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1884 United States presidential election in Georgia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1884 United States presidential election in Georgia

← 1880 November 4, 1884 (1884-11-04) 1888 →
 
StephenGroverCleveland.png
James G. Blaine - Brady-Handy.jpg
Nominee Grover Cleveland James Blaine
Party Democratic Republican
Home state New York Maine
Running mate Thomas Hendricks John A. Logan
Electoral vote 12 0
Popular vote 94,667 48,603
Percentage 65.92% 33.84%

President before election

Chester A. Arthur
Republican

Elected President

Grover Cleveland
Democratic

The 1884 United States presidential election in Georgia took place on November 4, 1884, as part of the wider United States Presidential election. Voters chose twelve representatives, or electors, to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.

Background and vote

Following Reconstruction, Georgia would be the first former Confederate state to substantially disenfranchise its newly enfranchised freedmen and many poor whites, doing so in the early 1870s.[1] This largely limited the Republican Party to a few North Georgia counties with substantial Civil War Unionist sentiment – chiefly Fannin but also to a lesser extent Pickens, Gilmer and Towns[2] – and in presidential elections to a small number of counties elsewhere where blacks were not fully disenfranchised. The Democratic Party served as the guardian of white supremacy against a Republican Party historically associated with memories of Reconstruction, and the main competition became Democratic primaries, which were restricted to whites on the grounds of the Democratic Party being legally a private club.[3] This restriction was done by local county laws, but combined with the highly efficacious cumulative poll tax introduced in 1877 meant that turnout declined steadily throughout the 1880s,[4] unlike any other former Confederate state except South Carolina.

Despite economic problems in the mountain counties due to deflation produced by the gold standard and large-scale government spending reductions by the “Redeemer” Democrats,[5] voter turnout, especially for opposition parties, would maintain its poll tax-driven decline until the Populist movement, which did not begin until five years after the 1884 election. Consequently, Cleveland and Hendricks were able to stabilise the decline from 1880, again carrying Georgia by almost a two-to-one margin.

Results

1884 United States presidential election in Georgia[6]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage Electoral votes
Democratic Grover Cleveland 94,667 65.92% 12
Republican James Blaine 48,603 33.84% 0
Prohibition John St. John 195[a] 0.14% 0
Greenback Benjamin Butler 145[a] 0.10% 0

Results by county

County Stephen Grover Cleveland[7]
Democratic
James Gillespie Blaine[7]
Republican
Margin Total votes cast
# % # % # %
Appling 503 59.32% 345 40.68% 158 18.63% 848
Baker 424 100.00% 0 0.00% 424 100.00% 424
Baldwin 533 83.15% 108 16.85% 425 66.30% 641
Banks 500 75.30% 164 24.70% 336 50.60% 664
Bartow 1,035 63.93% 584 36.07% 451 27.86% 1,619
Berrien 673 90.34% 72 9.66% 601 80.67% 745
Bibb 1,727 66.83% 857 33.17% 870 33.67% 2,584
Brooks 768 51.86% 713 48.14% 55 3.71% 1,481
Bryan 253 51.42% 239 48.58% 14 2.85% 492
Bulloch 773 91.16% 75 8.84% 698 82.31% 848
Burke 558 38.40% 895 61.60% -337 -23.19% 1,453
Butts 638 54.76% 527 45.24% 111 9.53% 1,165
Calhoun 330 51.32% 313 48.68% 17 2.64% 643
Camden 170 31.89% 363 68.11% -193 -36.21% 533
Campbell 665 66.50% 335 33.50% 330 33.00% 1,000
Carroll 2,058 80.48% 499 19.52% 1,559 60.97% 2,557
Catoosa 443 79.53% 114 20.47% 329 59.07% 557
Charlton 194 87.78% 27 12.22% 167 75.57% 221
Chatham 3,144 64.28% 1,747 35.72% 1,397 28.56% 4,891
Chattahoochee 445 57.57% 328 42.43% 117 15.14% 773
Chattooga 793 80.59% 191 19.41% 602 61.18% 984
Cherokee 865 86.07% 140 13.93% 725 72.14% 1,005
Clarke 778 50.42% 765 49.58% 13 0.84% 1,543
Clay 367 55.44% 295 44.56% 72 10.88% 662
Clayton 505 64.41% 279 35.59% 226 28.83% 784
Clinch 429 86.32% 68 13.68% 361 72.64% 497
Cobb 1,372 71.91% 536 28.09% 836 43.82% 1,908
Coffee 225 88.24% 30 11.76% 195 76.47% 255
Colquitt 151 79.47% 39 20.53% 112 58.95% 190
Columbia 402 100.00% 0 0.00% 402 100.00% 402
Coweta 1,489 52.90% 1,326 47.10% 163 5.79% 2,815
Crawford 304 65.66% 159 34.34% 145 31.32% 463
Dade 450 73.89% 159 26.11% 291 47.78% 609
Dawson 287 82.95% 59 17.05% 228 65.90% 346
DeKalb 1,025 69.49% 450 30.51% 575 38.98% 1,475
Decatur 816 47.78% 892 52.22% -76 -4.45% 1,708
Dodge 476 58.12% 343 41.88% 133 16.24% 819
Dooly 879 84.76% 158 15.24% 721 69.53% 1,037
Dougherty 317 76.02% 100 23.98% 217 52.04% 417
Douglas 458 69.08% 205 30.92% 253 38.16% 663
Early 710 74.19% 247 25.81% 463 48.38% 957
Echols 186 67.15% 91 32.85% 95 34.30% 277
Effingham 369 71.37% 148 28.63% 221 42.75% 517
Elbert 885 95.78% 39 4.22% 846 91.56% 924
Emanuel 784 81.24% 181 18.76% 603 62.49% 965
Fannin 282 38.95% 442 61.05% -160 -22.10% 724
Fayette 578 70.15% 246 29.85% 332 40.29% 824
Floyd 1,654 65.71% 863 34.29% 791 31.43% 2,517
Forsyth 557 80.26% 137 19.74% 420 60.52% 694
Franklin 659 74.89% 221 25.11% 438 49.77% 880
Fulton 1,939 67.70% 925 32.30% 1,014 35.41% 2,864
Gilmer 373 71.73% 147 28.27% 226 43.46% 520
Glascock 251 89.64% 29 10.36% 222 79.29% 280
Glynn 437 39.87% 659 60.13% -222 -20.26% 1,096
Gordon 885 87.54% 126 12.46% 759 75.07% 1,011
Greene 755 47.57% 832 52.43% -77 -4.85% 1,587
Gwinnett 1,094 88.23% 146 11.77% 948 76.45% 1,240
Habersham 534 81.03% 125 18.97% 409 62.06% 659
Hall 1,242 82.74% 259 17.26% 983 65.49% 1,501
Hancock 642 83.81% 124 16.19% 518 67.62% 766
Haralson 530 100.00% 0 0.00% 530 100.00% 530
Harris 1,197 58.22% 859 41.78% 338 16.44% 2,056
Hart 701 80.39% 171 19.61% 530 60.78% 872
Heard 818 71.57% 325 28.43% 493 43.13% 1,143
Henry 933 57.34% 694 42.66% 239 14.69% 1,627
Houston 1,300 75.01% 433 24.99% 867 50.03% 1,733
Irwin 300 89.29% 36 10.71% 264 78.57% 336
Jackson 1,082 72.47% 411 27.53% 671 44.94% 1,493
Jasper 428 49.54% 436 50.46% -8 -0.93% 864
Jefferson 610 56.12% 477 43.88% 133 12.24% 1,087
Johnson 284 98.27% 5 1.73% 279 96.54% 289
Jones 498 60.95% 319 39.05% 179 21.91% 817
Laurens 621 73.32% 226 26.68% 395 46.64% 847
Lee 435 46.57% 499 53.43% -64 -6.85% 934
Liberty 472 35.95% 841 64.05% -369 -28.10% 1,313
Lincoln 385 100.00% 0 0.00% 385 100.00% 385
Lowndes 648 52.01% 598 47.99% 50 4.01% 1,246
Lumpkin 366 71.62% 145 28.38% 221 43.25% 511
Macon 661 50.42% 650 49.58% 11 0.84% 1,311
Madison 589 69.46% 259 30.54% 330 38.92% 848
Marion 752 69.05% 337 30.95% 415 38.11% 1,089
McDuffie 423 68.45% 195 31.55% 228 36.89% 618
McIntosh 204 20.97% 769 79.03% -565 -58.07% 973
Meriwether 1,464 56.94% 1,107 43.06% 357 13.89% 2,571
Miller 115 100.00% 0 0.00% 115 100.00% 115
Milton 497 89.71% 57 10.29% 440 79.42% 554
Mitchell 435 57.16% 326 42.84% 109 14.32% 761
Monroe 1,243 71.31% 500 28.69% 743 42.63% 1,743
Montgomery 457 70.74% 189 29.26% 268 41.49% 646
Morgan 676 52.90% 602 47.10% 74 5.79% 1,278
Murray 668 73.57% 240 26.43% 428 47.14% 908
Muscogee 1,951 76.78% 590 23.22% 1,361 53.56% 2,541
Newton 802 50.31% 792 49.69% 10 0.63% 1,594
Oconee 434 58.02% 314 41.98% 120 16.04% 748
Oglethorpe 492 89.13% 60 10.87% 432 78.26% 552
Paulding 689 75.71% 221 24.29% 468 51.43% 910
Pickens 298 46.86% 338 53.14% -40 -6.29% 636
Pierce 460 70.02% 197 29.98% 263 40.03% 657
Pike 908 57.04% 684 42.96% 224 14.07% 1,592
Polk 607 59.39% 415 40.61% 192 18.79% 1,022
Pulaski 983 77.34% 288 22.66% 695 54.68% 1,271
Putnam 519 100.00% 0 0.00% 519 100.00% 519
Quitman 159 79.10% 42 20.90% 117 58.21% 201
Rabun 229 97.86% 5 2.14% 224 95.73% 234
Randolph 669 59.95% 447 40.05% 222 19.89% 1,116
Richmond 3,293 62.87% 1,945 37.13% 1,348 25.74% 5,238
Rockdale 508 69.30% 225 30.70% 283 38.61% 733
Schley 406 57.43% 301 42.57% 105 14.85% 707
Screven 1,037 80.83% 246 19.17% 791 61.65% 1,283
Spalding 691 52.59% 623 47.41% 68 5.18% 1,314
Stewart 684 76.77% 207 23.23% 477 53.54% 891
Sumter 1,186 62.03% 726 37.97% 460 24.06% 1,912
Talbot 907 40.53% 1,331 59.47% -424 -18.95% 2,238
Taliaferro 418 61.38% 263 38.62% 155 22.76% 681
Tattnall 645 71.91% 252 28.09% 393 43.81% 897
Taylor 773 63.73% 440 36.27% 333 27.45% 1,213
Telfair 477 79.90% 120 20.10% 357 59.80% 597
Terrell 541 66.06% 278 33.94% 263 32.11% 819
Thomas 290 50.09% 289 49.91% 1 0.17% 579
Towns 165 52.88% 147 47.12% 18 5.77% 312
Troup 1,200 72.16% 463 27.84% 737 44.32% 1,663
Twiggs 268 62.04% 164 37.96% 104 24.07% 432
Union 377 68.17% 176 31.83% 201 36.35% 553
Upson 778 67.53% 374 32.47% 404 35.07% 1,152
Walker 770 75.64% 248 24.36% 522 51.28% 1,018
Walton 1,017 75.84% 324 24.16% 693 51.68% 1,341
Ware 365 67.10% 179 32.90% 186 34.19% 544
Warren 521 78.58% 142 21.42% 379 57.16% 663
Washington 1,083 53.56% 939 46.44% 144 7.12% 2,022
Wayne 449 69.29% 199 30.71% 250 38.58% 648
Webster 353 57.49% 261 42.51% 92 14.98% 614
White 317 85.68% 53 14.32% 264 71.35% 370
Whitfield 883 60.77% 570 39.23% 313 21.54% 1,453
Wilcox 397 90.23% 43 9.77% 354 80.45% 440
Wilkes 785 100.00% 0 0.00% 785 100.00% 785
Wilkinson 625 68.38% 289 31.62% 336 36.76% 914
Worth 420 70.23% 178 29.77% 242 40.47% 598
Totals 94,659 65.93% 48,580 33.84% 46,079 32.09% 143,579

Notes

  1. ^ a b Votes for candidates other than the Republican and Democratic were not separated by county but listed only as a state-wide total. They are included in the statewide total at the bottom of the county table.

References

  1. ^ Mickey, Robert W.; Paths Out of Dixie: The Democratization of Authoritarian Enclaves in America's Deep South, 1944-1972, p. 76 ISBN 1400838789
  2. ^ Phillips, Kevin P.; The Emerging Republican Majority, pp. 208, 210 ISBN 9780691163246
  3. ^ Springer, Melanie Jean; How the States Shaped the Nation: American Electoral Institutions and Voter Turnout, 1920-2000, p. 155 ISBN 022611435X
  4. ^ Kousser, J. Morgan; The Shaping of Southern Politics: Suffrage Restriction and the Establishment of the One-Party South, 1880-1910, p. 213 ISBN 0-300-01973-4
  5. ^ Kousser; The Shaping of Southern Politics, pp. 17-18
  6. ^ "1884 Presidential General Election Results – Georgia". Dave Leip’s U.S. Election Atlas.
  7. ^ a b Géoelections; Presidential election of 1884 Popular Vote (.xlsx file for €15)
This page was last edited on 13 October 2020, at 14:32
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