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1904 United States House of Representatives elections

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1904 United States House of Representatives elections

← 1902 November 8, 1904[a] 1906 →

All 386 seats in the United States House of Representatives
194 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
 
JGCannon.jpg
John Sharp Williams.jpg
Leader Joseph Cannon John Sharp Williams
Party Republican Democratic
Leader's seat Illinois 18th Mississippi 8th
Last election 206 seats 176 seats
Seats won 251[1][2] 135[1][2]
Seat change Increase 45 Decrease 41
Popular vote 7,173,481 5,386,523
Percentage 54.58% 40.98%
Swing Increase 4.77% Decrease 4.02%

  Third party
 
Party Independent
Last election 4 seats
Seats won 0
Seat change Decrease 4
Popular vote 21,402
Percentage 0.16%
Swing Decrease 0.40%

Speaker before election

Joseph Gurney Cannon
Republican

Elected Speaker

Joseph Gurney Cannon
Republican

Elections to the United States House of Representatives were held in 1904 to elect members of the 59th Congress, and coincided with the election to a full term of President Theodore Roosevelt.

Roosevelt's popularity swept many Republican house candidates into office, cementing their majority over the opposition Democratic Party. Because Roosevelt came from a liberal wing of the Republican Party, his ideology was prevalent among freshman representatives. Progressive Republicanism mobilized a new base of support and proved to be especially popular among the Protestant middle-class workers who held jobs in business or in the front offices of industrial facilities.

Election summaries

135 251
Democratic Republican
State Type Total
seats
Republican Democratic
Seats Change Seats Change
Alabama District 9 0 Steady 9 Steady
Arkansas District 7 0 Steady 7 Steady
California District 8 8 Increase 3 0 Decrease 3
Colorado District
+at-large
3 3 Increase 1 0 Steady
Connecticut District
+at-large
5 5 Steady 0 Steady
Delaware At-large 1 1 Increase 1 0 Decrease 1
Florida District 3 0 Steady 3 Steady
Georgia District 11 0 Steady 11 Steady
Idaho At-large 1 1 Steady 0 Steady
Illinois District 25 24 Increase 7 1 Decrease 7
Indiana District 13 11 Increase 2 2 Decrease 2
Iowa District 11 11 Increase 1 0 Steady
Kansas District
+at-large
8 8 Steady 0 Steady
Kentucky District 11 2 Increase 1 9 Decrease 1
Kentucky District 7 0 Steady 7 Steady
Maine[b] District 4 4 Steady 0 Steady
Maryland District 6 3 Decrease 1 3 Increase 1
Massachusetts District 14 11 Increase 1 3 Decrease 1
Michigan District 12 12 Increase 1 0 Decrease 1
Minnesota District 9 9 Increase 1 0 Decrease 1
Mississippi District 8 0 Steady 8 Steady
Missouri District 16 10 Increase 9 6 Decrease 9
Montana At-large 1 1 Steady 0 Steady
Nebraska District 6 6 Increase 1 0 Decrease 1
Nevada At-large 1 0 Steady 1 Steady
New Hampshire District 2 2 Steady 0 Steady
New Jersey District 10 9 Increase 2 1 Decrease 2
New York District 37 26 Increase 6 11 Decrease 6
North Carolina District 10 1 Increase 1 9 Decrease 1
North Dakota District 2 2 Steady 0 Steady
Ohio District 21 20 Increase 3 1 Decrease 3
Oregon[b] District 2 2 Steady 0 Steady
Pennsylvania District 32 31 Increase 3 1 Decrease 3
Rhode Island District 2 1 Steady 1 Steady
South Carolina District 7 0 Steady 7 Steady
South Carolina At-large 2 2 Steady 0 Steady
Tennessee District 10 2 Steady 8 Steady
Texas District 16 0 Steady 16 Steady
Utah At-large 1 1 Steady 0 Steady
Vermont[b] District 2 2 Steady 0 Steady
Virginia District 10 1 Steady 9 Steady
Washington At-large 3 3 Steady 0 Steady
West Virginia District 5 5 Steady 0 Steady
Wisconsin District 11 10 Steady 1 Steady
Wyoming At-large 1 1 Steady 0 Steady
Total 386 251
65.0%
Increase 41 135
35.0%
Decrease 41
House seats
Republican
65.03%
Democratic
34.97%

The previous election of 1902 saw 3 Independent Republicans elected in the Pittsburgh area of Pennsylvania.

  House seats by party holding plurality in state   .mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}  80+% Democratic    80+% Republican     60+% to 80% Democratic    60+% to 80% Republican     Up to 60% Democratic    Up to 60% Republican
House seats by party holding plurality in state
  80+% Democratic
  80+% Republican
  60+% to 80% Democratic
  60+% to 80% Republican
  Up to 60% Democratic
  Up to 60% Republican
  Net gain in party representation     6+ Democratic gain    6+ Republican gain     3-5 Democratic gain    3-5 Republican gain     1-2 Democratic gain    1-2 Republican gain     no net change
Net gain in party representation
  6+ Democratic gain
  6+ Republican gain
  3-5 Democratic gain
  3-5 Republican gain
  1-2 Democratic gain
  1-2 Republican gain
  no net change

Early election dates

In 1904, three states, with 8 seats among them, held elections early:

Special elections

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
South Carolina 2 George W. Croft Democratic 1902 Incumbent died March 10, 1904.
New member elected May 17, 1904.
Winner was not a candidate to the next term, see below.
California 3 Victor H. Metcalf Republican 1898 Incumbent resigned July 1, 1904 to become U.S. Secretary of Commerce and Labor.
New member elected November 8, 1904.
Republican hold.
Winner was also elected to the next term, see below.
Ohio 19

California

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
California 1 James Gillett Republican 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
California 2 Theodore A. Bell Democratic 1902 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
California 3 Victor H. Metcalf Republican 1898 Incumbent resigned July 1, 1904 to become U.S. Secretary of Commerce and Labor.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Winner was also elected to finish the current term, see above.
California 4 Edward J. Livernash Democratic 1902 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
California 5 William J. Wynn Democratic 1902 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
California 6 James C. Needham Republican 1898 Incumbent re-elected.
California 7 James McLachlan Republican 1900 Incumbent re-elected.
California 8 Milton J. Daniels Republican 1902 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.

Florida

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Florida 1 Stephen M. Sparkman Democratic 1894 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 2 Robert Wyche Davis Democratic 1896 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Florida 3 William B. Lamar Democratic 1902 Incumbent re-elected.

Maryland

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Maryland 1 William H. Jackson Republican 1900 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Maryland 2 J. Frederick C. Talbott Democratic 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
Maryland 3 Frank C. Wachter Republican 1898 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Frank C. Wachter (Republican) 51.8%
  • Lee S. Meyer (Democratic) 45.8%
  • S.H. Roberts (Prohibition) 0.8%
  • Levin T. Jones (Socialist) 1.6%
Maryland 4 James W. Denny Democratic 1902 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
  • Green tickY John Gill Jr. (Democratic) 51.8%
  • William C. Smith (Republican) 47.0%
  • George E. McLaughlin (Prohibition) 1.2%
Maryland 5 Sydney Emanuel Mudd I Republican 1896 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Sydney Emanuel Mudd I (Republican) 53.6%
  • Richard S. Hill (Democratic) 43.6%
  • William E. Johnsen (Prohibition) 1.4%
  • John E. Mudd (Independent Republican) 1.4%
Maryland 6 George A. Pearre Republican 1898 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY George A. Pearre (Republican) 53.9%
  • Walter A. Johnston (Democratic) 42.5%
  • William A. Michaels (Prohibition) 2.1%
  • S. L. V. Young (Socialist) 1.5%

South Carolina

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
South Carolina 1 George Swinton Legaré Democratic 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 2 George W. Croft Democratic 1902 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
South Carolina 3 Wyatt Aiken Democratic 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 4 Joseph T. Johnson Democratic 1900 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 5 David E. Finley Democratic 1898 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 6 Robert B. Scarborough Democratic 1900 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
South Carolina 7 Asbury F. Lever Democratic 1901 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.

Virginia

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Virginia 1
Virginia 2
Virginia 3
Virginia 4
Virginia 5
Virginia 6 Carter Glass Democratic 1902 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 7
Virginia 8
Virginia 9
Virginia 10

Non-voting delegates

Oklahoma Territory

District Incumbent This race
Delegate Party First elected Results Candidates
Oklahoma Territory at-large Bird S. McGuire Republican 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Bird S. McGuire (Republican) 47.14%
  • Frank Mathews (Democratic) 45.69%
  • A. S. Loudermilk (Socialist) 4.07%
  • R. E. Straughan (Populist) 1.68%
  • Charles Brown (Prohibition) 1.42%[4]

New Mexico Territory

New Mexico Territory elected its non-voting delegate November 8, 1904.

District Incumbent This race
Delegate Party First elected Results Candidates
New Mexico Territory at-large Bernard Shandon Rodey Republican 1900 Incumbent lost renomination and then lost re-election as an Independent Republican.
New delegate elected.
Republican hold.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Three states held earlier elections between June 6 and September 12.
  2. ^ a b c Elections held early.

References

  1. ^ a b "Party Divisions of the House of Representatives* 1789–Present". Office of the Historian, United States House of Representatives. Retrieved May 18, 2015.
  2. ^ a b Martis, pp. 158–159.
  3. ^ https://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=170033
  4. ^ https://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=299875
  5. ^ https://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=278601

Bibliography

External links

This page was last edited on 23 September 2020, at 22:07
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