To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Languages
Recent
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

1830 and 1831 United States House of Representatives elections

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1830 and 1831 United States House of Representatives elections

← 1828 & 1829 July 5, 1830 – October 3, 1831[a] 1832 & 1833 →

All 213 seats in the United States House of Representatives
107 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
 
SpeakerStevenson.png
JohnWTaylor.jpg
Leader Andrew Stevenson John W. Taylor
Party Jacksonian Anti-Jacksonian
Leader's seat Virginia 9th New York 17th
Last election 136 seats 72 seats
Seats won 126 66
Seat change Decrease 10 Decrease 6

  Third party Fourth party
 
Party Anti-Masonic Nullifier
Last election 5 seats 0 seats
Seats won 17 4
Seat change Increase 12 Increase 4

House022ElectionsMap.png

Speaker before election

Andrew Stevenson
Jacksonian

Elected Speaker

Andrew Stevenson
Jacksonian

In the 1830 and 1831 United States House of Representatives elections, the supporters of President Andrew Jackson lost ten seats during his first term, but managed to maintain control of the chamber amidst the growth of two new opposition movements.

The brash style of Congress during the administration of Andrew Jackson caused a number of Americans to become dissatisfied with the government and both of the major parties. Anger over the Tariff of 1828 also provided a major issue, particularly in the agricultural South. The Jacksonians remained firmly in control of the House, but lost several seats, as did the minority Anti-Jacksonians. The Anti-Masonic Party, an aspiring third party which was based on a single issue (distrust of Freemasonry), was actually able to gain a dozen seats, and four South Carolina Congressman who called themselves Nullifiers (based on the principle of states' rights) were also elected. Thus, this was the first election in the House where both major parties lost seats at the same time; this would not occur again until the 1854 elections.

Election summaries

Not including special elections.

66 17 126 4
Anti-Jacksonian AM Jacksonian N
State Type Date Total
seats
Anti-Jacksonian Anti-Masonic Jacksonian Nullifier
Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change
Louisiana Districts July 5–7, 1830 3 2 Steady 0 Steady 1 Steady 0 Steady
Mississippi At-large August 2–3, 1830 1 0 Steady 0 Steady 1 Steady 0 Steady
Vermont Districts September 6, 1830[b] 5 3 Decrease1 2 Increase1 0 Steady 0 Steady
Maine Districts September 13, 1830 7 1 Decrease2 0 Steady 6 Increase2 0 Steady
Georgia At-large October 4, 1830 7 0 Steady 0 Steady 7 Steady 0 Steady
Ohio Districts October 12, 1830 14 8 Increase2 0 Steady 6 Decrease2 0 Steady
Pennsylvania Districts 26 2 Increase1 7 Increase6 17 Decrease7 0 Steady
South Carolina Districts October 11–12, 1830 9 0 Steady 0 Steady 5 Decrease4 4 Increase4
Massachusetts Districts November 1, 1830 13 13 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
New York Districts November 1–3, 1830 34 3 Decrease8 8 Increase5 23 Increase3 0 Steady
New Jersey At-large November 6, 1830 6 6 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Delaware At-large November 13, 1830 1 1 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Late elections (after the March 4, 1831 beginning of the term)
New Hampshire At-large March 8, 1831 6 0 Steady 0 Steady 6 Steady 0 Steady
Connecticut At-large April 14, 1831 6 6 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Virginia Districts April 1831 22 5 Decrease1 0 Steady 17 Increase1 0 Steady
Alabama Districts August 1, 1831 3 0 Steady 0 Steady 3 Steady 0 Steady
Illinois At-large 1 0 Steady 0 Steady 1 Steady 0 Steady
Kentucky Districts 12 4 Increase2 0 Steady 8 Decrease2 0 Steady
Missouri At-large August 2, 1831 1 0 Steady 0 Steady 1 Steady 0 Steady
Indiana Districts August 5, 1831 3 0 Decrease2 0 Steady 3 Increase2 0 Steady
Tennessee Districts August 4–5, 1831 9 1 Steady 0 Steady 8 Steady 0 Steady
North Carolina Districts August 11, 1831 13 2 Decrease1 0 Steady 11 Increase1 0 Steady
Rhode Island At-large August 23, 1831 2 2 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Maryland Districts October 3, 1831 9 5 Increase2 0 Steady 4 Decrease2 0 Steady
Total 213 66
31.0%
Decrease6 17
8.0%
Increase12 126
59.2%
Decrease10 4
1.9%
Increase4
House seats
Jacksonian
59.15%
Anti-Jacksonian
30.99%
Anti-Masonic
7.98%
Nullifier
1.88%

Special elections

21st Congress

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Maine 5 James W. Ripley Jacksonian 1826 (Special) Incumbent resigned March 12, 1830.
New member elected September 13, 1830.
Jacksonian hold.
Successor seated December 6, 1830.
Ohio 11 John M. Goodenow Jacksonian 1828 Incumbent resigned April 9, 1830, after being appointed judge of the Supreme Court of Ohio.
New member elected October 11, 1830.
Winner was elected the next day to the next term, see below.
Successor seated December 6, 1830.
Virginia 22 Alexander Smyth Jacksonian 1817
1828 (Retired)
1827
Incumbent died April 17, 1830.
New member elected November 1830.
Jacksonian hold.
Successor seated December 6, 1830.
Winner was later elected to the next term, see below.
New York 6 Hector Craig Jacksonian 1822
1824 (Lost)
1828
Incumbent resigned July 12, 1830.
New member elected November 3, 1830.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
Successor seated December 6, 1830.
Virginia 11 Philip P. Barbour Jacksonian 1815
1824 (Retired)
1827
Incumbent resigned October 15, 1830, after being appointed judge of US Circuit Court of the Eastern District of Virginia.
New member elected November 25, 1830.
Jacksonian hold.
Successor seated December 6, 1830.

22nd Congress

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
North Carolina 2 Vacant Vacancy in term.
New member elected in 1831
Jacksonian gain.
Successor seated May 12, 1831.
Missouri at-large Spencer D. Pettis Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent died August 28, 1831.
New member elected October 31, 1831.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.
Successor seated October 31, 1831.
Vermont 2 Rollin C. Mallary Anti-Jacksonian 1820 (Contested) Incumbent died April 15, 1831.
New member elected November 1, 1831 on the third ballot.
Anti-Masonic gain.
Successor seated December 5, 1831.
First ballot (July 5, 1831):

Second ballot (September 6, 1831):

Third ballot (November 1, 1831):
  • Green tickY William Slade (Anti-Masonic) 57.53%
  • Robert Temple (Anti-Jacksonian) 28.13%
  • William White (Jacksonian) 14.34%[9]
Pennsylvania 11 William Ramsey Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent died September 29, 1831, before the new Congress convened.
New member elected November 22, 1831.
Jacksonian hold.
Successor seated December 5, 1831.[10]
Georgia at-large Wilson Lumpkin Jacksonian 1814
1816 (Lost)
1826
Incumbent resgined in 1831 before the convening of Congress.
New member elected December 12, 1831.
Jacksonian hold.
Successor seated January 21, 1832.
New York 20 George Fisher Anti-Jacksonian 1828 Incumbent lost contested election February 5, 1830 to Silas Wright, who in turn failed to qualify.
New member elected November 3, 1830.
Jacksonian gain.
Winner was not a candidate the same day to the next term, see below.
Successor seated December 6, 1830.
North Carolina 6 Robert Potter Jacksonian 1829 Incumbent resigned November ????, 1831.
New member elected December 15, 1831.
Jacksonian hold.
Successor seated January 6, 1832.

Alabama

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Alabama 1
"Northern District"
Clement C. Clay Jacksonian 1829 Incumbent re-elected.
Alabama 2
"Middle District"
Robert E. B. Baylor Jacksonian 1825 Incumbent lost-relection.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
Alabama 3
"Southern District"
Dixon Hall Lewis Jacksonian 1829 Incumbent re-elected.

Connecticut

Connecticut elected its six at-large members on a general ticket on April 14, 1831, after the term began but before the Congress convened.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Connecticut at-large
6 seats on a general ticket
Ralph I. Ingersoll Anti-Jacksonian 1825 Incumbent re-elected.
Noyes Barber Anti-Jacksonian 1821 Incumbent re-elected.
Ebenezer Young Anti-Jacksonian 1829 Incumbent re-elected.
Jabez W. Huntington Anti-Jacksonian 1829 Incumbent re-elected.
William L. Storrs Anti-Jacksonian 1829 Incumbent re-elected.
William W. Ellsworth Anti-Jacksonian 1829 Incumbent re-elected.

Delaware

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Delaware at-large Kensey Johns Anti-Jacksonian 1827 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.

Georgia

Georgia elected its 7 at-large members on October 4, 1830.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Georgia at-large
7 seats on a general ticket
Richard Henry Wilde Jacksonian 1814
1816 (Lost)
1824 (Special)
1826 (Lost)
1827 (Special)
Incumbent re-elected.
Wilson Lumpkin Jacksonian 1814
1816 (Lost)
1826
Incumbent re-elected.
Charles E. Haynes Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
Henry G. Lamar Jacksonian 1829 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Thomas F. Foster Jacksonian 1828 Incumbent re-elected.
James M. Wayne Jacksonian 1828 Incumbent re-elected.
Wiley Thompson Jacksonian 1820 Incumbent re-elected.

Illinois

Illinois elected its sole member late on August 1, 1831.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Illinois at-large Joseph Duncan Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent re-elected.

Indiana

Indiana elected its three members late on August 5, 1831.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Indiana 1 Ratliff Boon Jacksonian 1828 Incumbent re-elected.
Indiana 2 Jonathan Jennings Anti-Jacksonian 1822 (special) Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
Indiana 3 John Test Anti-Jacksonian 1828 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.

Kentucky

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Kentucky 1
Kentucky 2
Kentucky 3
Kentucky 4
Kentucky 5
Kentucky 6
Kentucky 7
Kentucky 8
Kentucky 9
Kentucky 10
Kentucky 11
Kentucky 12

Louisiana

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Louisiana 1
Louisiana 2
Louisiana 3

Maine

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Maine 1
Maine 2
Maine 3
Maine 4
Maine 5
Maine 6
Maine 7

Maryland

Maryland elected its nine members on October 3, 1831. In the fifth district, two members were elected on a general ticket. There was a net gain of 2 Anti-Jacksonians thereby increasing their ratio from 3-to-6 to 5-to-4.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Maryland 1 Clement Dorsey Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.
Maryland 2 Benedict Joseph Semmes Anti-Jacksonian 1829 Incumbent re-elected.
Maryland 3 George Corbin Washington Anti-Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent re-elected.
Maryland 4 Michael Sprigg Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
Maryland 5
2 seats on a general ticket
Benjamin C. Howard Jacksonian 1829 Incumbent re-elected.
Elias Brown Jacksonian 1829 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
Maryland 6 George E. Mitchell Jacksonian 1829 Incumbent re-elected.
Maryland 7 Richard Spencer Jacksonian 1829 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
Maryland 8 Ephraim King Wilson Jacksonian 1829 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.

Massachusetts

Former U.S. President John Quincy Adams was elected in Massachusetts's 11th district, becoming the first former president to re-enter public life after leaving the presidency.

Elections were held November 1, 1830, but at least one district went to so many ballots it failed to achieve a majority election until 1832, just before the next cycle began.

(District numbers differ between sources. District numbers below reflect Martis's references.[24] Where noted, Congressional Quarterly's "Guide to U.S. Elections"[25] and OurCampaigns.com have different district numbers.)

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Massachusetts 1 Benjamin Gorham Anti-Jacksonian 1820 (Special)
1822 (Retired)
1827 (Special)
Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.
Massachusetts 2 Benjamin W. Crowninshield Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent lost re-election from a different party.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.
Massachusetts 3 John Varnum Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent retired.
New member elected late on the thirteenth ballot.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.
First ballot (November 1, 1830):

Second ballot (January 3, 1831):

Third ballot (April 4, 1831):

Fourth ballot (June 27, 1831):

Fifth ballot (September 5, 1831):

Sixth ballot (November 14, 1831):

Seventh ballot (January 16, 1832):

Eighth ballot (February 13, 1832):

Ninth ballot (March 12, 1832):

Tenth ballot (April 9, 1832):
  • Joseph Kitteridge (Unknown) 47.18%
  • Caleb Cushing (Anti-Jacksonian) 41.19%
  • Scattering 11.63%[37]

Eleventh ballot (May 14, 1832):

Twelfth ballot (September 3, 1832):

Thirteenth ballot (November 12, 1832):
Massachusetts 4 Edward Everett Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 5
CQGuide: 13th[25]
OurCampaigns: 8th[42]
John Davis Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 6
CQGuide: 5th[25]
OurCampaigns: 9th[43]
Joseph G. Kendall Anti-Jacksonian 1828 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 7
CQGuide: 6th[25]
OurCampaigns: 6th[44]
George Grennell Jr. Anti-Jacksonian 1828 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 8
OurCampaigns: 5th[45]
Isaac C. Bates Anti-Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 9
CQGuide: 7th[25]
OurCampaigns: 7th[46]
Henry W. Dwight Anti-Jacksonian 1820 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.
Massachusetts 10
CQGuide: 9th[25]
John Bailey Anti-Jacksonian 1823 (Special)
1824 (Disqualified)
1824 (Special)
Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.
Massachusetts 11
CQGuide: 12th[25]
OurCampaigns: 11th[48]
Joseph Richardson Anti-Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.
Massachusetts 12
CQGuide: 10th[25]
James L. Hodges Anti-Jacksonian 1827 Incumbent re-elected late on the seventh ballot First ballot (November 1, 1830):
Second ballot (January 3, 1831):
  • Micah B. Ruggles (Anti-Masonic) 48.08%
  • James L. Hodges (Anti-Jacksonian) 44.01%
  • John A. Parker (Unknown) 7.91%[50]
Third ballot (April 4, 1831):
Fourth ballot (June 27, 1831):
Fifth ballot (September 5, 1831):
Sixth ballot (November 14, 1831):
Seventh ballot (January 16, 1832):
Massachusetts 13
CQGuide: 11th[25]
John Reed Jr. Anti-Jacksonian 1812
1816 (Lost)
1820
Incumbent re-elected.

Mississippi

Elections held early, from August 2 to 3, 1830

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Mississippi at-large Thomas Hinds Jacksonian 1828 (special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.

Missouri

Missouri elected its sole member late on August 2, 1831.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Missouri at-large Spencer D. Pettis Jacksonian 1828 Incumbent re-elected.

New Hampshire

New Hampshire elected its six members at-large late on March 8, 1831.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
New Hampshire at-large
6 seats on a general ticket
John Brodhead Jacksonian 1829 Incumbent re-elected.
Thomas Chandler Jacksonian 1829 Incumbent re-elected.
Joseph Hammons Jacksonian 1829 Incumbent re-elected.
Jonathan Harvey Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
Henry Hubbard Jacksonian 1829 Incumbent re-elected.
John W. Weeks Jacksonian 1829 Incumbent re-elected.

New Jersey

New Jersey elected its six members at-large on November 6, 1830.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
New Jersey at-large
6 seats on a general ticket
Isaac Pierson Anti-Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.
Richard M. Cooper Anti-Jacksonian 1828 Incumbent re-elected.
James F. Randolph Anti-Jacksonian 1828 (special) Incumbent re-elected.
Thomas H. Hughes Anti-Jacksonian 1828 Incumbent re-elected.
Samuel Swan Anti-Jacksonian 1820 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.
Lewis Condict Anti-Jacksonian 1821 (special) Incumbent re-elected.

New York

New York elected its 34 members from November 1 to 3, 1830.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
New York 1 James Lent Jacksonian 1828 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 2 Jacob Crocheron Jacksonian 1828 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
New York 3
3 seats on a general ticket
Churchill C. Cambreleng Jacksonian 1821 Incumbent re-elected.
Campbell P. White Jacksonian 1828 Incumbent re-elected.
Gulian C. Verplanck Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 4 Henry B. Cowles Anti-Jacksonian 1828 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
  • Green tickY Aaron Ward (Jacksonian) 53.6%
  • John Hunter (Anti-Jacksonian) 31.6%
  • Jonathan Ferris (Anti-Masonic) 14.8%[64]
New York 5 Abraham Bockee Jacksonian 1828 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
New York 6 Vacant Rep. Hector Craig (J) resigned July 12, 1830.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
New York 7 Charles G. DeWitt Jacksonian 1828 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
New York 8 James Strong Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
  • Green tickY John King (Jacksonian) 56.8%
  • Robert L. Livingston (Anti-Jacksonian) 43.2%[68]
New York 9 John D. Dickinson Anti-Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
New York 10 Ambrose Spencer Anti-Jacksonian 1828 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
New York 11 Perkins King Jacksonian 1828 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
New York 12 Peter I. Borst Jacksonian 1828 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
New York 13 William G. Angel Jacksonian 1828 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 14 Henry R. Storrs Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
New York 15 Michael Hoffman Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 16 Benedict Arnold Anti-Jacksonian 1828 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
New York 17 John W. Taylor Anti-Jacksonian 1812 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 18 Henry C. Martindale Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
New York 19 Isaac Finch Anti-Jacksonian 1828 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
New York 20
2 seats on a general ticket
Joseph Hawkins Anti-Jacksonian 1828 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
Vacant Rep. George Fisher (AJ) resigned February 5, 1830 following election contest.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
New York 21 Vacant Rep. Robert Monell (J) resigned February 21, 1831 to become judge of the Sixth State Circuit Court.
New member elected.
Anti-Masonic gain.
New York 22 Thomas Beekman Anti-Jacksonian 1828 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
New York 23 Jonas Earll Jr. Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
New York 24 Gershom Powers Jacksonian 1828 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
New York 25 Thomas Maxwell Jacksonian 1828 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Anti-Masonic gain.
New York 26
2 seats on a general ticket
Jehiel H. Halsey Jacksonian 1828 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Anti-Masonic gain.
Robert S. Rose Anti-Masonic 1828 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Anti-Masonic hold.
New York 27 Timothy Childs Anti-Masonic 1828 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Anti-Masonic hold.
New York 28 John Magee Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Anti-Masonic gain.
New York 29 Phineas L. Tracy Anti-Masonic 1827 (special) Incumbent re-elected.
New York 30 Ebenezer F. Norton Jacksonian 1828 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Anti-Masonic gain.

North Carolina

North Carolina elected its members August 11, 1831, after the term began but before the new Congress convened.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
North Carolina 1
North Carolina 2
North Carolina 3
North Carolina 4
North Carolina 5
North Carolina 6
North Carolina 7
North Carolina 8
North Carolina 9
North Carolina 10
North Carolina 11 Henry W. Connor Jacksonian 1821 Incumbent re-elected.

Ohio

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Ohio 1
Ohio 2
Ohio 3
Ohio 4
Ohio 5
Ohio 6
Ohio 7
Ohio 8
Ohio 9
Ohio 10
Ohio 11
Ohio 12
Ohio 13
Ohio 14

Pennsylvania

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates[92][d]
Pennsylvania 1 Joel B. Sutherland Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 2 Joseph Hemphill Jacksonian 1800
1802 (Lost)
1818
1826 (Resigned)
1828
Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
  • Green tickY Henry Horn (Jacksonian) 55.6%
  • Daniel W. Coxe (Anti-Jacksonian) 44.4%
Pennsylvania 3 Daniel H. Miller Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent lost-relection.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
Pennsylvania 4
3 seats on a general ticket
James Buchanan Jacksonian 1820 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Anti-Masonic gain.
Joshua Evans Jr. Jacksonian 1828 Incumbent re-elected.
George G. Leiper Jacksonian 1828 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Anti-Masonic gain.
Pennsylvania 5 John B. Sterigere Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
Pennsylvania 6 Innis Green Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
Pennsylvania 7
2 seats on a general ticket
Joseph Fry Jr. Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
Henry A. P. Muhlenberg Jacksonian 1828 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 8
2 seats on a general ticket
Peter Ihrie Jr. Jacksonian 1829 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Samuel A. Smith Jacksonian 1829 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 9
3 seats on a general ticket
Philander Stephens Jacksonian 1828 Incumbent re-elected.
James Ford Jacksonian 1828 Incumbent re-elected.
Alem Marr Jacksonian 1828 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
Pennsylvania 10 Adam King Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Adam King (Jacksonian) 58.6%
  • William McIlvine (Anti-Jacksonian) 41.4%
Pennsylvania 11
2 seats on a general ticket
Thomas H. Crawford Jacksonian 1828 Incumbent re-elected.
William Ramsey Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent re-elected.[93]
Pennsylvania 12 John Scott Jacksonian 1828 Incumbent lost-relection.
New member elected.
Anti-Masonic gain.
Pennsylvania 13 Chauncey Forward Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
  • Green tickY George Burd (Anti-Jacksonian) 50.2%
  • David Mann (Anti-Masonic) 48.5%
  • Reynolds[f] 1.3%
Pennsylvania 14 Thomas Irwin Jacksonian 1828 Incumbent lost-relection.
New member elected.
Anti-Masonic gain.
Pennsylvania 15 William McCreery Jacksonian 1828 Incumbent lost-relection.
New member elected.
Anti-Masonic gain.
Pennsylvania 16
2 seats on a general ticket
Harmar Denny Anti-Masonic 1829 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
John Gilmore Jacksonian 1828 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 17 Richard Coulter Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 18 Thomas H. Sill Anti-Jacksonian 1826 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Anti-Masonic gain.
  • Green tickY John Banks (Anti-Masonic) 57.1%
  • Thomas S. Cunningham (Jacksonian) 42.9%

Rhode Island

Rhode Island elected its two members at-large late on August 23, 1831.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Rhode Island at-large
2 seats on a general ticket
Tristam Burges Anti-Jacksonian 1825 Incumbent re-elected.
Dutee J. Pearce Anti-Jacksonian 1825 Incumbent re-elected.

South Carolina

South Carolina elected its nine members from October 11 to 12, 1830.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
South Carolina 1 William Drayton Jacksonian 1825 (special) Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 2 Robert W. Barnwell Jacksonian 1828 Incumbent re-elected to a new party.
Nullifier gain.
South Carolina 3 John Campbell Jacksonian 1828 Incumbent lost re-election as a Nullifier.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
South Carolina 4 William D. Martin Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
South Carolina 5 George McDuffie Jacksonian 1820 Incumbent re-elected to a new party.
Nullifier gain.
South Carolina 6 Warren R. Davis Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent re-elected to a new party.
Nullifier gain.
South Carolina 7 William T. Nuckolls Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 8 James Blair Jacksonian 1828 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 9 Starling Tucker Jacksonian 1816 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Nullifier gain.

Tennessee

Election held late, on August 4, 1831.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Tennessee 1 John Blair Jacksonian 1823 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 2 Pryor Lea Jacksonian 1827 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
Tennessee 3 James I. Standifer Jacksonian 1829 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 4 Jacob C. Isacks Jacksonian 1823 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 5 Robert Desha Jacksonian 1827 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
Tennessee 6 James K. Polk Jacksonian 1825 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 7 John Bell Jacksonian 1827 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 8 Cave Johnson Jacksonian 1829 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 9 Davy Crockett Anti-Jacksonian 1827 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.

Vermont

Vermont elected its five members on September 6, 1830. Vermont required a majority vote for election, so the 3rd district election was settled on the second ballot on December 7, 1830, and the 4th district election was settled on the eleventh ballot on June 4, 1832.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Vermont 1 Jonathan Hunt Anti-Jacksonian 1827 Incumbent re-elected.
Vermont 2 Rollin C. Mallary Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent re-elected.
Vermont 3 Horace Everett Anti-Jacksonian 1828 Incumbent re-elected. First ballot (September 6, 1830)
  • Horace Everett (Anti-Jacksonian) 49.0%
  • Royal M. Ransom (Anti-Masonic) 34.7%
  • Alden Partridge (Jacksonian) 13.5%
  • Scattering 2.8%[115]

Second ballot (December 7, 1830)
  • Green tickY Horace Everett (Anti-Jacksonian) 52.3%
  • Roayl M. Ransom (Anti-Masonic) 35.7%
  • Alden Partridge (Jacksonian) 11.9%[116]
Vermont 4 Benjamin Swift Anti-Jacksonian 1827 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.
First ballot (September 6, 1830)

Second ballot (December 7, 1830)

Third ballot (February 7, 1831)

Fourth ballot (April 4, 1831)

Fifth ballot (June 6, 1831)

Sixth ballot (August 1, 1831)

Seventh ballot (October 1, 1831)

Eighth ballot (December 5, 1831)

Ninth ballot (February 6, 1832)

Tenth ballot (April 2, 1832)

Eleventh ballot (June 4, 1832)
Vermont 5 William Cahoon Anti-Masonic 1829 Incumbent re-elected.

Virginia

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Virginia 1 George Loyall Jacksonian 1829 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
Virginia 2 James Trezvant Jacksonian 1825 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
Virginia 3 William S. Archer Jacksonian 1820 (special) Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 4 Mark Alexander Jacksonian 1819 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 5 Thomas Bouldin Jacksonian 1829 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 6 Thomas Davenport Jacksonian 1825 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 7 Nathaniel Claiborne Jacksonian 1825 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 8 Richard Coke Jr. Jacksonian 1829 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 9 Andrew Stevenson Jacksonian 1821 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 10 William F. Gordon Jacksonian 1829 (special) Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 11 John M. Patton Jacksonian 1830 (special) Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 12 John Roane Jacksonian 1827 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
  • Green tickY John J. Roane (Jacksonian) 43.7%
  • John H. Bernard (Independent) 31.7%
  • Edwin Upshaw (Jacksonian) 14.1%
  • Jonathan M. Garnett (Independent) 10.5%[140]
Virginia 13 John Taliaferro Anti-Jacksonian 1824 (special) Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
Virginia 14 Charles F. Mercer Anti-Jacksonian 1817 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 15 John S. Barbour Jacksonian 1823 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 16 William Armstrong Anti-Jacksonian 1825 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 17 Robert Allen Jacksonian 1827 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 18 Philip Doddridge Anti-Jacksonian 1829 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 19 William McCoy Jacksonian 1811 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 20 Robert Craig Jacksonian 1829 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 21 Lewis Maxwell Anti-Jacksonian 1827 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Lewis Maxwell (Anti-Jacksonian) 50.9%
  • Daniel Smith (Anti-Jacksonian) 44.1%
  • Johnson Reynolds (Independent) 5.0%[149]
Virginia 22 Joseph Draper Jacksonian 1830 (special) Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.

Non-voting delegates

Arkansas Territory

Arkansas elected its delegate late on September 4, 1831.

District Incumbent This race
Delegate Party First elected Results Candidates
Arkansas Territory at-large Ambrose H. Sevier Jacksonian 1828 (special) Incumbent re-elected.

Florida Territory

Florida elected its delegate on September 1, 1830.

District Incumbent This race
Delegate Party First elected Results Candidates
Florida Territory at-large Joseph M. White Jacksonian 1825 Incumbent re-elected.

Michigan Territory

Arkansas elected its delegate late on August 8, 1831.

District Incumbent This race
Delegate Party First elected Results Candidates
Michigan Territory at-large Vacant Del. John Biddle (J) resigned February 21, 1831.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Not including special elections and some regular elections that went to multiple ballots.
  2. ^ In 4th district, the election wasn't completed until 1832.
  3. ^ Full name unknown in source
  4. ^ For plural districts, percent is based on assumption that each voter cast as many votes as there are seats.
  5. ^ Ran on joint Jacksonian/Anti-Jacksonian ticket.
  6. ^ Source did not give full name

References

  1. ^ "Our Campaigns - ME District 5 - Special Election Race - Sep 13, 1830". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  2. ^ "Our Campaigns - OH District 11 - Special Election Race - Oct 11, 1830". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  3. ^ "Our Campaigns - VA District 22 Special Election Race - Nov 00, 1830". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  4. ^ "Our Campaigns - NY District 6 - Special Election Race - Nov 01, 1830". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  5. ^ "Our Campaigns - VA District 11 Special Election Race - Nov 25, 1830". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  6. ^ "Our Campaigns - MO At-Large - Special Election Race - Oct 31, 1831". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  7. ^ "Our Campaigns - VT - District 02 - Special Election - First Trial Race - Jul 05, 1831". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  8. ^ "Our Campaigns - VT - District 02 - Special Election - Second Trial Race - Sep 06, 1831". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  9. ^ "Our Campaigns - VT - District 02 - Special Election - Third Trial Race - Nov 01, 1831". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  10. ^ "Twenty-second Congress March 4, 1831, to March 3, 1833". Historian of the United States House of Representatives. Retrieved September 25, 2019.
  11. ^ Cox, Harold (January 31, 2007). "Pennsylvania Election Statistics: 1682-2006" (PDF). The Wilkes University Election Statistics Project. Wilkes University. (erroneously dating Ramsey's death and the election)
  12. ^ "Our Campaigns - GA At-Large - Special Election Race - Dec 12, 1831". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  13. ^ "Our Campaigns - NY District 20 - Special Election Race - Nov 01, 1830". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  14. ^ "Our Campaigns - NC - District 06 - Special Election Race - Dec 15, 1831". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  15. ^ "Our Campaigns - CT At-Large Race - Apr 14, 1831". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
  16. ^ "Our Campaigns - GA At Large Race - Oct 04, 1830". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  17. ^ "IL At Large Race - Aug 01, 1831". Our Campaigns. July 19, 2018. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
  18. ^ "IN - District 01 Race - Aug 05, 1831". Our Campaigns. November 3, 2009. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
  19. ^ "IN - District 02 Race - Aug 05, 1831". Our Campaigns. November 4, 2009. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
  20. ^ "IN - District 03 Race - Aug 05, 1831". Our Campaigns. November 4, 2009. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
  21. ^ a b c d e f CQGuide, p. 556.
  22. ^ "Our Campaigns - MD District 5 Race - Oct 03, 1831". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  23. ^ "Our Campaigns - MD District 8 Race - Oct 03, 1831". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  24. ^ Martis.
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h i j CQGuide, p. 554.
  26. ^ "Our Campaigns - MA District 1 (Suffolk) Race - Nov 01, 1830". OurCampaigns.com.
  27. ^ "Our Campaigns - MA District 2 (Essex South) Race - Nov 01, 1830". OurCampaigns.com.
  28. ^ "Our Campaigns - MA District 3 (Essex North) - 1st Trial Race - Nov 01, 1830". OurCampaigns.com.
  29. ^ "Our Campaigns - MA District 3 (Essex North) - 2nd Trial Race - Jan 03, 1831". OurCampaigns.com.
  30. ^ "Our Campaigns - MA District 3 (Essex North) - 3rd Trial Race - Apr 04, 1831". OurCampaigns.com.
  31. ^ "Our Campaigns - MA District 3 (Essex North) - 4th Trial Race - Jun 27, 1831". OurCampaigns.com.
  32. ^ "Our Campaigns - MA District 3 (Essex North) - 5th Trial Race - Sep 05, 1831". OurCampaigns.com.
  33. ^ "Our Campaigns - MA District 3 (Essex North) - 6th Trial Race - Nov 14, 1831". OurCampaigns.com.
  34. ^ "Our Campaigns - MA District 3 (Essex North) - 7th Trial Race - Jan 16, 1832". OurCampaigns.com.
  35. ^ "Our Campaigns - MA District 3 (Essex North) - 8th Trial Race - Feb 13, 1832". OurCampaigns.com.
  36. ^ "Our Campaigns - MA District 3 (Essex North) - 9th Trial Race - Mar 12, 1832". OurCampaigns.com.
  37. ^ "Our Campaigns - MA District 3 (Essex North) - 10th Trial Race - Apr 09, 1832". OurCampaigns.com.
  38. ^ "Our Campaigns - MA District 3 (Essex North) - 11th Trial Race - May 14, 1832". OurCampaigns.com.
  39. ^ "Our Campaigns - MA District 3 (Essex North) - 12th Trial Race - Sep 03, 1832". OurCampaigns.com.
  40. ^ "Our Campaigns - MA District 3 (Essex North) - 13th Trial Race - Nov 12, 1832". OurCampaigns.com.
  41. ^ "Our Campaigns - MA District 4 (Middlesex) Race - Nov 01, 1830". OurCampaigns.com. Retrieved October 21, 2020.
  42. ^ a b "Our Campaigns - MA District 8 (Worcester South) Race - Nov 01, 1830". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved October 24, 2020.
  43. ^ a b "Our Campaigns - MA District 9 (Worcester North) Race - Nov 01, 1830". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved October 24, 2020.
  44. ^ a b "Our Campaigns - MA District 6 (Franklin) Race - Nov 01, 1830". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved October 24, 2020.
  45. ^ a b "Our Campaigns - MA District 5 (Hampden) Race - Nov 01, 1830". OurCampaigns.com. Retrieved October 21, 2020. (places this race in the 5th district)
  46. ^ a b "Our Campaigns - MA District 7 (Berkshire) Race - Nov 01, 1830". OurCampaigns.com. (places this race in the 7th district)
  47. ^ "Our Campaigns - MA District 10 (Norfolk) Race - Nov 01, 1830". OurCampaigns.com. Retrieved October 21, 2020.
  48. ^ a b "Our Campaigns - MA District 11 Race - Nov 01, 1830". OurCampaigns.com. Retrieved October 18, 2020.
  49. ^ "MA District 12 (Bristol) - 1st Trial". OurCampaigns.com. Retrieved October 21, 2020.
  50. ^ "MA District 12 (Bristol) - 2nd Trial". OurCampaigns.com. Retrieved October 21, 2020.
  51. ^ "MA District 12 (Bristol) - 3rd Trial". OurCampaigns.com. Retrieved October 21, 2020.
  52. ^ "MA District 12 (Bristol) - 4th Trial". OurCampaigns.com. Retrieved October 21, 2020.
  53. ^ "MA District 12 (Bristol) - 5th Trial". OurCampaigns.com. Retrieved October 21, 2020.
  54. ^ "MA District 12 (Bristol) - 6th Trial". OurCampaigns.com. Retrieved October 21, 2020.
  55. ^ "MA District 12 (Bristol) - 7th Trial". OurCampaigns.com. Retrieved October 21, 2020.
  56. ^ "MA District 13 (Barnstable)". OurCampaigns.com. Retrieved October 21, 2020.
  57. ^ "MS - At Large". Our Campaigns. Retrieved March 6, 2021.
  58. ^ "MO At-Large Race - Aug 02, 1831". Our Campaigns. October 26, 2007. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
  59. ^ "NH At-Large Race - Mar 08, 1831". Our Campaigns. January 5, 2011. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
  60. ^ "NJ At-Large Race - Nov 05, 1830". Our Campaigns. February 13, 2011. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
  61. ^ "NY District 1 Race - Nov 01, 1830". Our Campaigns. June 30, 2011. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
  62. ^ "NY District 2 Race - Nov 01, 1830". Our Campaigns. June 30, 2011. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
  63. ^ "NY District 3 Race - Nov 01, 1830". Our Campaigns. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
  64. ^ "NY District 4 Race - Nov 01, 1830". Our Campaigns. April 20, 2011. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
  65. ^ "NY District 5 Race - Nov 01, 1830". Our Campaigns. June 30, 2011. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
  66. ^ "NY District 6 Race - Nov 01, 1830". Our Campaigns. June 23, 2011. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
  67. ^ "NY District 7 Race - Nov 01, 1830". Our Campaigns. March 22, 2011. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
  68. ^ "NY District 8 Race - Nov 01, 1830". Our Campaigns. May 6, 2011. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
  69. ^ "NY District 9 Race - Nov 01, 1830". Our Campaigns. April 26, 2011. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
  70. ^ "NY District 10 Race - Nov 01, 1830". Our Campaigns. March 31, 2011. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
  71. ^ "NY District 11 Race - Nov 01, 1830". Our Campaigns. May 6, 2011. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
  72. ^ "NY District 12 Race - Nov 01, 1830". Our Campaigns. May 6, 2011. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
  73. ^ "NY District 13 Race - Nov 01, 1830". Our Campaigns. June 30, 2011. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
  74. ^ "NY District 14 Race - Nov 01, 1830". Our Campaigns. May 6, 2011. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
  75. ^ "NY District 15 Race - Nov 01, 1830". Our Campaigns. April 26, 2011. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
  76. ^ "NY District 16 Race - Nov 01, 1830". Our Campaigns. May 10, 2011. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
  77. ^ "NY District 17 Race - Nov 01, 1830". Our Campaigns. April 4, 2011. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
  78. ^ "NY District 18 Race - Nov 01, 1830". Our Campaigns. April 2, 2011. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
  79. ^ "NY District 19 Race - Nov 01, 1830". Our Campaigns. June 17, 2011. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
  80. ^ "NY District 20 Race - Nov 01, 1830". Our Campaigns. May 6, 2011. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
  81. ^ "NY District 21 Race - Nov 01, 1830". Our Campaigns. March 22, 2011. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
  82. ^ "NY District 22 Race - Nov 01, 1830". Our Campaigns. May 12, 2011. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
  83. ^ "NY District 23 Race - Nov 01, 1830". Our Campaigns. April 26, 2011. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
  84. ^ "NY District 24 Race - Nov 01, 1830". Our Campaigns. May 11, 2011. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
  85. ^ "NY District 25 Race - Nov 01, 1830". Our Campaigns. March 22, 2011. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
  86. ^ "NY District 26 Race - Nov 01, 1830". Our Campaigns. March 22, 2011. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
  87. ^ "NY District 27 Race - Nov 01, 1830". Our Campaigns. March 22, 2011. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
  88. ^ "NY District 28 Race - Nov 01, 1830". Our Campaigns. March 22, 2011. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
  89. ^ "NY District 29 Race - Nov 01, 1830". Our Campaigns. March 22, 2011. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
  90. ^ "NY District 30 Race - Nov 01, 1830". Our Campaigns. March 22, 2011. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
  91. ^ "Our Campaigns - NC District 11 Race - Aug 11, 1831". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  92. ^ "Wilkes University Elections Statistics Project" (PDF).
  93. ^ "Twenty-second Congress (membership roster) – see footnotes 28 and 29" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on December 12, 2012. Retrieved January 11, 2013.
  94. ^ "RI At-Large Race - Aug 23, 1831". Our Campaigns. January 2, 2009. Retrieved April 10, 2022.
  95. ^ "SC District 01 Race - Oct 11, 1830". Our Campaigns. December 17, 2005. Retrieved April 10, 2022.
  96. ^ "SC District 02 Race - Oct 11, 1830". Our Campaigns. December 17, 2005. Retrieved April 10, 2022.
  97. ^ "SC District 03 Race - Oct 11, 1830". Our Campaigns. December 17, 2005. Retrieved April 10, 2022.
  98. ^ "SC District 04 Race - Oct 11, 1830". Our Campaigns. December 17, 2005. Retrieved April 10, 2022.
  99. ^ "SC District 05 Race - Oct 11, 1830". Our Campaigns. December 17, 2005. Retrieved April 10, 2022.
  100. ^ "SC District 06 Race - Oct 11, 1830". Our Campaigns. December 17, 2005. Retrieved April 10, 2022.
  101. ^ "SC District 07 Race - Oct 11, 1830". Our Campaigns. December 17, 2005. Retrieved April 10, 2022.
  102. ^ "SC District 08 Race - Oct 11, 1830". Our Campaigns. December 17, 2005. Retrieved April 10, 2022.
  103. ^ "SC District 09 Race - Oct 11, 1830". Our Campaigns. December 17, 2005. Retrieved April 10, 2022.
  104. ^ "TN - District 01". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 7, 2021.
  105. ^ "TN - District 02". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 7, 2021.
  106. ^ "TN - District 03". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 7, 2021.
  107. ^ "TN - District 04". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 7, 2021.
  108. ^ "TN - District 05". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 7, 2021.
  109. ^ "TN - District 06". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 7, 2021.
  110. ^ "TN - District 07". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 7, 2021.
  111. ^ "TN - District 08". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 7, 2021.
  112. ^ "TN - District 09". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 7, 2021.
  113. ^ "VT - District 01 - Sep 06, 1830". Our Campaigns. September 22, 2006. Retrieved April 10, 2022.
  114. ^ "VT - District 02 - Sep 06, 1830". Our Campaigns. September 18, 2006. Retrieved April 10, 2022.
  115. ^ "VT - District 03 - First Trial - Sep 06, 1830". Our Campaigns. September 22, 2006. Retrieved April 10, 2022.
  116. ^ "VT - District 03 - Second Trial - Dec 07, 1830". Our Campaigns. September 22, 2006. Retrieved April 10, 2022.
  117. ^ "VT - District 04 - First Trial - Sep 06, 1830". Our Campaigns. September 22, 2006. Retrieved April 10, 2022.
  118. ^ "VT - District 04 - Second Trial - Dec 07, 1830". Our Campaigns. September 22, 2006. Retrieved April 10, 2022.
  119. ^ "VT - District 04 - Third Trial - Feb 07, 1831". Our Campaigns. September 22, 2006. Retrieved April 10, 2022.
  120. ^ "VT - District 04 - Fourth Trial - Apr 04, 1831". Our Campaigns. September 22, 2006. Retrieved April 10, 2022.
  121. ^ "VT - District 04 - Fifth Trial - Jun 06, 1831". Our Campaigns. September 22, 2006. Retrieved April 10, 2022.
  122. ^ "VT - District 04 - Sixth Trial - Aug 01, 1831". Our Campaigns. September 22, 2006. Retrieved April 10, 2022.
  123. ^ "VT - District 04 - Seventh Trial - Oct 01, 1831". Our Campaigns. September 22, 2006. Retrieved April 10, 2022.
  124. ^ "VT - District 04 - Eighth Trial - Dec 05, 1831". Our Campaigns. September 22, 2006. Retrieved April 10, 2022.
  125. ^ "VT - District 04 - Ninth Trial - Feb 06, 1832". Our Campaigns. September 22, 2006. Retrieved April 10, 2022.
  126. ^ "VT - District 04 - Tenth Trial - Apr 02, 1832". Our Campaigns. September 22, 2006. Retrieved April 10, 2022.
  127. ^ "VT - District 04 - Eleventh Trial - Jun 04, 1832". Our Campaigns. September 22, 2006. Retrieved April 10, 2022.
  128. ^ "VT - District 05 - Sep 06, 1830". Our Campaigns. September 2, 2006. Retrieved April 10, 2022.
  129. ^ "VA District 01 Race - Aug 02, 1831". Our Campaigns. September 19, 2010. Retrieved April 11, 2022.
  130. ^ "VA District 02 Race - Aug 02, 1831". Our Campaigns. October 21, 2007. Retrieved April 11, 2022.
  131. ^ "VA District 03 Race - Aug 02, 1831". Our Campaigns. October 21, 2007. Retrieved April 11, 2022.
  132. ^ "VA District 04 Race - Aug 02, 1831". Our Campaigns. October 21, 2007. Retrieved April 11, 2022.
  133. ^ "VA District 05 Race - Aug 02, 1831". Our Campaigns. October 21, 2007. Retrieved April 11, 2022.
  134. ^ "VA District 06 Race - Aug 02, 1831". Our Campaigns. October 21, 2007. Retrieved April 11, 2022.
  135. ^ "VA District 07 Race - Aug 02, 1831". Our Campaigns. October 21, 2007. Retrieved April 11, 2022.
  136. ^ "VA District 08 Race - Aug 02, 1831". Our Campaigns. January 25, 2013. Retrieved April 11, 2022.
  137. ^ "VA District 09 Race - Aug 02, 1831". Our Campaigns. October 21, 2007. Retrieved April 11, 2022.
  138. ^ "VA District 10 Race - Aug 02, 1831". Our Campaigns. October 21, 2007. Retrieved April 11, 2022.
  139. ^ "VA District 11 Race - Aug 02, 1831". Our Campaigns. October 21, 2007. Retrieved April 11, 2022.
  140. ^ "VA District 12 Race - Aug 02, 1831". Our Campaigns. October 21, 2007. Retrieved April 11, 2022.
  141. ^ "VA District 13 Race - Aug 02, 1831". Our Campaigns. October 21, 2007. Retrieved April 11, 2022.
  142. ^ "VA District 14 Race - Aug 02, 1831". Our Campaigns. October 21, 2007. Retrieved April 11, 2022.
  143. ^ "VA District 15 Race - Aug 02, 1831". Our Campaigns. October 21, 2007. Retrieved April 11, 2022.
  144. ^ "VA District 16 Race - Aug 02, 1831". Our Campaigns. October 21, 2007. Retrieved April 11, 2022.
  145. ^ "VA District 17 Race - Aug 02, 1831". Our Campaigns. October 21, 2007. Retrieved April 11, 2022.
  146. ^ "VA District 18 Race - Aug 02, 1831". Our Campaigns. October 21, 2007. Retrieved April 11, 2022.
  147. ^ "VA District 19 Race - Aug 02, 1831". Our Campaigns. October 21, 2007. Retrieved April 11, 2022.
  148. ^ "VA District 20 Race - Aug 02, 1831". Our Campaigns. October 21, 2007. Retrieved April 11, 2022.
  149. ^ "VA District 21 Race - Aug 02, 1831". Our Campaigns. October 21, 2007. Retrieved April 11, 2022.
  150. ^ "VA District 22 Race - Aug 02, 1831". Our Campaigns. October 21, 2007. Retrieved April 11, 2022.
  151. ^ "AR Territorial Delegate Race - Sep 04, 1831". Our Campaigns. July 16, 2006. Retrieved April 10, 2022.
  152. ^ "FL Territory - Delegate Race - Sep 01, 1830". Our Campaigns. May 16, 2006. Retrieved April 10, 2022.
  153. ^ "MI Territorial Delegate Race - Aug 08, 1831". Our Campaigns. July 16, 2006. Retrieved April 10, 2022.

Bibliography

External links

This page was last edited on 11 April 2022, at 21:26
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.