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1886 United States House of Representatives elections

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1886 United States House of Representatives elections

← 1884 November 2, 1886[a] 1888 →

All 325 seats in the United States House of Representatives
163 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
 
John Griffin Carlisle, Brady-Handy photo portrait, ca1870-1880.jpg
Thomas Brackett Reed - Brady-Handy.jpg
Leader John G. Carlisle Thomas Brackett Reed
Party Democratic Republican
Leader's seat Kentucky 6th Maine 1st
Last election 182 seats 141 seats
Seats won 167[1] 152[1]
Seat change Decrease 15 Increase 11
Popular vote 4,126,909 3,858,355
Percentage 48.12% 44.99%
Swing Decrease 1.93% Decrease 2.14%

  Third party Fourth party
 
Party Labor Greenback
Last election 0 seats 1 seat
Seats won 2[1] 1[1]
Seat change Increase 2 Steady
Popular vote 92,851 32,358
Percentage 1.08% 0.38%
Swing New Decrease 0.69%

  Fifth party
 
Party Independent
Last election 1 seat[b]
Seats won 2[c]
Seat change Increase 1
Popular vote 178,314
Percentage 2.08%
Swing Increase 1.28%

House050ElectionMap.png
Map of U.S. House elections results from 1886 elections for 50th Congress

Speaker before election

John G. Carlisle
Democratic

Elected Speaker

John G. Carlisle
Democratic

Elections to the United States House of Representatives were held in 1886 for Representatives to the 50th Congress, taking place in the middle of President Grover Cleveland's first term.

As in many midterm elections, Cleveland's Democratic Party lost seats to the opposition Republican Party, although a narrow majority was retained. Many of these Republican pickups were in the industrializing Midwest states, where the debate over tariffs, which were advocated by Republicans to protect domestic industry but opposed by Democrats to allow for free agricultural trade, led to political change. The small Labor Party, supported by industrial workers, gained one seat each in Virginia (Virginia's 6th congressional district) and Wisconsin (Wisconsin's 4th congressional district), while the Greenback Party maintained its one seat in Iowa (James B. Weaver of Iowa's 6th congressional district). John Nichols was also elected as an Independent to North Carolina's 4th congressional district.

Election summaries

State Type Total
seats
Democratic Republican Others
Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change
Alabama District 8 8 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Arkansas District 5 5 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
California District 6 2 Increase 1 4 Decrease 1 0 Steady
Colorado At-large 1 0 Steady 1 Steady 0 Steady
Connecticut District 4 2 Steady 2 Steady 0 Steady
Delaware At-large 1 1 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Florida District 2 2 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Georgia District 10 10 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Illinois District 20 6 Decrease 4 14 Increase 4 0 Steady
Indiana District 13 6 Decrease 3 7 Increase 3 0 Steady
Iowa District 11 1 Decrease 2 9[d] Increase 2 1[e] Steady
Kansas District 7 0 Steady 7[d] Steady 0 Steady
Kentucky District 11 8 Decrease 2 3 Increase 2 0 Steady
Louisiana District 6 6 Increase 1 0 Decrease 1 0 Steady
Maine[f] District 4 0 Steady 4 Steady 0 Steady
Maryland District 6 5 Steady 1 Steady 0 Steady
Massachusetts District 12 4 Increase 2 8 Decrease 2 0 Steady
Michigan District 11 5 Decrease 2 6 Increase 2 0 Steady
Minnesota District 5 3 Increase 3 2 Decrease 3 0 Steady
Mississippi District 7 7 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Missouri District 14 12 Steady 2 Steady 0 Steady
Nebraska District 3 1 Increase 1 2 Decrease 1 0 Steady
Nevada At-large 1 0 Steady 1 Steady 0 Steady
New Hampshire District 2 1 Increase 1 1 Decrease 1 0 Steady
New Jersey District 7 2 Decrease 1 5 Increase 1 0 Steady
New York District 34 16 Decrease 1 18 Increase 1 0 Steady
North Carolina District 9 7 Decrease 1 1 Steady 1[g] Increase 1
Ohio District 21 6 Decrease 5 15 Increase 5 0 Steady
Oregon[f] At-large 1 0 Steady 1 Steady 0 Steady
Pennsylvania District
+ at-large
28 8 Steady 20 Steady 0 Steady
Rhode Island District 2 0 Steady 2 Steady 0 Steady
South Carolina District 7 7 Increase 1 0 Decrease 1 0 Steady
Tennessee District 10 8 Increase 1 2 Decrease 1 0 Steady
Texas District 11 11 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Vermont[f] District 2 0 Steady 2 Steady 0 Steady
Virginia District 10 3 Decrease 5 6 Increase 5 1[h] Increase 1
West Virginia District 4 3 Steady 1 Steady 0 Steady
Wisconsin District 9 1 Decrease 1 7 Steady 1[h] Increase 1
Total 325 167[1]
51.4%
Decrease 16 154[1][c]
47.4%
Increase13 4[1]
1.2%
Increase 3
House seats
Democratic
51.38%
Greenback
0.31%
Labor
0.62%
Republican
47.38%
Others
0.31%

There were 2 Labor Party and 1 Independent members elected, and 1 Greenback Party member re-elected in Iowa. The previous election saw just the Greenback elected.

167 6 152
Democratic [i] Republican
  House seats by party holding plurality in state    .mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;width:1.5em;height:1.5em;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{font-size:95%}  80+% Democratic    80+% Republican     60+% to 80% Democratic    60+% to 80% Republican     Up to 60% Democratic    Up to 60% Republican
House seats by party holding plurality in state
  80+% Democratic
  80+% Republican
  60+% to 80% Democratic
  60+% to 80% Republican
  Up to 60% Democratic
  Up to 60% Republican
  Net gain in party representation      6+ Democratic gain       6+ Republican gain     3-5 Democratic gain       3-5 Republican gain     1-2 Democratic gain    1-2 Labor gain    1-2 Republican gain     1-2 Independent gain     no net change
Net gain in party representation
  6+ Democratic gain
 
  6+ Republican gain
  3-5 Democratic gain
 
  3-5 Republican gain
  1-2 Democratic gain
  1-2 Labor gain
  1-2 Republican gain
  1-2 Independent gain
  no net change

Special elections

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
New York 15 Lewis Beach Democratic 1880 Incumbent died August 10, 1886.
New member elected November 2, 1886.
Democratic hold.
Successor also elected the same day to the next term, see below.

Early election dates

In 1886, three states, with 7 seats among them, held elections early:

California

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
California 1 Barclay Henley Democratic 1882 Incumbent retired.
Democratic hold
California 2 James A. Louttit Republican 1884 Incumbent retired.
Democratic gain.
  • Green tickY Marion Biggs (Democratic) 50%
  • J. C. Campbell (Republican) 47%
  • W. O. Clark (Prohibition) 3%
California 3 Joseph McKenna Republican 1884 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Joseph McKenna (Republican) 53.1%
  • Henry C. McPike (Democratic) 44.6%
  • W. W. Smith (Prohibition) 2.4%
California 4 William W. Morrow Republican 1884 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY William W. Morrow (Republican) 48.7%
  • Frank McCoppin (Democratic) 42%
  • Charles A. Sumner (Independent) 9%
  • Robert Thompson (Prohibition) 0.4%
California 5 Charles N. Felton Republican 1884 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Charles N. Felton (Republican) 48.8%
  • Frank J. Sullivan (Democratic) 48.4%
  • C. Henderson (Prohibition) 1.4%
  • A. E. Redstone (Independent) 1.4%
California 6 Henry Markham Republican 1884 Incumbent retired.
Republican hold
  • Green tickY William Vandever (Republican) 47.3%
  • Joseph D. Lynch (Democratic) 47.1%
  • W. A. Harris (Prohibition) 5.6%

Florida

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Florida 1 Robert H. M. Davidson Democratic 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 2 Charles Dougherty Democratic 1884 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Charles Dougherty (Democratic) 53.9%
  • J. C. Greeley (Republican) 44.9%
  • R. B. Norment (Prohibition) 1.2%

New York

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
New York 15 Lewis Beach Democratic 1880 Incumbent died August 10, 1886.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Successor also elected the same day to finish the current term.

South Carolina

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
South Carolina 1 Samuel Dibble Democratic 1882 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 2 George D. Tillman Democratic 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 3 D. Wyatt Aiken Democratic 1876 Incumbent retired.
Democratic hold.
South Carolina 4 William H. Perry Democratic 1884 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 5 John J. Hemphill Democratic 1882 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 6 George W. Dargan Democratic 1882 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 7 Robert Smalls Republican 1884 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election.
Democratic gain.

Non-voting members

Montana Territory

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
Montana Territory at-large Joseph K. Toole Democratic 1884 Incumbent re-elected.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Three states held early elections between June 7 and September 10.
  2. ^ Including 1 Independent Democrat.
  3. ^ a b Including 2 Independent Republicans, John Alexander Anderson elected to Kansas's 5th congressional district, and Albert R. Anderson to Iowa's 8th congressional district.
  4. ^ a b Includes 1 Independent Republican.
  5. ^ Greenback Party
  6. ^ a b c Elections held early.
  7. ^ John Nichols was elected as an Independent to North Carolina's 4th congressional district.
  8. ^ a b Labor Party
  9. ^ There were 2 Labor members, 2 Independent Republicans, 1 Independent, and 1 Greenback members elected.

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Martis, pp. 140–141.
  2. ^ https://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=732471
  3. ^ Congressional Quarterly's Guide to U.S. Elections. 1975. p. 566.
  4. ^ https://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=732469
  5. ^ https://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=300406

Bibliography

External links

This page was last edited on 21 August 2020, at 23:00
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