To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Languages
Recent
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

1820 and 1821 United States House of Representatives elections

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1820 and 1821 United States House of Representatives elections

← 1818 / 1819 July 3, 1820 – August 10, 1821 1822 / 1823 →

All 187[a] seats in the U.S. House of Representatives
94 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
 
PPBarbour.jpg
LMcLane.jpg
Leader Philip Barbour Louis McLane
Party Democratic-Republican Federalist
Leader's seat Virginia 11th Delaware at-large
Last election 160 seats 26 seats
Seats won 155[a] 32
Seat change Decrease 5 Increase 6

Speaker before election

John W. Taylor
Democratic-Republican

Elected Speaker

Philip Barbour
Democratic-Republican

Elections to the United States House of Representatives for the 17th Congress took place in the various states between July 3, 1820 (Louisiana) and August 10, 1821 (Tennessee). In four states (Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Mississippi) the election coincided with the taking of the 4th Census (August 7, 1820). Future enumerations would henceforth be held at a different time of year.

James Monroe won reelection and the Era of Good Feelings, a period of near-complete dominance of national politics by the Democratic-Republican Party, continued after this campaign. However, the Democratic-Republicans lost a small number of seats, due to growing discontent in some urban, eastern areas. However, the huge Democratic-Republican majority remained intact and the Federalist Party started to become increasingly fragmented.

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/5
    Views:
    2 851 812
    740
    616
    603
    394
  • ✪ Latin American Revolutions: Crash Course World History #31
  • ✪ The Great Revival - Charles Hodge (Christian audio book)
  • ✪ United States Presidents and The Illuminati Masonic Power Structure
  • ✪ Missouri Government and Politics: Lecture 6 - Powers of the Governor
  • ✪ MEXICO - WikiVidi Documentary

Transcription

Hi, I’m John Green, this is Crash Course World History and today things are going to get a little bit confusing, because we’re going to talk about revolution and independence in Latin America. It’s a bit confusing because 1. Latin America is big, 2. It’s very diverse, 3. Napoleon makes everything complicated and 4. As we’ve seen in the past, sometimes revolutions turn out not to be not that revolutionary. [why a solid marketing dept. is key] Witness, for instance, the New England Revolution, who instead of, like, trying to form new and better governments are always just kicking balls around like all the other soccer [futbol] teams. [Intro music] [intro music] [intro music] [intro music] [intro music] [intro music] [intro music] Right, so before independence, Latin American society was characterized by three institutions that exercised control over the population. The first was the Spanish Crown, or if you are Brazilian, the Portuguese crown. So, as far as Spain was concerned, the job of the colonies was to produce revenue in the form of a 20% tax on everything that was called “the royal fifth.” So government administration was pervasive and relatively efficient— because it had to be in order to collect its royal fifth. I mean, the church even controlled time – the church bells tolled out the hours and they mandated a seven day work week so that people could go to church on Sunday. [so HobbyLobby store hours aren't super inconvenient, they're just old skool?] And finally, there was patriarchy. [yeuup, there's a shocker] In Latin America, like much of the world, husbands had complete control over their wives and any extra-or-pre-marital skoodilypooping was severely punished. I mean, when it was the women doing the illicit skoodilypooping. Men could basically get up to whatever. [RIP Helen Gurley Brown. much love] This was mainly about property rights because illegitimate children could inherit their father’s property, but it was constructed to be about, you know, purity. To get a sense of how patriarchy shaped Latin American lives, take a gander at Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz, whose name I’m actually abbreviating. A child prodigy who spoke five languages by the age of 16, de la Cruz wanted to disguise herself as a boy so she could attend University, [plot of 80's flick Just One of the Guys] but she was forbidden to do so. Still, she wrote plays and poetry, she studied math and natural science, [Girls do Get Curves, Danica McKellar!] and for being one of the leading minds of the 17th century, she was widely attacked, and eventually forced to abandon her work and sell all 4,000 of her books. That’s a shame because she had a great mind, once writing that “Aristotle would have written more if he had done any cooking.” [oooh, snap!] Couple other things: First, Latin America led the world in transculturation or Cultural Blending. A new and distinct Latin American culture emerged mixing 1. Whites from Spain called Peninsulares, 2. Whites born in the Americas called creoles, 3. Native Americans, and 4. African slaves. This blending of cultures may be most obvious when looking at Native American and African influences upon Christianity. The Virgin of Guadalupe, for instance, was still called Tonantzin, the indigenous earth goddess, by Indians, and the profusion of blood in Mexican iconography recalls the Aztec use of blood in ritual. But transculturation pervaded Latin American life, from food to secular music to fashion. Somewhat related: Latin America had a great deal of racial diversity and a rigid social hierarchy to match. There were four basic racial categories: white, black, mestizo –a mix of white and American Indian- and mulatto, a mix of white and black. We try not to use that word anymore because it’s offensive, but that’s the word they used. And from the 16th century on, Latin America had a huge diversity of mixed race people, and there were constant attempts to classify them and divide them into castes. You can see some of these in so called casta paintings, which attempted to establish in a very weird and Enlightenment-y way all the possible racial combinations. But of course that’s not how race works, as evidenced by the fact that successful people of lower racial castes could become “legally white” by being granted gracias al sacar. [pretty jacked up, white? right, I mean..] So by 1800, on the eve of Latin America’s independence movements, roughly a quarter of the population were mixed race. So Brazil… he said as thousands of Argentinians booed him— is obviously different because it was ruled, not by Spain, but by Portugal. But like a lot of revolutions in Latin America, it was fairly conservative. The creoles wanted to maintain their privilege while also achieving independence from the Peninsulares. And also like a lot of Latin American revolutions, it featured Napoleon. [forever makes me think of Bill &Ted] Freaking Napoleon. You’re everywhere. [except in line for certain roller coasters] He’s behind me, isn’t he? Gah. So when Napoleon took over Portugal in 1807, the entire Portuguese royal family and their royal court decamped to Brazil. And it turned out, they loved Brazil. King Joao loved Brazil so much. Off topic, but do you think that J-Woww named herself after King Joao? I mean, does she have that kind of historical sensibility? I think she does. [that whole bit really just happened, btw] So King Joao’s life in Rio was so good that even after Napoleon was defeated at the Battle of Waterloo, he just kind of stayed in Brazil. And then, by 1820, the Portuguese in Portugal were like, “Hey, maybe you should come back and, like, you know, govern us, King of Portugal.” So in 1821, he reluctantly returned to Lisbon, leaving his son Prince Pedro behind. Meanwhile, Brazilian creoles were organizing themselves around the idea that they were culturally different from Portugal, and they eventually f ormed a Brazilian Party— no, Stan not that kind of party, come on— yes. That kind. A Brazilian party to lobby for independence. Then in 1822, they convinced Prince Pedro of boring, old Portugal that he should just become King Pedro of sexy, big Brazil. So Pedro declared Brazil an independent constitutional monarchy with himself as king. [as one does, naturally] As a result, Brazil achieved independence without much bloodshed and managed to hold on to that social hierarchy with the plantation owners on top. And that explains why Brazil was the last new world country to abolish slavery, not fully abandoning it until 1888. Right, so even when Napoleon wasn’t forcing Portuguese royals into an awesome exile, he was still messing with Latin America. Let’s go to the Thought Bubble. So Latin America’s independence movements began not with Brazil, but in Mexico when Napoleon put his brother on the Spanish throne in 1808. [nepotism; always a classy move] Napoleon wanted to institute the liberal principles of the French Revolution, which angered the ruling elite of the Peninsulares in what was then called New Spain. They were aristocrats and they just wanted to go back to some good old-fashioned divine right monarchy with a strong church. So the Mexican Creoles, seeking to expand their own power at the expense of the Peninsular elite saw an opportunity here. They affirmed their loyalty to the new king, who was French even though he was the king of Spain. I told you this was complicated. Then, a massive peasant uprising began, led by a renegade priest Padre Hidalgo, and supported by the Creoles because it was aimed at the Peninsulares, even though they weren’t actually the ones who supported Spain. This was further complicated by the fact that to the mestizo peasants led by Hidalgo, Creoles and Peninsulares looked and acted basically identical— they were both white and imperious— [preferable to avada kedavrious?] so the peasants often attacked the Creoles, who were, technically on their side in trying to overthrow the ruling peninsulares. Even though it had tens of thousands of supporters, this first peasant uprising petered out. But, a second peasant revolt, led by another priest, Father Morelos, was much more revolutionary. In 1813, he declared independence and the revolt lasted until his death in 1815. But since he was a mestizo, he didn’t gain much Creole support, so revolutionary fervor in Mexico began to fade until … 1820, when Spain, which was now under the rule of a Spanish, rather than a French king, had a REAL liberal revolution with a new constitution that limited the power of the church. Thanks, Thought Bubble. So, in the wake of Spain’s liberalizing movements, the Mexican elites, who had previously supported Spain, switched sides and made common cause with the creoles in the hopes that they could somehow hold onto their privileges. And pushing for independence together, things went very well. [stay together to stay alive, just like L4D!] The Creole general Iturbide and the rebel mestizo commander Guerrero joined forces and won independence with most of the Peninsulares returning to Spain. Iturbide –the whiter of the two generals – became king of Mexico in 1822 (remember, this was a revolution essentially AGAINST representative government). But that didn’t work out and within a year he was overthrown by the military and a republic was declared. Popular sovereignty was sort of victorious, but without much benefit to the peasants who actually made independence possible. This alliance between conservative landowning elites and the army - especially in the face of calls for land reform or economic justice— would happen over and over again in Latin America for the next century and a half. But before we come to any conclusions, let’s discuss one last revolution. But, the interior of Venezuela was home to mixed-race cowboys called llaneros who supported the king. They kept the Caracas revolutionaries from extending their power inland. And that, is where Simon Bolivar, “el Libertador,” [young portrait w foppish 'stache is fave] enters the picture. Bolivar realized that the only way to overcome the various class divisions (like the one between the Caracas creoles and llaneros) was to appeal to a common sense of South American-ness. I mean, after all, the one thing that almost all South Americans had in common: they were born in South America, NOT SPAIN. So then, partly through shows of toughness that included, like, crossing flooded plains and going without sleep, Bolivar convinced the llaneros to give up fighting for Spain and start fighting against them. He quickly captured the viceregal capital at Bogota and by 1822 his forces had taken Caracas and Quito. Hold on, hold on. Lest I be attacked by Argentinians [to get back the plutonium you stole?] who are already upset about what I said about their really good soccer team, I want to make one thing clear. Argentina’s general Jose de San Martin was also vital to the defeat of the Spanish. He led an expeditions against the Spanish in Chile and also a really important one in Lima. [helping McKinley advance to Nationals over dreaded rivals, Vocal Adrenaline] And then, in December of 1824, at the battle of Ayacucho, the last Spanish viceroy was finally captured and all of Latin America was free from Spain. Oh, it’s time for the open letter? That’s A chair, Stan, but it’s not THE chair. [damp spirit kicks internal pebble] [rolls with broken heart to unimpressive leather-not-puce-velvet club chair sub] An Open Letter to Simon Bolivar. [part-time purple pieman impersonator] But first, let’s see what’s in the secret compartment today. Oh, llanero. I wonder if his hips swivel when I wind him up. [sorry, Meatwad, night-vision goggles & action bills not included.] Context is everything. They do! Hey there, cowboy. Dear Simon Bolivar, First, you had fantastic [legit] muttonchops. It’s as if you’re some kind of handsome Martin Van Buren. [surely an original sentence there] You were a man of immense accomplishments, but those accomplishments have been richly rewarded. I mean, you have a country named after you. Not to mention, two different currencies. [Canadian loonie pwns, regardless] But for my purposes, the most important thing you ever did was die. You may not know this, Simon Bolivar, but when I'm not a world history teacher sitting next to a fake fireplace, I am a novelist. [young adult + Dawson's Creek FanFic] [tell you his pen names for a price] And your last words, “Damn it, how will I ever get out of this labyrinth,” feature prominently in my first novel, Looking for Alaska. [ sup, Nerdfighteria? xoxo, dj ] Except it turns out, those weren’t your last words. [d'oh?] Your last words were probably, “Jose, bring the luggage.” [alt: "Hey, watch this!"] But I decided to use your fancy, romantic, inaccurate last words. It’s called artistic license. Put that in your luggage. [my, Johnny Bookwriter is saucy today] Anyway, fantastic life. I just wish you’d nailed it a little bit better with your last words. Best wishes, John Green So by 1825, almost the entire western hemisphere – with a few exceptions in the Caribbean —was free from European rule. Oh, right. And Canada. [Oh, Canada!] I’m just kidding, Canadians. It’s so easy to make fun of you because you’re so nice. So I tease you and then you’re like, “Aw, thanks for noticing that we exist.” My pleasure. Anyway, this is pretty remarkable, especially when you consider that most of this territory had been under Spanish or Portuguese control for almost 300 years. The most revolutionary thing about these independence movements were that they enshrined the idea of so called popular sovereignty in the New World. Never again would Latin America be under the permanent control of a European power, and the relatively quick division of Latin America into individual states, despite Bolivar’s pan South American dream, showed how quickly the people in these regions developed a sense of themselves as nations distinct from Europe, and from each other. This division into nation states prefigures what would happen to Europe in the mid-19th century, and in that sense, Latin America is the leader of 19th century world history. And Latin American history presages another key theme in modern life— multiculturalism. And all of that makes Latin America sound very modern, but in a number of ways, Latin American independence wasn’t terribly revolutionary. First, while the Peninsulares were gone, the rigid social hierarchy, with the wealthy creoles at the top, remained. Second, whereas revolutions in both France and America weakened the power of the established church, in Latin America, the Catholic Church remained very powerful in people’s everyday lives. And then, there is the patriarchy. Although there were many women who took up arms in the struggle for independence, including Juana Azurduy who led a cavalry charge against Spanish forces in Bolivia, patriarchy remained strong in Latin America. Feminist ideas like those of Mary Wollstonecraft would have to wait. Women weren’t allowed to vote in national elections in Mexico until 1953. And Peru didn’t extend voting rights to women until 1955. Also, Latin America’s revolutionary wars were long and bloody: 425,000 people died in Mexico’s war for independence. And they didn’t always lead to stability: Venezuela, for instance, experienced war for much of the 19th century, leading to as many as a million deaths. And it’s important to note that fighting for freedom doesn’t always lead to freedom, the past two centuries in Latin America have seen many military dictatorships that protect private property at the expense of egalitarian governance. “Freedom,” “independence,” and “autonomy” are complicated terms that mean different things to different people at different times. So too with the word “revolutionary.” Thanks for watching. I’ll see you next week. Location change because I forgot to record the credits, and my shirt matches the wall. Probably should have thought about that one a little bit harder. [DFT record the credits, next time then?] Crash Course is produced and directed by Stan Muller. Our script supervisor is Danica Johnson, [!] the show is ably interned by Agent Meredith Danko, TVCS and it’s written by my high school history teacher Raoul Meyer and myself. Our graphics team is Thought Bubble. Last week’s phrase of the week was "giant squid of anger." If you want to suggest a future phrase of the week or guess at this week’s, you can do so in comments, where you can also ask questions that will be answered by our team of historians. Look at the beautiful Crash Course poster! [nice job, ThoughtBubblers!] Available now at DFTBA.com link in the video description. Thanks for watching, and as we say in my home town, Don’t Forget they can’t get your goat if they don’t know where you keep it.

Contents

Election summaries

One seat was added during this Congress for the new State of Missouri[1]

155 32
Democratic-Republican Federalist
State Type ↑ Date Total
seats
Democratic-Republican Federalist
Seats Change Seats Change
Louisiana At-large July 3–5, 1820 1 1 Steady 0 Steady
Illinois At-large August 7, 1820 1 1 Steady 0 Steady
Indiana At-large August 7, 1820 1 1 Steady 0 Steady
Kentucky Districts August 7, 1820 10 10 Steady 0 Steady
Mississippi At-large August 7–8, 1820 1 1 Steady 0 Steady
New Hampshire At-large August 18, 1820 6 6 Steady 0 Steady
Missouri At-large August 28, 1820 1 1 Increase1 0 Steady
Rhode Island At-large August 29, 1820 2 2 Steady 0 Steady
Vermont District September 5, 1820[b] 6 6 Steady 0 Steady
Georgia At-large October 2, 1820 6 6 Steady 0 Steady
Maryland Districts October 2, 1820 9 6 Steady 3 Steady
Delaware At-large October 3, 1820 2 1 Steady 1 Steady
South Carolina Districts October 9–10, 1820 9 9 Steady 0 Steady
Ohio Districts October 10, 1820 6 6 Increase1 0 Decrease1
Pennsylvania Districts October 10, 1820 23 15 Decrease4 8 Increase4
Massachusetts Districts November 6, 1820[c] 13[d] 6 Decrease1[e] 7 Increase1[e]
Maine[f] Districts November 7, 1820[g] 7 5 Decrease1[h] 2 Increase1[h]
New Jersey At-large November 7, 1820 6 6 Steady 0 Steady
Late elections (after the March 4, 1821 beginning of the term)
Virginia Districts April 1821 23 21 Increase1 2 Decrease1
Connecticut At-large April 2, 1821 7 7 Steady 0 Steady
New York Districts April 24–26, 1821 27 19 Decrease2 8 Increase2
Alabama At-large August 5–6, 1821 1 1 Steady 0 Steady
North Carolina Districts August 9, 1821 13 12 Increase2 1 Decrease2
Tennessee Districts August 9–10, 1821 6 5[i] Decrease1 0 Steady
Total[a] 187 155
82.9%
Decrease5 32
17.1%
Increase6
House seats
Democratic-Republican
82.89%
Federalist
17.11%

Special elections

There were special elections in 1820 and 1821 to the 16th United States Congress and 17th United States Congress.

Special elections are sorted by date then district.

16th Congress

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Virginia 17 James Pleasants Democratic-Republican 1817 Incumbent resigned December 14, 1819 when elected U.S. Senator.
New member elected January 3, 1820.[2]
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated January 18, 1820.[3]
Successor later re-elected in the April 1821 election to the next term, see below.
New Jersey at-large John Condit Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent resigned November 4, 1819 to become assistant collector of the Port of New York.[3]
New member elected February 2, 1820.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated February 16, 1820.[3]
Successor was not a candidate in the November 7, 1820 election for the next term, see below.
Virginia 10 George F. Strother Democratic-Republican 1817 Incumbent resigned February 10, 1820 to become as Receiver of Public Monies in St. Louis, Missouri.
New member elected in August 1820.[5]
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated November 13, 1820.[3]
Successor later re-elected in the April 1821 election to the next term, see below.
Virginia 1 James Pindall Federalist 1817 Incumbent resigned July 6, 1820.
New member elected sometime in 1820.[6]
Democratic-Republican gain.
Successor seated November 13, 1820.[3]
Successor later re-elected in the April 1821 election to the next term, see below.
Virginia 20 James Johnson Democratic-Republican 1813 Incumbent resigned when appointed as collector of customs in Norfolk.
New member elected sometime in 1820.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated November 13, 1820.[3]
Successor later lost re-election in the April 1821 election to the next term, see below.
Kentucky 9 Tunstall Quarles Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent resigned June 15, 1820.
New member elected August 7, 1820.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor was also elected to the next term, see below.
Successor seated November 13, 1820.[3]
Kentucky 6 David Walker Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent died March 1, 1820.
New member elected August 7, 1820.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor was also elected to the next term, see below.
Successor seated November 13, 1820.[3]
Massachusetts 13 Edward Dowse Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent resigned.
New member elected August 21, 1820.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor later re-elected in the November 6, 1820 election to the next term, see below.
Successor seated November 13, 1820.[3]
  • William Eustis (Democratic-Republican) 56.2%
  • James Richardson (Federalist) 38.4%
  • Scattering 5.4%
Pennsylvania 5 David Fullerton Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent resigned May 15, 1820.
New member elected October 10, 1820.
Federalist gain.
Successor was not a candidate in the same day's election for the next term, see below.
Successor seated November 13, 1820.[3]
Massachusetts 1 Jonathan Mason Federalist 1817 (Special) Incumbent resigned May 15, 1820 to pursue his law practice.
New member elected on the second ballot November 6, 1820.
Democratic-Republican gain.[j]
Successor also elected the same day to the next term, see below.
Successor seated November 27, 1820.[3]
First ballot (October 23, 1820):

Second ballot (November 6, 1820):
Maine at-large John Holmes Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent's seat moved from Massachusetts's 14th district but incumbent resigned when elected U.S. Senator.
New member elected November 7, 1820.
Federalist gain.
Successor also elected the same day in the 1st district to the next term, see below.
Successor seated December 11, 1820.[3]
Massachusetts 8 Zabdiel Sampson Democratic-Republican 1817 Incumbent resigned July 26, 1820.
New member elected November 24, 1820 on the second ballot.
Successor seated December 18, 1820.[3]
Successor was already elected to the next term, see below.
First ballot (October 16, 1820):

Second ballot (November 24, 1820):
Pennsylvania 7 Joseph Hiester Democratic-Republican 1798
1804 (Retired)
1814
Incumbent resigned in December 1820 when elected Governor of Pennsylvania.
New member elected December 10, 1820.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor had not been a candidate in the October 10, 1820 election for the next term, see below.
Successor seated January 8, 1821.[3]
North Carolina 4 Jesse Slocumb Democratic-Republican 1817 Incumbent died December 20, 1820.
New member elected February 7, 1821.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated February 7, 1821.[3]
Successor later re-elected in the August 9, 1821 election to the next term, see below.

17th Congress

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Kentucky 7 George Robertson Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent resigned sometime before the start of the new Congress.
New member elected August 6, 1821.[12]
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated December 3, 1821.[13]
New Jersey at-large John Linn Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent died January 5, 1821.
New member elected October 8, 1821.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated December 3, 1821.[13]
Ohio 4 John C. Wright Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent member-elect declined to serve in the next term and resigned March 3, 1821.
New member elected October 9, 1821.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated December 3, 1821.[13]
Pennsylvania 5 James Duncan Democratic-Republican 1820 Incumbent resigned in April 1821.
New member elected October 9, 1821.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated December 12, 1821.[13]
Pennsylvania 10 William Cox Ellis Federalist 1820 Incumbent resigned July 20, 1821.
New member elected October 9, 1821.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated December 12, 1821.[13]
New York 6 Selah Tuthill Democratic-Republican 1821 Incumbent died September 7, 1821.
New member elected November 6–8, 1821.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated December 3, 1821.[13]
South Carolina 9 John S. Richards Democratic-Republican 1820 Member-elect declined to serve.
New member elected sometime in 1821.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated December 3, 1821.[13]
Kentucky 8 Wingfield Bullock Democratic-Republican 1820 Incumbent died October 13, 1821.
New member elected November 22, 1821.[16]
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated January 2, 1822.[13]

Alabama

Alabama elected its member August 5–6, 1821, after the term began but before the new Congress convened.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Alabama at-large John Crowell Democratic-Republican 1819 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.

Connecticut

Connecticut elected its members April 2, 1821, after the term began but before the new Congress convened.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Connecticut at-large
7 seats on a general ticket
James Stevens Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Jonathan O. Moseley Democratic-Republican 1804 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Gideon Tomlinson Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent re-elected.
Elisha Phelps Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
John Russ Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent re-elected.
Henry W. Edwards Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent re-elected.
Samuel A. Foot Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.

Delaware

Delaware elected its members October 3, 1820.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Delaware at-large
2 seats on a general ticket
Louis McLane Federalist 1816 Incumbent re-elected.
Willard Hall Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.

Georgia

Georgia elected its members October 2, 1820.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Georgia at-large
6 seats on a general ticket
Robert R. Reid Democratic-Republican 1819 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Joel Crawford Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Joel Abbot Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected.
John A. Cuthbert Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
William Terrell Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Thomas W. Cobb Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.

Illinois

Illinois elected its member August 7, 1820.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Illinois at-large Daniel P. Cook Democratic-Republican 1819 Incumbent re-elected.

Indiana

Indiana elected its member August 7, 1820.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Indiana at-large William Hendricks Democratic-Republican 1817 Incumbent re-elected.

Kentucky

Kentucky elected its members August 7, 1820.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Kentucky 1 David Trimble Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected.
Kentucky 2 Henry Clay Democratic-Republican 1810
1814 (Resigned)
1814
1815 (Seat declared vacant)
1815 (Special)
Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Kentucky 3 William Brown Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Kentucky 4 Thomas Metcalfe Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent re-elected.
Kentucky 5 Alney McLean Democratic-Republican 1814
1816 (Retired)
1818
Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Kentucky 6 David Walker Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent died March 1, 1820.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor also elected to finish the term.
Kentucky 7 George Robertson Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected.
Incumbent resigned sometime before the start of the new Congress, leading to an August 6, 1821 special election.
Kentucky 8 Richard C. Anderson Jr. Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor died October 13, 1821, leading to a November 22, 1821 special election.
Kentucky 9 Tunstall Quarles Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent resigned June 15, 1820.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor also elected to finish the term.
Kentucky 10 Benjamin Hardin Democratic-Republican 1814
1816 (Retired)
1818
Incumbent re-elected.

Louisiana

Louisiana elected its member July 3–5, 1820.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Louisiana at-large Thomas Butler Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.

Maine

This was the first election in Maine since its separation from Massachusetts. In the previous election, Massachusetts had had 20 representatives. Seven seats (representing the 14th-20th districts) were reassigned from Massachusetts to Maine. In addition, under the terms of the law which admitted Maine to the union, any vacancies in the 16th Congress by Representatives elected to represent Massachusetts but residing in the new states of Maine would be filled by a resident of Maine.[3] John Holmes, who had been elected to the House for the former 14th district of Massachusetts was elected as one of the first two senators for Maine. The vacancy was filled in a special election by Joseph Dane (Federalist). Dane was the only Representative officially considered as representing Maine in the 16th Congress. The Representatives from the 15th-20th districts were still classified as being from Massachusetts for the remainder of the 16th Congress.

Maine elected its members November 7, 1820. Maine law required a majority to win electionecessitating additional ballots if a majority was not received so additional ballots were held January 22, 1821 and September 10, 1821, after the term began but before the new Congress convened.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Maine 1 Joseph Dane Federalist 1820 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
  • Joseph Dane (Federalist) 52.8%
  • Alexander Rice (Democratic-Republican) 38.7%
  • Isaac Lyman 6.0%
  • William Moody 2.4%
Maine 2 Ezekiel Whitman
Redistricted from Massachusetts's 15th district
Federalist 1808
1810 (Lost)
1816
Incumbent re-elected.
Maine 3 Mark Langdon Hill
Redistricted from Massachusetts's 16th district
Democratic-Republican 1819 Incumbent re-elected on the second ballot. First ballot (November 7, 1820):

Second ballot (January 22, 1821):
Maine 4 Martin Kinsley
Redistricted from Massachusetts's 17th district
Democratic-Republican 1819 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected on the third ballot after the beginning of the term but before Congress convened.
Democratic-Republican hold.
First ballot (November 7, 1820):

Second ballot (January 22, 1821):

Third ballot (September 10, 1821):
Maine 5 James Parker
Redistricted from Massachusetts's 18th district
Democratic-Republican 1813
1814 (Lost)
1819
Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected on the third ballot after the beginning of the term but before Congress convened.
Democratic-Republican hold.
First ballot (November 7, 1820):
  • Ebenezer Herrick (Democratic-Republican) 38.2%
  • Ebenezer T. Warren (Democratic-Republican) 31.3%
  • James Parker (Democratic-Republican) 21.6%
  • Joshua Gage (Democratic-Republican) 4.7%
  • Peter Grant (Federalist) 1.5%
  • Others 2.8%

Second ballot (January 22, 1821):

Third ballot (September 10, 1821):
Maine 6 Joshua Cushman
Redistricted from Massachusetts's 19th district
Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent re-elected.
Maine 7 Enoch Lincoln
Redistricted from Massachusetts's 20th district
Democratic-Republican 1818 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
  • Enoch Lincoln (Democratic-Republican) 95.9%
  • Samuel A. Bradley 1.5%
  • Others 2.6%

Maryland

Maryland elected its members October 2, 1820.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Maryland 1 Raphael Neale Federalist 1818 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Raphael Neale (Federalist) 54.0%
  • Nicholas Stonestreet (Federalist) 46.0%
Maryland 2 Joseph Kent Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent re-elected.
Maryland 3 Henry R. Warfield Federalist 1818 Incumbent re-elected.
Maryland 4 Samuel Ringgold Democratic-Republican 1810
1814 (Lost)
1816
Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Maryland 5
Plural district with 2 seats
Samuel Smith Democratic-Republican 1792
1803 (Retired)
1816
Incumbent re-elected.
Peter Little Democratic-Republican 1810
1812 (Lost)
1816
Incumbent re-elected.
Maryland 6 Stevenson Archer Democratic-Republican 1811 (Special)
1816 (Lost)
1818
Incumbent retired.
New member elected by lot after tied vote.
Democratic-Republican hold.[l]
Maryland 7 Thomas Culbreth Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Maryland 8 Thomas Bayly Federalist 1816 Incumbent re-elected.

Massachusetts

This was the first election in Massachusetts after the separation of the former District of Maine as the new State of Maine, taking the old 14th20th districts with it.

Massachusetts elected its members November 6, 1820. Massachusetts had a majority requirement for election, which was not met in the 2nd district necessitating two additional elections on January 8, 1821 and April 16, 1821, after the term began but before the new Congress convened.

District[m] Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Massachusetts 1 Jonathan Mason Federalist 1817 (Special) Incumbent resigned May 15, 1820 to pursue his law practice.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.[j]
Successor also elected the same day to finish the term.
  • Benjamin Gorham (Democratic-Republican)[j] 57.9%
  • Samuel Wells 40.2%
  • Jesse Putname 1.4%
  • Others 0.5%
Massachusetts 2 Nathaniel Silsbee Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent retired.
New member elected late on the third ballot after the term began but before the Congress convened.
Democratic-Republican hold.
First ballot (November 6, 1820):

Second ballot (January 8, 1821):
  • Gideon Barstow (Democratic-Republican) 48.4%
  • John Hooper (Federalist) 28.1%
  • Willard Peele (I) 10.1%
  • Charles Saunders 9.1%
  • Others 4.4%

Third ballot (April 16, 1821):
Massachusetts 3 Jeremiah Nelson Federalist 1804
1806 (Retired)
1814
Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 4 Timothy Fuller Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Timothy Fuller (Democratic-Republican) 58.2%
  • John Hart (Democratic-Republican) 20.9%
  • Samuel P. Fay (Federalist) 17.8%
  • Others 3.1%
Massachusetts 5 Samuel Lathrop Federalist 1819 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Samuel Lathrop (Federalist) 73.7%
  • Thomas Shepherd (Democratic-Republican) 26.3%
Massachusetts 6 Samuel C. Allen Federalist 1816 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 7 Henry Shaw Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
  • Henry W. Dwight (Federalist) 51.4%
  • William P. Walker (Democratic-Republican) 43.9%
  • Others 4.7%
Massachusetts 8 Zabdiel Sampson Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent resigned July 26, 1820.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Massachusetts 9 Walter Folger Jr. Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Massachusetts 10 Marcus Morton Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain
Massachusetts 11 Benjamin Adams Federalist 1816 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Massachusetts 12 Jonas Kendall Federalist 1818 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Massachusetts 13 William Eustis Democratic-Republican 1800
1804 (Lost)
1820 (Special)
Incumbent re-elected.
  • William Eustis (Democratic-Republican) 65.0%
  • James Richardson (Federalist) 30.7%
  • Richard Sullivan (Federalist) 4.3%

Mississippi

Mississippi elected its member August 7–8, 1820.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Mississippi at-large Christopher Rankin Democratic-Republican 1819 Incumbent re-elected.

Missouri

Missouri was admitted to the union on August 10, 1821,[13] but elections had been held August 28, 1820.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Missouri at-large None (District created) New seat.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.

New Hampshire

New Hampshire elected its members August 18, 1820.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
New Hampshire at-large
6 seats on a general ticket
Josiah Butler Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected.
Nathaniel Upham Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected.
Clifton Clagett Democratic-Republican 1802
1804 (Retired)
1816
Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Joseph Buffum Jr. Democratic-Republican 1819 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
William Plumer Jr. Democratic-Republican 1819 Incumbent re-elected.
Arthur Livermore Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.

New Jersey

New Jersey elected its members November 7, 1820. There were an unusally large number of candidates, 119 candidates according to one contemporary newspaper.[19] Some candidates ran under an "Anti-Caucus" ticket. Only 1 of the 6 six incumbents would serve in the next term, as 4 retired and 1 died after re-election.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
New Jersey at-large
6 seats on a general ticket
Ephraim Bateman Democratic-Republican 1814 Incumbent re-elected.
John Linn Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected but died January 5, 1821, leading to a October 8, 1821 special election.
Bernard Smith Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Henry Southard Democratic-Republican 1814 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Joseph Bloomfield Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Charles Kinsey Democratic-Republican 1816
1818 (Lost)
1820 (Special)
Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.

New York

New York elected its members April 24–26, 1821, after the term began but before the new Congress convened. The 21st district, previously a plural district with two seats, was divided into two single-member districts for the 17th Congress, the 21st and 22nd.

The Democratic-Republican party in New York was divided between "Bucktails" and "Clintonians". The Clintonians ran on a joint ticket with the remaining Federalists. In a few cases, marked as "Clintonian/Federalist" below, it is unclear whether a candidate on the joint ticket was Democratic-Republican or Federalist.

Only five of the twenty-seven incumbents were re-elected to the next term. Sixteen incumbents retired and five lost re-election. Despite this high turnover of membership, there was only a one-seat net gain for the Federalists.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
New York 1
Plural district with 2 seats
Silas Wood Federalist 1818 Incumbent re-elected.
James Guyon Jr. Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.[n]
Democratic-Republican hold.
New York 2
Plural district with 2 seats
Henry Meigs Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Peter H. Wendover Democratic-Republican 1814 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
New York 3 Caleb Tompkins Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
  • Jeremiah H. Pierson (Democratic-Republican) 59.2%
  • John T. Smith (Clintonian/Federalist) 37.7%
  • Peter S. Van Orden (Democratic-Republican) 9.4%
New York 4 Randall S. Street Federalist 1818 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
New York 5 James Strong Federalist 1818 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
New York 6 Walter Case Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor died September 7, 1821, before the Congress convened, leading to a November 6–8, 1821 special election.
New York 7 Jacob H. De Witt Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
New York 8 Robert Clark Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
New York 9 Solomon Van Rensselaer Federalist 1818 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 10 John D. Dickinson Federalist 1818 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 11 John W. Taylor Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent re-elected.
  • John W. Taylor (Democratic-Republican) 53.3%
  • Guert Van Schoonhoven (Democratic-Republican) 46.5%
New York 12
Plural district with 2 seats
Nathaniel Pitcher Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent re-elected.
Ezra C. Gross Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
New York 13 Harmanus Peek Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
  • John Gebhard (Democratic-Republican) 51.0%
  • William Mann (Democratic-Republican) 49.0%
New York 14 John Fay Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
New York 15
Plural district with 2 seats
Robert Monell Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Joseph S. Lyman Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
New York 16 Henry R. Storrs Federalist 1816 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
New York 17 Aaron Hackley Jr. Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
New York 18 William D. Ford Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
New York 19 George Hall Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
New York 20
Plural district with 2 seats
Jonathan Richmond Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Caleb Baker Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
New York 21 Nathaniel Allen Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
New York 22 Albert H. Tracy
Redistricted from the 21st district
Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent re-elected.

North Carolina

North Carolina elected its members August 9, 1821, after the term began but before the new Congress convened.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
North Carolina 1 Lemuel Sawyer Democratic-Republican 1806
1813 (Lost)
1817
Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 2 Hutchins G. Burton Democratic-Republican 1819 Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 3 Thomas H. Hall Democratic-Republican 1817 Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 4 William S. Blackledge Federalist 1821 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 5 Charles Hooks Democratic-Republican 1816 (Special)
1817 (Lost)
1819
Incumbent re-elected.
  • Charles Hooks (Democratic-Republican) 65.3%
  • Daniel Glisson (Federalist) 34.7%
North Carolina 6 Weldon N. Edwards Democratic-Republican 1816 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 7 John Culpepper Federalist 1806
1808 (Contested election)
1808 (Special)
1813
1816 (Lost)
1819
Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
North Carolina 8 James S. Smith Democratic-Republican 1817 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
North Carolina 9 Thomas Settle Democratic-Republican 1817 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
North Carolina 10 Charles Fisher Democratic-Republican 1819 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
  • John Long (Democratic-Republican)[k]
  • John L. Henderson (Federalist)
North Carolina 11 William Davidson Federalist 1818 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
North Carolina 12 Felix Walker Democratic-Republican 1817 Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 13 Lewis Williams Democratic-Republican 1815 Incumbent re-elected.

Ohio

Ohio elected its members October 10, 1820.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Ohio 1 Thomas R. Ross Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 2 John W. Campbell Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 3 Henry Brush Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Ohio 4 Samuel Herrick Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Winner declined to serve, leading to an October 9, 1821 special election.
Ohio 5 Philemon Beecher Federalist 1816 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
  • Joseph Vance (Democratic-Republican) 40.9%[o]
    Philemon Beecher (Federalist) 44.6%
  • Daniel Smith (Federalist) 7.9%
  • Orris Parrish (Democratic-Republican) 6.3%
  • John Kilbourn 0.3%
Ohio 6 John Sloane Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent re-elected.
  • John Sloane (Democratic-Republican) 91.7%
  • Alred Kelley (Democratic-Republican) 8.2%
  • Others 0.1%

Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania elected its members October 10, 1820.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates[15]
Pennsylvania 1
Plural district with 4 seats
Joseph Hemphill Federalist 1800
1802 (Lost)
1818
Incumbent re-elected.
Samuel Edwards Federalist 1818 Incumbent re-elected.
Thomas Forrest Federalist 1818 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
John Sergeant Federalist 1815 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 2
Plural district with 2 seats
William Darlington Democratic-Republican 1814
1816 (Lost)
1818
Incumbent re-elected.
Samuel Gross Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 3
Plural district with 2 seats
James M. Wallace Democratic-Republican 1815 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Jacob Hibshman Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Pennsylvania 4 Jacob Hostetter Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Pennsylvania 5
Plural district with 2 seats
Andrew Boden Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
David Fullerton Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent resigned May 15, 1820.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor was not a candidate in the same day's election to finish the term.
Successor resigned in April 1821, leading to a October 9, 1821 special election.
Pennsylvania 6
Plural district with 2 seats
Samuel Moore Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Samuel Moore (Democratic-Republican) 30.7%
  • Thomas J. Rogers (Democratic-Republican) 28.6%
  • Daniel W. Dingman (Federalist) 21.1%
  • Matthais Morris (Federalist) 19.6%
Thomas J. Rogers Democratic-Republican 1818 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 7 Joseph Hiester Democratic-Republican 1798
1804 (Retired)
1814
Incumbent retired to run for Governor of Pennsylvania.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Incumbent then resigned in December 1820 when elected Governor of Pennsylvania and successor lost the December 10, 1820 special election to finish the term.
Pennsylvania 8 Robert Philson Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Pennsylvania 9 William P. Maclay Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Pennsylvania 10
Plural district with 2 seats
George Denison Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent re-elected.
John Murray Democratic-Republican 1817 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Incumbent resigned July 20, 1821, leading to an October 9, 1821 special election.
Pennsylvania 11 David Marchand Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
  • George Plumer (Democratic-Republican) 54.7%
  • Alexander W. Foster (Federalist) 45.3%
Pennsylvania 12 Thomas Patterson Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 13 Christian Tarr Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Pennsylvania 14 Henry Baldwin Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 15 Robert Moore Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.

Rhode Island

Rhode Island elected its members August 29, 1820.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Rhode Island at-large
2 seats on a general ticket
Samuel Eddy Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent re-elected.
Nathaniel Hazard Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Incumbent died December 17, 1820 and seat remained vacant until the end of term.

South Carolina

South Carolina elected its members October 9–10, 1820.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
South Carolina 1 Charles Pinckney Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
South Carolina 2 William Lowndes Democratic-Republican 1810 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 3 James Ervin Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
South Carolina 4 James Overstreet Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 5 Starling Tucker Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 6 Eldred Simkins Democratic-Republican 1818 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
South Carolina 7 Elias Earle Democratic-Republican 1804
1814 (Lost)
1816
Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.<
Democratic-Republican hold.
South Carolina 8 John McCreary Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.<
Democratic-Republican hold.
South Carolina 9 Joseph Brevard Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Winner declined to serve, leading to a special election sometime in 1821.
  • √ John S. Richards (Democratic-Republican) 100%

Tennessee

Tennessee elected its members August 9–10, 1821, after the term began but before the new Congress convened.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Tennessee 1 John Rhea Democratic-Republican 1803
1815 (Lost)
1817
Incumbent re-elected.
  • John Rhea (Democratic-Republican) 40.4%
  • John Tipton 35.6%
  • John A. Rogers 24.1%
Tennessee 2 John Cocke Democratic-Republican 1819 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 3 Francis Jones Democratic-Republican 1817 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 4 Robert Allen Democratic-Republican 1819 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 5 Newton Cannon Democratic-Republican 1814 (Special)
1817 (Lost)
1819
Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 6 Henry H. Bryan Democratic-Republican 1819 Incumbent re-elected.
Winner never appeared to take his seat.
  • Henry H. Bryan (Democratic-Republican) 62.5%
  • Eldridge B. Robertson 34.5%
  • Colmore Duvall 3.0%

Vermont

In 1820, Vermont returned to using districts. This would be the only election in which the 6th district would be used.

Vermont elected its members September 5, 1820. A majority was required for election, which was not met in the 2nd or 3rd district, requiring additional ballots to achieve a majority. The 2nd district required 7 ballots. The 3rd district required two additional ballots. The additional ballots were held December 11, 1820, and February 19, May 1, July 2, September 4, and October 22, 1821.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Vermont 1 Rollin Carolas Mallary
Redistricted from the at-large district
Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent re-elected.
Vermont 2 Mark Richards
Redistricted from the at-large district
Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected on the seventh ballot.
Democratic-Republican hold.
First ballot (September 5, 1820):

Second ballot (December 11, 1820):

Third ballot (February 19, 1821):

Fourth ballot (May 1, 1821):

Fifth ballot (July 2, 1821):

Sixth ballot (September 4, 1821):

Seventh ballot (October 22, 1821):
Vermont 3 Charles Rich
Redistricted from the at-large district
Democratic-Republican 1812
1814 (Lost)
1816
Incumbent re-elected on the third ballot. First ballot (September 5, 1820):

Second ballot (December 11, 1820):

Third ballot (February 19, 1821):
Ezra Meech
Redistricted from the at-large district
Democratic-Republican 1818 Incumbent lost re-election.
Democratic-Republican loss.
Vermont 4 William Strong
Redistricted from the at-large district
Democratic-Republican 1810
1814 (Lost)
1818
Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Vermont 5 Samuel C. Crafts
Redistricted from the at-large district
Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected.
Vermont 6 None (District created) New seat.
New memebr elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.

Virginia

Virginia elected its members in April 1821, after the term began but before the new Congress convened.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Virginia 1 Edward B. Jackson Democratic-Republican 1820 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 2 Thomas Van Swearingen Federalist 1819 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 3 Jared Williams Democratic-Republican 1819 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Jared Williams (Democratic-Republican) 63.3%
  • William Steinbergen (Democratic-Republican) 36.7%
Virginia 4 William McCoy Democratic-Republican 1811 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 5 John Floyd Democratic-Republican 1817 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 6 Alexander Smyth Democratic-Republican 1817 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 7 Ballard Smith Democratic-Republican 1815 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
  • William Smith (Democratic-Republican) 53.2%
  • James Wilson (Democratic-Republican) 46.8%
Virginia 8 Charles F. Mercer Federalist 1817 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 9 William Lee Ball Democratic-Republican 1817 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 10 Thomas L. Moore Democratic-Republican 1820 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
  • Thomas L. Moore (Democratic-Republican) 70.7%
  • Mark A. Chilton (Democratic-Republican) 29.3%
Virginia 11 Philip P. Barbour Democratic-Republican 1814 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 12 Robert S. Garnett Democratic-Republican 1817 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 13 Severn E. Parker Democratic-Republican 1819 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
  • Burwell Bassett (Democratic-Republican) 66.6%
  • John Patterson (Federalist) 30.0%
  • Brazure W. Pryor (Federalist) 3.4%
Virginia 14 William A. Burwell Democratic-Republican 1806 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
  • Jabez Leftwich (Democratic-Republican) 93.5%
  • James Calloway (Democratic-Republican) 6.5%
Virginia 15 George Tucker Democratic-Republican 1819 Incumbent re-elected.
  • George Tucker (Democratic-Republican) 87.5%
  • William R. Roane (Federalist) 12.5%
Virginia 16 John Randolph Democratic-Republican 1799
1813 (Lost)
1815
1817 (Lost)
1819
Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 17 William S. Archer Democratic-Republican 1820 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 18 Mark Alexander Democratic-Republican 1819 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 19 James Jones Democratic-Republican 1819 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 20 John C. Gray Democratic-Republican 1820 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Virginia 21 Thomas Newton Jr. Democratic-Republican 1797 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 22 Hugh Nelson Democratic-Republican 1811 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 23 John Tyler Democratic-Republican 1816 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.

Non-voting delegates

There were four territories that had the right to send a delegate to at least part of the 17th Congress, only three of which actually sent delegates. Missouri Territory's seat remained vacant, as the territory was admitted as the State of Missouri early in the 17th Congress.

District Incumbent First
elected
Result Candidates
Arkansas Territory at-large James Woodson Bates 1819 Incumbent re-elected.
Michigan Territory at-large Solomon Sibley 1820 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c Includes "late" elections held after the March 4 beginning of the term.
  2. ^ Majority requirement for election which was not met in 2 districts requiring 6 additional elections held on December 11, 1820, February 19, May 1, July 2, September 4, and October 22, 1821.
  3. ^ Majority requirement for election which was not met in 1 district requiring additional elections on January 8 and April 16, 1821.
  4. ^ After seven districts were moved to the new state of Maine.
  5. ^ a b Compared to districts 1-13 in 1818
  6. ^ Previously part of Massachusetts.
  7. ^ Majority requirement for election, which was not met in 3 districts requiring additional elections on January 22, 1821 and September 10, 1821.
  8. ^ a b Compared to the districts comprising the former District of Maine (Former Massachusetts's 14th district through Massachusetts's 20th district
  9. ^ Tennessee's 6th district remained vacant for the entirety of the 17th Congress.
  10. ^ a b c d e Some sources cite Benjamin Gorham as a Federalist.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Source does not give numbers of votes or has incomplete data.
  12. ^ In Maryland's 6th district, Philip Reed later successfully contested the tie, claiming 7 votes for him that had not been counted,[18] and was seated March 22, 1822.[13]
  13. ^ District numbers differed between source used and elsewhere on Wikipedia; district numbers used elsewhere on Wikipedia used here.
  14. ^ a b c d e In New York's 1st district, the winners were initially declared to be Silas Wood (Federalist) and Peter Sharpe (Democratic-Republican). Sharpe's election was challenged. Initial returns showed 3,339 votes for Cadwallader D. Colden (Federalist), with 395 for "Cadwallader Colden" and 220 for "Cadwallader D. Colder". After those votes were declared to be for Cadwallader D. Colden, he finished in 2nd place with 3,954 votes (27.1%), and thus received one of the two seats for that district in place of Sharpe. He was seated December 12, 1821.[13]
  15. ^ a b c d Based on incomplete returns
  16. ^ John Sergeant was also supported by the Democratic-Republicans.
  17. ^ a b c Changed parties
  18. ^ Job Durfee received votes in many towns from Federalists.

References

  1. ^ Stat. 545
  2. ^ a b "Virginia 1820 U.S. House of Representatives, District 17, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved February 6, 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "Sixteenth Congress March 4, 1819, to March 3, 1821". Office of the Historian, United States House of Representatives. Retrieved January 23, 2019 – via History.house.gov.
  4. ^ "New Jersey 1820 U.S. House of Representatives, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved January 29, 2019.
  5. ^ a b "Virginia 1820 U.S. House of Representatives, District 10, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved February 6, 2019.
  6. ^ a b "Virginia 1820 U.S. House of Representatives, District 1, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved February 6, 2019.
  7. ^ "Virginia 1820 U.S. House of Representatives, District 20, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved February 6, 2019.
  8. ^ a b Cox, Harold (January 6, 2007). "16th Congress 1819-1821" (PDF). Pennsylvania Election Statistics: 1682-2006 The Wilkes University Election Statistics Project. Wilkes University.
  9. ^ "Massachusetts 1820 U.S. House of Representatives, Suffolk District, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved February 6, 2019.
  10. ^ "Massachusetts 1820 U.S. House of Representatives, Suffolk District, Special, Ballot 2". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved February 7, 2019.
  11. ^ "Pennsylvania 1820 U.S. House of Representatives, District 7, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved February 6, 2019.
  12. ^ a b "Kentucky 1821 U.S. House of Representatives, District 7, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved February 17, 2019.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Seventeenth Congress March 4, 1821, to March 3, 1823". Office of the Historian, United States House of Representatives. Retrieved February 4, 2019 – via History.house.gov.
  14. ^ "Ohio 1821 U.S. House of Representatives, District 4, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved February 6, 2019.
  15. ^ a b c Cox, Harold (January 14, 2007). "17th Congress 1821-1823" (PDF). Pennsylvania Election Statistics: 1682-2006 The Wilkes University Election Statistics Project. Wilkes University.
  16. ^ a b "Kentucky 1821 U.S. House of Representatives, District 8, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved February 17, 2019.
  17. ^ "Alabama 1821 U.S. House of Representatives". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  18. ^ "Maryland 1820 U.S. House of Representatives, District 6". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved February 18, 2019. (see footnotes 1,2, and 5)
  19. ^ a b "New Jersey 1820 U.S. House of Representatives". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved February 19, 2019.
  20. ^ "Rhode Island 1820 U.S. House of Representatives". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved March 21, 2019.

Bibliography

External links

This page was last edited on 2 June 2019, at 04:20
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.