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1880 United States presidential election in Georgia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1880 United States presidential election in Georgia

← 1876 November 2, 1880 (1880-11-02) 1884 →
 
WinfieldScottHancock.png
JamesGarfield.png
Nominee Winfield S. Hancock James Garfield
Party Democratic Republican
Home state Pennsylvania Ohio
Running mate William H. English Chester A. Arthur
Electoral vote 11 0
Popular vote 102,981 54,470
Percentage 65.41% 34.59%

President before election

Rutherford B. Hayes
Republican

Elected President

James Garfield
Republican

The 1880 United States presidential election in Georgia took place on November 2, 1880, as part of the wider United States Presidential election. Voters chose 11 representatives, or electors, to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.

Background and vote

Following Reconstruction, Georgia would be the first former Confederate state to substantially disenfranchise its newly enfranchised freedmen and many poor whites, doing so in the early 1870s.[1] This largely limited the Republican Party to a few North Georgia counties with substantial Civil War Unionist sentiment – chiefly Fannin but also to a lesser extent Pickens, Gilmer and Towns[2] – and in presidential elections to a small number of counties elsewhere where blacks were not fully disenfranchised. The Democratic Party served as the guardian of white supremacy against a Republican Party historically associated with memories of Reconstruction, and the main competition became Democratic primaries, which were restricted to whites on the grounds of the Democratic Party being legally a private club.[3] This restriction was done by local county laws, but combined with the highly efficacious cumulative poll tax introduced in 1877 meant that turnout would begin a decline to be consistently lower than any other former Confederate state except South Carolina.[4]

Despite the failure of outgoing President Rutherford B. Hayes to convert any of the formerly Whig landowners to the GOP,[5] Democratic nominee Winfield Scott Hancock declined by seven percent upon Samuel J. Tilden’s performance in Georgia from 1876, as mountain country whites who could pay the poll tax were nonetheless dissatisfied with the spending cuts of the “Redeemers” and their economic problems from deflation and a regressive and malapportioned tax system.[5]

Results

1880 United States presidential election in Georgia[6]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage Electoral votes
Democratic Winfield Scott Hancock 102,981 65.41% 11
Republican James A. Garfield 54,470 34.59% 0

Results by county

County Winfield Scott Hancock[7]
Democratic
James Abram Garfield[7]
Republican
Margin Total votes cast
# % # % # %
Appling 295 70.74% 122 29.26% 173 41.49% 417
Baker 534 61.03% 341 38.97% 193 22.06% 875
Baldwin 860 73.07% 317 26.93% 543 46.13% 1,177
Banks 645 84.31% 120 15.69% 525 68.63% 765
Bartow 1,917 69.86% 827 30.14% 1,090 39.72% 2,744
Berrien 845 94.84% 46 5.16% 799 89.67% 891
Bibb 1,588 63.62% 908 36.38% 680 27.24% 2,496
Brooks 984 57.11% 739 42.89% 245 14.22% 1,723
Bryan 223 64.83% 121 35.17% 102 29.65% 344
Bulloch 992 98.51% 15 1.49% 977 97.02% 1,007
Burke 983 31.74% 2,114 68.26% -1,131 -36.52% 3,097
Butts 672 62.51% 403 37.49% 269 25.02% 1,075
Calhoun 378 48.71% 398 51.29% -20 -2.58% 776
Camden 331 34.27% 635 65.73% -304 -31.47% 966
Campbell 576 62.47% 346 37.53% 230 24.95% 922
Carroll 1,240 79.03% 329 20.97% 911 58.06% 1,569
Catoosa 488 88.25% 65 11.75% 423 76.49% 553
Charlton 141 75.40% 46 24.60% 95 50.80% 187
Chatham 3,404 61.18% 2,160 38.82% 1,244 22.36% 5,564
Chattahoochee 323 51.11% 309 48.89% 14 2.22% 632
Chattooga 1,166 84.99% 206 15.01% 960 69.97% 1,372
Cherokee 1,813 93.55% 125 6.45% 1,688 87.10% 1,938
Clarke 800 51.12% 765 48.88% 35 2.24% 1,565
Clay 515 57.48% 381 42.52% 134 14.96% 896
Clayton 382 72.08% 148 27.92% 234 44.15% 530
Clinch 368 79.83% 93 20.17% 275 59.65% 461
Cobb 1,980 77.98% 559 22.02% 1,421 55.97% 2,539
Coffee 235 100.00% 0 0.00% 235 100.00% 235
Colquitt 177 80.45% 43 19.55% 134 60.91% 220
Columbia 244 100.00% 0 0.00% 244 100.00% 244
Coweta 1,381 51.80% 1,285 48.20% 96 3.60% 2,666
Crawford 368 67.77% 175 32.23% 193 35.54% 543
Dade 459 84.69% 83 15.31% 376 69.37% 542
Dawson 420 76.64% 128 23.36% 292 53.28% 548
De Kalb 876 72.64% 330 27.36% 546 45.27% 1,206
Decatur 1,099 52.23% 1,005 47.77% 94 4.47% 2,104
Dodge 363 84.81% 65 15.19% 298 69.63% 428
Dooly 835 77.03% 249 22.97% 586 54.06% 1,084
Dougherty 367 26.25% 1,031 73.75% -664 -47.50% 1,398
Douglas 482 79.54% 124 20.46% 358 59.08% 606
Early 737 74.75% 249 25.25% 488 49.49% 986
Echols 185 82.22% 40 17.78% 145 64.44% 225
Effingham 365 63.92% 206 36.08% 159 27.85% 571
Elbert 827 96.73% 28 3.27% 799 93.45% 855
Emanuel 769 81.29% 177 18.71% 592 62.58% 946
Fannin 343 53.18% 302 46.82% 41 6.36% 645
Fayette 499 73.17% 183 26.83% 316 46.33% 682
Floyd 2,251 71.62% 892 28.38% 1,359 43.24% 3,143
Forsyth 1,159 90.62% 120 9.38% 1,039 81.24% 1,279
Franklin 1,173 88.60% 151 11.40% 1,022 77.19% 1,324
Fulton 3,045 57.74% 2,229 42.26% 816 15.47% 5,274
Gilmer 494 68.71% 225 31.29% 269 37.41% 719
Glascock 212 96.36% 8 3.64% 204 92.73% 220
Glynn 292 44.24% 368 55.76% -76 -11.52% 660
Gordon 1,248 88.45% 163 11.55% 1,085 76.90% 1,411
Greene 755 78.89% 202 21.11% 553 57.78% 957
Gwinnett 1,812 88.13% 244 11.87% 1,568 76.26% 2,056
Habersham 1,121 94.92% 60 5.08% 1,061 89.84% 1,181
Hall 1,745 86.64% 269 13.36% 1,476 73.29% 2,014
Hancock 583 60.35% 383 39.65% 200 20.70% 966
Haralson 1,121 94.92% 60 5.08% 1,061 89.84% 1,181
Harris 1,036 53.71% 893 46.29% 143 7.41% 1,929
Hart 460 73.72% 164 26.28% 296 47.44% 624
Heard 617 70.03% 264 29.97% 353 40.07% 881
Henry 691 57.73% 506 42.27% 185 15.46% 1,197
Houston 1,382 60.32% 909 39.68% 473 20.65% 2,291
Irwin 235 100.00% 0 0.00% 235 100.00% 235
Jackson 1,271 74.24% 441 25.76% 830 48.48% 1,712
Jasper 524 66.25% 267 33.75% 257 32.49% 791
Jefferson 625 66.99% 308 33.01% 317 33.98% 933
Johnson 259 98.48% 4 1.52% 255 96.96% 263
Jones 504 49.22% 520 50.78% -16 -1.56% 1,024
Laurens 524 77.17% 155 22.83% 369 54.34% 679
Lee 213 22.95% 715 77.05% -502 -54.09% 928
Liberty 419 36.79% 720 63.21% -301 -26.43% 1,139
Lincoln 275 100.00% 0 0.00% 275 100.00% 275
Lowndes 746 53.06% 660 46.94% 86 6.12% 1,406
Lumpkin 568 89.87% 64 10.13% 504 79.75% 632
Macon 703 48.45% 748 51.55% -45 -3.10% 1,451
Madison 592 85.06% 104 14.94% 488 70.11% 696
Marion 467 66.43% 236 33.57% 231 32.86% 703
McDuffie 351 85.40% 60 14.60% 291 70.80% 411
McIntosh 184 22.97% 617 77.03% -433 -54.06% 801
Meriwether 1,028 53.65% 888 46.35% 140 7.31% 1,916
Miller 241 93.05% 18 6.95% 223 86.10% 259
Milton 460 90.91% 46 9.09% 414 81.82% 506
Mitchell 607 46.48% 699 53.52% -92 -7.04% 1,306
Monroe 1,312 56.19% 1,023 43.81% 289 12.38% 2,335
Montgomery 246 77.36% 72 22.64% 174 54.72% 318
Morgan 828 42.83% 1,105 57.17% -277 -14.33% 1,933
Murray 933 90.76% 95 9.24% 838 81.52% 1,028
Muscogee 1,511 61.90% 930 38.10% 581 23.80% 2,441
Newton 743 56.12% 581 43.88% 162 12.24% 1,324
Oconee 458 58.20% 329 41.80% 129 16.39% 787
Oglethorpe 637 80.13% 158 19.87% 479 60.25% 795
Paulding 952 78.68% 258 21.32% 694 57.36% 1,210
Pickens 326 50.54% 319 49.46% 7 1.09% 645
Pierce 275 58.51% 195 41.49% 80 17.02% 470
Pike 1,070 59.35% 733 40.65% 337 18.69% 1,803
Polk 1,066 67.73% 508 32.27% 558 35.45% 1,574
Pulaski 823 64.75% 448 35.25% 375 29.50% 1,271
Putnam 627 99.84% 1 0.16% 626 99.68% 628
Quitman 301 61.18% 191 38.82% 110 22.36% 492
Rabun 532 99.63% 2 0.37% 530 99.25% 534
Randolph 343 66.99% 169 33.01% 174 33.98% 512
Richmond 2,430 61.88% 1,497 38.12% 933 23.76% 3,927
Rockdale 464 65.63% 243 34.37% 221 31.26% 707
Schley 300 67.57% 144 32.43% 156 35.14% 444
Screven 1,131 78.05% 318 21.95% 813 56.11% 1,449
Spalding 742 46.29% 861 53.71% -119 -7.42% 1,603
Stewart 640 83.33% 128 16.67% 512 66.67% 768
Sumter 986 45.80% 1,167 54.20% -181 -8.41% 2,153
Talbot 719 50.21% 713 49.79% 6 0.42% 1,432
Taliaferro 355 47.65% 390 52.35% -35 -4.70% 745
Tattnall 562 83.26% 113 16.74% 449 66.52% 675
Taylor 572 63.84% 324 36.16% 248 27.68% 896
Telfair 267 80.91% 63 19.09% 204 61.82% 330
Terrell 736 69.24% 327 30.76% 409 38.48% 1,063
Thomas 1,316 52.04% 1,213 47.96% 103 4.07% 2,529
Towns 254 58.80% 178 41.20% 76 17.59% 432
Troup 1,139 58.80% 798 41.20% 341 17.60% 1,937
Twiggs 196 35.13% 362 64.87% -166 -29.75% 558
Union 664 93.39% 47 6.61% 617 86.78% 711
Upson 789 56.93% 597 43.07% 192 13.85% 1,386
Walker 1,194 77.79% 341 22.21% 853 55.57% 1,535
Walton 855 75.40% 279 24.60% 576 50.79% 1,134
Ware 353 63.72% 201 36.28% 152 27.44% 554
Warren 572 68.26% 266 31.74% 306 36.52% 838
Washington 1,071 53.28% 939 46.72% 132 6.57% 2,010
Wayne 353 74.32% 122 25.68% 231 48.63% 475
Webster 301 64.73% 164 35.27% 137 29.46% 465
White 644 92.00% 56 8.00% 588 84.00% 700
Whitfield 907 84.06% 172 15.94% 735 68.12% 1,079
Wilcox 294 94.84% 16 5.16% 278 89.68% 310
Wilkes 727 79.02% 193 20.98% 534 58.04% 920
Wilkinson 557 88.55% 72 11.45% 485 77.11% 629
Worth 491 78.81% 132 21.19% 359 57.62% 623
Totals 103,031 65.92% 53,274 34.08% 49,757 31.83% 156,305

Notes

References

  1. ^ Mickey, Robert W.; Paths Out of Dixie: The Democratization of Authoritarian Enclaves in America's Deep South, 1944-1972, p. 76 ISBN 1400838789
  2. ^ Phillips, Kevin P.; The Emerging Republican Majority, pp. 208, 210 ISBN 9780691163246
  3. ^ Springer, Melanie Jean; How the States Shaped the Nation: American Electoral Institutions and Voter Turnout, 1920-2000, p. 155 ISBN 022611435X
  4. ^ Kousser, J. Morgan; The Shaping of Southern Politics: Suffrage Restriction and the Establishment of the One-Party South, 1880-1910, p. 213 ISBN 0-300-01973-4
  5. ^ a b Kousser; The Shaping of Southern Politics, pp. 17-18
  6. ^ "1880 Presidential General Election Results – Georgia". Dave Leip’s U.S. Election Atlas.
  7. ^ a b Géoelections; Presidential election of 1880 Popular Vote (.xlsx file for €15)
This page was last edited on 13 October 2020, at 14:37
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