, dubbed the white city, brought the whole world to Chicago and with it some candy legends. Wrigley’s Mineral Scouring Soap had a booth in the agricultural hall which was regarded as quite the spectacle. The exhibit was in the shape of a pyramid made from bars of soap and it featured a life-size wax statue of a neat modern housewife lauding the merits the soap. Two years prior, with only 32 dollars in his pocket, William Wrigley Jr arrived in Chicago with his wife and 5 year old daughter. He started by selling his fathers soap, offering a free umbrella, picture frame or box of gum if you bought a certain amount of soap. Soon the gum was outselling the soap and he started selling that instead Some say that Wrigley developed his Juicy Fruit flavor that year of the exposition. I’m sure he could have been found next to the soap offering it as a premium for any purchase. Likewise, the Rueckheim brothers were said to be selling their popcorn at the fair. 3 years later Louis would perfect the recipe for the Cracker Jack. It was said, that it got its name when a salesman tried he exclaimed “that’s a Cracker Jack” or thats excellent. In 1908 it was immortalized in song and the rest is history. *Music* Take me out to the ball game Composer: Albert Von Tilzer Lyricist: Jack Norworth Perhaps the Exposition greatest effect on the confectionery world was when 30 year old Milton Hershey saw the chocolate making machines. He was so impressed, he did’t let the fact that he didn’t know how to make chocolate. Affect him from actually purchasing all those machines. The first recipe he made that was somewhat palatable, became the Hershey’s bar, and it’s what Americans think that chocolate taste like today, this tangy, sour sort of taste. I’m not going to eat this one By the turn of the century we had 76 confectionary manufactures in Chicago and 201 in Illinois, some say that it was around this time that we were dubbed “The Candy Capital”. In reality this couldn’t have been further from the truth. Illinois was 3rd behind New York and Pennsylvania in terms of product value. In just nine years we would slip to 4th place as Massachusetts took second. Chicago had a lot of catching up to do, and luckily we had the right people to do it. Sal Ferrara immigrated to Chicago in 1900 were he soon opened his own bakery. He was selling Italian pastries and candies. Soon the candies were outselling the pastry and they moved to a new location. They moved here to Taylor Street and the bakery is still open to this day. Before they had to moved to a larger location Ferrara Pan was located upstairs, where they use to make a selection of traditional and hard candies. The Ferrera family went on to create Jaw Breakers, Boston Baked Beans, Red Hots, Lemonheads and more. Lemonheads which Nello Ferrera named after the birth of his son who he said had a head the shape of a lemon when he was born. Emil Brach left his job with John Kranz in 1904 and opened his first store "Palace of Sweets”. Business took off when he started selling wholesale caramels to departments stores such as Rothschild and Company and Seigl-Cooper and Co. In 2 years they were forced to find a larger facility to accommodate demand. Not only were the caramels popular, Brach’s is largely considered to have popularized candy corn in America. By 1911 they were producing 50,000 pounds of candy a week and in 1923, he had four candy factories operating at capacity. His largest, a 600,000 square foot factory, cost 5 million dollars to build was located at 4656 West Kinzie Street.12 additions were built over 30 years and the site employed over 3 thousand people. In 2007 it was demolished it the best way possible. The administration building was used as part of the Gotham City hospital in film The Dark Knight. In 1900 Milton Hershey introduced the Hershey’s bar, it was produced in Derry Church, Pennsylvania which changed its name to Hershey along with the introduction of Hershey’s Kisses six years later. The Hershey’s bar was the first mass produced American candy bar, although it wouldn’t be that way for long. We had come a long way in candy manufacturing and although traditional candies were still very prevalent, the candy bar was new and the public wanted it. The Bunte Brothers released the Tangos bar in 1914. A maple-marshmallow candy bar with nuts. It “swept the nation” selling for a nickel, the same price as the Hershey's bar. For years candy bars would cost 5 cents. The price was so sacred that manufacturers would increase or decreased the size of the candy bar as the cost of the ingredient fluctuated. A new candy bar would have to be something very special to sell for more than a nickel. Well that’s exactly George Williamson though when he introduced the Oh Henry! Williamson started his own candy store in 1917. 3 years later he introduced the Oh Henry! Advertising played a key role in convincing the public to spend twice the usual amount to buy it. The campaign proved successful and in two years time, they were producing 5 million Oh Henry! bars a month. It was said to be named after a young man who use to flirt with the female staff at the candy store, to which they would reply. “Oh Henry” Otto Schnering named his company after his mother Helen Elizabeth Curtiss, founding the Curtiss Candy company in 1916, he introduced the Kandy Kake around 1919. By adding peanuts and nougat to the recipe he created the Baby Ruth bar which he trademarked in 1923. The name capitalized on the popularity of famous baseball star Babe Ruth, in fact Babe Ruth later tried to sue Curtiss Candy. Schnering denied any relation, stating the candy bar was named after Grover Cleveland’s late daughter Ruth. Chicago was soon flooded with candy bars brands were fighting for a share in the market. In the city alone there were 105 different candy bars to choose from. The Oh Henry! was the most popular one and to be noticed, you really had to be advertising and as William Wrigley said “tell em quick and tell em often”. Schnering emblazoned "Baby Ruth" on buildings and billboards across the country. He even had airplanes bomb major American cities with Baby Ruth bars attached to tiny parachutes. Paul Tibbets, Jr. at the age of twelve, had his first airplane ride throwing Baby Ruth candy bars, with paper parachutes attached, from a biplane flying over a crowd gathered at the Hialeah horse track near Miami. From that day on he knew he had to fly and in 1945 he flew Enola Gay over Hiroshima which dropped the first atomic bomb on Japan. The Baby Ruth was a huge success and the Curtiss Candy Company did it again in 1929 with the Butterfinger candy bar. By 1931 sales of Baby Ruth’s were as high as 1 million dollars a month. Wrigley was spending millions on ads and had one of the largest multiyear advertising deals in the world. Any town or city with over two and a half thousands people would have at least one outdoor Wrigley ad. Twice, Wrigley collected all names in the telephone book and sent them a free sample of gum. His time square neon billboard had an annual electric bill of over one hundred thousand dollars. At the beginning of 1920s, Illinois regained its place as the third largest confectionery manufacturing state just behind Massachusetts, although we were leagues behind New York. The boost that the candy industry needed came about in unique way, it was a side effect of Prohibition. Between 1920 and 1933 the production, importation, transportation and sale of alcohol was strictly forbidden. In an effort to survive drinking establishments converted to selling candy, soda and ice-cream. Brewers began producing syrups and sodas. Malt made its way into ice cream. Hundreds of confectionary stores popped up in Chicago Andrew Kanelos open Andes Candies in 1921 and sold a variety of chocolates including nougats, raisin clusters, fudges and nuts. Around 1950 Andes Candies had 47 Chicago confectionery stores, a factory on North Clark and brand new product Andes Chocolate Mint. Similarly Mrs Snyders had 17 stores, opened by Ora Snyder who started her business when her husband became ill. She became known for her homemade candies selling through her stores downtown. Over on Madison, in the Chicago building DeMet's candies were selling their famous turtles, although they didn’t invent the turtle they were smart enough to trademark the name after one staff member proclaimed upon seeing the chocolate that they looked just like turtles. Fannie May opened their first store in 1920 and in 5 years the creator Henry Teller Archibald had opened another 30. In 1946 they would release Pixies a cameral chocolate pecan candy for only a $1.25 a pound. In1920 the American Licorice Company located on Chicago’s North West side started producing Classic Raspberry Vines, 32 years later they would rebrand and sell them as Red Vines. In 1928 Milton Holloway was trying to make a perfectly round caramel and chocolate candy. He found this impossible, producing nothing but duds. So he decided to sell them instead and Milk Duds were born right here in Chicago. Marshall Fields signature candy came about in 1929 when they bought Seattle department store Frederick & Nelson and with it came Frango’s mints. For 70 years they were made on the 13th floor at the store on Chicago’s State Street. In 1927 Illinois became the largest manufacture of candy in America and Chicago took its crown as the Candy capital of America. We did it by having access to the best ingredients, the best minds and also having the best transportation network. Mars moved to Chicago in 1927, in 1930 Mars released the snickers bar and a few years later the 3 Musketeers. Mars also bought up a local candy store, “Dove Candies” in 1986 as they were making a killing selling their chocolate covered ice creams. Henry Blommer also wanted to take advantage of Chicago’s market and with his brothers he opened up the Blommer Chocolate Factory and it still stands today having opened in 1939. It’s the reason why downtown Chicago smell like chocolate on certain days and Tootsie, while synonymous with Chicago, originated in New York and they didn’t move here until 1966. By 1943, Illinois was producing 40 percent of the United States candy. 737 million pounds of it and it would be more, because there was had no way to measure the hundreds of independent creators that were selling their own handmade confectionary. Chicago companies were doing well, The Bunte Brothers were selling 50 million pounds of candy a year and Brach’s Candy Company was doing double that. Mars and Curtiss Candy Company were both producing more that a million candy bars a day. The biggest players wanted to get even bigger and over the next 50 years the rate of mergers and acquisition increased dramatically. Starting off simply. The American Licorice company is still independent producing Red Vines and Sour Punch in Indiana. The Brunte Brothers were purchased by Chase Candy Company who produces Cherry Mash and other classics in St Josephs, Missouri. Fannie May bought up Mrs Snyder’s Candies and Andes Candies. Fannie May is now owned by 1800 Flowers and about to sell to Ferrero. While Mrs Syder’s candies are long gone, Andes Candies and the signature Creme de Menthe mint was sold to Tootsie. Tootsie who still has a factory in Chicago produces their classics along with such other brands as Junior Mints, Double Bubble and Charleston Chew. Brach’s was acquired by Ferrara Pan who still have there factory in Oak Park. Along with their classic brands, they also produce Trolli, Chuckles, Black Forrest and more. Ferrara Pan is actually owned by the private equity firm, L Catterton, who own other non confectionary brands including P.F. Chang's, Core Power Yoga, Build-a-bear and so much more. DeMet’s Candy Company is now owned by Yildiz Holding a Turkish conglomerate who holds a huge portfolio of brands including McVitties, Godiva Chocolate and United Biscuits. Now for the biggest players in the confectionary industry. Nestle bought Curtiss Candy Company and Williamson Candy Company, and now produces the Oh Henry!, Baby Ruth and Butterfinger, along with their wide selection drinks and ice creams. Cracker Jack’s are owned by Frito-Lay whose parent company is Pepsico and, well, they produce a large selection of beverages and snacks. Hershey’s now makes Mild Duds along with their classics and many new additions. Hershey’s denied a buy out offer by Mondelez International last year who owns Cadbury, Oreos and other brands. A deal, that if approved, would have formed the largest candy company in the world. However that title belongs to Mars who acquired Wrigley in 2008 for a reported 23 billion dollars. Through these series of merges and acquisitions its hard to say if Chicago still retains its title as “The Candy Capital”. Mars, Ferrara Pan and Tootsie still have strong connections with this city and although the National Confectionary Association moved to Washington DC in 2008, they still hold their annual Sweats and Snack’s expo here. Where more than 760 different companies attended and they discuss the new trends that are happening in the confectionary market place. Independent stores, like Candyality, are on the rise and there is a whole “Bean to Bar” movement. Where makers are buying raw cacao beans to create their products from scratch. A highly labor intensive process to insure the quality and flavor by controlling every stage in the production of their chocolate. They have then gone onto create many new and exotic flavors of candy. It’s a trend that even larger companies have respond to with M&M’s releasing a chili nut and coffee nut flavor in a competition last year. Another popular growing area of the market has been ice cream parlors, with new stores opening recently and some having been open since the 20s and 30s such as Margie’s and Rainbow Cone on the South Side. These businesses, along with independent establishments, marks a new chapter in the history of Chicago candy. A chapter which is very reminiscent of the very first independent candy makers, inventors and entrepreneurs of our city. It will always be sweet home Chicago, although now I hope it just got a whole lot sweeter. This film couldn’t have been finished without help from Leslie Goddard who wrote the book on Chicago candy or Jason Liebig from It was written, directed, produced and edited by yours truly with help from Chicago Public Library and The Chicago History Museum. Yes, my mum did tell not to speak with my mouth full. I’m sorry for that mum. If you like videos about Chicago history, check out the other videos on my channel. Also like and subscribe and I’ll see you again soon.


Regular season

Doves manager Joe Kelley
Doves manager Joe Kelley

On April 29, New York Giants manager John McGraw ridiculed Doves player and former Giants player Dan McGann by calling him an ice wagon. Many former Giants were now on the Doves roster. McGraw and McGann engaged in a fight at the Copley Square Hotel.[1]

Season standings

National League W L Pct. GB Home Road
Chicago Cubs 99 55 0.643 47–30 52–25
New York Giants 98 56 0.636 1 52–25 46–31
Pittsburgh Pirates 98 56 0.636 1 42–35 56–21
Philadelphia Phillies 83 71 0.539 16 43–34 40–37
Cincinnati Reds 73 81 0.474 26 40–37 33–44
Boston Doves 63 91 0.409 36 35–42 28–49
Brooklyn Superbas 53 101 0.344 46 27–50 26–51
St. Louis Cardinals 49 105 0.318 50 28–49 21–56

Record vs. opponents

1908 National League Records

Sources: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8]
Boston 12–10 6–16–2 8–14 6–16 10–12 7–15 14–8
Brooklyn 10–12 4–18 6–16 6–16 5–17 9–13 13–9
Chicago 16–6–2 18–4 16–6 11–11–1 9–13–1 10–12 19–3
Cincinnati 14–8 16–6 6–16 8–14–1 10–12 8–14 11–11
New York 16–6 16–6 11–11–1 14–8–1 16–6 11–11–1 14–8
Philadelphia 12–10 17–5 13–9–1 12–10 6–16 9–13 14–8
Pittsburgh 15–7 13–9 12–10 14–8 11–11–1 13–9 20–2
St. Louis 8–14 9–13 3–19 11–11 8–14 8–14 2–20


1908 Boston Doves
Pitchers Catchers


Outfielders Manager

Player stats


Starters by position

Note: Pos = Position; G = Games played; AB = At bats; H = Hits; Avg. = Batting average; HR = Home runs; RBI = Runs batted in

Pos Player G AB H Avg. HR RBI
1B Dan McGann 135 475 114 .240 2 55

Other batters

Note: G = Games played; AB = At bats; H = Hits; Avg. = Batting average; HR = Home runs; RBI = Runs batted in

Player G AB H Avg. HR RBI
Joe Kelley 73 228 59 .259 2 17


Starting pitchers

Note: G = Games pitched; IP = Innings pitched; W = Wins; L = Losses; ERA = Earned run average; SO = Strikeouts

Player G IP W L ERA SO
Vive Lindaman 43 270.2 12 16 2.36 68
Patsy Flaherty 31 244 12 18 3.25 50

Other pitchers

Note: G = Games pitched; IP = Innings pitched; W = Wins; L = Losses; ERA = Earned run average; SO = Strikeouts

Player G IP W L ERA SO
Jake Boultes 17 74.2 3 5 3.01 28

Relief pitchers

Note: G = Games pitched; W = Wins; L = Losses; SV = Saves; ERA = Earned run average; SO = Strikeouts

Player G W L SV ERA SO


  1. ^ Crazy '08: How a cast of Cranks, Rogues, Boneheads and Magnates created the Greatest Year in Baseball History, p.65, by Cait Murphy, Smithsonian Books, a Division of Harper Collins, 2007, ISBN 978-0-06-088937-1


This page was last edited on 30 August 2018, at 05:05
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