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1810 and 1811 United States House of Representatives elections

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1810 and 1811 United States House of Representatives elections

← 1808 / 1809 April 24, 1810 – August 2, 1811[a] 1812 / 1813 →

All 142[b] seats in the U.S. House of Representatives
72 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
 
Henry Clay.jpg
TimothyPitkin.jpg
Leader Henry Clay Timothy Pitkin
Party Democratic-Republican Federalist
Leader's seat Kentucky 3rd Connecticut at-large
Last election 94 seats 48 seats
Seats won 107[b] 36
Seat change Increase 13 Decrease 12

Speaker before election

Joseph Bradley Varnum
Democratic-Republican

Elected Speaker

Henry Clay
Democratic-Republican

Elections to the United States House of Representatives for the 12th Congress were held at various dates in different states between April 1810 and August 1811 during President James Madison's first term.

One newly elected Representative, Henry Clay, also was elected Speaker.

With the repeal of the Embargo Act of 1807, the economy improved. The opposition Federalists lost voter support and the Democratic-Republicans recovered a supermajority.

Election summaries

107 36
Democratic-Republican Federalist
State Type
Date
Total
seats
Democratic-
Republican
Federalist
Seats Change Seats Change
Kentucky Districts August 6, 1810 6 6 Steady 0 Steady
New York Districts April 24–26, 1810 17 12 Increase3 5 Decrease3
North Carolina Districts August 9, 1810 12 10 Increase1 2 Decrease1
Rhode Island At-large August 28, 1810 2 0 Steady 2 Steady
Connecticut At-large September 17, 1810 7 0 Steady 7 Steady
Georgia At-large October 1, 1810 4 4 Steady 0 Steady
Maryland Districts 9 6 Steady 3 Steady
Delaware At-large October 2, 1810 1 0 Steady 1 Steady
New Jersey At-large October 8–9, 1810 6 6 Steady 0 Steady
South Carolina Districts 8 8 Steady 0 Steady
Ohio At-large October 9, 1810 1 1 Steady 0 Steady
Pennsylvania Districts 18 17 Increase1 1 Decrease1
Vermont Districts November 4, 1810 4 3 Increase2 1 Decrease2
Massachusetts Districts November 5, 1810[c] 17 9 Increase2 8 Decrease2
Late elections (After the March 4, 1811 beginning of the next Congress)
Virginia Districts April 1811 22 17 Steady 5 Steady
New Hampshire At-large April 1, 1811[d] 5 4 Increase4 1 Decrease4
Tennessee Districts August 1–2, 1811 3 3 Steady 0 Steady
Total[b] 142 106
74.6%
Increase13 36
25.4%
Decrease13
House seats
Democratic-Republican
74.6%
Federalist
25.4%

Special elections

There were special elections in 1810 and 1811 to the 11th United States Congress and 12th United States Congress.

Elections are sorted by date then district.

11th Congress

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
New York 2 William Denning Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent resigned in 1810.
New member elected April 24–26, 1810.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated December 4, 1810.[1]
Successor also elected the same day to the next term, see below.
Kentucky 5 Benjamin Howard Democratic-Republican 1806 Incumbent resigned April 10, 1810 to become Governor of Louisiana Territory.
New member elected August 6, 1810.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated December 13, 1810.[1]
Successor did not run to the next term, see below.
Connecticut at-large Samuel W. Dana Federalist 1796 (Special) Incumbent resigned in May 1810 after election as U.S. senator.
New member elected September 17, 1810.
Federalist hold.
Successor seated December 3, 1810.[1]
Successor lost election to the next term, see below.
Maryland 4 Roger Nelson Democratic-Republican 1804 (Special) Incumbent resigned May 14, 1810 to become associate judge of the fifth judicial circuit of Maryland.
New member elected October 1, 1810.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated December 7, 1810.[1]
Successor also elected the same day to the next term, see below.
Massachusetts 10
"Worcester South district"
Jabez Upham Federalist 1806 Incumbent resigned in 1810.
New member elected October 8, 1810.
Federalist hold.
Successor seated December 13, 1810.[1]
Successor did not run to the next term, see below.
Massachusetts 11
"Worcester North district"
William Stedman Federalist 1803 Incumbent resigned July 16, 1810 to become Clerk of Courts for Worcester County.
New member elected October 8, 1810.
Federalist hold.
Successor seated December 14, 1810.[1]
Successor later elected to the next term, see below.
New Jersey at-large James Cox Democratic-Republican 1810 Incumbent died September 12, 1810.
New member elected October 30–31, 1810.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated December 3, 1810.[1]
Successor did not run to the next term, see below.
  • Green tickY John A. Scudder (Democratic-Republican) 76.7%
  • John Linn (Democratic-Republican) 10.8%
  • Jacob S. Thompson (Democratic-Republican) 10.2%
  • Isaac Mickle (Democratic-Republican) 2.3%[7]
Virginia 1 John G. Jackson Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent resigned September 28, 1810 after being wounded in a duel.
New member elected November 1810.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated December 21, 1810.[1]
Successor late lost election to the next term, see below.
Maryland 7 John Brown Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent resigned in 1810[f] to become clerk of the county court of Queen Anne's County.
New member elected November 15, 1810.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated December 3, 1810.[1]
New member was also elected by the same ballot to the next term, see below.[g]
  • Green tickY Robert Wright (Democratic-Republican) 51.7%
  • Daniel C. Hopper 45.0%
  • James Brown 3.1%
  • Scattering 0.2%[8]
South Carolina 1 Robert Marion Democratic-Republican 1804 Incumbent resigned December 4, 1810, having already retired.
New member elected December 31, 1810.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated January 24, 1811.[1]Successor had already been elected to the next term, see below.

12th Congress

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Maryland 7 John Brown Democratic-Republican 1808 Representative-elect declined to serve to become clerk of the county court of Queen Anne's County.
New member elected November 15, 1810.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated at the beginning of the Congress.[10]
New member was also elected by the same ballot to finish the current term, see above.[g]
  • Green tickY Robert Wright (Democratic-Republican) 51.7%
  • Daniel C. Hopper 45.0%
  • James Brown 3.1%
  • Scattering 0.2%[8]
Maryland 6 John Montgomery Democratic-Republican 1806 Incumbent resigned April 29, 1811 to become Attorney General of Maryland.
New member elected October 2, 1811.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated November 4, 1811.[10]
Massachusetts 4
"Middlesex district"
Joseph B. Varnum Democratic-Republican 1795 Incumbent resigned June 29, 1811 when elected U.S. senator.
New member elected November 4, 1811.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated January 22, 1812.[10]
First ballot (September 23, 1811):
  • John Tuttle (Democratic-Republican) 44.5%
  • Loammi Baldwin (Federalist) 37.4%
  • Edmund Foster (Democratic-Republican) 12.5%
  • Marshall Spring (Democratic-Republican) 5.7%[12]

Second ballot (November 4, 1811):

Connecticut

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Connecticut at-large
7 seats on a general ticket
Lewis B. Sturges Federalist 1805 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Jonathan O. Moseley Federalist 1804 Incumbent re-elected.
Benjamin Tallmadge Federalist 1801 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Epaphroditus Champion Federalist 1806 Incumbent re-elected.
Timothy Pitkin Federalist 1805 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Samuel W. Dana Federalist 1796 (Special) Incumbent resigned in May 1810 after election as U.S. senator.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Successor (Law) was not elected to finish the current term, see above.
John Davenport Federalist 1798 Incumbent re-elected.

Delaware

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Delaware at-large Nicholas Van Dyke Federalist 1807 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.

Georgia

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Georgia at-large
4 seats on a general ticket
William W. Bibb Democratic-Republican 1806 Incumbent re-elected.
George Troup Democratic-Republican 1806 Incumbent re-elected.
Howell Cobb Democratic-Republican 1806 Incumbent re-elected.
Dennis Smelt Democratic-Republican 1806 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.

Kentucky

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Kentucky 1 Matthew Lyon Democratic-Republican 1797 (Vermont)
1803
Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Kentucky 2 Samuel McKee Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent re-elected.
Kentucky 3 Henry Crist Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Kentucky 4 Richard M. Johnson Democratic-Republican 1806 Incumbent re-elected.
Kentucky 5 Benjamin Howard Democratic-Republican 1806 Incumbent resigned April 10, 1810 to become Governor of Louisiana Territory.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor was not a candidate to finish the current term, see above.
Kentucky 6 Joseph Desha Democratic-Republican 1806 Incumbent re-elected.

Maryland

Maryland held its elections October 1, 1810.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates[i]
Maryland 1 John Campbell Federalist 1801 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
  • Green tickY Philip Stuart (Federalist) 98.3%
  • John Parnham (Democratic-Republican) 1.1%
Maryland 2 Archibald Van Horne Democratic-Republican 1806 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Maryland 3 Philip Barton Key Federalist 1806 Incumbent re-elected.
Maryland 4 Roger Nelson Democratic-Republican 1804 (Special) Incumbent resigned May 14, 1810 to become associate judge of the fifth judicial circuit of Maryland.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor also elected to finish the current term, see above.
  • Green tickY Samuel Ringgold (Democratic-Republican) 95.7%
  • Benjamin Galloway (Federalist) 2.0%
Maryland 5
Plural district with 2 seats
Nicholas R. Moore Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Alexander McKim Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent re-elected.
Maryland 6 John Montgomery Democratic-Republican 1806 Incumbent re-elected.
Maryland 7 John Brown Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent re-elected but declined the seat and resigned, leading to a special election.
Maryland 8 Charles Goldsborough Federalist 1804 Incumbent re-elected.

Massachusetts

Massachusetts held its elections November 5, 1810. Massachusetts law required a majority for election. This was not met in the 15th district necessitating a second election on April 1, 1811.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates[i]
Massachusetts 1
"Suffolk district"
Josiah Quincy Federalist 1804 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Josiah Quincy (Federalist) 68.9%
  • David Tilden (Democratic-Republican) 31.1%
Massachusetts 2
"Essex South district"
Benjamin Pickman Jr. Federalist 1808 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
  • Green tickY William Reed (Federalist) 53.6%
  • Daniel Kilham (Democratic-Republican) 46.4%
Massachusetts 3
"Essex North district"
Edward St. Loe Livermore Federalist 1806 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
  • Green tickY Leonard White (Federalist) 62.6%
  • Thomas Kitteridge (Democratic-Republican) 33.5%
  • Nehemiah Cleveland (Federalist) 3.9%
Massachusetts 4
"Middlesex district"
Joseph Bradley Varnum Democratic-Republican 1794 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 5
"Hampshire South district"
William Ely Federalist 1804 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY William Ely (Federalist) 70.4%
  • Samuel Fowler (Democratic-Republican) 29.0%
Massachusetts 6
"Hampshire North district"
Samuel Taggart Federalist 1803 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Samuel Taggart (Federalist) 72.1%
  • Solomon Snead (Democratic-Republican) 27.9%
Massachusetts 7
"Plymouth district"
Charles Turner Jr. Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 8
"Barnstable district"
Gideon Gardner Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Massachusetts 9
"Bristol district"
Laban Wheaton Federalist 1808 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Laban Wheaton (Federalist) 51.8%
  • Nathaniel Morton (Democratic-Republican) 48.0%
Massachusetts 10
"Worcester South district"
Joseph Allen Federalist 1810 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Massachusetts 11
"Worcester North district"
Abijah Bigelow Federalist 1810 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Abijah Bigelow (Federalist) 70.6%
  • Timothy Whiting (Democratic-Republican) 28.5%
Massachusetts 12
"Berkshire district"
Ezekiel Bacon Democratic-Republican 1807 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Ezekiel Bacon (Democratic-Republican) 56.1%
  • Thomas Ives (Democratic-Republican) 43.9%
Massachusetts 13
"Norfolk district"
Ebenezer Seaver Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Ebenezer Seaver (Democratic-Republican) 63.2%
  • Timothy Jackson (Federalist) 21.2%
  • James Richardson 10.2%
  • James Mann 4.2%
  • Others 1.2%
Massachusetts 14
"York district," District of Maine
Richard Cutts Democratic-Republicans 1801 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 15
"Cumberland district," District of Maine
Ezekiel Whitman Federalist 1808 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
First ballot (November 5, 1810):

Second ballot (April 1, 1811):
Massachusetts 16
"Lincoln district," District of Maine
Orchard Cook Democratic-Republican 1804 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Massachusetts 17
"Kennebec district," District of Maine
Barzillai Gannett Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent re-elected.

New Hampshire

New Hampshire law required a candidate to receive votes from a majority of voters (10%). In the initial election, only two candidates won a majority, so a second election was held in April 1811 for the remaining three seats, after the congressional term began but before the Congress formally convened. The data from the source used give majorities to all the top five candidates, suggesting that the data are incomplete.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
New Hampshire at-large
5 seats on a general ticket
Daniel Blaisdell Federalist 1808 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
First ballot (August 27, 1810):

Second ballot (April 1, 1811)
John Curtis Chamberlain Federalist 1808 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
William Hale Federalist 1808 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Nathaniel Appleton Haven Federalist 1808 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
James Wilson Federalist 1808 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.

New Jersey

The Federalists ran no official ticket in 1810, but votes were received for various Federalists in some counties.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates[i]
New Jersey at-large
6 seats on a general ticket
Adam Boyd Democratic-Republican 1803
1804 (Retired)
1808 (Special)
Incumbent re-elected.
Thomas Newbold Democratic-Republican 1806 Incumbent re-elected.
William Helms Democratic-Republican 1800 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
John A. Scudder Democratic-Republican 1810 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Henry Southard Democratic-Republican 1800 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Jacob Hufty Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent re-elected.

New York

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
New York 1 Ebenezer Sage Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Ebenezer Sage (Democratic-Republican) 93.5%
  • David Gardiner (Federalist) 6.5%
New York 2
Plural district with 2 seats
William Denning Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent resigned in 1810.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor also elected the same day to finish the current term, see above.
Gurdon S. Mumford Democratic-Republican 1804 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
New York 3 Jonathan Fisk Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
New York 4 James Emott Federalist 1808 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 5 Barent Gardenier Federalist 1806 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
New York 6
Plural district with 2 seats
Herman Knickerbocker Federalist 1808 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Robert Le Roy Livingston Federalist 1808 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 7 Killian Van Rensselaer Federalist 1800 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
New York 8 John Thompson Democratic-Republican 1806 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
  • Green tickY Benjamin Pond (Democratic-Republican) 57.6%
  • James McCrea (Federalist) 42.4%
New York 9 Thomas Sammons Federalist 1808 Incumbent re-elected in a different party.
Democratic-Republican gain.
  • Green tickY Thomas Sammons (Democratic-Republican) 52.6%
  • Richard Van Horne (Federalist) 47.4%
New York 10 John Nicholson Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
  • Green tickY Silas Stow (Democratic-Republican) 51.3%
  • Simeon Ford (Federalist) 48.7%
New York 11 Thomas R. Gold Federalist 1808 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 12 Erastus Root Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
New York 13 Uri Tracy Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Uri Tracy (Democratic-Republican) 60.2%
  • Nathaniel Waldron (Federalist) 39.8%
New York 14 Vincent Mathews Federalist 1808 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
New York 15 Peter B. Porter Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent re-elected.

North Carolina

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
North Carolina 1 Lemuel Sawyer Democratic-Republican 1806 Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 2 Willis Alston Democratic-Republican 1798 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Willis Alston (Democratic-Republican) 65.9%
  • Joseph H. Bryon (Federalist) 34.1%
North Carolina 3 William Kennedy Democratic-Republican 1803
1804 (Lost re-election)
1808
Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
North Carolina 4 John Stanly Federalist 1800
1803 (Lost re-election)
1808
Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
North Carolina 5 Thomas Kenan Democratic-Republican 1805 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
North Carolina 6 Nathaniel Macon Democratic-Republican 1791 Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 7 Archibald McBryde Federalist 1808 Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 8 Richard Stanford Democratic-Republican 1796 Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 9 James Cochran Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY James Cochran (Democratic-Republican) 57.0%
  • Theophilus Lacy (Democratic-Republican) 43.0%
North Carolina 10 Joseph Pearson Federalist 1808 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Joseph Pearson (Federalist) 63.8%
  • James Wallis (Democratic-Republican) 36.4%
North Carolina 11 James Holland Democratic-Republican 1800 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
North Carolina 12 Meshack Franklin Democratic-Republican 1806 Incumbent re-elected.

Ohio

This was the last election in which Ohio had a single at-large district. Due to rapid population growth in the state, the at-large district had become disproportionately populous by this point.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Ohio at-large Jeremiah Morrow Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent re-elected.

Pennsylvania

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates[16]
Pennsylvania 1
Plural district with 3 seats
Adam Seybert Democratic-Republican 1809 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
William Anderson Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent re-elected.
John Porter Democratic-Republican 1806 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Pennsylvania 2
Plural district with 3 seats
Robert Brown Democratic-Republican 1798 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
William Milnor Federalist 1806 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
John Ross Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Pennsylvania 3
Plural district with 3 seats
Robert Jenkins Federalist 1806 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Matthias Richards Democratic-Republican 1806 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Daniel Hiester Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Pennsylvania 4
Plural district with 2 seats
Robert Whitehill Democratic-Republican 1805 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
David Bard Democratic-Republican 1802 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 5 George Smith Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 6 William Crawford Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 7 John Rea Democratic-Republican 1802 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Pennsylvania 8 William Findley Democratic-Republican 1802 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY William Findley (Democratic-Republican) 60.9%
  • John Kirkpatrick (Democratic-Republican) 39.1%
Pennsylvania 9 John Smilie Democratic-Republican 1792
1794 (Retired)
1798
Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 10 Aaron Lyle Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Aaron Lyle (Democratic-Republican) 70.4%
  • Thomas L. Birch (Federalist) 29.6%
Pennsylvania 11 Samuel Smith Democratic-Republican 1805 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
  • Green tickY Abner Lacock (Democratic-Republican) 51.0%
  • Alexander Tannehill (Democratic-Republican) 43.2%
  • Samuel Smith (Democratic-Republican) 5.7%

Rhode Island

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Rhode Island at-large
2 seats on a general ticket
Richard Jackson Jr. Federalist 1808 Incumbent re-elected.
Elisah R. Potter Federalist 1808 Incumbent re-elected.

South Carolina

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
South Carolina 1
"Charleston district"
Robert Marion Democratic-Republican 1804 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Incumbent then resigned December 4, 1810 and successor was also elected to finish the current term, see above.
South Carolina 2
"Beaufort district"
William Butler Sr. Democratic-Republican 1800 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 3
"Georgetown district"
Robert Witherspoon Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
South Carolina 4
"Orangeburgh district"
John Taylor Democratic-Republican 1806 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
South Carolina 5
"Sumter district"
Richard Winn Democratic-Republican 1802 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 6
"Abbeville district"
Joseph Calhoun Democratic-Republican 1807 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
South Carolina 7
"Chester district"
Thomas Moore Democratic-Republican 1800 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 8
"Pendleton district"
Lemuel J. Alston Democratic-Republican 1806 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
  • Green tickY Elias Earle (Democratic-Republican) 58.0%
  • William Hunter (Federalist) 42.0%

Tennessee

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Tennessee 1 John Rhea Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 2 Robert Weakley Democratic-Republican 1809 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Tennessee 3 Pleasant M. Miller Democratic-Republican 1809 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.

Vermont

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates[i]
Vermont 1 Samuel Shaw Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent re-elected.
Vermont 2 Jonathan H. Hubbard Federalist 1808 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Vermont 3 William Chamberlain Federalist 1802
1805 (Lost)
1808
Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Vermont 4 Martin Chittenden Federalist 1803 Incumbent re-elected.

Virginia

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates[i]
Virginia 1 William McKinley Democratic-Republican 1810 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Virginia 2 James Stephenson Federalist 1809 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
  • Green tickY John Baker (Federalist) 56.5%
  • Daniel Morgan (Democratic-Republican) 43.5%
Virginia 3 John Smith Democratic-Republican 1801 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 4 Jacob Swoope Federalist 1809 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
  • Green tickY William McCoy (Democratic-Republican) 52.6%
  • Samuel Blackburn (Federalist) 47.4%
Virginia 5 James Breckinridge Federalist 1809 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 6 Daniel Sheffey Federalist 1809 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 7 Joseph Lewis Jr. Federalist 1803 Incumbent re-elected. nowrap |
John Love
Moved from the 9th district
Democratic-Republican 1807 Incumbent lost re-election.
Democratic-Republican loss.
Virginia 8 Walter Jones Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
John Taliaferro (Democratic-Republican), was seated on December 2, 1811 after successfully challenging the election in the House Committee on Elections.[10]
Virginia 9 Open seat Open seat.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Virginia 10 John Dawson Democratic-Republican 1797 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 11 John Roane Democratic-Republican 1809 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 12 Burwell Bassett Democratic-Republican 1805 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 13 William A. Burwell Democratic-Republican 1806 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 14 Matthew Clay Democratic-Republican 1797 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 15 John Randolph
Moved from the 16th district
Democratic-Republican 1799 Incumbent re-elected.
John W. Eppes
Moved from the 16th district
Democratic-Republican 1807 Incumbent lost re-election.
Democratic-Republican loss.
Virginia 16 Open seat Open seat.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Virginia 17 Thomas Gholson Jr. Democratic-Republican 1808 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 18 Peterson Goodwyn Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 19 Edwin Gray Democratic-Republican 1799 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Edwin Gray (Democratic-Republican) 62.2%
  • Samuel Butler (Democratic-Republican) 37.8%
Virginia 20 Thomas Newton Jr. Democratic-Republican 1799 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 21 David S. Garland Democratic-Republican 1809 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Virginia 22 John Clopton Democratic-Republican 1801 Incumbent re-elected.

Non-voting delegates

There were five territories with the right to send non-voting delegates to the 12th Congress. Two of them, Illinois Territory and Missouri Territory elected their first representative near the end of the 12th Congress in 1812, while Orleans Territory's seat remained vacant until the territory was admitted as the State of Louisiana.

District Incumbent This race
Delegate Party First elected Results Candidates[i]
Indiana Territory at-large Jonathan Jennings None 1809 Incumbent re-elected.
Mississippi Territory at-large George Poindexter None 1806 Incumbent re-elected.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Excludes states admitted during the 12th Congress.
  2. ^ a b c Includes late elections.
  3. ^ Majority required for election, which was not met in one district, so a second election held April 1, 1811.
  4. ^ First ballot held August 27, 1810 but required majority was not met, so a second election was held April 1, 1811.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h Numbers of votes missing or incomplete in source(s).
  6. ^ John Brown's resignation date is unknown, but it had to be after his October 1, 1810 re-election and before the November 15, 1810 special election to replace him.
  7. ^ a b The vacancies, for the remainder of the 11th Congress and the whole of the 12th Congress, were both filled by one ballot. This was the first of three examples of this method being used in Congressional special elections.
  8. ^ a b c d e f Based on incomplete returns
  9. ^ a b c d e f Only candidates with at least 1% of the vote listed
  10. ^ a b Tied
  11. ^ Changed parties
  12. ^ Source did not have full name
  13. ^ Detailed data not available, but margin of victory given as 223 votes

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "11th Congress March 4, 1809, to March 3, 1811". Office of the Historian, United States House of Representatives. Archived from the original on September 22, 2018. Retrieved October 5, 2018.
  2. ^ "New York 1810 U.S. House of Representatives, District 2, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved October 8, 2018.
  3. ^ "Connecticut 1810 U.S. House of Representatives, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved October 8, 2018.
  4. ^ "Maryland 1810 U.S. House of Representatives, District 4, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved October 8, 2018.
  5. ^ "Massachusetts 1810 U.S. House of Representatives, Worcester South District, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved October 8, 2018.
  6. ^ "Massachusetts 1810 U.S. House of Representatives, Worcester North District, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved October 8, 2018.
  7. ^ "New Jersey 1810 U.S. House of Representatives, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved October 8, 2018.
  8. ^ a b "Maryland 1810 U.S. House of Representatives, District 7, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved October 9, 2018.
  9. ^ "South Carolina 1811 U.S. House of Representatives, District 1, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved October 8, 2018.
  10. ^ a b c d "12th Congress March 4, 1811, to March 3, 1813". Office of the Historian, United States House of Representatives. Archived from the original on September 22, 2018. Retrieved October 5, 2018.
  11. ^ "Maryland 1811 U.S. House of Representatives, District 6, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved October 9, 2018.
  12. ^ "Massachusetts 1811 U.S. House of Representatives, Middlesex District, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved October 8, 2018.
  13. ^ "Massachusetts 1811 U.S. House of Representatives, Middlesex District, Special, Ballot 2". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved October 8, 2018.
  14. ^ "NH At-Large". January 4, 2011. Retrieved October 9, 2018 – via OurCampaigns.com.
  15. ^ "NH At-Large - Runoff". January 4, 2011. Retrieved October 9, 2018 – via OurCampaigns.com.
  16. ^ Wilkes University Elections Statistics Project
  17. ^ "Virginia 1811 U.S. House of Representatives, District 1". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved October 3, 2018.
  18. ^ "Virginia 1811 U.S. House of Representatives, District 8". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved October 3, 2018.

Bibliography

External links

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