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1832 and 1833 United States Senate elections

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1832 and 1833 United States Senate elections

← 1830 / 31 Dates vary by state 1834 / 35 →

16 of the 48 seats in the U.S. Senate (plus special elections)
25 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
 
Party Anti-Jacksonian Jacksonian
Last election 20 seats 26 seats
Seats before 22 24
Seats won 8 6
Seats after 23 21
Seat change Increase 1 Decrease 3
Seats up 7 9

  Third party
 
Party Nullifier
Last election 1 seats
Seats before 2
Seats won 0
Seats after 2
Seat change Steady
Seats up 0

Majority party before election

Jacksonian

Elected Majority party

Anti-Jacksonian

The United States Senate elections of 1832 and 1833 were elections that had the Anti-Jacksonian coalition assume control of the United States Senate from the Jacksonian coalition, despite Andrew Jackson's victory in the 1832 presidential election.

As these elections were prior to ratification of the seventeenth amendment, Senators were elected by State legislatures.

Change in composition

Before the elections

After the January 3, 1832 special election in Indiana.

AJ1 AJ2 AJ3 AJ4
AJ14 AJ13 AJ12 AJ11 AJ10 AJ9 AJ8 AJ7 AJ6 AJ5
AJ15 AJ16
Conn.
Ran
AJ17
Del.
Ran
AJ18
Mass.
Ran
AJ19
R.I.
Ran
AJ20
Maine
Retired
AJ21
Ohio
Retired
AJ22
Vt.
Retired
N1 N2
Majority (with VP tie-breaking vote) → J24
Pa.
Retired
J15 J16
Ind.
Ran
J17
Mo.
Ran
J18
Tenn.
Ran
J19
Va.
Ran
J20
Md.
Unknown
J21
Miss.
Unknown
J22
N.J.
Unknown
J23
N.Y.
Unknown
J14 J13 J12 J11 J10 J9 J8 J7 J6 J5
J1 J2 J3 J4

As a result of the elections

AJ1 AJ2 AJ3 AJ4
AJ14 AJ13 AJ12 AJ11 AJ10 AJ9 AJ8 AJ7 AJ6 AJ5
AJ15 AJ16
Del.
Re-elected
AJ17
Mass.
Re-elected
AJ18
R.I.
Re-elected
AJ19
Conn.
Hold
AJ20
Vt.
Hold
AJ21
Md.
Gain
AJ22
N.J.
Gain
AJ23
Va.
Gain
N1
Plurality ↑ N2
J15 J16
Ind.
Re-elected
J17
Mo.
Re-elected
J18
Tenn.
Re-elected
J19
N.Y.
Hold
J20
Maine
Gain
J21
Ohio
Gain
V1
Miss.
J Loss
V2
Pa.
J Loss
J14 J13 J12 J11 J10 J9 J8 J7 J6 J5
J1 J2 J3 J4

At the beginning of the first session, December 2, 1833

AJ1 AJ2 AJ3 AJ4
AJ14
Ala.
Gain
AJ13 AJ12 AJ11 AJ10 AJ9 AJ8 AJ7 AJ6 AJ5
AJ15
N.C.
Gain
AJ16 AJ17 AJ18 AJ19 AJ20 AJ21 AJ22 AJ23 AJ24
Majority → AJ25
J15
Ga.
Hold
J16 J17 J18 J19 V1 N2
S.C.
Hold
N1 AJ26
Miss.
Gain
J14 J13 J12 J11 J10 J9 J8 J7 J6 J5
J1 J2 J3 J4
Key:
AJ# = Anti-Jacksonian
J# = Jacksonian
N# = Nullfier
V# = Vacant

Race summaries

Special elections during the 22nd Congress

In these special elections, the winners were seated during 1832 or before March 4, 1833; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Indiana
(Class 1)
Robert Hanna Anti-Jacksonian 1831 (Appointed) Interim appointee retired when elected successor qualified.
New senator elected January 3, 1832.
Winner was also elected to the next term, see below.
Jacksonian gain.
Virginia
(Class 2)
Littleton Waller Tazewell Jacksonian 1824 (Special)
1829
Incumbent resigned July 16, 1832.
New senator elected December 10, 1832.
Jacksonian hold.
South Carolina
(Class 2)
Robert Y. Hayne Nullifier 1822
1828
Incumbent resigned December 13, 1832 to become Governor of South Carolina.
New senator elected December 29, 1832.
Nullifier hold.
New York
(Class 3)
William L. Marcy Jacksonian 1831 Incumbent resigned January 1, 1833 to become Governor of New York.
New senator elected January 4, 1833.
Jacksonian hold.

Races leading to the 23rd Congress

In these general elections, the winner was seated on March 4, 1833; ordered by state.

All of the elections involved the Class 1 seats.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Connecticut Samuel A. Foot Anti-Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent lost re-election, and was then elected to the U.S. House of Representatives instead.
New senator elected in 1832.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.
Delaware Arnold Naudain Anti-Jacksonian 1830 (Special) Incumbent re-elected in 1832.
Indiana John Tipton Jacksonian 1832 (Special) Incumbent re-elected in 1832.
Maine John Holmes Anti-Jacksonian 1820 (Short term)
1820 (Long term)
1826 (Retired or lost)
1829 (Special)
Retired.
Winner elected January 23, 1833.
Jacksonian gain
Maryland Samuel Smith Jacksonian 1802
1809
1815 (Lost)
1822 (Special)
1827
Unknown if incumbent retired or lost re-election.
New senator elected in 1833.
Anti-Jacksonian gain
Massachusetts Daniel Webster Anti-Jacksonian 1827 (Special) Incumbent re-elected in 1833.
Mississippi John Black Jacksonian 1832 (Appointed) Legislature failed to elect.
Jacksonian loss.
Incumbent would later be elected as an Anti-Jacksonian, see below.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Missouri Thomas H. Benton Jacksonian 1821
1827
Incumbent re-elected in 1833.
New Jersey Mahlon Dickerson Jacksonian 1817
1823
1829 (Resigned)
1829 (Special)
Unknown if incumbent retired or lost re-election.
New senator elected in 1833.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
New York Charles E. Dudley Jacksonian 1829 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New senator elected in 1833.
Jacksonian hold.
Ohio Benjamin Ruggles Anti-Jacksonian 1815
1821
1827
Incumbent retired.
New senator elected in 1833.
Jacksonian gain.
Pennsylvania George M. Dallas Jacksonian 1831 (Special) Incumbent retired.
Legislature failed to elect.
Jacksonian loss.
Samuel McKean (Jacksonian)
William Clark (Anti-Masonic)
Thomas H. Crawford (Jacksonian)
James Buchanan (Jacksonian)
Garrick Mallery (Anti-Jacksonian)
Adam King (Jacksonian)
Rhode Island Asher Robbins Anti-Jacksonian 1825 (Special)
1827
Incumbent re-elected in 1833.
Tennessee Felix Grundy Jacksonian 1829 (Special) Incumbent re-elected in 1833.
Vermont Horatio Seymour Anti-Jacksonian 1821
1827
Incumbent retired to run for Vermont Governor.
New senator elected in 1833.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.
Virginia John Tyler Jacksonian 1827 Incumbent re-elected as an Anti-Jacksonian in 1833.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.

Special elections during the 23rd Congress

In these special elections, the winners were seated in 1833 after March 4; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Georgia
(Class 3)
George Troup Jacksonian 1828 Incumbent resigned November 8, 1833.
Successor elected November 21, 1833.
Jacksonian hold.
Mississippi
(Class 1)
John Black Nullifier 1832 (Appointed) Legislature had failed to elect and the seat was vacant from March 4, 1833.
Incumbent appointee was then elected November 22, 1833.
South Carolina
(Class 3)
Stephen D. Miller Nullifier 1830 Incumbent resigned March 2, 1833 due to ill health.
Successor elected November 26, 1833.
Nullifier hold.
Pennsylvania
(Class 1)
Vacant Legislature had previously failed to elect.
Successor elected December 7, 1833.
Jacksonian gain.

Connecticut

Delaware

Indiana

Indiana (Special)

Maine

Maryland

Massachusetts

Mississippi

Missouri

New Jersey

New York

For the general election, Nathaniel P. Tallmadge received majorities in both the Assembly and the Senate, and was declared elected. Due to the controversy about his eligibility, he received only very small majorities - one more than necessary in the Senate, and four more than necessary in the Assembly - although his party had large majorities in both houses of the Legislature.

1833 United States Senator election result
Office House Jacksonian Democrat Anti-Mason/National Republican Jacksonian Democrat
U.S. Senator State Senate (32 members) Nathaniel P. Tallmadge 18 Francis Granger 6 Benjamin F. Butler 2
State Assembly (128 members) Nathaniel P. Tallmadge 69 Francis Granger 25 Benjamin F. Butler 12

New York (Special)

William L. Marcy had been elected in 1831 to the other seat. In November 1832, Marcy was elected Governor, and upon taking office resigned his Senate seat on January 1, 1833. Silas Wright, Jr., was the choice of both the Assembly and the Senate, and was declared elected.

1833 United States Senate special election result
Office Candidate Party Senate
(32 members)
Assembly
(128 members)
U.S. Senator Silas Wright, Jr. Jacksonian 24 99
John C. Spencer Anti-Mason 3 8
James Burt 1 2
Gerrit Smith 1 1
James Kent 4
Albert Gallatin 3
Gideon Hawley 3
John Birdsall Anti-Mason 1
Myron Holley 1
William Thompson 1
Albert H. Tracy Anti-Mason 1
Samuel A. Foot 1

Ohio

Pennsylvania

The election was held on eleven separate dates from December 1832 to December 1833. On December 7, 1833, Samuel McKean was elected by the Pennsylvania General Assembly to the United States Senate.[2][3]

The Pennsylvania General Assembly, consisting of the House of Representatives and the Senate, convened on December 11, 1832, for the regularly scheduled Senate election for the term beginning on March 4, 1833. A total of thirty-six ballots were recorded. Ballots 1-17 were recorded on four separate dates (11th, 12th, 13th, 15th) in December 1832. Ballots 18-21 were recorded on two separate dates (9th and 10th) in January 1833. Ballots 22-29 were recorded on two separate dates (19th and 20th) in February 1833. The thirtieth ballot was recorded on March 12, 1833, followed by three additional ballots on April 2. Following the thirty-third ballot on April 2, the election convention adjourned sine die without electing a Senator.[2]

Upon the expiration of incumbent George M. Dallas's term on March 4, 1833, the seat was vacated. It was vacant until the election convention of the General Assembly re-convened on December 7, 1833, and elected Jacksonian Samuel McKean to the seat after three additional ballots.[3] The results of the third and final ballot (thirty-sixth ballot in total) of both houses combined during the December 7 session are as follows:

State Legislature Results[3][4]
Party Candidate Votes %
Jacksonian Samuel McKean 74 55.64
Anti-Masonic William Clark 28 21.05%
Jacksonian Thomas H. Crawford 19 14.29%
Jacksonian James Buchanan 5 3.76%
Anti-Jacksonian Garrick Mallery 3 2.26%
Jacksonian Adam King 1 0.75%
N/A Not voting 3 2.26%
Totals 133 100.00%

Rhode Island

South Carolina (Special)

There were two special elections to the U.S. Senate in South Carolina during this cycle: the first, on December 29, 1832, was to the Class 2 seat held by Robert Y. Hayne (N), who resigned December 13, 1832. That election was won by John C. Calhoun (N). The second, on November 25, 1833, was to the Class 3 seat held by Stephen D. Miller (D), who resigned March 2, 1833. That election was won by William C. Preston (D).

Tennessee

Vermont

Virginia

Virginia (Special)

See also

Notes

  1. ^ also Anti-Jacksonian

References

  1. ^ "Our Campaigns - ME US Senate Race - Jan 17, 1833". www.ourcampaigns.com. June 26, 2019. Retrieved November 4, 2019.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Senate Election - 1832-33" (PDF). Wilkes University. Retrieved December 22, 2012.
  3. ^ a b c "U.S. Senate Election - 7 December 1833" (PDF). Wilkes University. Retrieved December 22, 2012.
  4. ^ "PA US Senate". OurCampaigns. Retrieved December 22, 2012.
This page was last edited on 4 November 2019, at 01:19
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