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1806 and 1807 United States House of Representatives elections

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1806 and 1807 United States House of Representatives elections

← 1804 / 1805 April 29, 1806 – August 4, 1807 1808 / 1809 →

All 142 seats in the U.S. House of Representatives
  Majority party Minority party
 
JosephBradleyVarnum.jpg
Charles Goldsborough, 1802 painting.jpg
Leader Joseph Bradley Varnum Charles Goldsborough
Party Democratic-Republican Federalist
Leader's seat Massachusetts 4th Maryland 8th
Last election 114 seats 28 seats
Seats won 116 26
Seat change Increase 2 Decrease 2

Speaker before election

Nathaniel Macon
Democratic-Republican

Elected Speaker

Joseph Bradley Varnum
Democratic-Republican

Elections to the United States House of Representatives for the 10th Congress were held at various dates in each state between April 29, 1806 (in New York) and August 4, 1807 (in Tennessee) during Thomas Jefferson's second term with the new Congress meeting on October 26, 1807.

The Democratic-Republicans continued to build on their huge supermajority. They were actually able to take over two more seats than they had in the previous Congress, which they controlled by a margin of better than three to one. Commitment to agrarian policy allowed the Democratic-Republicans to dominate rural districts, which represented the bulk of the nation. On the other hand, supporters of the Federalists, even in their traditional base of support in the urban centers of coastal New England, continued to lament the ineffectiveness of their party and its lack of electoral appeal.

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  • ✪ Thomas Jefferson & His Democracy: Crash Course US History #10
  • ✪ American History - Part 037 - Jefferson - Trouble with England
  • ✪ History of Germany Documentary
  • ✪ ARGENTINA - WikiVidi Documentary
  • ✪ POLAND - WikiVidi Documentary

Transcription

CCUS 10 - Jefferson and 1812 Hi, I’m John Green, this is Crashcourse U.S. history and today we’re going to discuss Thomas Jefferson. We’re gonna learn about how America became a thriving nation of small, independent farmers, eschewing manufacturing and world trade, and becoming the richest and most powerful nation in the world in the 19th century, all thanks to the vision of Thomas Jefferson, the greatest and most intellectually consistent founding father, who founded the University of Virginia and grew twenty varieties of peas at Monticello... [Present John:] Me From the Past! Get to your desk. In a stunning turn of events, Me from the Past is an idiot and Jefferson is more complicated than that. Intro So, in 1800, Thomas Jefferson, pictured here. This is the third time we’ve featured Thomas Jefferson on the chalkboard so we had to go a little Warhol on it. Right so Jefferson, the Republican, ran against John Adams, the Federalist. 1800 was the first election where both parties ran candidates and actually campaigned, and surprisingly, the Federalists’ elitist strategy of “Vote for Adams because he’s better than you,” did not work. Now, both parties realized that it was important to coordinate their electoral strategy to make sure that the vice presidential candidate got least one fewer electoral votes than the Presidential candidate. But then the Republican elector who was supposed to throw his vote away forgot to, so there ended up being a tie between Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr. As per the Constitution, the election went to the House of Representatives, where it took 36 ballots and the intervention of Alexander Hamilton before Jefferson was finally named president. Incidentally, Burr and Hamilton really disliked each other, and not in, like, the passive aggressive way that politicians dislike each other these days, but in the four-years-later-they-would-have-a-duel-and-Burr-killed-Hamilton kind of way. A duel which occurred--wait for it--in New Jersey. But anyway, shortly after the election of 1800, the 12th amendment was passed, making the electoral college simpler, but not as simple as, say, you know, one person’s vote counting as one vote. Anyway, complain about the electoral college all you want, but without it, we would never have had President Rutherford B. Hayes. And just LOOK AT THAT BEARD. So Jefferson became president, and his election showed that Americans wanted a more democratic politics where common people were more free to express their opinions. The Federalists were never a really a threat again in presidential politics, and arguably the best thing that John Adams ever did was transfer power in an orderly and honorable way to his rival, Jefferson. Jefferson’s campaign slogan was “Jefferson and Liberty,” but the liberty in question was severely limited. Only a fraction of white men were allowed to vote, and of course, there was no liberty for the slaves. There’s a lot of contentious debate on the subject of Jefferson and slavery, but here’s my two cents, which I should NOT be allowed to contribute because we should only round to the nearest nickel, which by the way features Thomas Jefferson. So Thomas Jefferson was a racist and he wrote about black people’s inherent inferiority to whites and Native Americans, and the fact that he fathered children with one of his slaves doesn’t change that. George Washington freed his slaves upon his death. Well, sort of, they were supposed to be freed upon his wife’s death, but living in a house full of people who were waiting for you to die made Martha want to free them while she was still alive. But with few exceptions, Jefferson didn’t free his slaves upon his death and throughout his life, he used the sale of slaves to finance his lavish lifestyle. And, this leads to two big philosophical questions when it comes to history. First, if Jefferson clearly did not think that black people were the intellectual or moral equals of whites and was perfectly comfortable keeping them in bondage, then what does the most important phrase of the Declaration of Independence actually mean? And, the second question is even broader: does it matter if a person of tremendous historical importance had terrible aspects to their character? Does being a bad person diminish your accomplishments? I don’t have a great answer for those questions, but I will tell you that no one remembers Richard Nixon for starting the EPA. But this is very important to understand: slaves were aware of the concept of liberty and they wanted it. So, in addition to an election, 1800 also saw one of the first large scale slave uprisings. Gabriel’s Rebellion was organized by a Richmond VA blacksmith who hoped to seize the capital, kill some of its inhabitants and hold the rest hostage until his demands for abolition were met. But, the plot was discovered before they could carry it out and Gabriel along with 25 other slaves was hanged. But, after the rebellion, Virginians, if they didn’t know it already, were very aware that slaves wanted and expected liberty. And the response was predictable: Virginia made its laws concerning slaves much harsher. It became illegal for slaves to meet in groups on Sundays unless supervised by whites, and it became much more difficult for whites to legally free their slaves. Oh, it’s time for the mystery document? The rules here are simple. Identify the author, no shock. Fail to identify the author, shock. “The love of freedom, sir, is an inborn sentiment, which the God of nature has planted deep in the heart: long may it be kept under by the arbitrary institutions of society; but, at the first favorable moment, it springs forth, and flourishes with a vigour that defies all check. This celestial spark, which fires the breast of the savage, which glows in that of the philosopher, is not extinguished in the bosom of the slave. It may be buried in the embers; but it still lives; and the breath of knowledge kindles it to flame. Thus we find, sir, there have never been slaves in any country who have not seized the first favorable opportunity to revolt.” [1] I mean, from the bit at the beginning about the love of freedom, it seems like it could be Jefferson, but the rest does not seem like Jefferson. It probably wasn't a slave since they were denied access to education precisely because the breadth of knowledge is so dangerous to the institution of slavery. Ugh, this is looking pretty bleak for me, Stan. Mmmm...John Jay? Dang it! Who was it? GEORGE TUCKER? Who the John C. Calhoun is George Tucker? Is there a person watching this who knew that it was George Tucker? Apparently George Tucker was a member of the General Assembly of Virginia, and the Mystery Document was a description of Gabriel’s rebellion that suggested a solution to the inherent problem of rebellious slaves. He argued that we should set up a colony for them in Indian territory in Georgia, which, of course, also wouldn’t have worked because we were soon to steal that territory. But, back to Jefferson: His idea was to make the government smaller, lower taxes, shrink the military and make it possible for America to become a bucolic, agrarian “empire of liberty” rather than an English-style industrial-mercantile nightmare landscape. So how did he do? Well, really well at first. Jefferson got rid of all the taxes except for the tariff, especially the whiskey tax. And then when he woke up with a terrible cheap-whiskey induced hangover, he paid off part of the national debt. He shrunk the army and the navy and basically made sure that America wouldn’t become a centralized, English style state for at least the next 60 years. Low taxes and small government sounds great, but no navy? That would be tough, especially when we needed ships (and Marines) to fight the Barbary Pirates (on the shores of Tripoli) who kept capturing our ships in the Mediterranean and enslaving their crews. This is yet another example of how foreign affairs keeps getting in the way of domestic priorities, in this case the domestic priority of not wanting to spend money on a navy. Also, vitally, Jefferson’s presidency really marks the last time in American history when a Republican president didn’t want to spend money on the military. Don’t get me wrong, Democrats can do it too. I’m looking at you, LBJ. As much as he wanted to get rid of any trace of the Federalists, Jefferson found himself thwarted by that eminently conservative and undemocratic institution, the Supreme Court. Jefferson appointed Republicans to most government positions, but he couldn’t do anything about the Supreme Court, because they serve for life. And, since the country was only like twelve years old, they were all still pretty fresh. Most important among them was Chief Justice, John Marshall, who happened to be a Federalist. Marshall was Chief Justice basically forever and is without question the most important figure in the history of the Supreme Court. He wrote a number of key opinions, but none was more important that the 1803 decision in Marbury v. Madison. Marbury v. Madison is so important because, in that decision, the Supreme Court gave itself the power of judicial review, which allows it to uphold or invalidate federal laws. The court then extended this power to state laws in Fletcher v. Peck and eventually even to executive actions. Like, we think of the main job of the Supreme Court being to declare laws unconstitutional, but that power isn’t anywhere in the constitution itself. Marbury v. Madison gave the Court that power and without it the Supreme Court would probably be a footnote in American history. So unlike Marshall, Jefferson and the Republicans were big proponents of strict construction, the idea that the Constitution should be read as literally as possible as a way of limiting the power of the federal government. The problem is, there might be things the government wants to do that the Constitution didn’t account for, like, for instance, buying a large tract of land from Napoleon, who, as we remember from Crash Course World History, complicates everything. Let’s go to the Thought Bubble. So, yeah, Jefferson basically doubled the size of the US in what came to be known as the Louisiana Purchase. Napoleon was eager to sell it because the rebellion in Haiti had soured him on the whole idea of colonies and also because he needed money. Jefferson wanted to purchase New Orleans because western farmers were shipping their products through the city, and when he approached France about this, Napoleon was like, hey, how about I sell you...this? Jefferson couldn’t turn down that deal, so he bought the whole kit and caboodle for $15 million, which is worth about $250 million today. To put that into perspective, a new aircraft carrier costs about $4.5 billion. So he got a good deal. What’s the problem with this? Well nothing if you believe in a powerful government that can do stuff that’s not in the Constitution. But if you are a strict constructionist, like Jefferson, you have to reconcile this obviously beneficial act with there being no mention in the constitution of the President being able to purchase land in order to expand the size of the U.S. So, laying scruple aside, Jefferson bought Louisiana and then sent Lewis and Clark to explore it, which they did, even going beyond the boundaries of the purchase all the way to the Pacific. And this was so cool that it almost makes us forget that it was kind of unconstitutional and a huge power grab for the President. So the question is why did he do it? Jefferson’s desire to increase the size of the country prompted Federalists to complain that “we are to give money, of which we have too little, for land, of which we already have too much.” By doubling the size of the country, Jefferson could ensure that there would be enough land for every white man to have his own small farm. And, this in turn would ensure that Americans would remain independent and virtuous because only a small farmer who doesn’t have to depend on the market for food, or shelter or anything really--well, except slaves--can be truly independent and thus capable of participating in a nation of “free” men. Thanks, Thought Bubble. And, this desire to create a nation of independent farmers producing only primary products helps to explain Jefferson’s other incredibly controversial policy, the embargo. Jefferson imposed the embargo in order to “punish” Britain for its practice of impressing American sailors, as well as its blockade of France, with whom Britain was once again--or possibly just still--at war. So basically, Jefferson wanted free trade among nations, and his solution was to get congress to forbid all American ships from sailing to foreign ports. The theory was that the British were so dependent on American primary products like wood and cotton that if we cut off trade with them the British would stop impressing American sailors and end their blockade. What’s the connection between free trade and Jefferson’s agrarian ideal? Well, the idea was that America would trade its primary products for Europe’s manufactured goods so that the U.S. wouldn’t have to develop any manufacturing capacity of its own Alas, or perhaps fortunately, this did not work. For one thing, Britain and France were too busy fighting each other even to notice America’s embargo. So, they just continued blockading and impressing. Also, the embargo devastated the American economy. I mean, exports dropped by 80% Furthermore, not being able to import European manufactured goods only served to spur American manufacturing. I mean, Jefferson might have wanted Americans to be a bunch of self-sufficient farmers, but Americans wanted European manufactured stuff, like teapots and clocks and microwaves...well then how did they cook stuff, Stan? And if they couldn’t get that stuff from Britain, they would just make it themselves. So in terms of Jefferson’s agrarian ideal, the embargo was a massive failure. And lastly, the embargo limited the power of the federal government about as much as crystal meth limits cavities. I mean, imposing the embargo was a colossal use of federal power and it was also an imposition on people’s liberties. The problem the embargo was supposed to solve didn’t go away and, as we’ll discuss next week, it eventually led to the U.S.’s first declared war. For now I want to leave you with this. Thomas Jefferson is revered and reviled in almost equal measure in American history. The Declaration of Independence, which he mainly drafted, is a signal achievement, delineating some heroic ideas for the founding of the United States, but also embedding some of its crucial shortcomings. And Jefferson’s presidency is like that too. He claimed to champion small government but he enlarged federal power more than Washington or Adams ever did. He imagined an agrarian republic but his policies led to increased manufacturing; he wanted to foster freedom, but he owned slaves and took land from the Indians. In the end, Jefferson’s life and policies encapsulate the best and the worst of us, which is why his Presidency is still worth studying closely. I’ll see you next week. Crash Course is produced and directed by Stan Muller. Our script supervisor is Meredith Danko. The associate producer is Danica Johnson. The show is written by my high school history teacher, Raoul Meyer, and myself. And our graphics team is Thought Cafe. If you have questions about today’s video, please ask them in comments where they’ll be answered by our team of historians. And we’re also accepting submissions for the Libertage captions. Thanks for watching Crash Course and as we say in my hometown, don’t forget to be awesome...Oh that was a fake out! It’s going this way. CCUS 10 Jefferson ________________ [1] George Tucker, quoted in Foner, Voices of Freedom p. 150.

Contents

Election summaries

116 26
Democratic-Republican Federalist
State Type
Date
Total
seats
Democratic-
Republican
Federalist
Seats Change Seats Change
New York Districts April 29 – May 1, 1806 17 15 Steady 2 Steady
Kentucky Districts August 4, 1806 6 6 Steady 0 Steady
North Carolina Districts August 15, 1806 12 11 Decrease1 1 Increase1
New Hampshire At-large August 25, 1806 5 5 Increase5 0 Decrease5
Rhode Island At-large August 26, 1806[a] 2 2 Steady 0 Steady
Vermont Districts September 2, 1806 4 2 Steady 2 Steady
Connecticut At-large September 15, 1806 7 0 Steady 7 Steady
Georgia At-large October 6, 1806 4 4 Steady 0 Steady
Maryland Districts 9 6 Decrease1 3 Increase1
Delaware At-large October 7, 1806 1 0 Steady 1 Steady
South Carolina Districts October 13–14, 1806 8 8 Steady 0 Steady
Ohio At-large October 14, 1806 1 1 Steady 0 Steady
Pennsylvania Districts 18 15 Decrease2 3 Increase2
New Jersey At-large October 14–15, 1806 6 6 Steady 0 Steady
Massachusetts Districts November 3, 1806 17 11 Increase1 6 Decrease1
Late elections (After the March 4, 1807 beginning of the next Congress)
Virginia Districts April 1807 22 21 Steady 1 Steady
Tennessee Districts August 3–4, 1807 3 3 Steady 0 Steady
Total 142 116
81.7%
Increase2 26
18.3%
Decrease2
House seats
Democratic-Republican
81.69%
Federalist
18.31%

Special elections

There were special elections in 1806 and 1807 during the 9th United States Congress and 10th United States Congress.

Elections are sorted here by date then district.

9th Congress

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
North Carolina 10 "Rowan district" Nathaniel Alexander Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent resigned November 1805 after being elected Governor of North Carolina.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated February 24, 1806.[1]
Successor later elected to the next term, see below.
Evan S. Alexander (Democratic-Republican)
Robert Locke (Democratic-Republican)[b]
Connecticut at-large John Cotton Smith Federalist 1800 (Special) Incumbent resigned sometime in August 1806.
New member elected September 15, 1806.
Federalist hold.
Successor seated December 1, 1806.
Successor declined to run for the next term, on a ballot the same day, see below.
Theodore Dwight (Federalist)[2][b]
[Data unknown/missing.]
Georgia at-large Joseph Bryan Democratic-Republican 1803 (Special) Incumbent resigned sometime in 1806.
New member elected September 15, 1806.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated September 1, 1806.
Successor was later elected to the next term, see below.
Dennis Smelt (Democratic-Republican) 51.9%
George M. Troup 42.6%
Buckner Harris 5.5%
Other <0.1%[3]
Georgia at-large Thomas Spalding Democratic-Republican 1805 (Contested election) Incumbent resigned sometime in 1806.
New member elected before December 6, 1806.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated January 26, 1807.
Successor had already been elected to the next term, see below.
William W. Bibb (Democratic-Republican) 74.2%
David Creswell 25.8%[4]
Maryland 7 Joseph H. Nicholson Democratic-Republican 1798 (Special) Incumbent resigned March 1, 1806.
New member elected October 4, 1806.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated December 3, 1806.
Successor also elected to the next term, see below.
Edward Lloyd (Democratic-Republican) 83.8%
James Brown 16.2%[5]
Virginia 13 Christopher H. Clark Democratic-Republican 1804 (Special) Incumbent resigned July 1, 1806.
New member elected in early November 1806.[6]
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated December 1, 1806.
Successor later elected to the next term, see below.
William A. Burwell (Democratic-Republican)
Henry Callaway[6][b]
Pennsylvania 1 Michael Leib Democratic-Republican 1798 Incumbent resigned February 14, 1806.
New member elected November 27, 1806.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated December 8, 1806.
John Porter (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Orleans Territory at-large None (District created). New delegate elected December 1, 1806. Daniel Clarke[b]
[Data unknown/missing.]

10th Congress

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
South Carolina 6 Levi Casey Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent/Representative-elect died February 3, 1807.
Seat remain unfilled in the 9th Congress.
New member elected June 1–2, 1807.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated October 26, 1807.[7]
Joseph Calhoun (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Massachusetts 12 "Berkshire district" Barnabas Bidwell Democratic-Republican 1804 Incumbent resigned July 13, 1807 to become Attorney General of Massachusetts.
New member elected in 1807.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated November 2, 1807.[7]
Ezekiel Bacon (Democratic-Republican) 84.4%
Daniel Dewey (Federalist) 10.8%
Scattering 4.8%[8]
Delaware at-large James M. Broom Federalist 1804 Incumbent/Representative-elect resigned in 1807.
New member elected October 6 1807.
Federalist hold.
Successor seated December 2, 1807.[7]
Nicholas Van Dyke (Federalist) 51.7%
John Dickinson (Democratic-Republican) 48.3%
Scattering <0.1%[9]

Connecticut

Connecticut elected its members on September 15, 1806.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
Connecticut at-large
7 seats on a general ticket
Benjamin Tallmadge Federalist 1801 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Benjamin Tallmadge (Federalist)[b]
Jonathan O. Moseley (Federalist)
Epaphroditus Champion (Federalist)
Timothy Pitkin (Federalist)
Lewis B. Sturges (Federalist)
John Davenport (Federalist)
Samuel W. Dana (Federalist)
Sylvanus Backus (Federalist)
Asa Bacon (Federalist)
John Caldwell (Federalist)
Sylvester Gilbert (Federalist)
Uriel Holmes (Federalist)
Ebenezer Huntington (Federalist)
Lyman Law (Federalist)
Samuel B. Sherwood (Federalist)
John Cotton Smith (Federalist)
Nathaniel Terry (Federalist)
Noah Webster (Federalist)
Jonathan O. Moseley Federalist 1804 Incumbent re-elected.
John Cotton Smith Federalist 1800 (Special) Incumbent resigned sometime in August 1806.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Successor was not elected to finish the current term, see above.
Timothy Pitkin Federalist 1805 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Lewis B. Sturges Federalist 1805 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
John Davenport Federalist 1798 Incumbent re-elected.
Samuel W. Dana Federalist 1798 Incumbent re-elected.

Delaware

Delaware elected its member October 7, 1806.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
Delaware at-large James M. Broom Federalist 1805 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Incumbent resigned before the next Congress and declined the seat, leading to a special election, see above.
James M. Broom (Federalist) 60.5%
Thomas Fitzgerald (Democratic-Republican) 21.3%
Joseph Haslet (Democratic-Republican) 9.8%
Thomas Montgomery (Democratic-Republican) 8.3%

Georgia

Georgia elected its members October 6, 1806.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
Georgia at-large
4 seats on a general ticket
Dennis Smelt Democratic-Republican 1806 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Dennis Smelt (Democratic-Republican) 18.4%
George M. Troup (Democratic-Republican) 16.7%
William W. Bibb (Democratic-Republican) 15.3%
Howell Cobb (Democratic-Republican) 12.8%
Elijah Clarke 12.5%
William Barnett (Democratic-Republican) 7.2%
Thomas Carr 6.2%
James Simms 6.2%
Thomas Spalding (Democratic-Republican) 3.1%
Obediah Jones 1.0%
Buckner Harris 0.6%
David Meriwether Democratic-Republican 1804 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Thomas Spalding Democratic-Republican 1805 (Election contest) Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Incumbent then resigned sometime in 1806, leading to a special election, see above.
Peter Early Democratic-Republican 1804 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.

Kentucky

Kentucky elected its members August 4, 1806.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
Kentucky 1 Matthew Lyon Democratic-Republican 1797 (Vermont)
1803
Incumbent re-elected. Matthew Lyon (Democratic-Republican) 57.9%
David Walker (Democratic-Republican) 42.1%
Kentucky 2 John Boyle Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent re-elected. John Boyle (Democratic-Republican)[b]
Kentucky 3 Matthew Walton Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
John Rowan (Democratic-Republican) 55.8%
Stephen Ormsby (Democratic-Republican) 44.2%
Kentucky 4 Thomas Sandford Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Richard M. Johnson (Democratic-Republican) 42.5%
Thomas Sandford (Democratic-Republican) 30.2%
James Moore 27.3%
Kentucky 5 John Fowler Democratic-Republican 1797 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Benjamin Howard (Democratic-Republican)
Unopposed
Kentucky 6 George M. Bedinger Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Joseph Desha (Democratic-Republican)[b]

Maryland

Maryland elected its members October 6, 1806.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates[c]
Maryland 1 John Campbell Federalist 1801 Incumbent re-elected. John Campbell (Federalist) 99.9%
Maryland 2 Leonard Covington Democratic-Republican 1804 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Archibald Van Horne (Democratic-Republican) 58.4%
Leonard Covington (Democratic-Republican) 41.5%
Maryland 3 Patrick Magruder Democratic-Republican 1801 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Philip B. Key (Federalist) 53.3%
Patrick Magruder (Democratic-Republican) 46.7%
Maryland 4 Roger Nelson Democratic-Republican 1804 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Roger Nelson (Democratic-Republican) 96.4%
Nathaniel Rochester (Quid) 3.0%
Maryland 5
Plural district with 2 seats
Nicholas R. Moore Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent re-elected. Nicholas R. Moore (Democratic-Republican) 44.5%
William McCreery (Democratic-Republican) 25.7%
Joshua Barney (Quid) 14.9%
John Scott (Federalist) 14.9%
William McCreery Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent re-elected.
Maryland 6 John Archer Democratic-Republican 1801 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
John Montgomery (Democratic-Republican) 50.2%
John Archer (Quid) 48.7%
Samuel Sutton 1.0%
Maryland 7 Joseph H. Nicholson Democratic-Republican 1798 (Special) Incumbent resigned March 1, 1806.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor had also been elected to finish the current term, see above.
Edward Lloyd (Democratic-Republican) 81.1%
James Brown (Quid) 18.8%
Maryland 8 Charles Goldsborough Federalist 1804 Incumbent re-elected. Charles Goldsborough (Federalist) 68.8%
Philip Quinton (Quid) 31.1%

Massachusetts

Massachusetts elected its members November 3, 1806.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates[c]
Massachusetts 1
"Suffolk district"
Josiah Quincy Federalist 1804 Incumbent re-elected. Josiah Quincy (Federalist) 57.7%
James Prince (Democratic-Republican) 42.2%
Massachusetts 2
"Essex South district"
Jacob Crowninshield Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent re-elected. Jacob Crowninshield (Democratic-Republican) 54.8%
Samuel Putnam (Federalist) 45.0%
Massachusetts 3
"Essex North district"
Jeremiah Nelson Federalist 1804 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Edward St. Loe Livermore (Federalist) 67.6%
Thomas Kitteridge (Democratic-Republican) 32.4%
Massachusetts 4
"Middlesex district"
Joseph Bradley Varnum Democratic-Republican 1794 Incumbent re-elected. Joseph Bradley Varnum (Democratic-Republican) 74.0%
Ebenezer Bridgely (Federalist) 25.1%
Massachusetts 5
"Hampshire South district"
William Ely Federalist 1804 Incumbent re-elected. William Ely (Federalist) 57.1%
Samuel Fowler (Democratic-Republican) 38.5%
William Eaton (Federalist) 4.4%
Massachusetts 6
"Hampshire North district"
Samuel Taggart Federalist 1803 Incumbent re-elected. Samuel Taggart (Federalist) 64.4%
Solomon Snead (Democratic-Republican) 35.6%
Massachusetts 7
"Plymouth district"
Joseph Barker Democratic-Republican 1804 Incumbent re-elected. Joseph Barker (Democratic-Republican) 60.8%
Nahum Mitchell (Federalist) 38.4%
Massachusetts 8
"Barnstable district"
Isaiah L. Green Democratic-Republican 1804 Incumbent re-elected. Isaiah L. Green (Democratic-Republican) 63.4%
Wendall Davis (Federalist) 34.6%
Others 2.0%
Massachusetts 9
"Bristol district"
Phanuel Bishop Democratic-Republican 1798 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Josiah Dean (Democratic-Republican) 55.1%
Nicholas Tillinghast (Federalist) 43.1%
Nathaniel Morton 1.6%
Massachusetts 10
"Worcester South district"
Seth Hastings Federalist 1800 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Jabez Upham (Federalist) 53.9%
Edward Bangs (Democratic-Republican) 45.4%
Massachusetts 11
"Worcester North district"
William Stedman Federalist 1803 Incumbent re-elected. William Stedman (Federalist) 63.6%
John Whiting (Democratic-Republican) 36.0%
Massachusetts 12
"Berkshire district"
Barnabas Bidwell Democratic-Republican 1804 Incumbent re-elected. Barnabas Bidwell (Democratic-Republican) 59.9%
Daniel Dewey (Federalist) 40.1%
Massachusetts 13
"Norfolk district"
Ebenezer Seaver Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent re-elected. Ebenezer Seaver (Democratic-Republican) 65.3%
Edward H. Robbins (Federalist) 34.7%
Massachusetts 14
"York district" District of Maine
Richard Cutts Democratic-Republican 1801 Incumbent re-elected. Richard Cutts (Democratic-Republican) 55.9%
Joseph Leland (Federalist) 25.8%
Joseph Bartlett (Democratic-Republican) 18.4%
Massachusetts 15
"Cumberland district" District of Maine
Peleg Wadsworth Federalist 1792 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Daniel Ilsley (Democratic-Republican) 52.5%
Ezekiel Whitman (Federalist) 47.5%
Massachusetts 16
"Lincoln district" District of Maine
Orchard Cook Democratic-Republican 1804 Incumbent re-elected. Orchard Cook (Democratic-Republican) 55.9%
Mark L. Hill (Federalist) 44.1%
Massachusetts 17
"Kennebec district" District of Maine
John Chandler Democratic-Republican 1804 Incumbent re-elected. John Chandler (Democratic-Republican) 76.5%
John Crosby 20.6%
Benjamin Whitwell (Federalist) 2.9%

New Hampshire

New Hampshire elected its members August 25, 1806.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates[c]
New Hampshire at-large
5 seats on a general ticket
Silas Betton Federalist 1802 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Jedediah K. Smith (Democratic-Republican) 12.2%
Clement Storer (Democratic-Republican) 12.1%
Peter Carleton (Democratic-Republican) 12.1%
Francis Gardner (Democratic-Republican) 12.0%
Daniel M. Durell (Democratic-Republican) 10.9%
Samuel Tenney (Federalist) 7.8%
Caleb Ellis (Federalist) 7.7%
David Hough (Federalist) 7.6%
Thomas W. Thompson (Federalist) 6.0%
Silas Betton (Federalist) 6.0%
John Wheeler (Federalist) 2.0%
Timothy Farrar (Federalist) 1.7%
Others 2.0%
Thomas W. Thompson Federalist 1804 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Samuel Tenney Federalist 1800 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
David Hough Federalist 1802 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Caleb Ellis Federalist 1804 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.

New Jersey

New Jersey elected its members October 14–15, 1806. The Federalists ran a mixed ticket consisting of 2 Federalists (Aaron Ogden and John Beatty) and 4 Democratic-Republicans (William Helms, Ebenezer Elmer, George Maxwell, and Adam Boyd), one of whom (William Helms) was also on the Democratic-Republican ticket. The Federalists capitalized on resentment over the replacement on the official Democratic-Republican ticket of Ebenezer Elmer, from South Jersey, with Thomas Newbold from Monmouth County and the retention of James Sloan. This ticket was formed too late to gain sufficient support, but the Federalists did do much better in state elections that year than they had in previous elections.[10]

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates[c]
New Jersey at-large
6 seats on a general ticket
William Helms Democratic-Republican 1800 Incumbent re-elected. William Helms (Democratic-Republican)[d] 14.9%
Thomas Newbold (Democratic-Republican) 12.4%
Henry Southard (Democratic-Republican) 12.4%
Ezra Darby (Democratic-Republican) 11.9%
John Lambert (Democratic-Republican) 11.8%
James Sloan (Democratic-Republican) 11.2%
Aaron Ogden (Federalist) 5.9%
Ebenezer Elmer (Democratic-Republican) 5.8%
John Beatty (Federalist) 5.3%
George C. Maxwell (Democratic-Republican) 3.8%
Adam Boyd (Democratic-Republican) 3.4%
Ebenezer Elmer Democratic-Republican 1800 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Henry Southard Democratic-Republican 1800 Incumbent re-elected.
Ezra Darby Democratic-Republican 1804 Incumbent re-elected.
John Lambert Democratic-Republican 1804 Incumbent re-elected.
James Sloan Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent re-elected.

New York

New York elected representatives to the 10th Congress on April 29-May 1, 1806. This was the second and last election in which Districts 2 and 3 were elected on a joint ticket. New York redistricted in the next election.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
New York 1 Eliphalet Wickes Democratic-Republican 1804 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Samuel Riker (Democratic-Republican)
Unopposed
New York 2 / New York 3
Joint ticket
Gurdon S. Mumford Democratic-Republican 1804 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Gurdon S. Mumford (Democratic-Republican) 27.8%
George Clinton Jr. (Democratic-Republican) 26.5%
John B. Coles (Federalist) 22.3%
Nicholas Fish (Federalist) 22.3%
John R. Livingston (Democratic-Republican) 1.0%
George Clinton Jr. Democratic-Republican 1805 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
New York 4 Philip Van Courtlandt Democratic-Republican 1793 Incumbent re-elected. Philip Van Courtlandt (Democratic-Republican) 46.5%
Peter A. Jay (Federalist) 41.0 %
Peter Taulman (Democratic-Republican) 6.5%
Samuel S. Smith (Democratic-Republican) 6.1%
New York 5 John Blake Jr. Democratic-Republican 1804 Incumbent re-elected. John Blake Jr. (Democratic-Republican) 62.9%
Reuben Hopkins (Federalist) 37.1%
New York 6 Daniel C. Verplanck Democratic-Republican 1803 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Daniel C. Verplanck (Democratic-Republican)
Unopposed
New York 7 Martin G. Schuneman Democratic-Republican 1804 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Barent Gardenier (Federalist) 47.8%
William A. Thompson (Democratic-Republican) 34.7%
Johannes Bruyn (Democratic-Republican) 17.5%
New York 8 Henry W. Livingston Federalist 1802 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
James I. Van Alen (Democratic-Republican) 50.1%
Robert Le Roy Livingston (Federalist) 49.9%
New York 9 Killian Van Rensselaer Federalist 1800 Incumbent re-elected. Killian Van Rensselaer (Federalist) 46.6%
Benjamin DeWitt (Democratic-Republican) 32.7%
Henry Glen (Democratic-Republican) 20.6%
New York 10 Josiah Masters Democratic-Republican 1804 Incumbent re-elected. Josiah Masters (Democratic-Republican)
Unopposed
New York 11 Peter Sailly Democratic-Republican 1804 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
John Thompson (Democratic-Republican) 57.8%
Asahel Porter (Federalist) 39.6%
Peter Sailly (Democratic-Republican) 2.6%
New York 12 David Thomas Democratic-Republican 1800 Incumbent re-elected. David Thomas (Democratic-Republican)
Unopposed
New York 13 Thomas Sammons Democratic-Republican 1802 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Peter Swart (Democratic-Republican) 69.4%
Isaac H. Tiffany (Federalist) 30.6%
New York 14 John Russell Democratic-Republican 1804 Incumbent re-elected. John Russell (Democratic-Republican) 67.3%
Solomon Martin (Federalist) 33.7%
New York 15 Nathan Williams Democratic-Republican 1804 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
William Kirkpatrick (Democratic-Republican) 55.3%
John Nicholson (Democratic-Republican)44.7%
New York 16 Uri Tracy Democratic-Republican 1804 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Reuben Humphrey (Democratic-Republican) 86.1%
Thaddeus M. Wood (Federalist) 8.1%
John Cantine (Democratic-Republican) 3.1%
Uri Tracy (Democratic-Republican) 2.6%
New York 17 Silas Halsey Democratic-Republican 1804 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
John Harris (Democratic-Republican) 35.1%
Daniel W. Lewis (Federalist) 33.6%
Silas Halsey (Democratic-Republican)
James Faulkner (Democratic-Republican) 1.8%

North Carolina

North Carolina elected its members August 15, 1806.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates[c]
North Carolina 1 Thomas Wynns Democratic-Republican 1802 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Lemuel Sawyer (Democratic-Republican) 64.0%
William H. Murfree (Democratic-Republican) 36.0%
North Carolina 2 Willis Alston Democratic-Republican 1798 Incumbent re-elected. Willis Alston (Democratic-Republican)
Unopposed
North Carolina 3 Thomas Blount Democratic-Republican 1793
1804
Incumbent re-elected. Thomas Blount (Democratic-Republican) 50.1%[e]
William Kennedy (Democratic-Republican) 49.9%
North Carolina 4 William Blackledge Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent re-elected. William Blackledge (Democratic-Republican)[b]
North Carolina 5 Thomas Kenan Democratic-Republican 1805 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Thomas Kenan (Democratic-Republican)[b]
Benjamin Smith (Democratic-Republican)
Samuel Jacelyn
Alexander D. Moore
North Carolina 6 Nathaniel Macon Democratic-Republican 1791 Incumbent re-elected. Nathaniel Macon (Democratic-Republican) 99.8%
North Carolina 7 Duncan McFarlan Democratic-Republican 1804 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Election was later contested.
John Culpepper (Federalist) 48.1%
Duncan McFarlan (Democratic-Republican) 47.2%
John Hay (Federalist) 3.7%
James Sanders (Democratic-Republican) 1.0%
North Carolina 8 Richard Stanford Democratic-Republican 1796 Incumbent re-elected. Richard Stanford (Democratic-Republican) 94.3%
Calvin Jones 2.6%
North Carolina 9 Marmaduke Williams Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent re-elected. Marmaduke Williams (Democratic-Republican) 57.9%
Theophilus Lacy (Democratic-Republican) 42.1%
North Carolina 10 Evan S. Alexander Democratic-Republican 1806 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Evan S. Alexander[b]
Matthew Brandon
North Carolina 11 James Holland Democratic-Republican 1800 Incumbent re-elected. James Holland (Democratic-Republican) 96.1%
Joseph Graham 3.7%
North Carolina 12 Joseph Winston Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Meshack Franklin (Democratic-Republican) 63.1%
William Lenoir (Democratic-Republican) 32.5%
Peter Eaton (Democratic-Republican) 4.4%

Ohio

Ohio elected its member October 14, 1806. Both candidates were Democratic-Republicans, but from election articles published in The Scioto Gazette it was suggested that James Pritchard was the candidate of the Ohio Quids and that in a few counties, notably Columbiana and Jefferson, he was also supported by the Federalists.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates[c]
Ohio at-large Jeremiah Morrow Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent re-elected. Jeremiah Morrow (Democratic-Republican) 73.9%
James Pritchard (Democratic-Republican/Federalist) 26.0%

Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania elected its members October 14, 1806.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates[11]
Pennsylvania 1
Plural district with 3 seats
Michael Leib Democratic-Republican 1798 Incumbent resigned February 14, 1806.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor also elected to finish the current term, see above.
John Porter (Democratic-Republican) 21.1%
Jacob Richards (Democratic-Republican) 20.7%
Joseph Clay (Democratic-Republican) 20.4%
William Graham (Federalist) 18.3%
Joseph Hemphill (Federalist) 12.7%
John Sergeant (Tertium quid) 6.8%
Jacob Richards Democratic-Republican 1802 Incumbent re-elected.
Joseph Clay Democratic-Republican 1802 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 2
Plural district with 3 seats
Robert Brown Democratic-Republican 1798 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Robert Brown (Democratic-Republican) 18.0%
William Milnor (Tertium quid/Federalist) 16.8%
John Pugh (Democratic-Republican) 16.6%
John Hahn (Democratic-Republican) 16.5%
Frederick Conrad (Tertium quid) 16.2%
William Latimore (Tertium quid) 16.0%
Frederick Conrad Democratic-Republican 1802 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
John Pugh Democratic-Republican 1804 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 3
Plural district with 3 seats
Isaac Anderson Democratic-Republican 1802 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
John Hiester (Tertium quid/Democratic-Republican) 18.3%
Matthias Richards (Tertium quid/Democratic-Republican) 18.1%
Robert Jenkins (Tertium quid/Federalist) 17.7%
John Whitehill (Democratic-Republican) 15.5%
Roger Davis (Democratic-Republican) 15.2%
William Witman (Democratic-Republican) 15.1%
Christian Lower Democratic-Republican 1804 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
John Whitehill Democratic-Republican 1802 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Pennsylvania 4
Plural district with 2 seats
Robert Whitehill Democratic-Republican 1805 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Robert Whitehill (Democratic-Republican) 47.7%
David Bard 42.7%
Evers Doty (Democratic-Republican) 7.8%
Oliver Pollock (?) 1.8%
David Bard Democratic-Republican 1802 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 5 Andrew Gregg Democratic-Republican 1791 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Daniel Montgomery Jr. (Democratic-Republican) 57.7%
Andrew Gregg 42.3% (Tertium quid)
Pennsylvania 6 James Kelly Federalist 1804 Incumbent re-elected. James Kelly (Tertium quid/Federalist)
Unopposed
Pennsylvania 7 John Rea Democratic-Republican 1802 Incumbent re-elected. John Rea (Democratic-Republican) 52.7%
Andrew Dunlap (Federalist) 29.7%
Henry Woods (Tertium quid) 17.6%
Pennsylvania 8 William Findley Democratic-Republican 1802 Incumbent re-elected. William Findley (Democratic-Republican)
Unopposed
Pennsylvania 9 John Smilie Democratic-Republican 1792
1798
Incumbent re-elected. John Smilie (Democratic-Republican)
Unopposed
Pennsylvania 10 John Hamilton Democratic-Republican 1804 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
William Hoge (Democratic-Republican) 62.0%
John Hamilton (Tertium quid) 38.0%
Pennsylvania 11 Samuel Smith Democratic-Republican 1805 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Samuel Smith (Democratic-Republican) 55.9%
John Wilkins (Tertium quid) 44.1%

Rhode Island

Rhode Island elected its members August 26, 1806. Rhode Island law required a majority of votes to win. In this election, only one candidate won a majority on the first ballot, and so a run-off election was required to choose the second seat.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates[c]
Rhode Island at-large
2 seats on a general ticket
Nehemiah Knight Democratic-Republican 1802 Incumbent re-elected. First ballot:
Nehemiah Knight (Democratic-Republican) 26.9%
Isaac Wilbour (Democratic-Republican) 24.4%
William Hunter (Federalist) 22.2%
Thomas Arnold (Federalist) 21.8%
Thomas B. Hazard (Quid) 4.7%

Second ballot:
Isaac Wilbour (Democratic-Republican) 58.2%
William Hunter (Federalist) 41.3%
Joseph Stanton Jr. Democratic-Republican 1800 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.

South Carolina

South Carolina elected its members October 13–14, 1806.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
South Carolina 1
"Charleston district"
Robert Marion Democratic-Republican 1804 Incumbent re-elected. Robert Marion (Democratic-Republican) 55.6%
William L. Smith (Federalist) 43.6%
South Carolina 2
"Beaufort and Edgefield district"
William Butler Sr. Democratic-Republican 1800 Incumbent re-elected. William Butler Sr. (Democratic-Republican) 73.6%
Richard B. Screven (Federalist) 26.2%
South Carolina 3
"Georgetown district"
David R. Williams Democratic-Republican 1804 Incumbent re-elected. David R. Williams (Democratic-Republican) 97.9%
South Carolina 4
"Orangeburgh district"
O'Brien Smith Democratic-Republican 1804 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
John Taylor (Democratic-Republican) 55.3%
Henry Dana Ward (Federalist) 30.0%
Miles B. Pinkney (Democratic-Republican) 14.3%
South Carolina 5
"Sumter district"
Richard Winn Democratic-Republican 1802 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Richard Winn (Democratic-Republican) 73.0%
Anthony Butler (Federalist) 27.0%
South Carolina 6
"Abbeville district"
Levi Casey Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent re-elected but died February 3, 1807, leading to a special election, see above. Levi Casey (Democratic-Republican) 50.1%
John A. Elmer (Federalist) 25.2%
Joseph Calhoun (Democratic-Republican) 24.7%
South Carolina 7
"Chester district"
Thomas Moore Democratic-Republican 1800 Incumbent re-elected. Thomas Moore (Democratic-Republican)
Unopposed
South Carolina 8
"Pendleton district"
Elias Earle Democratic-Republican 1805 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Lemuel J. Alston (Democratic-Republican) 39.7%
William Hunter (Democratic-Republican) 30.3%
Elias Earle (Democratic-Republican) 30.0%

Tennessee

Tennessee elected its members August 3–4, 1807, after the Congress began but before the first session met.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
Tennessee 1
"Washington district"
John Rhea Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent re-elected. John Rhea (Democratic-Republican)
Unopposed
Tennessee 2
"Hamilton district"
George W. Campbell Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent re-elected. George W. Campbell (Democratic-Republican) 69.3%
Pleasant M. Miller (Democratic-Republican) 30.7%
Tennessee 3
"Mero district"
William Dickson Democratic-Republican 1801 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Jesse Wharton (Democratic-Republican) 62.5%
James Lyon 31.2%
Spencer Clack 3.5%
Moses Fisk 2.8%

Vermont

Vermont elected its members September 2, 1806.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates[c]
Vermont 1
"Southwestern district"
Gideon Olin Democratic-Republican 1802 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
James Witherell (Democratic-Republican) 54.1%
Jonas Galusha (Federalist) 29.4%
Others 16.5%
Vermont 2
"Southeastern district"
James Elliot Federalist 1802 Incumbent re-elected. James Elliot (Federalist) 57.9%
William Hunter (Democratic-Republican) 32.2%
Others 9.9%
Vermont 3
"Northeastern district"
James Fisk Democratic-Republican 1805 Incumbent re-elected. James Fisk (Democratic-Republican) 61.0%
William Chamberlain (Federalist) 37.1%
Others 1.9%
Vermont 4
"Northwestern district"
Martin Chittenden Federalist 1802 Incumbent re-elected. Martin Chittenden (Federalist) 52.6%
Ezra Butler (Democratic-Republican) 43.3%
Others 4.2%

Virginia

Virginia elected its members in April 1807, after the Congress began but before the first session met.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
Virginia 1 John G. Jackson Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent re-elected. John G. Jackson (Democratic-Republican) 58.9%
Noah Linsley (Federalist) 41.1%
Virginia 2 John Morrow Democratic-Republican 1805 Incumbent re-elected. John Morrow (Democratic-Republican)
Unopposed
Virginia 3 John Smith Democratic-Republican 1801 Incumbent re-elected. John Smith (Democratic-Republican)[b]
James Singleton
Virginia 4 David Holmes Democratic-Republican 1797 Incumbent re-elected. David Holmes (Democratic-Republican)
Unopposed
Virginia 5 Alexander Wilson Democratic-Republican 1804 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Alexander Wilson (Democratic-Republican) 57.0%
Oliver Towles (Democratic-Republican) 23.4%
Robert Bailey (Quid) 19.3%
Virginia 6 Abram Trigg Democratic-Republican 1797 Incumbent re-elected. Abram Trigg (Democratic-Republican)[b]
Daniel Sheffey (Quid)
Virginia 7 Joseph Lewis Jr. Federalist 1803 Incumbent re-elected. Joseph Lewis Jr. (Federalist) 55.2%
John Littlejohn (Democratic-Republican) 44.8%
Virginia 8 Walter Jones Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent re-elected. Walter Jones (Democratic-Republican) 86.7%
Richard Barnes (Federalist) 13.3%
Virginia 9 Philip R. Thompson Democratic-Republican 1793 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
John Love (Democratic-Republican) 60.5%
Philip R. Thompson (Democratic-Republican) 39.5%
Virginia 10 John Dawson Democratic-Republican 1797 Incumbent re-elected. John Dawson (Democratic-Republican) 60.0%
John Mercer (Democratic-Republican) 40.0%
Virginia 11 James M. Garnett Democratic-Republican 1805 Incumbent re-elected. James M. Garnett (Democratic-Republican) 63.2%
Larkin Smith (Democratic-Republican) 36.8%
Virginia 12 Burwell Bassett Democratic-Republican 1805 Incumbent re-elected. Burwell Bassett (Democratic-Republican)
Unopposed
Virginia 13 William A. Burwell Democratic-Republican 1806 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. William A. Burwell (Democratic-Republican)
Unopposed
Virginia 14 Matthew Clay Democratic-Republican 1797 Incumbent re-elected. Matthew Clay (Democratic-Republican) 99.5%
Virginia 15 John Randolph Democratic-Republican 1799 Incumbent re-elected. John Randolph (Democratic-Republican)
Unopposed
Virginia 16 John W. Eppes Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent re-elected. John W. Eppes (Democratic-Republican)
Unopposed
Virginia 17 John Claiborne Democratic-Republican 1805 Incumbent re-elected. John Claiborne (Democratic-Republican)
Unopposed
Virginia 18 Peterson Goodwyn Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent re-elected. Peterson Goodwyn (Democratic-Republican)
Unopposed
Virginia 19 Edwin Gray Democratic-Republican 1799 Incumbent re-elected. Edwin Gray (Democratic-Republican)
Unopposed
Virginia 20 Thomas Newton Jr. Democratic-Republican 1799 Incumbent re-elected. Thomas Newton Jr. (Democratic-Republican)
Unopposed
Virginia 21 Thomas M. Randolph Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Wilson C. Nicholas (Democratic-Republican)
Unopposed
Virginia 22 John Clopton Democratic-Republican 1801 Incumbent re-elected. John Clopton (Democratic-Republican) 52.4%
Peyton Randolph (Quid) 47.8%

Non-voting delegates

As in the previous congress, there were three territories with non-voting delegates in the 10th Congress. In Indiana Territory, the legislature elected the delegate. The source used did not have information about Mississippi or Orleans Territory. Mississippi used popular election in 1808, while Orleans Territory elected its delegate by the legislature in 1808, suggesting Orleans probably used legislative election this year, too.

District Incumbent First
elected
Result Candidates
Indiana Territory at-large Benjamin Parke 1805 Incumbent re-elected. Benjamin Parke 8
John Rice Jones 1
Waller Taylor 1
Shadrach Bond 1
Mississippi Territory at-large William Lattimore 1802 George Poindexter[b]
Orleans Territory at-large Daniel Clark 1806 Incumbent re-elected. Daniel Clark[b]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Rhode Island required a majority for election, which was not met for one seat requiring a second ballot.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Source does not give numbers of votes or has incomplete data
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Only candidates with at least 1% of the vote are listed.
  4. ^ Also member of the official Federalist ticket
  5. ^ Victory by a 6-vote margin, 2,056-2,050

References

  1. ^ "9th Congress March 4, 1805, to March 3, 1807". Office of the Historian, United States House of Representatives. Retrieved September 24, 2018.
  2. ^ "Connecticut 1806 U.S. House of Representatives, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved September 24, 2018.
  3. ^ "Georgia 1806 U.S. House of Representatives, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved September 24, 2018.
  4. ^ "Georgia 1806 U.S. House of Representatives, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved September 24, 2018.
  5. ^ "Maryland 1806 U.S. House of Representatives, District 7, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved September 24, 2018.
  6. ^ a b "Virginia 1806 U.S. House of Representatives, District 13, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved September 25, 2018.
  7. ^ a b c "10th Congress March 4, 1807, to March 3, 1809". Office of the Historian, United States House of Representatives. Retrieved September 24, 2018.
  8. ^ "Massachusetts 1807 U.S. House of Representatives, Berkshire District, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved September 24, 2018.
  9. ^ "Delaware 1807 U.S. House of Representatives, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved September 24, 2018.
  10. ^ "New Jersey 1806 U.S. House of Representatives". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved September 24, 2018.
  11. ^ Wilkes University Elections Statistics Project

Bibliography

External links

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