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1822 and 1823 United States Senate elections

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1822 and 1823 U.S. Senate elections

← 1820/21 Dates vary by state 1824/25 →

16 of the 48 seats in the U.S. Senate (plus special elections)
25 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
 
Party Democratic-Republican Federalist
Last election 39 seats 4 seats
Seats before 44 4
Seats won 14 1
Seats after 44 3
Seat change Steady Decrease 1
Seats up 14 2

Majority party before election

Democratic-Republican

Elected Majority party

Democratic-Republican

The United States Senate elections of 1822 and 1823 were elections for the United States Senate that had the Democratic-Republican Party continue almost complete control of the Senate.

As these elections were prior to ratification of the seventeenth amendment, senators were chosen by State legislatures.

Factions

At the very end of the next Congress, the 1824 United States presidential election led to a contingency election, decided by the Congress. In that election, Senators split into factions in support of William H. Crawford, Andrew Jackson, or John Quincy Adams and Henry Clay. Even though that election wasn't held until more than two years after the Senate elections in this article, those factions are noted below as "Crawford," "Jackson," or "Adams-Clay."

Results summary

Senate Party Division, 18th Congress (1823–1825)

  • Majority Party: Democratic-Republican (32–33)
  • Minority Parties: National Republican & Federalist (4–5)
  • Total seats: 48

Change in composition

Before the elections

Composition after the January 24, 1822 election in Delaware.

DR1 DR2 DR3 DR4
DR14 DR13 DR12 DR11 DR10 DR9 DR8 DR7 DR6 DR5
DR15 DR16 DR17 DR18 DR19 DR20 DR21 DR22 DR23 DR24
Majority → DR25
DR34
AL2
DR33
GA2
DR32
IL2
DR31
KY2
DR30 DR29 DR28 DR27 DR26
DR35
LA2
DR36
ME2
DR37
MS2
DR38
NH2
DR39
NJ2
DR40
NC2
DR41
RI2
DR42
SC2
DR43
TN2
DR44
VA2
F1
MA1
F2
NY3
F3
DE2
F4
MA2

Result of the elections

DR1
AL3
DR2
CT3
DR3
CT1
DR4
GA3
DR14
IL3
DR13
IN3
DR12
IN1
DR11
ME1
DR10
MD3
DR9
MD1
DR8
MS1
DR7
MO3
DR6
MO1
DR5
NH3
DR15
NJ1
DR16
NY1
DR17
NC3
DR18
OH1
DR119
OH3
DR20
PA3
DR21
PA1
DR22
RI1
DR23
SC3
DR24
TN1
Majority → DR25
VT3
DR34
Hold
TN2
DR33
Hold
SC2
DR32
Hold
NC2
DR31
Hold
NH2
DR30
DE1
DR29
VT1
DR28
VA1
DR27
KY3
DR26
LA3
DR35
Re-elected
AL2
DR36
Re-elected
GA2
DR37
Re-elected
IL2
DR38
Re-elected
KY2
DR39
Re-elected
LA2
DR40
Re-elected
ME2
DR41
Re-elected
MS2
DR42
Re-elected
NJ2
DR43
Re-elected
RI2
DR44
Re-elected
VA2
F1
MA1
F2
NY3
F3
Re-elected
MA2
V1
F Loss
DE2

Beginning of the next Congress, divided by factions

DRa1
IL3
DRa2
IN1
DRa3
MO3
DRa4
NH3
DRc14
ME1
DRc13
GA3
DRc12
CT3
DRa11
OH3
DRa10
LA2
DRa9
LA3
DRa8
KY3
DRa7
VT1
DRa6
NH2
DRa5
VT3
DRc15
MD3
DRc16
MD1
DRc17
NY1
DRc18
NC3
DRc19
OH1
DRc20
PA3
DRc21
RI1
DRc22
SC3
DRc23
NC2
DRc24
VA1
Plurality→ DRc25
GA2
DRj34
AL3
DRj33
AL2
DRj32
CT1
DRc31
IN3
DRc30
VA2
DRc29
RI2
DRc28
NJ2
DRc27
ME2
DRc26
IL2
DRj35
KY2
DRj36
MS1
DRj37
MS2
DRj38
MO1
DRj39
PA1
DRj40
SC2
DRj41
TN1
DRj42
TN2
V3
DR Loss
NJ1
V2
DR Loss
DE1
Fa1
MA1
Fa2
MA2
Fa3
NY3
V1
DE2
Key:
DR# Democratic-Republican DRa# Democratic-Republican (Adams-Clay)
DRc# Democratic-Republican (Crawford)
DRj# Democratic-Republican (Jackson)
F# Federalist Fa# Federalist (Adams-Clay)
V# Vacant

Race summaries

Bold states link to specific election articles.

Special elections during the preceding Congress

In these special elections, the winners were seated during 1822 or before March 4, 1823; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Delaware
(Class 1)
Vacant Outerbridge Horsey (F) had resigned March 3, 1821.
New senator elected January 24, 1822.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Ohio
(Class 3)
William A. Trimble Democratic-Republican 1819 Incumbent died December 13, 1821.
New senator elected January 29, 1822.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Massachusetts
(Class 2)
Harrison Gray Otis Federalist 1816 Incumbent resigned May 30, 1822 to run for Mayor of Boston.
New senator elected June 5, 1822.
Successor was also elected to the next term, see below.
Federalist hold.
Alabama
(Class 3)
John W. Walker Democratic-Republican 1819 Incumbent resigned December 12, 1822 due to failing health.
New senator elected December 12, 1822.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Maryland
(Class 1)
William Pinkney Democratic-Republican 1819 (Special)
1821
Incumbent died February 25, 1822.
New senator elected December 17, 1822.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Virginia
(Class 2)
James Pleasants Democratic-Republican 1819 (Special) Incumbent resigned December 15, 1822 to become Governor of Virginia.
New senator elected December 18, 1822.
Successor was later re-elected to the next term, see below.
Democratic-Republican hold.

Races leading to the next Congress

In these general elections, the winner was seated on March 4, 1823; ordered by state.

All of the elections involved the Class 2 seats.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral
history
Alabama William R. King Democratic-Republican 1819 Incumbent re-elected December 12, 1822.
Delaware Nicholas Van Dyke Federalist 1817 Legislature failed to elect.
Federalist loss.
Incumbent would later be re-elected late in 1824.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Georgia Nicholas Ware Democratic-Republican 1821 (Special) Incumbent re-elected in 1822 or 1823.
Illinois Jesse B. Thomas Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent re-elected in 1823.
Kentucky Richard M. Johnson Democratic-Republican 1819 (Special) Incumbent re-elected in 1823.
Louisiana Henry Johnson Democratic-Republican 1818 (Special) Incumbent re-elected in 1823.
  • Green tickY Henry Johnson (Adams-Clay Democratic-Republican)
  • [Data unknown/missing.]
Maine John Chandler Democratic-Republican 1820 Incumbent re-elected in 1823.
Massachusetts James Lloyd Federalist 1808 (Special)
1808
1813 (Resigned)
1822 (Special)
Incumbent re-elected as an Adams-Clay Federalist in 1822.
Winner was also elected to finish the current term, see above.
Mississippi Thomas Hill Williams Democratic-Republican 1817 Incumbent re-elected in 1823.
New Hampshire David L. Morril Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent retired.
New senator elected in 1823.
Democratic-Republican hold.
  • Green tickY Samuel Bell (Adams-Clay Democratic-Republican)
  • [Data unknown/missing.]
New Jersey Mahlon Dickerson Democratic-Republican 1817 Incumbent re-elected in 1823.
North Carolina Montfort Stokes Democratic-Republican 1816 (Special)
1816
Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected in 1822.
Democratic-Republican hold.
  • Green tickY John Branch (Crawford Democratic-Republican)
  • [Data unknown/missing.]
Rhode Island Nehemiah R. Knight Democratic-Republican 1821 (Special) Incumbent re-elected in 1823.
South Carolina William Smith Democratic-Republican 1810 (Special)
1816
Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected in 1822.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Tennessee John Williams Democratic-Republican 1815 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected October 28, 1823.[4]
Democratic-Republican hold.
Virginia John Taylor of Caroline Democratic-Republican 1822 (Special) Incumbent re-elected in 1823.
Winner was also elected to finish the current term, see above.

Special elections during the next Congress

In these special elections, the winners were elected in 1823 after March 4; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
New Jersey
(Class 1)
Samuel L. Southard Democratic-Republican 1821 (Appointed)
1820
Incumbent resigned March 4, 1823 to become U.S. Secretary of the Navy.
New senator elected November 12, 1823.
Democratic Republican hold.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Our Campaigns - AL US Senate Race - Dec 12, 1822". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved October 31, 2019., citing 1822 House Journal, Dec 12.
  2. ^ "Virginia 1822 U.S. Senate, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved June 4, 2019.
  3. ^ https://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=3343
  4. ^ "Tennessee 1823 U.S. Senate". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved June 4, 2019.
This page was last edited on 25 November 2019, at 08:42
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