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1863 Florida's 1st congressional district special election

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1863 Florida's 2nd congressional district special election

← 1861 February 2, 1863 1863 →
John Marshall Martin.jpg
Nominee John Marshall Martin James Gettis
Party Independent Independent
Popular vote 1,111 583
Percentage 38.78% 20.35%

Florida Governor James E. Broome.jpg
Nominee W. M. Ives James E. Broome
Party Independent Independent
Popular vote 571 486
Percentage 19.93% 16.96%

Representative before election

James Baird Dawkins

Elected Representative

John Marshall


A special election to the Confederate States House of Representatives for Florida's 1st congressional district was held February 2, 1863.[1]

The winning candidate would serve the remainder of a two-year term in the Confederate States House of Representatives to represent Florida in the 1st Confederate Congress from February 3, 1863, to February 18, 1864.


In the 1861 congressional election, James Baird Dawkins was elected to the Confederate States House of Representatives. However, Dawkins resigned on December 8, 1862 after Governor John Milton appointed him as a state judge.[2]



Unique to this election, none of the five candidates came from West Florida, which had been the state's political powerhouse, showing the waning influence of Pensacola. Martin and Ives were both from North Central Florida; Martin was a planter and Confederate States Army captain from Ocala, while Ives was an influential newspaper editor from Lake City. Broome, the former governor of Florida, was from Tallahassee. Gettis, a former state representative from Tampa, was famous in Florida for his actions during the Battle of Tampa. The only candidate out of the five without a major reputation in the state was Hawes, a former state senator from Orlando, which was still a small frontier town at this time.

General election


1863 Florida's 1st congressional district special election[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent John Marshall Martin 1,111 38.78% N/A
Independent James Gettis 583 20.35% N/A
Independent W. M. Ives 571 19.93% N/A
Independent James E. Broome 486 16.96% N/A
Independent George E. Hawes 114 3.98% N/A
Majority 528 18.43% +8.26%
Turnout 4,053 100.00%

See also


  1. ^ "Our Campaigns - FL CSA 1 - Special Election". Retrieved 2020-11-23.
  2. ^ Schwartz, Kathryn Carlisle (2003). Baptist Faith in Action: The Private Writings of Maria Baker Taylor, 1813-1895. Columbia: University of South Carolina. ISBN 978-1-57003-497-8. Retrieved November 23, 2020.CS1 maint: date and year (link)
  3. ^ "James Emilius Broome". National Governors Association. Retrieved 2020-11-24.
  4. ^ VanLandingham, Kyle S. (1997). "James Gettis: Tampa Pioneer Lawyer". Sunland Tribune. University of South Florida. 23 (6) – via Scholar Commons.
  5. ^ The People of Lawmaking in Florida 1822 - 2019 (PDF). Tallahassee: Florida House of Representatives. 2019. p. 83. Retrieved November 23, 2020.
  6. ^ Ives, W. M. (1895). "HISTORY of THE FOURTH FLORIDA REGIMENT". Confederate Veteran. Retrieved November 23, 2020.
  7. ^ Allardice, Bruce S. (2008). Confederate Colonels: A Biographical Register. Columbia: University of Missouri. pp. 253–254. ISBN 978-0-8262-6648-4. Retrieved November 23, 2020.
  8. ^ "FL CSA 1 - Special Election". Our Campaigns. Retrieved November 23, 2020.
This page was last edited on 11 December 2020, at 12:25
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