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1906 United States House of Representatives elections

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1906 United States House of Representatives elections

← 1904 November 6, 1906[a] 1908 →

All 391[b] seats in the United States House of Representatives

196 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
 
JGCannon.jpg
John Sharp Williams.jpg
Leader Joseph Cannon John Sharp Williams
Party Republican Democratic
Leader's seat Illinois 18th Mississippi 8th
Last election 251 seats 135 seats
Seats won 223[1][2] 167[1][2]
Seat change Decrease 28 Increase 32
Popular vote 5,695,735 4,866,899
Percentage 50.99% 43.57%
Swing Decrease 3.59% Increase 2.59%

  Third party
 
Party Independent
Last election 0 seats
Seats won 1 [c]
Seat change Increase 1
Popular vote 40,264
Percentage 0.36%
Swing Increase 0.20%

Speaker before election

Joseph Cannon
Republican

Elected Speaker

Joseph Cannon
Republican

Elections to the United States House of Representatives in 1906 were held for members of the 60th Congress, in the middle of President Theodore Roosevelt's second term.

As in many midterm elections, the President's Republican Party lost seats to the opposition Democratic Party, but retained a large overall majority. Dissatisfaction with working conditions and resentment toward union busting among industrial laborers in the Mid-Atlantic and Midwest caused these groups to turn out to the polls in large numbers in support of the Democratic Party. However, gains in these regions were not enough to remove the Republican majority or the firm support that the party held among the middle class.

Special elections

District Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party First elected
Alaska Territory at-large None New seat.
New delegate elected August 14, 1906 to finish the current term.
Democratic gain.
Successor would not run for election to the next term, see below.
California 1 James Gillett Republican [data unknown/missing] Incumbent resigned.
New member elected November 6, 1906.
Republican hold.
Georgia 1 Rufus E. Lester Democratic [data unknown/missing] Incumbent died.
New member elected November 6, 1906.
Democratic hold.
Illinois 13 Robert R. Hitt Republican [data unknown/missing] Incumbent died September 20, 1906.
New member elected November 6, 1906.
Republican hold.
Indiana 12 Newton W. Gilbert Republican [data unknown/missing] Incumbent resigned November 6, 1906, after being appointed judge of the court of first instance at Manila, Philippines.
New member elected November 6, 1906.
Republican hold.
New York 8 Timothy Sullivan Democratic [data unknown/missing] Incumbent resigned July 27, 1906.
New member elected November 6, 1906.
Republican hold.
Pennsylvania 2 Robert Adams Jr. Republican [data unknown/missing] Incumbent died June 1, 1906.
New member elected November 6, 1906.
Republican hold.
Pennsylvania 3 George A. Castor Republican [data unknown/missing] Incumbent died February 19, 1906.
New member elected November 6, 1906.
Republican hold.
Pennsylvania 12 George R. Patterson Republican [data unknown/missing] Incumbent died March 21, 1906.
New member elected November 6, 1906.
Republican hold.
Virginia 5 Claude A. Swanson Democratic [data unknown/missing] Incumbent resigned January 30, 1906, after being elected Governor of Virginia.
New member elected November 6, 1906.
Democratic hold.
Wisconsin 2 Henry C. Adams Republican [data unknown/missing] Incumbent died July 9, 1906.
New member elected September 4, 1906.
Republican hold.
Massachusetts 3 Rockwood Hoar Republican [data unknown/missing] Incumbent died November 1, 1906.
New member elected December 18, 1906.
Republican hold.

Election summaries

167 1 223
Democratic [d] Republican
State Type Total
seats
Democratic Republican
Seats Change Seats Change
Alabama District 9 9 Steady 0 Steady
Arkansas District 7 7 Steady 0 Steady
California District 8 0 Steady 8 Steady
Colorado District
+at-large
3 0 Steady 3 Steady
Connecticut District
+at-large
5 0 Steady 5 Steady
Delaware At-large 1 0 Steady 1 Steady
Florida District 3 3 Steady 0 Steady
Georgia District 11 11 Steady 0 Steady
Idaho At-large 1 0 Steady 1 Steady
Illinois District 25 5 Increase 4 20 Decrease 4
Indiana District 13 4 Increase 2 9 Decrease 2
Iowa District 11 1 Increase 1 10 Decrease 1
Kansas District[e] 8 0 Steady 8 Steady
Kentucky District 11 7 Decrease 2 4 Increase 2
Louisiana District 7 7 Steady 0 Steady
Maine[f] District 4 0 Steady 4 Steady
Maryland District 6 3 Steady 3 Steady
Massachusetts District 14 3 Steady 11 Steady
Michigan District 12 0 Steady 12 Steady
Minnesota District 9 1 Increase 1 8 Decrease 1
Mississippi District 8 8 Steady 0 Steady
Missouri District 16 12 Increase 5 4 Decrease 5
Montana At-large 1 0 Steady 1 Steady
Nebraska District 6 1 Increase 1 5 Decrease 1
Nevada At-large 1 1 Steady 0 Steady
New Hampshire District 2 0 Steady 2 Steady
New Jersey District 10 4 Increase 3 6 Decrease 3
New York District 37 11 Steady 26[c] Steady
North Carolina District 10 10 Increase 1 0 Decrease 1
North Dakota District 2 0 Steady 2 Steady
Ohio District 21 5 Increase 4 16 Decrease 4
Oregon[f] District 2 0 Steady 2 Steady
Pennsylvania District 32 7 Increase 6 25 Decrease 6
Rhode Island District 2 1 Steady 1 Steady
South Carolina District 7 7 Steady 0 Steady
South Dakota At-large 2 0 Steady 2 Steady
Tennessee District 10 8 Steady 2 Steady
Texas District 16 16 Steady 0 Steady
Utah At-large 1 0 Steady 1 Steady
Vermont[f] District 2 0 Steady 2 Steady
Virginia District 10 9 Steady 1 Steady
Washington At-large 3 0 Steady 3 Steady
West Virginia District 5 0 Steady 5 Steady
Wisconsin District 11 2 Increase 1 9 Decrease 1
Wyoming At-large 1 0 Steady 1 Steady
Total[b] 386 167
42.2%
Increase 27 223[c]
57.8%
Decrease 27
House seats
Democratic
42.71%
Republican
57.29%
  House seats by party holding plurality in stateIncluding Oklahoma, which was admitted in 1907.     80+% Democratic    80+% Republican     60+% to 80% Democratic    60+% to 80% Republican     Up to 60% Democratic    Up to 60% Republican
House seats by party holding plurality in state
Including Oklahoma, which was admitted in 1907.
  80+% Democratic
  80+% Republican
  60+% to 80% Democratic
  60+% to 80% Republican
  Up to 60% Democratic
  Up to 60% Republican
  Net gain in party representationIncluding Oklahoma, which was admitted in 1907.     6+ Democratic gain    6+ Republican gain     3-5 Democratic gain    3-5 Republican gain     1-2 Democratic gain    1-2 Republican gain     no net change
Net gain in party representation
Including Oklahoma, which was admitted in 1907.
  6+ Democratic gain
  6+ Republican gain
  3-5 Democratic gain
  3-5 Republican gain
  1-2 Democratic gain
  1-2 Republican gain
  no net change

Election dates

In 1906, three states, with 8 seats among them, held elections early:

Oklahoma was admitted in 1907 and held its first congressional elections on September 17, 1907.

California

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
California 1 James Gillett Republican 1902 Incumbent retired to run for Governor of California.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
California 2 Duncan E. McKinlay Republican 1904 Incumbent re-elected.
California 3 Joseph R. Knowland Republican 1904 Incumbent re-elected.
California 4 Julius Kahn Republican 1898 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Julius Kahn (Republican) 62.4%
  • David S. Hirshberg (Democratic) 33.2%
  • Oliver Everett (Socialist) 4.4%
California 5 Everis A. Hayes Republican 1904 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Everis A. Hayes (Republican) 52.6%
  • Hiram G. Davis (Democratic) 41.9%
  • Joseph Lawrence (Socialist) 5.5%
California 6 James C. Needham Republican 1898 Incumbent re-elected.
California 7 James McLachlan Republican 1900 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY James McLachlan (Republican) 56.8%
  • Robert G. Laucks (Democratic) 28.4%
  • Charles Ribble (Socialist) 9.3%
  • Levi D. Johnson (Prohibition) 5.6%
California 8 Sylvester C. Smith Republican 1904 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Sylvester C. Smith (Republican) 55.6%
  • Charles A. Barlow (Democratic) 34.5%
  • Noble A. Richardson (Socialist) 9.9%

Florida

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Florida 1 Stephen M. Sparkman Democratic 1894 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 2 Frank Clark Democratic 1904 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Frank Clark (Democratic) 88.2%
  • J. F. McClelland (Republican) 11.8%
Florida 3 William B. Lamar Democratic 1902 Incumbent re-elected.

South Carolina

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
South Carolina 1 George Swinton Legaré Democratic 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 2 James O'H. Patterson Democratic 1904 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 3 Wyatt Aiken Democratic 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 4 Joseph T. Johnson Democratic 1900 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 5 David E. Finley Democratic 1898 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 6 J. Edwin Ellerbe Democratic 1904 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 7 Asbury F. Lever Democratic 1901 (special) Incumbent re-elected.

Virginia

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Virginia 1
Virginia 2
Virginia 3
Virginia 4
Virginia 5
Virginia 6 Carter Glass Democratic 1902 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 7
Virginia 8
Virginia 9
Virginia 10

Non-voting delegates

District of Alaska

District Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party First elected
Alaska Territory at-large Frank Hinman Waskey Independent 1906 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Independent gain.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Three states held early elections between June 4 and September 10.
  2. ^ a b Including late elections
  3. ^ a b c 1 Independent Republican, Peter A. Porter, elected to NY-34.
  4. ^ There was 1 Independent Republican.
  5. ^ At-large district eliminated in redistricting.
  6. ^ a b c Elections held early.

References

  1. ^ a b "Party Divisions of the House of Representatives* 1789–Present". Office of the Historian, United States House of Representatives. Retrieved May 18, 2015.
  2. ^ a b Martis, pp. 160–161.

Bibliography

External links

This page was last edited on 24 April 2020, at 03:49
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