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1906 New York state election

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1906 New York gubernatorial election

← 1904 November 6, 1906 1908 →
Unsuccessful 1916.jpg
William Randolph Hearst cph 3a49373.jpg
Nominee Charles Evans Hughes William Randolph Hearst
Party Republican Democratic
Alliance Independence
Popular vote 749,002 691,105
Percentage 50.52% 46.62%

1906 New York gubernatorial election results map by county.svg
County results

Hughes:      40-50%      50-60%      60-70%      70-80%

Hearst:      40-50%      50-60%

Governor before election

Frank W. Higgins

Elected Governor

Charles Evans Hughes

The 1906 New York state election was held on November 6, 1906, to elect the governor, the lieutenant governor, the Secretary of State, the state comptroller, the attorney general, the state treasurer and the state engineer, as well as all members of the New York State Assembly and the New York State Senate.


The Socialist state convention met on June 2 at the Workingmen's Educational Building at 247, East Eighty-fourth Street in New York City. Morris Hillquit was chosen Permanent Chairman. They nominated John C. Chase for governor; Gustave Adolph Strebel for lieutenant governor; Henry L. Slobodin, of New York City, for attorney general; William W. Arland, of Corning, for secretary of state; John E. O'Rourke, of Rochester, for comptroller; William W. Passage, of Brooklyn, for treasurer; and R. R. Hunt, of Schenectady, for state engineer.[1]

The Prohibition state convention met on September 5 at Binghamton, New York. They nominated Capt. Henry M. Randall, of Port Jefferson, for governor; Freeman H. Bettys, of Rochester, for lieutenant governor; Charles Richards, of Oswego, for secretary of state; Levi Hoag, of Binghamton, for comptroller; Robert L. Stokes, of Brooklyn, for treasurer; Walter Farrington for attorney general; and Victor C. Mott, of Buffalo, for state engineer.[2]

The Independence League state convention met on September 11 and 12 at Carnegie Hall in New York City.[3] They nominated William Randolph Hearst for governor; Lewis S. Chanler for lieutenant governor; John S. Whalen for secretary of state; John Ford for attorney general; Dr. C. H. W. Auel for comptroller; Frank L. Getman for state engineer; and did not nominate anybody for treasurer. After the nomination of Hearst, Chanler and Whalen by the Democratic state convention, the other nominees retired, and on September 29, the Independence League's Executive Committee substituted the Democratic nominees Jackson, Glynn, and Skene on the ticket, and added Hauser for treasurer.[4]

The Republican state convention met on September 25 and 26 at Saratoga Springs, New York. Boss Benjamin B. Odell, Jr. favored Ex-Governor Frank S. Black, Governor Frank W. Higgins favored his Lt. Gov. Bruce, but after the intervention of President Theodore Roosevelt, the convention nominated Charles E. Hughes for governor. Merton E. Lewis was nominated for comptroller, and all the other incumbent state officers were re-nominated, all by acclamation.[5]

The Democratic state convention met on September 25, 26 and 27 at Buffalo, New York. Lewis Nixon was Temporary and Permanent Chairman.[6] William Randolph Hearst was nominated for governor on the first ballot (vote: Hearst 309, William Sulzer 124, John Alden Dix 17). All other candidates were nominated by acclamation, among them the Independence League nominees Chanler and Whalen.[7]


The Democratic/Independence League fusion ticket was elected with exception of Hearst who was rejected by a large part of the Democratic voters, especially in New York City. Although Republican Hughes was elected governor, this election ended a Republican era in state politics which had lasted a dozen years.

The incumbents Bruce, O'Brien, Mayer, Wallenmeier and Van Alstyne were defeated.

The Republican, Democratic, Socialist and Prohibition parties maintained automatic ballot status (necessary 10,000 votes), the Independence League attained it, and the Socialist Labor Party did not re-attain it.

1906 state election results
Office Republican ticket Democratic ticket Socialist ticket Independence League ticket Prohibition ticket Socialist Labor ticket
Governor Charles E. Hughes 749,002 William Randolph Hearst 673,268 John C. Chase[8] 21,751 William Randolph Hearst 17,837 Henry M. Randall 15,985 Thomas H. Jackson 4,624
Lieutenant Governor M. Linn Bruce 713,068 Lewis S. Chanler 701,182 Gustave Adolph Strebel[9] 23,645 Lewis S. Chanler 17,460 Freeman H. Bettys 17,212 Frank E. Passanno 4,795
Secretary of State John F. O'Brien 711,153 John Sibley Whalen 700,673 William W. Arland 24,114 John Sibley Whalen 17,247 Charles W. Richards 18,127 Matthew Lechner[10] 4,869
Comptroller Merton E. Lewis 709,398 Martin H. Glynn 702,459 John E. O'Rourke 24,050 Martin H. Glynn 17,266 Levi Hoag 17,883 John B. Kinney 4,889
Attorney General Julius M. Mayer 708,778 William Schuyler Jackson 703,057 Henry L. Slobodin 24,122 William Schuyler Jackson 17,281 Walter Farrington[11] 17,860 John E. Wallace 4,914
Treasurer John G. Wallenmeier, Jr. 709,154 Julius Hauser 702,589 William W. Passage 24,083 Julius Hauser 17,233 Robert L. Stokes 18,009 Charles F. Gebner 4,911
State Engineer Henry A. Van Alstyne 709,018 Frederick Skene 702,474 Russell R. Hunt 24,121 Frederick Skene 17,149 Victor C. Mott 17,674 Joseph A. Orme 4,902


  • "Blank, defective and scattering" votes: 2,110 (Governor)
  • "Blank, defective and scattering" votes: 2,468 (Lieutenant Governor)


  2. ^ PROHIBITION STATE TICKET in NYT on September 6, 1906
  5. ^ HUGHES CHOSEN BY REPUBLICANS in NYT on September 27, 1906
  6. ^ HEARST TO BE NAMED in NYT on September 26, 1906
  7. ^ HEARST NAMED BY DEMOCRATS in NYT on September 27, 1906
  8. ^ John C. Chase (b. 1870), Mayor of Haverhill, Massachusetts 1899 (first Socialist mayor in the United States), Chairman of the Social Democratic National Convention 1900
  9. ^ Gustave A. Strebel, tailor, of Syracuse, ran also for lieutenant governor in 1908, 1910 and 1912; and for governor in 1914
  10. ^ Matthew Lechner, ran also in 1908
  11. ^ Walter Farrington (ca. 1830 - Nov 25., 1920), of Poughkeepsie, lawyer, ran also for attorney general in 1879; for the Court of Appeals in 1881, 1884 and 1889; and for chief judge in 1892


Further reading

  • Johnston, Charles. "Charles Evans Hughes: And the Contest in New York State." The North American Review 183.602 (1906): 897-905. online
  • McCormick, Richard L. From Realignment to Reform: Political Change in New York State 1893-1910 (Cornell University Press, 1981).
  • Procter, Ben H. William Randolph Hearst: the early years, 1863-1910. Vol. 1 (Oxford UP, 1998).
  • Wesser, Robert F. Charles Evans Hughes: Politics and Reform in New York, 1905-1910 (Cornell UP, 2009).
  • Wesser, Robert F. "Theodore Roosevelt: Reform and Reorganization of the Republican Party in New York, 1901-1906." New York History 46.3 (1965): 230-252 online.

See also

New York gubernatorial elections

This page was last edited on 17 May 2022, at 19:01
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