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1892 United States presidential election in Georgia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1892 United States presidential election in Georgia

← 1888 November 8, 1892 (1892-11-08) 1896 →
 
StephenGroverCleveland.png
Benjamin Harrison, head and shoulders bw photo, 1896.jpg
James B. Weaver 1892.jpg
Nominee Grover Cleveland Benjamin Harrison James B. Weaver
Party Democratic Republican Populist
Home state New York Indiana Iowa
Running mate Adlai Stevenson I Whitelaw Reid James G. Field
Electoral vote 13 0 0
Popular vote 129,446 48,408 41,939
Percentage 58.01% 21.70% 18.80%

Georgia Presidential Election Results 1892.svg
County Results

President before election

Benjamin Harrison
Republican

Elected President

Grover Cleveland
Democratic

The 1892 United States presidential election in Georgia took place on November 8, 1892, as part of the wider United States Presidential election. Voters chose 13 representatives, or electors, to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.

Background and vote

Following Reconstruction, Georgia would be the first former Confederate state to substantially disenfranchise its newly enfranchised freedmen and many poor whites, doing so in the early 1870s.[1] This largely limited the Republican Party to a few North Georgia counties with substantial Civil War Unionist sentiment – chiefly Fannin but also to a lesser extent Pickens, Gilmer and Towns[2] – and in presidential elections to a small number of counties elsewhere where blacks were not fully disenfranchised. The Democratic Party served as the guardian of white supremacy against a Republican Party historically associated with memories of Reconstruction, and the main competition became Democratic primaries, which were restricted to whites on the grounds of the Democratic Party being legally a private club.[3] This restriction was done by local county laws, but combined with the highly efficacious cumulative poll tax introduced in 1877 meant that turnout declined steadily throughout the 1880s,[4] unlike any other former Confederate state except South Carolina.

However, politics after the first demobilization was always chaotic. Third-party movements, chiefly the Populist Party, gained support amongst the remaining poor white and black voters in opposition to the planter elite.[5] Whereas the Republican Party had not contested a statewide election seriously since 1876,[6] the Populists made a significant run for governor in 1892 as they launched the most significant third-party campaign since John Bell in the sectionally divided 1860 election.[7] In Georgia, the Populists would be led by Thomas E. Watson, who had won a seat in Congress in 1890.

However, the strong emphasis by Cleveland and running mate Adlai Stevenson I on opposing the Lodge Force Bill and on reducing tariffs was able to reduce defections to the Populists or the GOP,[8] despite strong opposition in the state to Cleveland’s rigid support for the gold standard against free silver. The Populist influence caused voter turnout to rise substantially – some believing that many new voters had their poll taxes paid for – but despite opposition forces gaining more than twice as many votes as in 1888 Cleveland’s margin fell by less than five percent as his opposition was divided. Rather than in the poor white upcountry counties, Weaver actually did best in the northeastern part of the Black Belt where Watson was based and where Populist strength would remain greatest in 1904 and 1908.[9]

Results

1892 United States presidential election in Georgia[10]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage Electoral votes
Democratic Grover Cleveland 129,446 58.01% 13
Republican Benjamin Harrison 48,408 21.70% 0
People's James B. Weaver 41,939 18.80% 0
Write-ins Scattered 2,345 1.05% 0
Prohibition John Bidwell 988 0.44% 0

Results by county

County Stephen Grover Cleveland[11]
Democratic
Benjamin Harrison[11]
Republican
James Baird Weaver[12]
People’s
John Bidwell[13]
Prohibition
Various candidates[13]
Write-ins
Margin Total votes cast
# % # % # % # % # % # %
Appling 554 47.59% 219 18.81% 98 8.42% 1 0.09% 292 25.09% 335 28.78% 1,164
Baker 598 75.98% 54 6.86% 133 16.90% 2 0.25% 465[a] 59.09% 787
Baldwin 541 71.66% 120 15.89% 91 12.05% 3 0.40% 421 55.76% 755
Banks 622 46.59% 209 15.66% 489 36.63% 15 1.12% 133[a] 9.96% 1,335
Bartow 1,327 62.01% 445 20.79% 345 16.12% 23 1.07% 882 41.21% 2,140
Berrien 1,188 79.31% 149 9.95% 160 10.68% 1 0.07% 1,028[a] 68.62% 1,498
Bibb 3,627 83.00% 641 14.67% 77 1.76% 25 0.57% 2,986 68.33% 4,370
Brooks 944 60.98% 516 33.33% 84 5.43% 4 0.26% 428 27.65% 1,548
Bryan 292 65.91% 147 33.18% 4 0.90% 0 0.00% 145 32.73% 443
Bulloch 1,239 60.20% 214 10.40% 600 29.15% 5 0.24% 639[a] 31.05% 2,058
Burke 1,322 62.39% 83 3.92% 431 20.34% 0 0.00% 283 13.36% 891[a] 42.05% 2,119
Butts 818 56.85% 393 27.31% 218 15.15% 10 0.69% 425 29.53% 1,439
Calhoun 527 51.97% 427 42.11% 57 5.62% 3 0.30% 100 9.86% 1,014
Camden 179 36.16% 305 61.62% 8 1.62% 3 0.61% -126 -25.45% 495
Campbell 466 36.18% 451 35.02% 370 28.73% 1 0.08% 15 1.16% 1,288
Carroll 2,137 64.19% 543 16.31% 638 19.16% 11 0.33% 1,499[a] 45.03% 3,329
Catoosa 576 81.59% 69 9.77% 57 8.07% 4 0.57% 507 71.81% 706
Charlton 192 77.42% 22 8.87% 11 4.44% 2 0.81% 21 8.47% 170 68.55% 248
Chatham 5,264 78.83% 1,359 20.35% 53 0.79% 2 0.03% 3,905 58.48% 6,678
Chattahoochee 243 39.45% 247 40.10% 126 20.45% 0 0.00% -4 -0.65% 616
Chattooga 1,060 71.86% 245 16.61% 162 10.98% 8 0.54% 815 55.25% 1,475
Cherokee 927 44.06% 382 18.16% 789 37.50% 6 0.29% 138[a] 6.56% 2,104
Clarke 835 55.12% 545 35.97% 130 8.58% 5 0.33% 290 19.14% 1,515
Clay 506 69.70% 104 14.33% 87 11.98% 2 0.28% 27 3.72% 402 55.37% 726
Clayton 518 42.67% 335 27.59% 360 29.65% 1 0.08% 158[a] 13.01% 1,214
Clinch 481 74.23% 102 15.74% 62 9.57% 3 0.46% 379 58.49% 648
Cobb 1,794 62.44% 564 19.63% 508 17.68% 7 0.24% 1,230 42.81% 2,873
Coffee 599 51.73% 70 6.04% 156 13.47% 2 0.17% 331 28.58% 443[a] 38.26% 1,158
Colquitt 459 64.74% 5 0.71% 161 22.71% 2 0.28% 82 11.57% 298[a] 42.03% 709
Columbia 451 21.22% 101 4.75% 1,569 73.84% 4 0.19% -1,118[a] -52.61% 2,125
Coweta 2,005 63.75% 1,085 34.50% 53 1.69% 2 0.06% 920 29.25% 3,145
Crawford 685 62.33% 288 26.21% 126 11.46% 0 0.00% 397 36.12% 1,099
Dade 511 77.19% 53 8.01% 98 14.80% 0 0.00% 413[a] 62.39% 662
Dawson 356 49.04% 157 21.63% 208 28.65% 5 0.69% 148[a] 20.39% 726
DeKalb 1,370 57.13% 496 20.68% 520 21.68% 12 0.50% 850[a] 35.45% 2,398
Decatur 1,349 56.82% 561 23.63% 464 19.55% 0 0.00% 788 33.19% 2,374
Dodge 795 78.56% 209 20.65% 6 0.59% 2 0.20% 586 57.91% 1,012
Dooly 1,350 61.96% 506 23.22% 319 14.64% 4 0.18% 844 38.73% 2,179
Dougherty 1,254 73.51% 446 26.14% 0 0.00% 6 0.35% 808 47.36% 1,706
Douglas 467 39.11% 234 19.60% 457 38.27% 2 0.17% 34 2.85% 10[a] 0.84% 1,194
Early 882 57.35% 367 23.86% 285 18.53% 4 0.26% 515 33.49% 1,538
Echols 270 80.36% 54 16.07% 9 2.68% 3 0.89% 216 64.29% 336
Effingham 464 69.67% 123 18.47% 78 11.71% 1 0.15% 341 51.20% 666
Elbert 1,486 74.94% 6 0.30% 482 24.31% 9 0.45% 1,480[a] 74.63% 1,983
Emanuel 903 49.75% 61 3.36% 851 46.89% 0 0.00% 52[a] 2.87% 1,815
Fannin 431 39.29% 646 58.89% 10 0.91% 10 0.91% -215 -19.60% 1,097
Fayette 547 44.76% 192 15.71% 479 39.20% 4 0.33% 68[a] 5.56% 1,222
Floyd 1,742 60.95% 684 23.93% 390 13.65% 42 1.47% 1,058 37.02% 2,858
Forsyth 645 40.75% 163 10.30% 775 48.96% 0 0.00% -130[a] -8.21% 1,583
Franklin 867 44.21% 156 7.96% 927 47.27% 11 0.56% -60[a] -3.06% 1,961
Fulton 4,663 74.61% 1,364 21.82% 129 2.06% 94 1.50% 3,299 52.78% 6,250
Gilmer 602 52.35% 483 42.00% 48 4.17% 17 1.48% 119 10.35% 1,150
Glascock 216 28.38% 57 7.49% 485 63.73% 3 0.39% -269[a] -35.35% 761
Glynn 1,028 60.86% 643 38.07% 6 0.36% 12 0.71% 385 22.79% 1,689
Gordon 1,028 63.77% 233 14.45% 346 21.46% 5 0.31% 682[a] 42.31% 1,612
Greene 684 33.48% 777 38.03% 578 28.29% 4 0.20% -93 -4.55% 2,043
Gwinnett 1,572 57.14% 253 9.20% 918 33.37% 8 0.29% 654[a] 23.77% 2,751
Habersham 1,019 65.36% 180 11.55% 307 19.69% 53 3.40% 712[a] 45.67% 1,559
Hall 1,526 61.26% 237 9.51% 704 28.26% 24 0.96% 822[a] 33.00% 2,491
Hancock 1,436 65.07% 218 9.88% 553 25.06% 0 0.00% 883[a] 40.01% 2,207
Haralson 807 57.73% 247 17.67% 317 22.68% 27 1.93% 490[a] 35.05% 1,398
Harris 1,076 47.23% 602 26.43% 597 26.21% 3 0.13% 474 20.81% 2,278
Hart 839 58.22% 86 5.97% 513 35.60% 3 0.21% 326[a] 22.62% 1,441
Heard 837 66.59% 322 25.62% 94 7.48% 4 0.32% 515 40.97% 1,257
Henry 718 38.50% 578 30.99% 387 20.75% 5 0.27% 177 9.49% 140 7.51% 1,865
Houston 1,953 78.88% 507 20.48% 16 0.65% 0 0.00% 1,446 58.40% 2,476
Irwin 551 76.32% 43 5.96% 24 3.32% 1 0.14% 103 14.27% 508 70.36% 722
Jackson 1,566 46.58% 491 14.60% 1,294 38.49% 11 0.33% 272[a] 8.09% 3,362
Jasper 797 69.36% 284 24.72% 64 5.57% 4 0.35% 513 44.65% 1,149
Jefferson 768 26.81% 641 22.37% 1,440 50.26% 16 0.56% -672[a] -23.46% 2,865
Johnson 393 28.44% 247 17.87% 737 53.33% 5 0.36% -344[a] -24.89% 1,382
Jones 659 49.96% 568 43.06% 92 6.97% 0 0.00% 91 6.90% 1,319
Laurens 928 48.95% 468 24.68% 500 26.37% 0 0.00% 428[a] 22.57% 1,896
Lee 300 41.38% 422 58.21% 3 0.41% 0 0.00% -122 -16.83% 725
Liberty 419 30.83% 736 54.16% 199 14.64% 5 0.37% -317 -23.33% 1,359
Lincoln 313 26.44% 4 0.34% 866 73.14% 1 0.08% -553[a] -46.71% 1,184
Lowndes 988 56.39% 509 29.05% 251 14.33% 4 0.23% 479 27.34% 1,752
Lumpkin 361 44.57% 269 33.21% 169 20.86% 11 1.36% 92 11.36% 810
Macon 676 55.64% 240 19.75% 298 24.53% 1 0.08% 378[a] 31.11% 1,215
Madison 737 71.28% 125 12.09% 76 7.35% 4 0.39% 92 8.90% 612 59.19% 1,034
Marion 436 37.75% 387 33.51% 324 28.05% 8 0.69% 49 4.24% 1,155
McDuffie 289 18.10% 453 28.37% 855 53.54% 0 0.00% -402[b] -25.17% 1,597
McIntosh 302 30.41% 689 69.39% 2 0.20% 0 0.00% -387 -38.97% 993
Meriwether 1,287 47.68% 1,046 38.76% 350 12.97% 16 0.59% 241 8.93% 2,699
Miller 371 70.53% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 122 23.19% 33 6.27% 249[c] 47.34% 526
Milton 619 66.35% 73 7.82% 241 25.83% 0 0.00% 378[a] 40.51% 933
Mitchell 599 66.48% 196 21.75% 106 11.76% 0 0.00% 403 44.73% 901
Monroe 1,323 51.46% 839 32.63% 402 15.64% 7 0.27% 484 18.83% 2,571
Montgomery 724 62.96% 277 24.09% 146 12.70% 3 0.26% 447 38.87% 1,150
Morgan 761 59.78% 357 28.04% 117 9.19% 9 0.71% 29 2.28% 404 31.74% 1,273
Murray 553 57.42% 163 16.93% 192 19.94% 6 0.62% 49 5.09% 361[a] 37.49% 963
Muscogee 2,062 77.69% 540 20.35% 51 1.92% 1 0.04% 1,522 57.35% 2,654
Newton 1,005 59.89% 611 36.41% 51 3.04% 11 0.66% 394 23.48% 1,678
Oconee 282 30.65% 178 19.35% 386 41.96% 0 0.00% 74 8.04% -104[a] -11.30% 920
Oglethorpe 896 78.32% 63 5.51% 130 11.36% 0 0.00% 55 4.81% 766[a] 66.96% 1,144
Paulding 641 42.59% 158 10.50% 703 46.71% 3 0.20% -62[a] -4.12% 1,505
Pickens 580 45.21% 627 48.87% 73 5.69% 3 0.23% -47 -3.66% 1,283
Pierce 397 64.14% 107 17.29% 60 9.69% 4 0.65% 51 8.24% 290 46.85% 619
Pike 1,195 57.81% 649 31.40% 216 10.45% 7 0.34% 546 26.42% 2,067
Polk 748 48.13% 391 25.16% 400 25.74% 15 0.97% 348[a] 22.39% 1,554
Pulaski 1,134 80.54% 184 13.07% 85 6.04% 5 0.36% 950 67.47% 1,408
Putnam 801 98.77% 0 0.00% 6 0.74% 4 0.49% 795[a] 98.03% 811
Quitman 230 40.85% 294 52.22% 35 6.22% 0 0.00% 4 0.71% -64 -11.37% 563
Rabun 448 83.74% 81 15.14% 3 0.56% 3 0.56% 367 68.60% 535
Randolph 721 64.43% 351 31.37% 47 4.20% 0 0.00% 370 33.07% 1,119
Richmond 8,301 65.89% 3,224 25.59% 1,050 8.33% 23 0.18% 5,077 40.30% 12,598
Rockdale 532 47.37% 390 34.73% 199 17.72% 2 0.18% 142 12.64% 1,123
Schley 310 43.36% 278 38.88% 127 17.76% 0 0.00% 32 4.48% 715
Screven 852 35.65% 396 16.57% 1,141 47.74% 1 0.04% -289[a] -12.09% 2,390
Spalding 1,004 73.99% 314 23.14% 28 2.06% 11 0.81% 690 50.85% 1,357
Stewart 1,109 72.39% 359 23.43% 58 3.79% 6 0.39% 750 48.96% 1,532
Sumter 1,259 68.46% 390 21.21% 189 10.28% 1 0.05% 869 47.25% 1,839
Talbot 619 64.15% 242 25.08% 102 10.57% 2 0.21% 377 39.07% 965
Taliaferro 298 28.09% 76 7.16% 687 64.75% 0 0.00% -389[a] -36.66% 1,061
Tattnall 918 51.11% 247 13.75% 493 27.45% 4 0.22% 134 7.46% 425[a] 23.66% 1,796
Taylor 471 36.18% 439 33.72% 389 29.88% 3 0.23% 32 2.46% 1,302
Telfair 703 77.77% 190 21.02% 0 0.00% 11 1.22% 513 56.75% 904
Terrell 908 69.79% 356 27.36% 37 2.84% 0 0.00% 552 42.43% 1,301
Thomas 1,294 58.61% 566 25.63% 340 15.40% 8 0.36% 728 32.97% 2,208
Towns 369 50.14% 352 47.83% 13 1.77% 2 0.27% 17 2.31% 736
Troup 1,765 78.65% 346 15.42% 132 5.88% 1 0.04% 1,419 63.24% 2,244
Twiggs 435 42.73% 235 23.08% 25 2.46% 0 0.00% 323 31.73% 200 19.65% 1,018
Union 600 57.69% 373 35.87% 65 6.25% 2 0.19% 227 21.83% 1,040
Upson 862 49.12% 339 19.32% 553 31.51% 1 0.06% 309[a] 17.61% 1,755
Walker 1,138 68.64% 300 18.09% 209 12.61% 11 0.66% 838 50.54% 1,658
Walton 1,286 66.29% 368 18.97% 282 14.54% 4 0.21% 918 47.32% 1,940
Ware 775 68.22% 262 23.06% 89 7.83% 10 0.88% 513 45.16% 1,136
Warren 467 27.36% 67 3.93% 1,168 68.42% 5 0.29% -701[a] -41.07% 1,707
Washington 788 27.04% 765 26.25% 1,354 46.47% 7 0.24% -566[a] -19.42% 2,914
Wayne 488 62.01% 58 7.37% 91 11.56% 1 0.13% 149 18.93% 397[a] 50.44% 787
Webster 299 53.30% 192 34.22% 70 12.48% 0 0.00% 107 19.07% 561
White 390 48.75% 92 11.50% 309 38.63% 9 1.13% 81[a] 10.13% 800
Whitfield 1,021 61.14% 264 15.81% 360 21.56% 25 1.50% 661[a] 39.58% 1,670
Wilcox 712 76.72% 199 21.44% 17 1.83% 0 0.00% 513 55.28% 928
Wilkes 1,622 90.61% 5 0.28% 157 8.77% 6 0.34% 1,465[a] 81.84% 1,790
Wilkinson 576 51.29% 205 18.25% 342 30.45% 0 0.00% 234[a] 20.84% 1,123
Worth 759 49.58% 468 30.57% 296 19.33% 8 0.52% 291 19.01% 1,531
Totals 129,459 58.01% 48,458 21.71% 41,935 18.79% 988 0.44% 2,343 1.05% 81,001 36.29% 223,183

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az In this county where Harrison ran behind both Cleveland and Weaver, margin given is Cleveland vote minus Weaver vote and percentage margin Cleveland percentage minus Weaver percentage.
  2. ^ In this county where Cleveland ran third behind both Harrison and Weaver, margin given is Harrison vote minus Weaver vote and percentage margin Harrison percentage minus Weaver percentage.
  3. ^ In this county where Bidwell ran second behind Cleveland, margin given is Cleveland vote minus Bidwell vote and percentage margin Cleveland percentage minus Bidwell percentage.

References

  1. ^ Mickey, Robert W.; Paths Out of Dixie: The Democratization of Authoritarian Enclaves in America's Deep South, 1944-1972, p. 76 ISBN 1400838789
  2. ^ Phillips, Kevin P.; The Emerging Republican Majority, pp. 208, 210 ISBN 9780691163246
  3. ^ Springer, Melanie Jean; How the States Shaped the Nation: American Electoral Institutions and Voter Turnout, 1920-2000, p. 155 ISBN 022611435X
  4. ^ Kousser, J. Morgan; The Shaping of Southern Politics Suffrage Restriction and the Establishment of the One-Party South, 1880-1910, p. 213 ISBN 0-300-01973-4
  5. ^ Mickey, Robert W.; ‘The Beginning of the End for Authoritarian Rule in America: Smith v. Allwright and the Abolition of the White Primary in the Deep South, 1944-1948’; Studies in American Political Development, Vol. 22 (Fall 2008), pp. 143-182.
  6. ^ Kousser; The Shaping of Southern Politics, p. 211
  7. ^ Kousser; The Shaping of Southern Politics, p. 214
  8. ^ Schlup, Leonard; ‘Adlai E. Stevenson and Southern Politics in 1892’; The Mississippi Quarterly, Vol. 47, No. 1 (Winter 1993—94), pp. 58-77
  9. ^ Holmes, William F.; ‘Populism in Black Belt Georgia: Racial Dynamics in Taliaferro County Politics, 1890-1900’; The Georgia Historical Quarterly, Vol. 83, No. 2 (Summer 1999), pp. 242-266
  10. ^ "1892 Presidential General Election Results – Georgia". Dave Leip’s U.S. Election Atlas.
  11. ^ a b Géoelections; Popular Vote at the Presidential Election for 1892 (.xlsx file for €15)
  12. ^ Géoelections; Popular Vote at the Presidential Election for 1892 for James B. Weaver (.xlsx file for €15)
  13. ^ a b Géoelections; Popular Vote for John Bidwell (.xlsx file for €15)
This page was last edited on 5 January 2021, at 03:56
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