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1900 United States presidential election in Georgia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1900 United States presidential election in Georgia

← 1896 November 6, 1900 (1900-11-06) 1904 →
 
WilliamJBryan1902.png
Mckinley.jpg
Nominee William J. Bryan William McKinley
Party Democratic Republican
Home state Nebraska Ohio
Running mate Adlai Stevenson I Theodore Roosevelt
Electoral vote 13 0
Popular vote 81,180 34,260
Percentage 66.86% 28.22%

Georgia Presidential Election Results 1900.svg
County Results

President before election

William McKinley
Republican

Elected President

William McKinley
Republican

The 1900 United States presidential election in Georgia took place on November 6, 1900, as part of the wider United States Presidential election. Voters chose 13 representatives, or electors, to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.

Background

Following Reconstruction, Georgia would be the first former Confederate state to substantially disenfranchise its newly enfranchised freedmen and many poor whites, doing so in the early 1870s.[1] This largely limited the Republican Party to a few North Georgia counties with substantial Civil War Unionist sentiment – chiefly Fannin but also to a lesser extent Pickens, Gilmer and Towns.[2] The Democratic Party served as the guardian of white supremacy against a Republican Party historically associated with memories of Reconstruction, and the main competition became Democratic primaries, which were restricted to whites on the grounds of the Democratic Party being legally a private club.[3] This restriction was originally done by local laws and from 1898 by statewide party laws.[4]

However, politics after the first demobilization by a cumulative poll tax was chaotic. Third-party movements, chiefly the Populist Party, gained support amongst the remaining poor white and black voters in opposition to the planter elite.[5] The fact that Georgia had already substantially reduced its poor white and black electorate two decades ago, alongside pressure from urban elites in Atlanta,[5] and the decline of isolationism due to the success of the Spanish–American War,[6] meant the Populist movement substantially faded in the late 1890s,[7] especially after the dominant Democratic Party instituted a statewide requirement to use primaries rather than conventions.[4]

Vote

Neither candidate campaigned in the state, despite McKinley’s efforts to establish the GOP amongst white southerners during the preceding election.[8] Polls just before election day gave Bryan a majority of between forty thousand[9] and sixty thousand,[10] and this proved accurate, for Bryan won by nearly forty-seven thousand votes or by thirty-eight percent. Bryan even won fifty-nine percent of the ballots in what was typically the state’s most Republican county – Fannin – possibly due to his opposition to imperialist adventures in the Pacific. He is alongside Samuel J. Tilden and Jimmy Carter one of only three post-Civil War candidates to win a majority in Fannin County.

Results

1900 United States presidential election in Georgia[11]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage Electoral votes
Democratic William Jennings Bryan 81,180 66.86% 13
Republican William McKinley 34,260 28.22% 0
People's Wharton Barker 4,568 3.76% 0
Prohibition John Woolley 1,402 1.15% 0

Results by county

County William Jennings Bryan[12]
Democratic
William McKinley[12]
Republican
Wharton Barker[12]
Populist
John Granville Woolley[12]
Prohibition
Margin Total votes cast
# % # % # % # % # %
Appling 477 50.37% 446 47.10% 4 0.42% 20 2.11% 31 3.27% 947
Baker 478 84.45% 87 15.37% 1 0.18% 0 0.00% 391 69.08% 566
Baldwin 500 81.30% 76 12.36% 35 5.69% 4 0.65% 424 68.94% 615
Banks 402 50.50% 269 33.79% 110 13.82% 15 1.88% 133 16.71% 796
Bartow 891 50.20% 823 46.37% 33 1.86% 28 1.58% 68 3.83% 1,775
Berrien 509 80.67% 101 16.01% 10 1.58% 11 1.74% 408 64.66% 631
Bibb 1,897 86.66% 250 11.42% 9 0.41% 33 1.51% 1,647 75.24% 2,189
Brooks 429 77.44% 103 18.59% 19 3.43% 3 0.54% 326 58.84% 554
Bryan 246 58.99% 165 39.57% 0 0.00% 6 1.44% 81 19.42% 417
Bulloch 767 78.99% 178 18.33% 10 1.03% 16 1.65% 589 60.66% 971
Burke 620 79.49% 157 20.13% 0 0.00% 3 0.38% 463 59.36% 780
Butts 563 80.77% 104 14.92% 20 2.87% 10 1.43% 459 65.85% 697
Calhoun 289 71.71% 97 24.07% 13 3.23% 4 0.99% 192 47.64% 403
Camden 350 54.69% 210 32.81% 64 10.00% 16 2.50% 140 21.88% 640
Campbell 350 60.03% 233 39.97% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 117 20.07% 583
Carroll 1,270 64.57% 697 35.43% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 573 29.13% 1,967
Catoosa 399 70.49% 144 25.44% 8 1.41% 15 2.65% 255 45.05% 566
Charlton 168 71.79% 64 27.35% 1 0.43% 1 0.43% 104 44.44% 234
Chatham 3,352 78.41% 916 21.43% 0 0.00% 7 0.16% 2,436 56.98% 4,275
Chattahoochee 114 45.97% 117 47.18% 16 6.45% 1 0.40% -3 -1.21% 248
Chattooga 601 55.70% 440 40.78% 19 1.76% 19 1.76% 161 14.92% 1,079
Cherokee 535 46.81% 550 48.12% 42 3.67% 16 1.40% -15 -1.31% 1,143
Clarke 672 73.93% 199 21.89% 34 3.74% 4 0.44% 473 52.04% 909
Clay 271 71.13% 81 21.26% 26 6.82% 3 0.79% 190 49.87% 381
Clayton 346 61.90% 179 32.02% 27 4.83% 7 1.25% 167 29.87% 559
Clinch 290 58.47% 203 40.93% 0 0.00% 3 0.60% 87 17.54% 496
Cobb 1,156 73.35% 311 19.73% 70 4.44% 39 2.47% 845 53.62% 1,576
Coffee 402 39.57% 614 60.43% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% -212 -20.87% 1,016
Colquitt 310 57.62% 217 40.33% 2 0.37% 9 1.67% 93 17.29% 538
Columbia 215 80.22% 42 15.67% 4 1.49% 7 2.61% 173 64.55% 268
Coweta 1,063 81.64% 232 17.82% 6 0.46% 1 0.08% 831 63.82% 1,302
Crawford 344 86.43% 30 7.54% 17 4.27% 7 1.76% 314 78.89% 398
Dade 235 69.53% 73 21.60% 21 6.21% 9 2.66% 162 47.93% 338
Dawson 224 52.96% 194 45.86% 1 0.24% 4 0.95% 30 7.09% 423
De Kalb 756 72.34% 216 20.67% 46 4.40% 27 2.58% 540 51.67% 1,045
Decatur 1,007 73.24% 260 18.91% 102 7.42% 6 0.44% 747 54.33% 1,375
Dodge 541 71.37% 211 27.84% 3 0.40% 3 0.40% 330 43.54% 758
Dooly 720 84.81% 3 0.35% 22 2.59% 104 12.25% 616[a] 72.56% 849
Dougherty 360 91.84% 29 7.40% 0 0.00% 3 0.77% 331 84.44% 392
Douglas 345 46.75% 300 40.65% 77 10.43% 16 2.17% 45 6.10% 738
Early 355 80.50% 42 9.52% 41 9.30% 3 0.68% 313 70.98% 441
Echols 130 77.38% 38 22.62% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 92 54.76% 168
Effingham 387 83.77% 65 14.07% 8 1.73% 2 0.43% 322 69.70% 462
Elbert 782 93.54% 7 0.84% 33 3.95% 14 1.67% 749[b] 89.59% 836
Emanuel 513 47.54% 444 41.15% 111 10.29% 11 1.02% 69 6.39% 1,079
Fannin 533 59.22% 367 40.78% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 166 18.44% 900
Fayette 471 74.06% 141 22.17% 17 2.67% 7 1.10% 330 51.89% 636
Floyd 1,450 67.92% 638 29.88% 31 1.45% 16 0.75% 812 38.03% 2,135
Forsyth 318 50.08% 270 42.52% 38 5.98% 9 1.42% 48 7.56% 635
Franklin 530 51.86% 176 17.22% 297 29.06% 19 1.86% 233[b] 22.80% 1,022
Fulton 5,075 74.35% 1,676 24.55% 8 0.12% 67 0.98% 3,399 49.79% 6,826
Gilmer 502 50.45% 493 49.55% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 9 0.90% 995
Glascock 157 64.61% 62 25.51% 10 4.12% 14 5.76% 95 39.09% 243
Glynn 674 71.86% 254 27.08% 6 0.64% 4 0.43% 420 44.78% 938
Gordon 637 52.95% 504 41.90% 48 3.99% 14 1.16% 133 11.06% 1,203
Greene 493 60.49% 303 37.18% 7 0.86% 12 1.47% 190 23.31% 815
Gwinnett 1,052 63.45% 373 22.50% 200 12.06% 33 1.99% 679 40.95% 1,658
Habersham 589 67.01% 218 24.80% 32 3.64% 40 4.55% 371 42.21% 879
Hall 880 72.97% 262 21.72% 31 2.57% 33 2.74% 618 51.24% 1,206
Hancock 526 95.29% 16 2.90% 3 0.54% 7 1.27% 510 92.39% 552
Haralson 458 38.13% 666 55.45% 61 5.08% 16 1.33% -208 -17.32% 1,201
Harris 636 57.30% 422 38.02% 47 4.23% 5 0.45% 214 19.28% 1,110
Hart 639 73.36% 185 21.24% 29 3.33% 18 2.07% 454 52.12% 871
Heard 548 93.52% 32 5.46% 2 0.34% 4 0.68% 516 88.05% 586
Henry 639 59.78% 378 35.36% 51 4.77% 1 0.09% 261 24.42% 1,069
Houston 798 89.76% 81 9.11% 4 0.45% 6 0.67% 717 80.65% 889
Irwin 700 53.76% 583 44.78% 2 0.15% 17 1.31% 117 8.99% 1,302
Jackson 836 51.32% 477 29.28% 302 18.54% 14 0.86% 359 22.04% 1,629
Jasper 630 93.61% 32 4.75% 6 0.89% 5 0.74% 598 88.86% 673
Jefferson 394 72.29% 128 23.49% 9 1.65% 14 2.57% 266 48.81% 545
Johnson 276 41.63% 321 48.42% 50 7.54% 16 2.41% -45 -6.79% 663
Jones 408 69.62% 166 28.33% 9 1.54% 3 0.51% 242 41.30% 586
Laurens 942 62.67% 395 26.28% 152 10.11% 14 0.93% 547 36.39% 1,503
Lee 269 63.59% 149 35.22% 2 0.47% 3 0.71% 120 28.37% 423
Liberty 248 41.82% 304 51.26% 37 6.24% 4 0.67% -56 -9.44% 593
Lincoln 173 80.84% 4 1.87% 28 13.08% 9 4.21% 145[b] 67.76% 214
Lowndes 444 60.08% 277 37.48% 5 0.68% 13 1.76% 167 22.60% 739
Lumpkin 410 56.87% 308 42.72% 0 0.00% 3 0.42% 102 14.15% 721
Macon 464 67.84% 182 26.61% 24 3.51% 14 2.05% 282 41.23% 684
Madison 754 90.41% 66 7.91% 9 1.08% 5 0.60% 688 82.49% 834
Marion 280 65.27% 116 27.04% 31 7.23% 2 0.47% 164 38.23% 429
McDuffie 178 38.12% 289 61.88% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% -111 -23.77% 467
McIntosh 259 51.80% 211 42.20% 18 3.60% 12 2.40% 48 9.60% 500
Meriwether 734 72.24% 234 23.03% 31 3.05% 17 1.67% 500 49.21% 1,016
Miller 183 78.21% 19 8.12% 29 12.39% 3 1.28% 154[b] 65.81% 234
Milton 308 63.24% 116 23.82% 55 11.29% 8 1.64% 192 39.43% 487
Mitchell 465 62.42% 274 36.78% 0 0.00% 6 0.81% 191 25.64% 745
Monroe 810 89.01% 92 10.11% 8 0.88% 0 0.00% 718 78.90% 910
Montgomery 608 71.95% 232 27.46% 0 0.00% 5 0.59% 376 44.50% 845
Morgan 484 66.57% 222 30.54% 15 2.06% 6 0.83% 262 36.04% 727
Murray 361 45.18% 360 45.06% 73 9.14% 5 0.63% 1 0.13% 799
Muscogee 1,245 81.91% 272 17.89% 0 0.00% 3 0.20% 973 64.01% 1,520
Newton 790 71.36% 294 26.56% 18 1.63% 5 0.45% 496 44.81% 1,107
Oconee 251 49.70% 148 29.31% 93 18.42% 13 2.57% 103 20.40% 505
Oglethorpe 625 94.55% 20 3.03% 9 1.36% 7 1.06% 605 91.53% 661
Paulding 496 37.46% 609 46.00% 215 16.24% 4 0.30% -113 -8.53% 1,324
Pickens 295 32.63% 599 66.26% 6 0.66% 4 0.44% -304 -33.63% 904
Pierce 267 46.76% 290 50.79% 10 1.75% 4 0.70% -23 -4.03% 571
Pike 759 78.98% 168 17.48% 20 2.08% 14 1.46% 591 61.50% 961
Polk 490 31.67% 1,019 65.87% 21 1.36% 17 1.10% -529 -34.20% 1,547
Pulaski 631 94.04% 26 3.87% 8 1.19% 6 0.89% 605 90.16% 671
Putnam 331 95.94% 8 2.32% 0 0.00% 6 1.74% 323 93.62% 345
Quitman 173 66.54% 84 32.31% 2 0.77% 1 0.38% 89 34.23% 260
Rabun 244 77.46% 70 22.22% 0 0.00% 1 0.32% 174 55.24% 315
Randolph 602 82.58% 108 14.81% 19 2.61% 0 0.00% 494 67.76% 729
Richmond 2,045 88.84% 215 9.34% 29 1.26% 13 0.56% 1,830 79.50% 2,302
Rockdale 393 62.28% 184 29.16% 52 8.24% 2 0.32% 209 33.12% 631
Schley 221 51.40% 163 37.91% 44 10.23% 2 0.47% 58 13.49% 430
Screven 488 48.46% 376 37.34% 133 13.21% 10 0.99% 112 11.12% 1,007
Spalding 782 90.20% 82 9.46% 0 0.00% 3 0.35% 700 80.74% 867
Stewart 471 72.24% 170 26.07% 7 1.07% 4 0.61% 301 46.17% 652
Sumter 780 77.53% 216 21.47% 8 0.80% 2 0.20% 564 56.06% 1,006
Talbot 405 77.29% 107 20.42% 11 2.10% 1 0.19% 298 56.87% 524
Taliaferro 216 55.53% 100 25.71% 60 15.42% 13 3.34% 116 29.82% 389
Tattnall 738 50.03% 611 41.42% 106 7.19% 20 1.36% 127 8.61% 1,475
Taylor 298 76.61% 79 20.31% 4 1.03% 8 2.06% 219 56.30% 389
Telfair 568 80.68% 122 17.33% 0 0.00% 14 1.99% 446 63.35% 704
Terrell 679 73.33% 213 23.00% 25 2.70% 9 0.97% 466 50.32% 926
Thomas 1,146 70.96% 432 26.75% 19 1.18% 18 1.11% 714 44.21% 1,615
Towns 295 46.90% 326 51.83% 4 0.64% 4 0.64% -31 -4.93% 629
Troup 837 90.00% 60 6.45% 29 3.12% 4 0.43% 777 83.55% 930
Twiggs 321 84.70% 56 14.78% 0 0.00% 2 0.53% 265 69.92% 379
Union 417 49.47% 397 47.09% 25 2.97% 4 0.47% 20 2.37% 843
Upson 468 59.85% 133 17.01% 173 22.12% 8 1.02% 295[b] 37.72% 782
Walker 752 54.81% 566 41.25% 43 3.13% 11 0.80% 186 13.56% 1,372
Walton 836 62.25% 385 28.67% 108 8.04% 14 1.04% 451 33.58% 1,343
Ware 601 84.89% 107 15.11% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 494 69.77% 708
Warren 317 50.24% 230 36.45% 73 11.57% 11 1.74% 87 13.79% 631
Washington 720 64.75% 282 25.36% 82 7.37% 28 2.52% 438 39.39% 1,112
Wayne 363 60.00% 213 35.21% 20 3.31% 9 1.49% 150 24.79% 605
Webster 204 75.28% 66 24.35% 1 0.37% 0 0.00% 138 50.92% 271
White 191 57.88% 100 30.30% 21 6.36% 18 5.45% 91 27.58% 330
Whitfield 587 52.27% 412 36.69% 106 9.44% 18 1.60% 175 15.58% 1,123
Wilcox 407 63.69% 228 35.68% 2 0.31% 2 0.31% 179 28.01% 639
Wilkes 581 89.80% 4 0.62% 57 8.81% 5 0.77% 524[b] 80.99% 647
Wilkinson 422 67.95% 184 29.63% 10 1.61% 5 0.81% 238 38.33% 621
Worth 599 55.93% 430 40.15% 20 1.87% 22 2.05% 169 15.78% 1,071
Totals 81,201 66.87% 34,255 28.21% 4,575 3.77% 1,402 1.15% 46,946 38.66% 121,433

Notes

  1. ^ In this county where Woolley ran second ahead of McKinley, margin given is Bryan vote minus Woolley vote and percentage margin Bryan percentage minus Woolley percentage.
  2. ^ a b c d e f In this county where Barker ran second ahead of McKinley, margin given is Bryan vote minus Barker vote and percentage margin Bryan percentage minus Barker percentage.

References

  1. ^ Mickey, Robert W.; Paths Out of Dixie: The Democratization of Authoritarian Enclaves in America's Deep South, 1944-1972, p. 76 ISBN 1400838789
  2. ^ Phillips, Kevin P.; The Emerging Republican Majority, pp. 208, 210 ISBN 9780691163246
  3. ^ Springer, Melanie Jean; How the States Shaped the Nation: American Electoral Institutions and Voter Turnout, 1920-2000, p. 155 ISBN 022611435X
  4. ^ a b Kousser, J. Morgan; The Shaping of Southern Politics Suffrage Restriction and the Establishment of the One-Party South, 1880-1910, p. 217 ISBN 0-300-01973-4
  5. ^ a b Mickey, Robert W.; ‘The Beginning of the End for Authoritarian Rule in America: Smith v. Allwright and the Abolition of the White Primary in the Deep South, 1944-1948’; Studies in American Political Development, Vol. 22 (Fall 2008), pp. 143-182.
  6. ^ Coleman, Kenneth; Georgia History in Outline, p. 85 ISBN 0820304670
  7. ^ Perman, Michael; Struggle for Mastery: Disfranchisement in the South, 1888-1908; p. 274 ISBN 0807860255
  8. ^ ‘Georgia’, in ‘An Election Forecast: The Situaiton as Viewed by Both Parties’; The Norfolk Landmark, November 4, 1900, p. 1
  9. ^ ‘A Republican Victory’; Orleans County Monitor, November 7, 1900, p. 1
  10. ^ ‘Bryan’s Expected Majority in Georgia about 55,000’; The Brooklyn Daily Eagle, November 5, 1900, p. 2
  11. ^ "1900 Presidential General Election Results – Georgia". Dave Leip’s U.S. Election Atlas.
  12. ^ a b c d Géoelections; Popular Vote at the Presidential Election for 1900 (.xlsx file for €30)
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