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1813 Vermont gubernatorial election

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1813 Vermont gubernatorial election

← 1812 October 14, 1813 (1813-10-14) 1814 →
 
Martin Chittenden.jpg
Jonas Galusha.jpg
Nominee Martin Chittenden Jonas Galusha
Party Federalist Democratic-Republican
Popular vote 16,532 16,838
Percentage 48.6% 49.6%

Governor before election

Jonas Galusha
Democratic-Republican

Elected Governor

Martin Chittenden
Federalist

The 1813 Vermont gubernatorial election for Governor of Vermont took place in September and October, and resulted in the election of Martin Chittenden to a one-year term.[1]

The Vermont General Assembly met in Montpelier on October 14.[1] The Vermont House of Representatives appointed a committee to review the votes of the freemen of Vermont for governor, lieutenant governor, treasurer, and members of the governor's council.[1] The committee disallowed several hundred votes for Jonas Galusha, and the result was that neither Galusha nor Martin Chittenden attained the majority required by the Vermont Constitution.[1][2] In such cases, the governor is chosen by the combined vote of the Vermont General Assembly.[1][2]

On October 21, the General Assembly met to select the governor.[1] In secret balloting, Chittenden was elected by a vote of 112 to 111.[1][2] Supporters of Galusha argued that 112 members of the Assembly had voted for Galusha, which would have resulted in a tie, so a ballot must have been lost or intentionally not counted.[1][2] They proposed to place all 112 Galusha supporters under oath to affirm that they had voted for Galusha.[1][2] Chittenden supporters claimed that one supposed Galusha supporter (not named) had promised to withhold his vote in order to give Chittenden an advantage.[1][2] While the House debated the question, Chittenden took the oath of office from Nathaniel Chipman, the chief judge of the Vermont Supreme Court, and notified the House that he was ready to deliver his inaugural speech.[1] Chittenden was allowed to proceed, effectively ending the controversy over his election.[1]

In the election for lieutenant governor, after the legislature's canvassing committee disallowed ballots for Brigham, contemporary newspaper articles reported the popular vote results as William Chamberlain (Federalist) 15,557 (48.8%); Paul Brigham (Democratic-Republican) 15,393 (48.2%); scattering 958 (3.0%).[3] Because neither Chamberlain nor Brigham attained a majority, the contest was decided by the General Assembly.[1][2] In the Assembly vote, Chamberlain was declared the winner by the same 112 to 111 margin by which Chittenden defeated Galusha.[1][2]

Benjamin Swan was elected to a one-year term as treasurer, his fourteenth, though the vote totals were not recorded.[1] Swan, a Federalist was also endorsed by the Democratic-Republicans, and so was effectively unopposed for reelection.[4][5]

In the race for governor, a contemporary newspaper article reported the results of the popular vote were reported as follows.[6]

Results

1813 Vermont gubernatorial election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Federalist Martin Chittenden 16,532 48.6%
Democratic-Republican Jonas Galusha (incumbent) 16,838 49.6%
Scattering 605 1.8%
Total votes '33,975' '100%'

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Walton, E. P., ed. (1878). Records of the Governor and Council of the State of Vermont. VI. Montpelier, VT: J. & J. M. Poland. pp. 4, 16–17 – via Google Books.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "Election, No. II". The Washingtonian. Windsor, VT. November 8, 1813. p. 1 – via Newspapers.com.
  3. ^ "The Election". Columbian Patriot. Middlebury, VT. October 20, 1813. p. 3 – via GenealogyBank.com.
  4. ^ "Genuine Republican Nomination". Vermont Republican and American Journal. Windsor, VT. August 26, 1813. p. 3 – via Newspapers.com.
  5. ^ "Peace Nomination". The Vermont Mirror. Middlebury, VT. August 18, 1813. p. 3 – via Newspapers.com.
  6. ^ "Vermont Legislature". Lancaster Intelligencer. Lancaster, PA. November 6, 1813. p. 3 – via Newspapers.com.
This page was last edited on 30 March 2021, at 06:22
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