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1828 and 1829 United States House of Representatives elections

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1828 and 1829 United States House of Representatives elections

← 1826 / 1827 July 9, 1828 – October 5, 1829[a] 1830 / 1831 →

All 213 seats in the U.S. House of Representatives
107 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
 
AndrewStevenson.jpg
JohnWTaylor.jpg
Leader Andrew Stevenson John W. Taylor
Party Jacksonian Anti-Jacksonian
Leader's seat Virginia 9th New York 17th
Last election 113 seats 100 seats
Seats won 136[1][b] 72[1][b]
Seat change Increase 23 Decrease 28

  Third party
 
Party Anti-Masonic
Last election 0 seats
Seats won 5
Seat change Increase 5

House021ElectionsMap.png

Speaker before election

Andrew Stevenson
Jacksonian

Elected Speaker

Andrew Stevenson
Jacksonian

In the United States House of Representatives elections in 1828 and 1829,[a] the Jacksonians soundly took control of the presidency, with Andrew Jackson's victory, and greatly increased their majority in Congress. Outgoing President John Quincy Adams's unpopularity played a major role in the Jacksonian pick-up, as did the perception of the Anti-Jacksonian Party as urban and elitist. Major increases in suffrage also heightened Jacksonian wins, as newly enfranchised voters tended to associate with Jacksonian principles. The Anti-Masonic Party, a single issue faction based on distrust of Freemasonry, became the first third party in American history to garner seats in the House.

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • ✪ Age of Jackson: Crash Course US History #14
  • ✪ Andrew Jackson: Founder of the Democratic Party (1829 - 1837)
  • ✪ The Historic Differences Between the Democratic and Republican Parties (1996)
  • ✪ American History - Part 049 - John Quincy Adams Inaugurated - Jackson resigns Senate
  • ✪ History Brief: The Election of 1824

Transcription

Hi I’m John Green. This is Crash Course U.S. history and today, after last week’s bummer on slavery, we turn to a happier topic: the rise of democratization in the U.S. This was also known as the Age of Jackson, no Stan, not that Jackson. No, no, Stan, come’on seriously. No not, no, no, no, no, no, no, no, no, no, no, no. YES. That Jackson. Andrew Jackson. intro ...Sorry, I just had to check my collar. Right, so you’ll recall that the initial democracy of the United States wasn’t terribly democratic—almost all voters were white male land owners. Mr. Green, Mr. Green. That’s just radically unfair. Exactly, Me from the Past. But, between 1820 and 1850, this started to change. State legislatures lowered, or else eliminated, the property qualifications for voting, which allowed many more people to vote, so long as they were, you know, both white and male. Mr. Green, Mr. Green. So, I’d be in, right? Yeah, that seems reasonable. Yeah, Me from the Past, quick privilege check. One of the reasons we study history is so that you can learn that people like you are not actually at the center of history, even though, you know, you’ve been taught that. But, anyway, the whole idea of owning land as a prerequisite for voting is sort of Jeffersonian— an individual who works his own land can be truly independent, because he doesn’t need to rely upon markets to acquire stuff or, God forbid, wages to give him money with which to buy stuff. No, he makes his own stuff and he doesn’t need anybody...except for slaves and also women to make shoes and clothes and to cook food and also make children. But, in light of the Market Revolution, the idea of excluding wage workers seemed very outdated. The idea of excluding women and non-white people, though, still quite popular. But, this defining characteristic of the Age of Jackson really had very little to do with Andrew Jackson himself because, by the time he became President in 1829, every state except for North Carolina, Virginia, and Rhode Island had already gotten rid of their property requirements. In fact, that’s probably why he got elected. Right so you’ll recall that America’s mostly fake victory in the War of 1812 and the subsequent collapse of the Federalist party ushered in the “Era of Good Feelings” which was another way of saying that there was basic agreement on most domestic policies. The American System was a program of economic nationalism built on (1) federally financed internal improvements, like roads and canals, what we would now call “infrastructure” (2) tariffs, to protect new factories and industries, and (3) a national bank that would replace the First Bank of the United States whose charter expired in 1811. You’ll never guess what we called this second bank, unless you guessed that we called it “The Second Bank of the United States.” The main supporters of this American System were our old friend John C. Calhoun and our new friend Henry Clay. Both were Jeffersonian Republicans, which isn’t surprising because that was the only political party, but it’s kind of surprising because the American System had nothing to do with the Agrarian Republic that Jefferson had championed. But whatever, this was the Era of Good Feelings, so we’re gonna go with it. By the way, this nationalism also extended to foreign affairs. And if they did, we would, like, do stuff. This so called “Monroe Doctrine” also said that the U.S. would stay out of European wars. Hahahaha that is hilarious! But, we did live up to the other end of it, you’ll remember that when the British came for the Falkland Islands, we were like, “This shall not stand.” Just kidding. We were like, “Go ahead.” The last Good Feelings era president was John Quincy Adams, who was quite the diplomat and expansionist. He actually wrote the Monroe Doctrine, for instance. But in fact, it turns out that all feelings were not good. There was significant disagreement over three main issues. First, many people felt that the federal government shouldn’t invest in infrastructure. Like, James Madison, who’d initially supported those bills, ended up vetoing one of them that included a big spending increase to finance roads and canals. Now, the roads and canals did get built, but, in the end, most of the financing fell to the states. There were also big problems with the Second Bank of the United States, which you know is why you can’t visit a branch of it these days. But we’ll get to that in a minute! And, lastly, there was the perennial issue of slavery. In this case the problem started, as so many problems do, in Missouri. So, in 1819 Missouri had enough people in it to become a state, but despite the fact that there were already more than 10,000 slaves there, a New York congressman, named James Tallmadge, made a motion to prohibit the introduction of further slaves into the proposed state. It took almost two years to work out the John C. Calhounstorm that blew up after this. Actually, it took more than that. It took until the end of the Civil War basically. But in the short run, Missouri was allowed to enter the union as a slave state, while Maine was carved out of Massachusetts to keep the balance of things. But the Missouri Compromise also said that no state admitted above the 36 30 line of latitude would be allowed to have slaves, except, of course, for Missouri itself, which as you can see, is well above the line. Anyway, this solution to westward expansion worked out magnificently provided that you enjoy Civil Wars. So, Thomas Jefferson, who was by the way was still alive, which gives you some context for how young the nation truly was, wrote that the Missouri Compromise was “like a fire bell in the night that awakened and filled me with terror. I considered it at once the death knell of the union.” Eventually, almost. But in the short term, it did mean the rise of political parties. So, America was becoming more democratic, but if there was only one political party, that democratic spirit had nowhere to go. Fortunately, there was a tiny little magician named Martin Van Buren. They really did call him the “Little Magician,” by the way. Also “The red fox of Kinderhook,” but we remember him as the worst-haired president. So, despite having been President of the United States, Van Buren is arguably more important for having invented the Democratic Party. He was first to realize that national political parties could be a good thing. So, I mentioned that Martin Van Buren was known as the “Little Magician, and I know this sounds a little bit silly, but I think it’s telling. You see, Van Buren was only the second American president with a well-used nickname. And the first was his immediate predecessor, Andrew Jackson, or Old Hickory. Why does this matter? Well when you’re actually having to campaign for office, as all presidential candidates did after the election of 1828, and you’re trying to appeal to the newly enfranchised “common man” what better way to seem like a regular guy than to have a nickname? I mean, if you think this is crazy, just think of the nicknames of some some of our most popular presidents. “Honest Abe,” “The Bull Moose,” “The Gipper.” Even our lesser known presidents had nicknames. “Young Hickory,” “Handsome Frank;” “Old Rough and Ready,” “Big Steve.” James Buchanan, and I am not making this up, was “Old Public Functionary.” Who’re you gonna vote for? Oh, I think the “Old Public Functionary.” He seems competent. As it happens, he wasn’t. So, by now you’re probably wondering, where does Andrew Jackson fit into all of this? When we last caught up with Jackson, he was winning the battle of New Orleans shortly after the end of the War of 1812. He continued his bellicose ways, fighting Indians in Florida, although he was not actually authorized to do so, and became so popular from all of his Indian killing that he decided to run for president in 1824. The election of 1824 was very close. And it went to the House, where John Quincy Adams was eventually declared the winner. And Jackson denounced this as “a corrupt bargain.” So, in 1828, Jackson ran a much more negative campaign—one of campaign slogans was “Vote for Andrew Jackson who can fight, not John Quincy Adams who can write.” Adams’ supporters responded by arguing that having a literate president wasn’t such a bad thing and also by accusing Jackson of being a murderer, which given his frequent habit of dueling and massacring, he sort of was. So as you can see, the quality of discourse in American political campaigns has come a long way. Anyway, Jackson won. Jackson ran as the champion of the common man and in a way he was. I mean, he had little formal schooling and in some ways he was the archetypal self made man. Jackson’s policies defined the new Democratic party, which had formerly been known as the Jeffersonian Democratic Republicans. It’s very complicated, so here, I made you this chart. So who were these new Democrats? Well generally, they tended to be lower to middle class men, usually farmers, who were suspicious of the widening gap between the rich and the poor that was one of the results of the Market Revolution. And they were particularly worried about bankers, merchants and speculators, who seemed to be getting rich without actually producing anything. Stop me if any of this sounds familiar. This vision probably would have carried the day except a new party arose in response to Jackson’s election: the Whigs. No, Stan, the Whigs. Yes. The American Whigs took their name from the English Whigs, who were opposed to absolute monarchy. And the American Whigs felt that Andrew Jackson was grabbing so much power for the executive branch that he was turning himself into “King Andrew.” So, the Whigs were big supporters of the American System and its active federal government. You know, tariffs, infrastructure, etc. Their greatest support was in the Northeast, especially from businessmen and bankers who benefitted from those tariffs and the stability provided by a national bank. And they also thought the government should promote moral character because that was necessary for a person to act as a truly independent citizen. So Jackson’s policies must have been pretty egregious for them to spawn an entire new political party. What did he actually do as president? Well, let’s go to the Thought Bubble. Let’s start with Nullification. So, in 1828, Congress passed the Tariff of 1828 because they were not yet in the habit of marketing their bills via naming them with funny acronyms. Jackson supported this in spite of the fact that it benefitted manufacturers. The tariff raised prices on imported manufactured goods made of wool and iron, which enraged South Carolina because they’d put all their money into slavery and none into industry. Unlike northerners, who could avoid the higher prices by manufacturing sweaters and pants and such at home, South Carolinians would have to pay more. They were so angry at this “Tariff of Abominations” that the South Carolina legislature threatened to nullify it. Jackson didn’t take kindly to this affront to federal power, but South Carolina persisted, and when Congress passed a new tariff in 1832 – one that actually lowered the duties -- the Palmetto State’s government nullified it. Jackson responded by getting Congress to pass the Force Act, which authorized him to use the army and navy to collect taxes. A full blown crisis was averted when Congress passed a new tariff in 1833 and South Carolina relented. This smelled a bit of dictatorship – armed tax collectors and all – and helped to cement Jackson’s reputation as a tyrant, at least among the Whigs. And then we have the Native Americans, much of Jackson’s reputation there was based on killing them, so it’s no surprise that he supported southern states’ efforts to appropriate Indian lands and make the Indians move. This support was formalized in the Indian Removal Act of 1830, which Jackson supported. The law provided funds to re-locate the Cherokees, Chickasaws, Choctaws, Creek and Seminole Indians from their homes in Georgia, North Carolina, Florida, Mississippi, and Alabama. In response, these tribes adopted a novel approach, and sued the government. And then, the Supreme Court ruled that Georgia’s actions in removing the Cherokees violated their treaties with the federal government and that they had a right to their land. To which Jackson supposedly responded by saying, “John Marshall has made his decision. Now let him enforce it.” So, Jackson set the stage for the forced removal of the Cherokees from Georgia to Oklahoma, but it actually took place in the winter of 1838-1839 under Jackson’s successor Van Buren. At least ¼ of the 18,000 Indians died during the forced march that came to be known as the Trail of Tears. Boy, Thought Bubble, you do know how to end on a downer. But, thank you. But Andrew Jackson also changed our banking system. Just as today, banks were very important to the industrial and mercantile development of the U.S. And at the beginning of Jackson’s Presidency, American banking was dominated by the Second National Bank, which you’ll remember, had been established by Congress as part of the American system. Oh it’s time for the Mystery Document? The rules here are simple. When I inevitably fail to guess the author of the Mystery Document, I get shocked with the shock pen. “The powers, privileges, and favors bestowed upon it in the original charter, by increasing the value of the stock far above its par value operated as a gratuity of many millions to its stockholders … Every monopoly and all exclusive privileges are granted at the expense of the public which ought to receive a fair equivalent. The many millions which this act proposes to bestow on the stockholders of the existing bank must come directly or indirectly out of the earnings of the American people … Stan, I know this one! Is it not conceivable. It is not conceivable how the present stockholders can have any claim to the special favor of Government. Should [the bank’s] influence become concentrated, as it may under the operation of such an act as this, in the hands of a self-elected directory … will there not be cause to tremble for the purity of our elections[?]” It is Andrew Jackson’s veto of the charter of the Second Bank of the United States. YES. So in 1832 bank leader Nicholas Biddle persuaded Congress to pass a bill extending the life of the Second US Bank for 20 years. Jackson thought that the Bank would use its money to oppose his reelection in 1836, so he vetoed that bill. In fact, the reason I knew that was from the veto message is because it talks about the bank as an instrument to subvert democracy. Jackson set himself up as a defender of the lower classes by vetoing the bank’s charter. Now, Whigs took exception to the idea that the president was somehow a more democratic representative of the people than the legislature, but in the end Jackson’s view won out. He used the veto power more than any prior president, turning it into a powerful tool of policy. Which it remains to this day, by the way. So the Second Bank of the U.S. expired in 1836, which meant that suddenly we had no central institution with which to control federal funds. Jackson ordered that money should be disbursed into local banks, unsurprisingly preferencing ones that were friendly to him. These so-called “pet banks” were another version of rewarding political supporters that Jackson liked to call “rotation in office.” Opponents called this tactic of awarding government offices to political favorites the spoils system. Anyway, these smaller banks proceeded to print more and more paper money because, you know, free money. Like, between 1833 and 1837 the face value of banknotes in circulation rose from $10 million to $149 million, and that meant inflation. Initially, states loved all this new money that they could use to finance internal improvements. But, inflation is really bad for wage workers. And also, eventually, everyone. So all this out-of-control inflation, coupled with rampant land-speculation eventually lead to an economic collapse, the Panic of 1837. The subsequent depression lasted until 1843. And Jackson’s bank policy proved to be arguably the most disastrous fiscal policy in American history, which is really saying something. It also had a major effect on American politics because business-oriented Democrats became Whigs, and the remaining Democrats further aligned with agrarian interests, which meant slavery. So the Age of Jackson was more democratic than anything that came before and it gave us the beginnings of modern American politics. I mean, Jackson was the first president to really expand executive power and to argue that the president is the most important democratically elected official in the country. One of the things that makes Andrew Jackson’s presidency so interesting and also so problematic is that he was elected via a more democratic process, but he concentrated more power in the executive in a thoroughly undemocratic way. In the end, Andrew Jackson probably was the worst American president to end up on currency, particularly given his disastrous fiscal policies. But the Age of Jackson is still important. And it’s worth remembering that all that stuff in American politics started out with the expansion of democracy. Thanks for watching. I’ll see you next week. Crash Course is produced and directed by Stan Muller. The script supervisor is Meredith Danko. Our associate producer is Danica Johnson. The show is written by my high school history teacher, Raoul Meyer, and myself. And our graphics team is Thought Cafe. If you have libertage caption suggestions, please leave them in comments, where you can also leave questions about today’s video that will be answered by our team of historians. Thanks for watching Crash Course and as we say in my hometown, don’t forget to be awesome...WHAT.

Contents

Election summaries

72 5 136
Anti-Jacksonian AM Jacksonian
State Type Date Total
seats
Anti-Jacksonian Anti-Masonic Jacksonian
Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change
Louisiana Districts July 8–10, 1828 3 2 Steady 0 Steady 1 Steady
Illinois At-large August 4, 1828 1 0 Steady 0 Steady 1 Steady
Indiana Districts August 4, 1828 3 2 Steady 0 Steady 1 Steady
Missouri At-large August 4, 1828 1 0 Decrease1 0 Steady 1 Increase1
Mississippi At-large August 4–5, 1828 1 0 Steady 0 Steady 1 Steady
Vermont Districts September 2, 1828 5 4 Decrease1 1 Increase1 0 Steady
Maine Districts September 8, 1828 7 3 Decrease2 0 Steady 4 Increase2
Georgia At-large October 6, 1828 7 0 Steady 0 Steady 7 Steady
Delaware At-large October 7, 1828 1 1 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
South Carolina Districts October 13–14, 1828 9 0 Steady 0 Steady 9 Steady
Ohio Districts October 14, 1828 14 6 Decrease6 0 Steady 8 Increase6
Pennsylvania Districts October 14, 1828 26 1 Decrease5 1 Increase1 24 Increase4
New York Districts November 3–5, 1828 34 11 Decrease3 3 Increase3 20 Steady
New Jersey At-large November 4, 1828 6 6 Increase1 0 Steady 0 Decrease1
Massachusetts Districts November 7, 1828 13 13 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Late elections (after the March 4, 1829 beginning of the term)
New Hampshire At-large March 10, 1829 6 0 Decrease5 0 Steady 6 Increase5
Connecticut At-large April 29, 1829 6 6 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Virginia Districts April 1829 22 6 Steady 0 Steady 16 Steady
Alabama Districts August 3, 1829 3 0 Steady 0 Steady 3 Steady
Kentucky Districts August 3, 1829 12 2 Decrease3 0 Steady 10 Increase3
Tennessee Districts August 6–7, 1829 9 1 Increase1 0 Steady 8 Decrease1
North Carolina Districts August 13, 1829 13 3 Decrease1 0 Steady 10 Increase1
Rhode Island At-large August 27, 1829 2 2 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Maryland Districts October 5, 1829 9 3 Decrease3 0 Steady 6 Increase3
Total 213 72[1]
33.8%
Decrease28 5
2.3%
Increase5 136[1]
63.8%
Increase23
House seats
Anti-Jacksonian
33.80%
Anti-Masonic
2.35%
Jacksonian
63.85%

Special elections

There were special elections in 1828 and 1829 to the 20th United States Congress and 21st United States Congress.

Special elections are sorted by date then district.

20th Congress

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Mississippi at-large William Haile Jacksonian 1826 (Special)
1826
Incumbent resigned September 12, 1828, having lost re-election to the next term.
New member elected October 20, 1828.
Jacksonian hold.
Winner was seated December 8, 1828.[2]
Successor had already been elected to the next term, see below.
Arkansas Territory at-large Henry W. Conway None 1823 Incumbent died November 9, 1827.
New member elected (on an unknown date).
Jacksonian gain.
Successor seated February 13, 1828.[2]
New Jersey at-large
(2 of the 6 seats elected on a general ticket)
George Holcombe Jacksonian 1820 Incumbent died January 14, 1828.
New member elected November 4, 1828.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
Successor seated December 1, 1828.[2]
Successor was not a candidate for election to the next term on the same day, see below.
Hedge Thompson Anti-Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent died July 23, 1828.
New member elected November 4, 1828.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.
Successor seated December 1, 1828.[2]
Successor was also elected to the next term on the same day, see below.
New York 5 Thomas J. Oakley Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent resigned June 1, 1828 to become Governor of Kentucky.
New member elected (on an unknown date).
Jacksonian hold.
Successor seated November 5, 1828.[2]
Kentucky 2 Thomas Metcalfe Anti-Jacksonian 1818 Incumbent resigned June 1, 1828 to become Governor of Kentucky.
New member elected (on an unknown date).
Anti-Jacksonian hold.
Successor seated December 1, 1828.[2]
Successor had not been a candidate the day before to the next term, see below.
Ohio 6 William Creighton Jr. Anti-Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent resigned before December 19, 1828 to become judge to district court.
New member elected December 2, 1828.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.
Successor seated December 19, 1828.[2]

21st Congress

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Maine 4 Peleg Sprague Anti-Jacksonian 1825 Incumbent resigned in previous Congress.
New member elected July 20, 1829 on the second ballot.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.
Successor seated December 7, 1829.[3]
First ballot (April 6, 1829):
  • Reuel Williams (Jacksonian) 41.0%
  • George Evans (Anti-Jacksonian) 32.6%
  • Jesse Robinson (Unknown) 14.9%
  • Scattering 5.11%
  • Joseph Southwick (Unknown) 3.49%
  • Timothy Boutiele (Unknown) 2.92%[4]

Second ballot (July 20, 1829):
Georgia at-large
1 of 7 seats
George R. Gilmer Jacksonian 1820
1827 (Special)
Incumbent failed to accept the position within the legal time frame.
New member elected October 5, 1829.[6]
Jacksonian hold.
Successor seated December 7, 1829.[3]
Pennsylvania 8
Plural district with 2 seats
George Wolf Jacksonian 1824 (Special) Incumbent resigned in 1829 before the convening of Congress.
New member elected October 13, 1829.
Jacksonian hold.
Successor seated December 7, 1829.[3]


Samuel D. Ingham Jacksonian 1812
1818 (Resigned)
1822 (Special)
Incumbent resigned in March 1829 to become U.S. Secretary of the Treasury.
New member elected October 13, 1829.
Jacksonian hold.
Successor seated October 13, 1829.[3]
North Carolina 5 Gabriel Holmes Jacksonian 1825 Incumbent died September 26, 1829.
New member elected December 2, 1829.[8]
Jacksonian hold.
Successor seated December 14, 1829.[3]
North Carolina 10 John Giles Jacksonian 1829 Incumbent had just been elected August 13, 1829 to the term beginning March 4, 1829, but resigned from the seat without having served.
New member elected December 2, 1829.
Jacksonian hold.
Successor seated December 7, 1829.[2]
Pennsylvania 16 William Wilkins Jacksonian 1828 Incumbent resigned before qualifying.
New member elected December 15, 1829.
Anti-Masonic gain.
Successor seated December 30, 1829.[3]
Virginia 10 William C. Rives Jacksonian 1823 Incumbent resigned some time in 1829.
New member elected in August 1829.[10]
Jacksonian hold.
Successor seated January 25, 1830.[3]

Alabama

Alabama elected its members August 3, 1829 after the term began but before Congress convened.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Alabama 1
"Northern district"
Gabriel Moore Jacksonian 1821 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
Alabama 2
"Middle district"
John McKee Jacksonian 1823 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
Alabama 3
"Southern district"
George W. Owen Jacksonian 1823 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.

Connecticut

Connecticut elected its members April 29, 1829 after the term began but before Congress convened.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Connecticut at-large
6 seats on a general ticket
David Plant Anti-Jacksonian 1827 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.
Elisha Phelps Anti-Jacksonian 1818
1820 (Lost)
1825
Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.
Ralph I. Ingersoll Anti-Jacksonian 1825 Incumbent re-elected.
Orange Merwin Anti-Jacksonian 1825 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.
Noyes Barber Anti-Jacksonian 1821 Incumbent re-elected.
John Baldwin Anti-Jacksonian 1825 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.

Delaware

Delaware re-elected its sole member October 7, 1828.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Delaware at-large Kensey Johns Jr. Anti-Jacksonian 1827 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.

Georgia

Georgia returned to electing its members at-large for the 1828 election and elected its members October 6, 1828. Despite two retirements, the entire delegation remained Jacksonians.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Georgia at-large
7 seats on a general ticket
George R. Gilmer
Redistricted from the 1st district
Jacksonian 1820
(1827 Special)
Incumbent re-elected but failed to accept the position within the legal time frame and the governor ordered a new election.
Richard Henry Wilde
Redistricted from the 2nd district
Jacksonian 1814
1816 (Lost)
1824 (Special)
1826 (Lost)
1827 (Special)
Incumbent re-elected.
Wiley Thompson
Redistricted from the 3rd district
Jacksonian 1820 Incumbent re-elected.
Wilson Lumpkin
Redistricted from the 4th district
Jacksonian 1814
1816 (Lost)
1826
Incumbent re-elected.
Charles E. Haynes
Redistricted from the 5th district
Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent re-elected.
Tomlinson Fort
Redistricted from the 6th district
Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
John Floyd
Redistricted from the 7th district
Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.

Illinois

Illinois's sole member was re-elected August 4, 1828.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Illinois at-large Joseph Duncan Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent re-elected.

Indiana

Indiana elected its members August 4, 1828.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Indiana 1 Thomas H. Blake Anti-Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
Indiana 2 Jonathan Jennings Anti-Jacksonian 1822 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Indiana 3 Oliver H. Smith Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
  • Green tickY John Test (Anti-Jacksonian) 55.8%
  • Jon McCarty (Jacksonian) 44.2%

Kentucky

Kentucky elected its members August 3, 1829, after the term began but before the new Congress convened.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Kentucky 1 Henry Daniel Jacksonian 1827 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Henry Daniel (Jacksonian) 66.6%
  • Micajah Harrison (Anti-Jacksonian) 33.4%
Kentucky 2 Thomas Metcalfe Anti-Jacksonian 1818 Incumbent resigned June 1, 1828 to become Governor of Kentucky.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
Successor lost election to finish the current term, the next day.
Kentucky 3 James Clark Anti-Jacksonian 1812
1816 (Resigned)
1825 (Special)
Incumbent re-elected.
Kentucky 4 Robert P. Letcher Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent re-elected.
Kentucky 5 Robert L. McHatton Jacksonian 1826 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
Kentucky 6 Joseph Lecompte Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent re-elected.
Kentucky 7 Thomas P. Moore Jacksonianian 1822 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
Kentucky 8 Richard A. Buckner Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
Kentucky 9 Charles A. Wickliffe Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent re-elected.
Kentucky 10 Joel Yancey Jacksonian 1827 Incumbent re-elected.
Kentucky 11 Thomas Chilton Jacksonian 1827 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Kentucky 12 Chittenden Lyon Jacksonian 1827 Incumbent re-elected.

Louisiana

Louisiana elected its members July 8–10, 1828.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Louisiana 1 Edward Livingston Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
Louisiana 2 Henry H. Gurley Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent re-elected.
Louisiana 3 William L. Brent Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.

Maine

Maine elected its members September 8, 1828. Maine required a majority vote for election, so the 5th district district election was settled on the second ballot on December 22, 1828 and the 6th district district election was settled on the sixth ballot on April 5, 1830, near the end of the next Congress.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Maine 1 Rufus McIntire Jacksonian 1827 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Rufus McIntire (Jacksonian) 66.0%
  • Simon Nowall 7.5%
  • Nathaniel Appleton 7.1%
  • Samuel A. Bradley 5.8%
  • Moses Emery 4.9%
  • John Holmes (Anti-Jacksonian) 4.3%
  • Others 4.5%
Maine 2 John Anderson Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent re-elected.
Maine 3 Joseph F. Wingate Anti-Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent re-elected.
Maine 4 Peleg Sprague Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent re-elected.
Incumbent resigned March 3, 1829 when elected U.S. Senator, leading to a a special election.
Maine 5 James W. Ripley Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent re-elected. First ballot (September 8, 1828):
  • Reuel Washburn (Anti-Jacksonian) 49.96%
  • James W. Ripley (Jacksonian) 43.7%
  • Oliver Herrick 3.2%
  • Samuel A. Bradley 2.4%
  • Others 0.8%[11]

Second ballot (December 22, 1828):
Maine 6 Jeremiah O'Brien Anti-Jacksonian 1823 Incumbent lost re-election as a Jacksonian.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
First ballot (September 8, 1828):

Second ballot (December 22, 1829):

Third ballot (April 6, 1829):

Fourth ballot (September 14, 1829):

Fifth ballot (November 30, 1829):
  • Leonard Jarvis (Jacksonian) 32.11%
  • John G. Deane (Unknown) 31.93%
  • Samuel Upton (Unknown) 19.54%
  • Samuel Williamson (Unknown) 14.80%
  • Others 1.62%[17]

Sixth ballot (April 5, 1830):
  • Green tickY Leonard Jarvis (Jacksonian) 53.78%
  • John G. Deane (Unknown) 19.14%
  • Samuel Upton (Unknown) 16.66%
  • Philip Morrill (Unknown) 6.26%
  • Charles Lowell (Unknown) 2.05%
  • Others 2.12%[18]
Maine 7 Samuel Butman Anti-Jacksonian 1827 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Samuel Butman (Anti-Jacksonian) 62.0%
  • William Emerson 29.1%
  • Samuel Whitney 7.4%
  • Others 1.6%

Maryland

Maryland elected its members October 5, 1829 after the term began but before Congress convened.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Maryland 1 Clement Dorsey Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent re-elected.
Maryland 2 John C. Weems Jacksonian 1826 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
Maryland 3 George C. Washington Anti-Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent re-elected.
Maryland 4 Michael C. Sprigg Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent re-elected.
Maryland 5
Plural district with 2 seats
John Barney Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
Peter Little Anti-Jacksonian 1810
1812 (Lost)
1816
Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
Maryland 6 Levin Gale Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
Maryland 7 John Leeds Kerr Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
Maryland 8 Ephraim K. Wilson Anti-Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent re-elected.

Massachusetts

Massachusetts elected its members November 7, 1828.

The majority requirement for election was met in all 13 districts in 1828.

District[f] Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Massachusetts 1
"Suffolk district"
Benjamin Gorham Anti-Jacksonian 1820 (Special)
1827 (Special)
Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Benjamin Gorham (Anti-Jacksonian) 78.6%
  • William Ingalls (Jacksonian) 19.9%
  • Henry See 1.5%
Massachusetts 2
"Essex South district"
Benjamin W. Crowninshield Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 3
"Essex North district"
John Varnum Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY John Varnum (Anti-Jacksonian) 73.1%
  • George Savory (Jacksonian) 16.7%
  • Samuel Phillips 6.6%
  • John Fitz 3.7%
Massachusetts 4
"Middlesex district"
Edward Everett Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 5
"Worcester South district"
John Davis Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 6
"Worcester North district"
John Locke Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.
Massachusetts 7
"Franklin district"
Samuel C. Allen Anti-Jacksonian 1816 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.
Massachusetts 8
"Hampden district"
Isaac C. Bates Anti-Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 9
"Berkshire district"
Henry W. Dwight Anti-Jacksonian 1820 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 10
"Norfolk district"
John Bailey Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 11
"Plymouth district"
Joseph Richardson Anti-Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 12
"Bristol district"
James L. Hodges Anti-Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 13
"Barnstable district"
John Reed Jr. Anti-Jacksonian 1812
1816 (Lost)
1820
Incumbent re-elected.

Mississippi

Mississippi elected its sole member at-large August 4–5, 1828.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Mississippi at-large William Haile Jacksonian 1826 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
Incumbent then resigned September 12, 1828, leading to a special election to finish the term, which was also won by the successor to the next term.

Missouri

Missouri elected its sole member August 4, 1828.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Missouri at-large Edward Bates Anti-Jacksonian 1820 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.

New Hampshire

New Hampshire elected its members March 10, 1829 after the term began but before Congress convened.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
New Hampshire at-large
6 seats on a general ticket
Ichabod Bartlett Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
Jonathan Harvey Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent re-elected.
Titus Brown Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
David Barker Jr. Anti-Jacksonian 1827 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
Thomas Whipple Jr. Anti-Jacksonian 1820 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
Joseph Healy Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.

New Jersey

New Jersey elected its members November 4, 1828.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
New Jersey at-large
6 seats on a general ticket
Lewis Condict Anti-Jacksonian 1820 Incumbent re-elected.
George Holcombe Jacksonian 1820 Incumbent died January 14, 1828.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
Isaac Pierson Anti-Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent re-elected.
Samuel Swan Anti-Jacksonian 1820 Incumbent re-elected.
Hedge Thompson Anti-Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent died July 23, 1828.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
Ebenezer Tucker Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.

New York

New York elected its members November 3–5, 1828.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
New York 1 Silas Wood Anti-Jacksonian 1818 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
New York 2 John J. Wood Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
New York 3
Plural district with 3 seats
Churchill C. Cambreleng Jacksonian 1821 Incumbent re-elected.
Gulian Verplanck Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent re-elected.
Jeromus Johnson Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
New York 4 Aaron Ward Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.
New York 5 Thomas J. Oakley Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent resigned May 9, 1828 to become a judge of the superior court of New York City.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
New York 6 John Hallock Jr. Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
New York 7 George O. Belden Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
  • Green tickY Charles G. DeWitt (Jacksonian) 61.9%
  • Lewis D. Bevier (Anti-Jacksonian) 27.3%
  • John Bogardus (Anti-Masonic) 10.8%
New York 8 James Strong Anti-Jacksonian 1818
1821 (Retired)
1822
Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY James Strong (Anti-Jacksonian) 50.9%
  • James Vanderpoel (Jacksonian) 49.1%
New York 9 John D. Dickinson Anti-Jacksonian 1818
1822 (Lost)
1826
Incumbent re-elected.
New York 10 Stephen Van Rensselaer Anti-Jacksonian 1822 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.
New York 11 Selah R. Hobbie Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
New York 12 John I. De Graff Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
New York 13 Samuel Chase Anti-Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
New York 14 Henry R. Storrs Anti-Jacksonian 1816
1821 (Retired)
1822
Incumbent re-elected.
New York 15 Michael Hoffman Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 16 Henry Markell Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.
New York 17 John W. Taylor Anti-Jacksonian 1812 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 18 Henry C. Martindale Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 19 Richard Keese Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
New York 20
Plural district with 2 seats
Rudolph Bunner Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
Silas Wright Jr. Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
The losing incumbent later successfully contested the election but Wright never claimed the seat and resigned without serving on March 9, 1830.[19]
New York 21 John C. Clark Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
New York 22 John G. Stower Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
New York 23 Jonas Earll Jr. Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Jonas Earll Jr. (Jacksonian) 50.4%
  • Daniel Kellogg (Anti-Jacksonian) 44.6%
  • Parson P. Shipman 5.0%
New York 24 Nathaniel Garrow Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
  • Green tickY Gershom Powers (Jacksonian) 61.6%
  • Daniel Kellogg (Anti-Jacksonian) 24.8%
  • Moses Dixon (Anti-Masonic) 13.6%
New York 25 David Woodcock Anti-Jacksonian 1821
1824 (Lost)
1826
Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
New York 26
Plural district with 2 seats
Dudley Marvin Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Anti-Masonic gain.
John Maynard Anti-Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
New York 27 Daniel D. Barnard Anti-Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Anti-Masonic gain.
New York 28 John Magee Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 29 Phineas L. Tracy Anti-Jacksonian 1827 (Special) Incumbent re-elected to a new party.
Anti-Masonic gain.
New York 30 Daniel G. Garnsey Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent lost re-election as Anti-Masonic.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.

North Carolina

North Carolina elected its members August 13, 1829 after the term began but before Congress convened.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
North Carolina 1 Lemuel Sawyer Jacksonian 1806
1812 (Lost)
1817
1823 (Lost)
1825
Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
North Carolina 2 Willis Alston Jacksonian 1798
1815 (Retired)
1825
Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 3 Thomas H. Hall Jacksonian 1817
1825 (Lost)
1827
Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 4 John H. Bryan Anti-Jacksonian 1825 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
  • Green tickY Jesse Speight (Jacksonian) 64.5%
  • Thomas H. Daves (Jacksonian) 26.2%
  • James Manney (Anti-Jacksonian) 9.4%
North Carolina 5 Gabriel Holmes Jacksonian 1825 Incumbent re-elected.
Incumbent later died September 26, 1829 and was replaced in a special election.
North Carolina 6 Daniel Turner Jacksonian 1827 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
  • Green tickY Robert Potter (Jacksonian) 83.9%
  • Samuel Hillman (Anti-Jacksonian) 12.5%
  • W. Joyner[d] 3.6%
North Carolina 7 John Culpepper Anti-Jacksonian 1806
1808 (Contested election)
1808 (Special)
1813
1816 (Lost)
1819
1821 (Lost)
1823
1825 (Lost)
1827
Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.
  • Green tickY Edmund Deberry (Anti-Jacksonian) 51.9%
  • John A. Cameron (Anti-Jacksonian) 48.1%
North Carolina 8 Daniel L. Barringer Jacksonian 1826 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 9 Augustine H. Shepperd Jacksonian 1827 Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 10 John Long Anti-Jacksonian 1821 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
New member later resigned, leading to a December 2, 1829 special election.
  • Green tickY John Giles (Jacksonian) 58.6%
  • John Long (Anti-Jacksonian) 41.4%
North Carolina 11 Henry W. Connor Jacksonian 1821 Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 12 Samuel P. Carson Jacksonian 1825 Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 13 Lewis Williams Anti-Jacksonian 1815 Incumbent re-elected.

Ohio

Ohio elected its members October 14, 1828.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Ohio 1 James Findlay Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 2 John Woods Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
Ohio 3 William McLean Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.
Ohio 4 Joseph Vance Anti-Jacksonian 1820 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 5 William Russell Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 6 William Creighton Jr. Anti-Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 7 Samuel F. Vinton Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 8 William Stanbery Jacksonian 1827 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 9 Philemon Beecher Anti-Jacksonian 1816
1820 (Lost)
1822
Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
Ohio 10 John Davenport Anti-Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
Ohio 11 John C. Wright Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
Ohio 12 John Sloane Anti-Jacksonian 1818 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
Ohio 13 Elisha Whittlesey Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 14 Mordecai Bartley Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent re-elected.

Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania elected its members October 14, 1828.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates[20]
Pennsylvania 1 Joel B. Sutherland Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 2 John Sergeant Anti-Jacksonian 1815 (Special)
1822 (Retired)
1827 (Special)
Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
Pennsylvania 3 Daniel H. Miller Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 4
Plural district with 3 seats
James Buchanan Jacksonian 1820 Incumbent re-elected.
Samuel Anderson Anti-Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
Charles Miner Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
Pennsylvania 5 John B. Sterigere Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 6 Innis Green Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Innis Green (Jacksonian) 72.0%
  • Valentine Hummel (Anti-Jacksonian) 28.0%
Pennsylvania 7
Plural district with 2 seats
Joseph Fry Jr. Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent re-elected.
William Addams Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
Pennsylvania 8
Plural district with 2 seats
George Wolf Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent re-elected but resigned August 31, 1829 to become Governor of Pennsylvania, leading to a October 13, 1829 special election.
Samuel D. Ingham Jacksonian 1812
1818 (Resigned)
1822 (Special)
Incumbent re-elected but resigned in March 1829 to become U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, leading to a October 13, 1829 special election.
Pennsylvania 9
Plural district with 3 seats
George Kremer Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
  • Green tickY Philander Stephens (Jacksonian) 26.9%
  • Green tickY James Ford (Jacksonian) 26.6%
  • Green tickY Alem Marr (Jacksonian) 25.9%
  • John Murray (Anti-Jacksonian) 8.5%
  • Chauncey Alford (Anti-Jacksonian) 7.4%
  • George M. Hollenback (Anti-Jacksonian) 4.7%
Espy Van Horne Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
Samuel McKean Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
Pennsylvania 10 Adam King Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Adam King (Jacksonian) 63.2%
  • William McIlvine (Anti-Jacksonian) 36.8%
Pennsylvania 11
Plural district with 2 seats
James Wilson Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
William Ramsey Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 12 John Mitchell Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
Pennsylvania 13 Chauncey Forward Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 14 Andrew Stewart Anti-Jacksonian 1820 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
Pennsylvania 15 Joseph Lawrence Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
Pennsylvania 16
Plural district with 2 seats
Robert Orr Jr. Jacksonian 1825 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
James S. Stevenson Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Anti-Masonic gain.
Winner resigned November 9, 1829, leading to a special election.
Pennsylvania 17 Richard Coulter Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 18 Stephen Barlow Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.

Rhode Island

Rhode Island elected its members August 27, 1829 after the term began but before Congress convened.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Rhode Island at-large
2 seats on a general ticket
Dutee J. Pearce Anti-Jacksonian 1825 Incumbent re-elected.
Tristam Burges Anti-Jacksonian 1825 Incumbent re-elected.

South Carolina

South Carolina elected its members October 13–14, 1828.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
South Carolina 1 William Drayton Jacksonian 1825 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 2 James Hamilton Jr. Jacksonian 1822 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
South Carolina 3 Thomas R. Mitchell Jacksonian 1820
1823 (Lost)
1824
Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
South Carolina 4 William D. Martin Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 5 George McDuffie Jacksonian 1820 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 6 Warren R. Davis Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 7 William T. Nuckolls Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 8 John Carter Jacksonian 1822 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
South Carolina 9 Starling Tucker Jacksonian 1816 Incumbent re-elected.

Tennessee

Tennessee elected its members August 6–7, 1829 after the term began but before Congress convened.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Tennessee 1 John Blair Jacksonian 1823 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY John Blair (Jacksonian) 67.3%
  • John A. Rogers 16.5%
  • William Priestly 16.2%
Tennessee 2 Pryor Lea Jacksonian 1827 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 3 James C. Mitchell Jacksonian 1825 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
Tennessee 4 Jacob C. Isacks Jacksonian 1823 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 5 Robert Desha Jacksonian 1827 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 6 James K. Polk Jacksonian 1825 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 7 John Bell Jacksonian 1827 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 8 John H. Marable Jacksonian 1825 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
Tennessee 9 Davy Crockett Jacksonian 1827 Incumbent re-elected to a different party.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.

Vermont

Vermont elected its members September 2, 1828. Vermont required a majority vote for election, so the 3rd district district election was settled on the second ballot on November 11, 1828 and the 5th district district election was settled on the eighth ballot on November 2, 1829.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Vermont 1 Jonathan Hunt Anti-Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent re-elected.
Vermont 2 Rollin C. Mallary Anti-Jacksonian 1818 Incumbent re-elected.
Vermont 3 George E. Wales Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.
First ballot (September 2, 1828):

Second ballot (November 11, 1828):
Vermont 4 Benjamin Swift Anti-Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent re-elected.
Vermont 5 Daniel A. A. Buck Anti-Jacksonian 1822
1824 (Lost)
1826
Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Anti-Masonic gain.
First ballot (September 2, 1828):

Second ballot (November 11, 1828):

Third ballot (January 5, 1829):

Fourth ballot (March 2, 1829):

Fifth ballot (May 4, 1829):

Sixth ballot (July 06, 1829):

Seventh ballot (September 7, 1829):

Eighth ballot (November 2, 1829):
  • Green tickY William Cahoon (Anti-Masonic) 57.90%
  • James Bell (Anti-Jacksonian) 28.50%
  • Seth Cushman (Jacksonian) 6.85%
  • Scattering 6.75%[28]

Virginia

Virginia elected its members in April 1829 after the term began but before Congress convened.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Virginia 1 Thomas Newton Jr. Anti-Jacksonian 1801 Incumbent re-elected.
The election was later successfully contested.
Virginia 2 James Trezvant Jacksonian 1825 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 3 William S. Archer Jacksonian 1820 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 4 Mark Alexander Jacksonian 1819 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 5 John Randolph Jacksonian 1799
1812 (Lost)
1815
1817 (Retired)
1819
1825 (Resigned)
1827
Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
Virginia 6 Thomas Davenport Jacksonian 1825 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 7 Nathaniel H. Claiborne Jacksonian 1825 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 8 Burwell Bassett Jacksonian 1805
1812 (Lost)
1815
1819 (Retired)
1821
Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
Virginia 9 Andrew Stevenson Jacksonian 1821 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 10 William C. Rives Jacksonian 1823 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 11 Philip P. Barbour Jacksonian 1814 (Special)
1825 (Retired)
1827
Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 12 John Roane Jacksonian 1809
1815 (Retired)
1827
Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 13 John Taliaferro Anti-Jacksonian 1801
1803 (Retired)
1811 (Challenge)
1813 (Lost)
1824 (Special)
Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 14 Charles F. Mercer Anti-Jacksonian 1817 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 15 John S. Barbour Jacksonian 1823 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 16 William Armstrong Anti-Jacksonian 1825 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 17 Robert Allen Jacksonian 1827 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 18 Isaac Leffler Anti-Jacksonian 1827 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.
Virginia 19 William McCoy Jacksonian 1811 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 20 John Floyd Jacksonian 1817 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
Virginia 21 Lewis Maxwell Anti-Jacksonian 1827 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 22 Alexander Smyth Jacksonian 1817
1825 (Lost)
1827
Incumbent re-elected.

Non-voting delegates

District Incumbent First
elected
Result Candidates
Arkansas Territory at-large Ambrose H. Sevier 1828 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Florida Territory at-large Joseph M. White 1824 Incumbent re-elected.
Michigan Territory at-large Austin E. Wing 1824 Retired

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b These dates do not include a run-off ballot in Maine that ran into 1830.
  2. ^ a b Both Dubin and Martis agree that there were 72 seats held by Anti-Jacksonians (or Adams Men) at the start of the 21st Congress; further, including the later filling of vacancies, both sources agree that there were ultimately 136 districts held by Jacksonians.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Changed parties.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Source does not give full name.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Numbers of votes missing or incomplete in source.
  6. ^ District numbers vary between sources.
  7. ^ Won special election to the 20th Congress.
  8. ^ a b Silas Wright Jr. (Jacksonian) successfully contested the election of George Fisher (Anti-Jacksonian); but Wright never claimed the seat, and resigned, without serving, on March 9, 1830. See note at bottom of the New York 'Complete returns' section for further details.
  9. ^ Won subsequent special election.
  10. ^ Based on incomplete returns.

References

  1. ^ a b c d Dubin, pg. 95; Martis, pg. 90.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "Twentieth Congress March 4, 1827, to March 3, 1829". Office of the Historian, United States House of Representatives. Retrieved May 31, 2019 – via History.house.gov.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "Twenty-First Congress March 4, 1829, to March 3, 1831". Office of the Historian, United States House of Representatives. Retrieved May 30, 2019 – via History.house.gov.
  4. ^ "ME District 4 - Special Election - 1st Trial". January 11, 2011. Retrieved June 10, 2019 – via Our Campaigns.
  5. ^ "ME District 4 - Special Election - 2nd Trial". January 11, 2011. Retrieved June 10, 2019 – via Our Campaigns.
  6. ^ a b "GA At-Large - Special Election". February 16, 2011. Retrieved June 19, 2019 – via Our Campaigns.
  7. ^ a b Cox, Harold (January 31, 2007). "Pennsylvania Election Statistics: 1682-2006" (PDF). The Wilkes University Election Statistics Project. Wilkes University.
  8. ^ "NC District 05 - Special Election". June 26, 2005. Retrieved June 10, 2019 – via Our Campaigns.
  9. ^ "NC District 10 - Special Election". May 8, 2005. Retrieved July 11, 2019 – via OurCampaigns.com.
  10. ^ a b "VA District 10 Special Election". December 25, 2014. Retrieved June 10, 2019 – via Our Campaigns.
  11. ^ "ME District 5 - 1st Trial". February 10, 2011. Retrieved June 11, 2019 – via Our Campaigns.
  12. ^ "ME District 5 - 2nd Trial". February 10, 2011. Retrieved June 11, 2019 – via Our Campaigns.
  13. ^ "ME District 6 - 1st Trial". February 11, 2011. Retrieved June 11, 2019 – via Our Campaigns.
  14. ^ "ME District 6 - 2nd Trial". February 11, 2011. Retrieved June 11, 2019 – via Our Campaigns.
  15. ^ "ME District 6 - 3rd Trial". February 11, 2011. Retrieved June 11, 2019 – via Our Campaigns.
  16. ^ "ME District 6 - 4th Trial". February 11, 2011. Retrieved June 11, 2019 – via Our Campaigns.
  17. ^ "ME District 6 - 5th Trial". February 11, 2011. Retrieved June 11, 2019 – via Our Campaigns.
  18. ^ "ME District 6 - 1st Trial". February 11, 2011. Retrieved June 11, 2019 – via Our Campaigns.
  19. ^ Dubin, p. 92, 94, 96.
  20. ^ "Wilkes University Elections Statistics Project" (PDF).
  21. ^ "VT - District 05 - First Trial". September 2, 2006. Retrieved June 11, 2019 – via Our Campaigns.
  22. ^ "VT - District 05 - Second Trial". September 2, 2006. Retrieved June 11, 2019 – via Our Campaigns.
  23. ^ "VT - District 05 - Third Trial". September 2, 2006. Retrieved June 11, 2019 – via Our Campaigns.
  24. ^ "VT - District 05 - Fourth Trial". September 2, 2006. Retrieved June 11, 2019 – via Our Campaigns.
  25. ^ "VT - District 05 - Fifth Trial". September 2, 2006. Retrieved June 11, 2019 – via Our Campaigns.
  26. ^ "VT - District 05 - Sixth Trial". September 2, 2006. Retrieved June 11, 2019 – via Our Campaigns.
  27. ^ "VT - District 05 - Seventh Trial". September 2, 2006. Retrieved June 11, 2019 – via Our Campaigns.
  28. ^ "VT - District 05 - Eighth Trial". September 2, 2006. Retrieved June 11, 2019 – via Our Campaigns.

Bibliography

External links

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