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1907 Massachusetts gubernatorial election

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1907 Massachusetts gubernatorial election

← 1906 November 5, 1907 (1907-11-05) 1908 →
 
A record of the dedication of the statue of Major General William Francis Bartlett (1905) (14794194863).jpg
Newfoundland at the beginning of the 20th century - a treatise of history and development (1902) (14773653122) (cropped).jpg
Thomas L. Hisgen.jpg
Nominee Curtis Guild Jr. Henry M. Whitney Thomas Hisgen
Party Republican Democratic Independence
Popular vote 188,068 84,379 75,499
Percentage 50.33% 22.58% 20.20%

Governor before election

Curtis Guild, Jr.
Republican

Elected Governor

Curtis Guild, Jr.
Republican

The 1907 Massachusetts gubernatorial election was held on November 5. Incumbent Republican Governor Curtis Guild Jr. was re-elected for a third one-year term.

The election was noted for the split in the Democratic Party and the very strong third-party performance for Independence Party nominee Thomas Hisgen. Hisgen actually received more votes than the Democratic ticket, though Democratic nominee Henry M. Whitney received more votes than Hisgen when considering votes Whitney received on three independent tickets.

Republican nomination

Candidates

Campaign

The contest for the Republican nomination was seen as a referendum on the Roosevelt administration. The Massachusetts political establishment, led by Senator Henry Cabot Lodge and Governor Guild, was solidly in support of Roosevelt, Lodge's close personal friend.[1] Republican critics of Governor Guild included State Senator Arthur M. Taft, over the governor's allegedly insufficient support for the protective tariff.[2]

Democratic nomination

Candidates

  • Charles W. Bartlett, attorney and Democratic nominee for Governor in 1905
  • Henry Melville Whitney, industrialist and Democratic nominee for Lt. Governor in 1905

Campaign

In a poll taken of the Democratic state legislators in May, 25 favored Whitney and 8 favored Bartlett, with 5 scattering and 32 noncommittal.[3]

Convention

The Democratic convention was held in Springfield on October 5. Whitney delegates gained control of the convention hall and barred Bartlett delegates from entry. The Bartlett delegates assembled themselves to nominate their candidate and adopt their own platform.[4] Bartlett's supporters were generally aligned with the presidential campaign of William Jennings Bryan, while Whitney's were in opposition to Bryan's third campaign for the Democratic nomination. Bartlett supporters also cited seniority[5] and Whitney's support of the merger of the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad and Boston and Maine Corporation.[6]

Aftermath

Grenville MacFarland, the Chairman of the Democratic State Committee, to resign his post and his membership in the State Committee.[6] MacFarland felt that Whitney represented corporate interests over "true Democratic principles"[6] in his support of the merger of New York, New Haven and Hartford with Boston and Maine railroads.[6]

General election

Candidates

  • Charles W. Bartlett, attorney and Democratic nominee for Governor in 1905 (Anti-Merger)
  • John W. Brown (Socialist)
  • Thomas F. Brennan (Socialist Labor)
  • Hervey S. Cowell (Prohibition)
  • Curtis Guild Jr., incumbent Governor (Republican)
  • Thomas Hisgen, petroleum businessman (Independence)
  • Henry Melville Whitney, industrialist and Democratic nominee for Lt. Governor in 1905 (Democratic-Independent)[a]

Campaign

The split in the Democratic Party assured Guild of re-election in the normally Republican state.[7] Guild ran a quiet, positive campaign emphasizing his record in office, largely ignoring his three main opponents. He characterized his party's record as: "a larger amount of progress legislation, a larger amount of radical reorganization of state institutions, and for a larger amount of new appointments than has ever occurred before in any similar period in the whole history of the commonwealth."[8]

Results

1907 Massachusetts gubernatorial election[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Curtis Guild Jr. 188,068 50.33% Decrease1.63
Democratic Henry Melville Whitney 70,842 18.96% Decrease8.07
Dem. Citizens Henry Melville Whitney 6,691 1.79% N/A
Ind. Citizens Henry Melville Whitney 5,154 1.38% N/A
Independent Henry Melville Whitney 1,692 0.45% N/A
Total Henry Melville Whitney 168,162 22.58% N/A
Independence Thomas Hisgen 75,499 20.20% Increase11.83
Anti-Merger Charles W. Bartlett 11,194 3.00% N/A
Socialist

John W. Brown 7,621 2.04% Increase0.19
Prohibition Hervey S. Cowell 3,810 1.02% Decrease4.97
Socialist Labor Thomas F. Brennan 2,999 0.58% Increase0.07
Write-in 135 0.05% Increase0.04
Total votes 373,705 100.00%

Notes

  1. ^ In addition to the Democratic nomination, Whitney also ran on the Democratic Citizens and Independent Citizens tickets and had independent ballot access.

References

  1. ^ "Lodge Fighting Battle of His Life". San Francisco Chroncile. 18 Aug 1907. p. 33.
  2. ^ "Taft's Speech Hits at Guild". Boston Daily Globe. 21 July 1907. p. 4.
  3. ^ "WHITNEY GIVEN A DECIDED LEAD". Boston Daily Globe. 8 May 1907. p. 1.
  4. ^ "The Democratic Convention". Boston Daily Globe. 7 Oct 1907. p. 10.
  5. ^ "The Democratic Convention". Boston Daily Globe. 7 Oct 1907. p. 10.
  6. ^ a b c d "SPLIT OVER H.M. WHITNEY. MacFarland Leaves Massachusetts Democratic State Committee". The New York Times. July 2, 1907. Retrieved 24 August 2016.
  7. ^ "GOV. GUILD SEES VICTORY.: Democratic Split in Massachusetts Makes Republican Success Certain". New York Times. 3 Nov 1907. p. 16.
  8. ^ "GUILD OPENS BAY STATE CAMPAIGN: He Asks For Re-election on Record of What Party Has Done". Boston Daily Globe.
  9. ^ "1907 Massachusetts governor results". Office of the Secretary of State.
This page was last edited on 22 February 2021, at 03:23
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