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1824 and 1825 United States Senate elections

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

United States Senate elections, 1824 and 1825

← 1822/23 Dates vary by state 1826/27 →

16 of the 48 seats in the United States Senate (plus special elections)
25 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
 
Party Jacksonian Anti-Jacksonian
Seats won 8 10
Seats after 25 20
Seat change Increase 25 Increase 20
Seats up 0 0

  Third party Fourth party
 
Party Democratic-Republican Federalist
Last election 44 seats 3 seats
Seats before 43 5
Seat change Decrease 43 Decrease 5
Seats up 15 1

Majority party before election

Democratic-Republican

Elected Majority party

Jacksonian

The United States Senate elections of 1824 and 1825 were elections for the United States Senate that saw the Jacksonians gain a majority over the Anti-Jacksonian National Republican Party.

As these elections were prior to ratification of the seventeenth amendment, Senators were chosen by state legislatures.

Results summary

Senate Party Division, 19th Congress (1825–1827)

  • Majority Party: Jacksonian (26)
  • Minority Party: Anti-Jacksonian (22)
  • Total seats: 48

Change in Senate composition

Before the elections

  DRa1
Resigned
DRa2
Retired
DRa3
Unknown
DRa4
Retired
DRc3 DRc2 DRc1 DRa11 DRa10 DRa9 DRa8
Ran
DRa7
Ran
DRa6
Unknown
DRa5
Ran
DRc4 DRc5 DRc6 DRc7 DRc8 DRc9 DRc10
Ran
DRc11
Unknown
DRc12
Ran
DRc13
Ran
 
DRj3 DRj2 DRj1 DRc20 DRc19 DRc18 DRc17 DRc16 DRc15
Retired
DRc14
Ran
DRj4 DRj5 DRj6 DRj7 DRj8 DRj9 DRj10 DRj11 DRj12
Unknown
Fa5
Retired
  Fa1 Fa2 Fa3 Fa4

Election results

  AJ1
Gain
AJ2
Gain
AJ3
Gain
AJ4
Gain
DRc3 DRc2 DRc1 DRa11 DRa10 DRa9 V2
Fa Loss
V1
DR Loss
AJ6
Gain
AJ5
Gain
DRc4 DRc5 DRc6 DRc7 DRc8 DRc9 J1
Gain
J2
Gain
J3
Gain
J4
Gain
 
DRj3 DRj2 DRj1 DRc20 DRc19 DRc18 DRc17 DRc16 J6
Gain
J5
Gain
DRj4 DRj5 DRj6 DRj7 DRj8 DRj9 DRj10 DRj11 J7
Gain
J8
Gain
  Fa1 Fa2 Fa3 Fa4

Beginning of the next Congress

  AJ1 AJ2 AJ3 AJ4
AJ14 AJ13 AJ12 AJ11 AJ10 AJ9 AJ8 AJ7 AJ6 AJ5
AJ15 AJ16 AJ17 AJ18 AJ19 AJ20 V1 V2 V3 J25
Majority → J24
J15 J16 J17 J18 J19 J20 J21 J22 J23
J14 J13 J12 J11 J10 J9 J8 J7 J6 J5
  J1 J2 J3 J4
Key:
AJ# Anti-Jacksonian
DRx# Democratic-Republican (All factions)
DRa# Democratic-Republican (Adams-Clay faction)
DRc# Democratic-Republican (Crawford faction)
DRj# Democratic-Republican (Jackson faction)
Fa# Federalist (Adams-Clay faction)
J# Jacksonian
V# Vacant

Race summaries

Bold states link to specific election articles.

Special elections during the 18th Congress

In these special elections, the winners were seated during 1824 or before March 4, 1825; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Delaware
(Class 2)
Vacant Legislature had failed to elect.
Incumbent was re-elected late January 7, 1824.
Federalist gain.
Nicholas Van Dyke (Federalist (Adams-Clay faction), later Anti-Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Delaware
(Class 1)
Vacant Caesar A. Rodney (DR) had resigned January 29, 1823 in the previous Congress.
Winner elected January 8, 1824.
Federalist gain.
Thomas Clayton (Federalist (Adams-Clay faction), later Anti-Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Connecticut
(Class 2)
Henry W. Edwards Democratic-Republican
(Jackson faction)
1823 (Appointed) Interim appointee elected May 5, 1824. Henry W. Edwards (Democratic-Republican (Jackson faction), later Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Louisiana
(Class 2)
Henry Johnson Democratic-Republican
(Adams-Clay faction)
1818 (Appointed)
1823 (Special)
Incumbent resigned May 27, 1824 to become Governor of Louisiana.
Winner elected November 19, 1824.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Charles Dominique Joseph Bouligny (Democratic-Republican (Adams-Clay faction), later Anti-Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Illinois
(Class 3)
Ninian Edwards Democratic-Republican
(Adams-Clay faction)
1818
1819
Incumbent resigned March 3, 1824.
Winner elected November 24, 1824, but not to next term.
Democratic-Republican hold.
John McLean (Democratic-Republican (Crawford faction))
[Data unknown/missing.]
Georgia
(Class 2)
Nicholas Ware Democratic-Republican
(Crawford faction)
1821 (Special)
1823
Incumbent died September 7, 1824.
Winner elected December 6, 1824.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Thomas W. Cobb (Democratic-Republican (Crawford faction), later Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Virginia
(Class 2)
John Taylor Democratic-Republican
(Crawford faction)
1792 (Special)
1793
Died August 21, 1824.
Winner elected December 7, 1824.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Littleton Tazewell (Democratic-Republican (Jackson faction), later Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing.]

Races leading to the 19th Congress

In these general elections, the winner was seated on March 4, 1825 (except where noted due to late election); ordered by state.

All of the elections involved the Class 3 seats.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Alabama William Kelly Jackson Democratic-Republican 1822 (Special) Unknown if incumbent retired or lost re-election.
New member elected in 1824 or 1825.
Jacksonian gain.
Connecticut James Lanman Crawford Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent re-elected but disqualified.
Democratic-Republican loss.
Georgia John Elliott Crawford Democratic-Republican 1819 Unknown if incumbent retired or lost re-election.
New member elected in 1824 or 1825.
Jacksonian gain.
Illinois Ninian Edwards Adams-Clay Democratic-Republican 1818
1819
Unknown if incumbent retired or lost re-election.
New member elected in 1824 or 1825.
Jacksonian gain.
Indiana Waller Taylor Adams-Clay Democratic-Republican 1816
1818
Incumbent retired.
New member elected in 1824 or 1825.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
Kentucky Isham Talbot Adams-Clay Democratic-Republican 1815 (Special)
1819 ([Data unknown/missing.])
1820 (Special)
Unknown if incumbent retired or lost re-election.
New member elected in 1824 or 1825.
Jacksonian gain.
Louisiana Josiah S. Johnston Adams-Clay Democratic-Republican 1824 (Appointed) Interim appointee elected to a full term in 1824 or 1825 as a Jacksonian.
Maryland Edward Lloyd Crawford Democratic-Republican 1819 Incumbent re-elected in 1824 or 1825 as a Jacksonian.
Missouri David Barton Adams-Clay Democratic-Republican 1821 Incumbent re-elected in 1824 or 1825 as a Jacksonian.
New Hampshire John F. Parrott Adams-Clay Democratic-Republican 1818 Unknown if incumbent retired or lost re-election.
New member elected in 1824 or 1825.
Successor seated late March 16, 1825.
Jacksonian gain.
New York Rufus King Adams-Clay Federalist 1789
1795
1796 (Resigned)
1813
1819/1820
Incumbent retired.
Vacant due to a deadlock in the New York State Legislature.
Vacant.
North Carolina Nathaniel Macon Crawford Democratic-Republican 1815 (Special)
1818
Incumbent re-elected in 1824 or 1825 as a Jacksonian.
Ohio Ethan Allen Brown Adams-Clay Democratic-Republican 1822 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected in 1824 or 1825.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
Pennsylvania Walter Lowrie Crawford Democratic-Republican 1819 Incumbent retired.
New member elected in February 1825 on the 32nd ballot.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
South Carolina John Gaillard Crawford Democratic-Republican 1804 (Special)
1806
1812
1818
Incumbent re-elected in 1824 or 1825 as a Jacksonian.
Vermont William A. Palmer Adams-Clay Democratic-Republican 1818 (Special)
1818
Incumbent retired.
New member elected in 1824 or 1825.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.

Special elections during the 19th Congress

In these special elections, the winners were seated in 1825 after March 4; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Connecticut
(Class 3)
Vacant Vacant due to credentials challenge.
Winner elected May 4, 1825.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
Calvin Willey (Anti-Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing.]

See also

References

This page was last edited on 22 April 2019, at 21:02
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