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1804 and 1805 United States House of Representatives elections

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1804 and 1805 United States House of Representatives elections

← 1802 / 1803 April 24, 1804 – August 5, 1805 1806 / 1807 →

All 142 seats in the U.S. House of Representatives
  Majority party Minority party
 
NC-Congress-NathanielMacon.jpg
John Cotton Smith engraving.png
Leader Nathaniel Macon John Cotton Smith
Party Democratic-Republican Federalist
Leader's seat North Carolina 6th Connecticut at-large
Last election 103 seats 39 seats
Seats won 114 28
Seat change Increase 11 Decrease 11

Speaker before election

Nathaniel Macon
Democratic-Republican

Elected Speaker

Nathaniel Macon
Democratic-Republican

Elections to the United States House of Representatives for the 9th Congress were held at various dates in each state between April 24, 1804 (in New York) and August 5, 1805 (in Tennessee). The Congress first met on December 2, 1805. The elections occurred at the same time as President Thomas Jefferson's re-election.

Under Jefferson's popular administration, his party continued to gain seats in the House. Territorial acquisitions from the Louisiana Purchase and economic expansion gave voters a positive view of the Democratic-Republicans, whose majority, already commanding in the 8th Congress, now surpassed three-quarters of the total membership. Following this election, Federalists were able to secure few seats outside of New England and party legitimacy deteriorated as political thought turned away from Federalist ideals perceived to be elitist and anti-democratic.

Election summaries

114 28
Democratic-Republican Federalist
State Type
Date
Total
seats
Democratic-
Republican
Federalist
Seats Change Seats Change
New York Districts April 24–26, 1804 17 15 Increase3 2 Decrease3
Kentucky Districts August 6, 1804 6 6 Steady 0 Steady
North Carolina Districts August 10, 1804 12 12 Increase1 0 Decrease1
New Hampshire At-large August 27, 1804 5 0 Steady 5 Steady
Rhode Island At-large August 28, 1804 2 2 Steady 0 Steady
Vermont Districts September 4, 1804[a] 4 2 Increase1 2 Decrease1
Connecticut At-large September 17, 1804 7 0 Steady 7 Steady
Maryland Districts October 1, 1804 9 7 Increase1 2 Decrease1
Delaware At-large October 2, 1804 1 0 Decrease1 1 Increase1
Georgia At-large October 2, 1804 4 4 Steady 0 Steady
South Carolina Districts October 8–9, 1804 8 8 Increase2 0 Decrease2
Ohio At-large October 9, 1804 1 1 Steady 0 Steady
Pennsylvania Districts October 9, 1804 18 17 Decrease1 1 Increase1
Massachusetts Districts November 5, 1804 17 10 Increase3 7 Decrease3
New Jersey At-large November 6–7, 1804 6 6 Steady 0 Steady
Late elections (After the March 4, 1805 beginning of the next Congress)
Virginia Districts April 1805 22 21 Increase3 1 Decrease3
Tennessee Districts August 4–5, 1805 3 3 Steady 0 Steady
Total 142 114
80.3%
Increase11 28
19.7%
Decrease11
House seats
Democratic-Republican
80.28%
Federalist
19.72%

Special elections

There were special elections in 1804 and 1805 during the 8th United States Congress and 9th United States Congress.

Elections are sorted here by date then district.

8th Congress

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
New York 1 John Smith Democratic-Republican 1799 (Special) Incumbent resigned February 22, 1804.
New member elected April 24–26, 1804.[1]
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated November 5, 1804.[2]
Successor was not elected to the next term on the same ballot, see below.
Samuel Riker (Democratic-Republican) 36.8%
Eliphalet Wickes (Democratic-Republican) 36.1%
Joshua Smith (Federalist) 27.1%[3]
Massachusetts 12 Thomson J. Skinner Democratic-Republican 1796 (Special)
1799 (Retired)
1803
Incumbent resigned August 10, 1804.
New member elected September 17, 1804.[1]
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated November 5, 1804.[2]
Successor was not a candidate for the next term, see below.
Simon Larned (Democratic-Republican) 61.9%
Daniel Dewey (Federalist) 38.1%[4]
Maryland 4 Daniel Hiester Democratic-Republican 1788 (Pennsylvania)
1796 (Resigned)
1801 (Maryland)
Incumbent died March 7, 1804.
New member elected October 1, 1804.[1]
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated November 6, 1804.[2]
Successor was also elected on the same day to the next term, see below.
Roger Nelson (Democratic-Republican)
Unopposed[5]
Virginia 13 John Johns Trigg Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent died May 17, 1804.
New member elected October 1804.[1]
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated November 5, 1804.[2]
Successor was later elected to the next term, see below.
Christopher H. Clark (Democratic-Republican)
Unopposed[6]
Pennsylvania 10 William Hoge Democratic-Republican 1802 Incumbent resigned October 15, 1804.
New member elected November 2, 1804 to finish his brother's term.[1]
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated November 27, 1804.[2]
Successor was not a candidate to the next term, see below.
John Hoge (Democratic-Republican)[b] 52.1%
Aaron Lyle (Democratic-Republican) 47.9%[7]
Virginia 5 Andrew Moore Democratic-Republican 1789 Incumbent resigned to become U.S. Senator.
New member elected November 13, 1804.[1]
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated December 4, 1804.[2]
Successor was later elected to the next term, see below.
Alexander Wilson (Democratic-Republican)
Unopposed[8]
New York 3 Samuel L. Mitchill Democratic-Republican 1800 Incumbent resigned November 22, 1804 to become U.S. Senator.
New member elected January 2–4, 1805.[1]
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated February 14, 1805.[2]
Successor was also elected on the same day to the next term, see below.
George Clinton (Democratic-Republican) 88.5%
James Smith 5.4%
James Woods 4.3%
Thomas Van Pelt 0.8%
Scattering 1.0%[9]

9th Congress

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
New York 2 Daniel D. Tompkins Democratic-Republican 1804 Representative-elect declined the seat to become associate justice of the New York Supreme Court.
New member elected September 11–13, 1804.[1]
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated December 2, 1805.[10]
Gurdon S. Mumford (Democratic-Republican) 84.2%
George I. Warner (Unknown) 15.8%[11]
New York 3 Samuel L. Mitchill Democratic-Republican 1800 Incumbent resigned November 22, 1804 to become U.S. Senator.
New member elected January 2–4, 1805.[1]
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated December 2, 1805.[10]
Successor was also elected on the same day to finish the previous term, see above.
George Clinton (Democratic-Republican) 89.1%%
James Smith 5.2%
James Woods 4.3%
Thomas Van Pelt 0.3%
Scattering 0.5%[12]
North Carolina 5 James Gillespie Democratic-Republican 1793
1799 (Lost)
1801 (Lost)
1803
Representative-elect died January 5, 1805.
New member elected August 8, 1805.[1]
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated December 2, 1805.[10]
Thomas Kenan (Democratic-Republican) 65.3%
Benjamin Smith (Democratic-Republican)[c] 34.7%[13]
Connecticut at-large
2 seats on a general ticket
Calvin Goddard Federalist 1801 (Special) Incumbent/representative-elect resigned.
New member elected September 16, 1805.[1][d]
Federalist hold.
Successor seated December 10, 1805[10]
Timothy Pitkin (Federalist)
Lewis B. Sturges (Federalist)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Roger Griswold Federalist 1794 Incumbent/representative-elect resigned.
New member elected September 16, 1805.[1][d]
Federalist hold.
Successor seated December 2, 1805.[10]
South Carolina 8 John B. Earle Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent/representative-elect resigned.
New member elected September 26–27, 1805.[1]
Democratic-Republican hold.
Elias Earle (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Delaware at-large James A. Bayard Federalist 1796 Representative-elect declined the seat to become U.S. Senator.
New member elected October 1, 1805.[1]
Federalist hold.
James M. Broom (Federalist) 52.6%
David Hall (Democratic-Republican) 46.9%
Isaac H. Starr (Democratic-Republican) 0.4%
Hugh W. Richie <0.1%[14]
Pennsylvania 4 John A. Hanna Democratic-Republican 1796 Representative-elect died July 23, 1805.
New member elected October 8, 1805.[1]
Democratic-Republican hold.
Robert Whitehill (Democratic-Republican) 70.7%
James Duncan (Federalist) 29.3%[15]
Pennsylvania 11 John B. Lucas Democratic-Republican 1802 Representative-elect declined the seat.
New member elected October 8, 1805.[1]
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor was seated December 2, 1805.[10]
Samuel Smith (Democratic-Republican) 52.8%
James O'Hara (Federalist) 35.9%
Nathaniel Irish (Constitutionalist) 11.2%[16]
Indiana Territory at-large None (District created). New delegate elected December 12, 1805 on the third ballot.[17]
Federalist gain.
First ballot:
Benjamin Parke (Federalist) 5 votes
Thomas J. Davis 5 votes
Jesse B. Thomas 1 vote[17]

Second ballot:
Benjamin Parke (Federalist) 5 votes
Thomas J. Davis 5 votes
"Mr. Bond" 1 vote[17]

Third ballot:
Benjamin Parke (Federalist) 7 votes
Thomas J. Davis 4 votes[17]

Connecticut

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Connecticut at-large
7 seats on a general ticket
Calvin Goddard Federalist 1801 (special) Incumbent re-elected but declined to serve, leading to a special election, see above. Calvin Goddard (Federalist) 15.1%
Samuel W. Dana (Federalist) 14.9%
John Davenport (Federalist) 14.4%
Roger Griswold (Federalist) 14.4%
Benjamin Tallmadge (Federalist) 13.3%
John Cotton Smith (Federalist) 11.4%
Jonathan O. Moseley (Federalist) 10.8%
Timothy Pitkin (Federalist) 3.1%
Lewis B. Sturges (Federalist) 0.7%
Theodore Dwight (Federalist) 0.5%
Others 1.4%
Samuel W. Dana Federalist 1796 Incumbent re-elected.
John Davenport Federalist 1798 Incumbent re-elected.
Roger Griswold Federalist 1794 Incumbent re-elected but declined to serve, leading to a special election, see above.
Benjamin Tallmadge Federalist 1801 (special) Incumbent re-elected.
John Cotton Smith Federalist 1800 Incumbent re-elected.
Simeon Baldwin Federalist 1803 (special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.

Delaware

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Delaware at-large Caesar A. Rodney Democratic-Republican 1802 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Successor declined to serve, leading to a special election, see above.
James A. Bayard (Federalist) 52.1%
Caesar A. Rodney (Democratic-Republican) 47.9%

Georgia

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Georgia at-large
4 seats on a general ticket
Peter Early Democratic-Republican 1802 Incumbent re-elected. Peter Early (Democratic-Republican) 24.2%
David Meriwether (Democratic-Republican) 22.9%
Joseph Bryan (Democratic-Republican) 21.3%
Cowles Mead (Democratic-Republican) 10.9%
Thomas Spalding (Democratic-Republican) 10.5%
Thomas Carr 6.7%
Obadiah Jones 2.4%
Thomas U.P. Charlton 1.2%
David Meriwether Democratic-Republican 1802 Incumbent re-elected.
Joseph Bryan Democratic-Republican 1802 Incumbent re-elected.
Samuel Hammond Democratic-Republican 1802 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Election was later contested and a new successor named.

Kentucky

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Kentucky 1 Matthew Lyon Democratic-Republican 1797 (in Vermont)
1803
Incumbent re-elected. Matthew Lyon (Democratic-Republican)[e]
Samuel Hopkins
Kentucky 2 John Boyle Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent re-elected. John Boyle (Democratic-Republican)[e]
Unopposed[18]
Kentucky 3 Matthew Walton Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent re-elected. Matthew Walton (Democratic-Republican)[e]
Unopposed[18]
Kentucky 4 Thomas Sandford Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent re-elected. Thomas Sandford (Democratic-Republican)[e]
Unopposed[18]
Kentucky 5 John Fowler Democratic-Republican 1797 Incumbent re-elected. John Fowler (Democratic-Republican) 61.9%
Benjamin Howard (Democratic-Republican) 38.1%
Kentucky 6 George M. Bedinger Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent re-elected. George M. Bedinger (Democratic-Republican) 70.1%
Robert H. Grayson (Democratic-Republican) 17.6%
Philemon Thomas (Democratic-Republican) 12.3%

Maryland

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates[f]
Maryland 1 John Campbell Federalist 1801 Incumbent re-elected. John Campbell (Federalist) 99.6%
Maryland 2 Walter Bowie Democratic-Republican 1802 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Leonard Covington (Democratic-Republican) 52.0%
Archibald Van Horne (Democratic-Republican) 46.8%
Clement Hill (Federalist) 1.1%
Maryland 3 Thomas Plater Federalist 1801 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Patrick Magruder (Democratic-Republican) 56.0%
Thomas Plater (Federalist) 44.0%
Maryland 4 Daniel Hiester Democratic-Republican 1788 (Pennsylvania)
1796 (Resigned)
1801 (Maryland)
Incumbent died March 7, 1804.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor was also elected on the same day to finish the current term, see above.
Roger Nelson (Democratic-Republican) 98.5%
Eli Williams (Federalist) 0.8%
Scattering 0.7%[19]
Maryland 5
Plural district with 2 seats
Nicholas R. Moore Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent re-elected. Nicholas R. Moore (Democratic-Republican) 50.9%
William McCreery (Democratic-Republican) 46.3%
Robert Goodloe Harper (Federalist) 1.8%
Others 1.0%
William McCreery Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent re-elected.
Maryland 6 John Archer Democratic-Republican 1801 Incumbent re-elected. John Archer (Democratic-Republican)
Unopposed
Maryland 7 Joseph H. Nicholson Democratic-Republican 1798 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Joseph H. Nicholson (Democratic-Republican) 99.6%
Maryland 8 John Dennis Federalist 1796 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Charles Goldsborough (Federalist) 56.6%
Henry Waggaman (Democratic-Republican) 43.4%

Massachusetts

The majority requirement was met in all 17 districts in the 1804 elections.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates[f]
Massachusetts 1
"Suffolk district"
William Eustis Democratic-Republican 1801 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Josiah Quincy (Federalist) 51.0%
William Eustis (Democratic-Republican) 49.0%
Massachusetts 2
"Essex South district"
Jacob Crowninshield Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent re-elected. Jacob Crowninshield (Democratic-Republican) 58.7%
Nathan Read (Federalist) 41.2%
Massachusetts 3
"Essex North district"
Manasseh Cutler Federalist 1801 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Jeremiah Nelson (Federalist) 56.8%
Thomas Kitteridge (Democratic-Republican) 43.2%
Massachusetts 4
"Middlesex district"
Joseph Bradley Varnum Democratic-Republican 1794 Incumbent re-elected. Joseph Bradley Varnum (Democratic-Republican) 71.5%
Timothy Bigelow (Federalist) 28.0%
Massachusetts 5
"Hampshire South district"
Thomas Dwight Federalist 1803 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
William Ely (Federalist) 62.9%
Samuel Fowler (Democratic-Republican) 36.7%
Massachusetts 6
"Hampshire North district"
Samuel Taggart Federalist 1803 Incumbent re-elected. Samuel Taggart (Federalist) 69.3%
Solomon Snead (Democratic-Republican) 30.5%
Massachusetts 7
"Plymouth district"
Nahum Mitchell Federalist 1803 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Joseph Barker (Democratic-Republican) 60.4%
Nahum Mitchell (Federalist) 38.3%
Others 1.3%
Massachusetts 8
"Barnstable district"
Lemuel Williams Federalist 1798 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Isaiah L. Green (Democratic-Republican) 60.1%
Lemuel Williams (Federalist) 39.4%
Massachusetts 9
"Bristol district"
Phanuel Bishop Democratic-Republican 1798 Incumbent re-elected. Phanuel Bishop (Democratic-Republican) 62.2%
Nicholas Tillinghast (Federalist) 30.8%
Josiah Deane (Democratic-Republican) 3.4%
John Bowers (Federalist) 3.4%
Massachusetts 10
"Worcester South district"
Seth Hastings Federalist 1801 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Seth Hastings (Federalist) 51.2%
Edward Bangs (Democratic-Republican) 48.8%
Massachusetts 11
"Worcester North district"
William Stedman Federalist 1803 Incumbent re-elected. William Stedman (Federalist) 60.8%
John Whiting (Democratic-Republican) 39.0%
Massachusetts 12
"Berkshire district"
Simon Larned Democratic-Republican 1804 (special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Barnabas Bidwell (Democratic-Republican) 59.7%
Daniel Dewey (Federalist) 40.3%
Massachusetts 13
"Norfolk district"
Ebenezer Seaver Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent re-elected. Ebenezer Seaver (Democratic-Republican) 64.6%
Thomas B. Adams (Federalist) 35.0%
Massachusetts 14
"York district" (District of Maine)
Richard Cutts Democratic-Republican 1801 Incumbent re-elected. Richard Cutts (Democratic-Republican) 51.9%
Joseph Leland (Federalist) 31.4%
Daniel Cleaves 16.7%
Massachusetts 15
"Cumberland district" (District of Maine)
Peleg Wadsworth Federalist 1792 Incumbent re-elected. Peleg Wadsworth (Federalist) 63.8%
William Widgery (Democratic-Republican) 19.1%
Isaac Parsons (Democratic-Republican) 17.1%
Massachusetts 12
"Lincoln district" (District of Maine)
Samuel Thatcher Federalist 1802 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Orchard Cook (Democratic-Republican) 54.6%
Samuel Thatcher 45.4%
Massachusetts 17
"Kennebec district" (District of Maine)
Phineas Bruce Federalist 1803 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
John Chandler (Democratic-Republican) 64.5%
Benjamin Whitwell (Federalist) 35.5%

New Hampshire

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
New Hampshire at-large
5 seats on a general ticket
Silas Betton Federalist 1802 Incumbent re-elected. Samuel Tenney (Federalist) 10.4%
David Hough (Federalist) 10.4%
Thomas W. Thompson (Federalist) 10.4%
Silas Betton (Federalist) 10.4%
Caleb Ellis (Federalist) 10.4%
Nahum Parker (Democratic-Republican) 9.7%
Ezra Bartlett (Democratic-Republican) 9.6%
Thomas Cogswell (Democratic-Republican) 9.6%
Clement Storer (Democratic-Republican) 9.6%
Jedediah K. Smith (Democratic-Republican) 9.6%
Samuel Hunt Federalist 1802 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Samuel Tenney Federalist 1800 Incumbent re-elected.
David Hough Federalist 1802 Incumbent re-elected.
Clifton Clagett Federalist 1802 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.

New Jersey

The Federalist ticket was announced only a week before the election, with no active campaigning.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
New Jersey at-large
6 seats on a general ticket
Adam Boyd Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Henry Southard (Democratic-Republican) 16.6%
Ebenezer Elmer (Democratic-Republican) 16.6%
John Lambert (Democratic-Republican) 16.6%
William Helms (Democratic-Republican) 16.6%
James Sloan (Democratic-Republican) 16.4%
Ezra Darby (Democratic-Republican) 16.4%
Aaron Ogden (Federalist) 0.2%
Peter DeVroom (Federalist) 0.2%
Franklin Davenport (Federalist) 0.1%
James H. Imlay (Federalist) 0.1%
Lambert Cadwalader (Federalist) 0.1%
William Colfax (Federalist) 0.1%
Ebenezer Elmer Democratic-Republican 1800 Incumbent re-elected.
William Helms Democratic-Republican 1800 Incumbent re-elected.
James Mott Democratic-Republican 1800 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Henry Southard Democratic-Republican 1800 Incumbent re-elected.
James Sloan Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent re-elected.

New York

New York held elections for the 9th Congress on April 24–26, 1804. For this year and the next election year, the 2nd and 3rd districts had combined returns, effectively a plural district with 2 seats, though still numbered as separate districts. At the time, District 2 consisted of only part of New York County, while District 3 consisted of the remainder of New York County plus Kings and Richmond Counties. By consolidating the two, it ensured that New York County would be combined into a single district.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
New York 1 John Smith Democratic-Republican 1799 (Special) Incumbent resigned February 22, 1804.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Eliphalet Wickes (Democratic-Republican) 35.8%
Samuel Riker (Democratic-Republican) 35.6%
Joshua Smith (Federalist) 28.6%
New York 2
and
New York 3
Joint ticket
Samuel L. Mitchill Democratic-Republican 1800 Incumbent re-elected but later resigned November 22, 1804 to become U.S. Senator, triggering a special election, see above. Samuel L. Mitchill (Democratic-Republican) 27.8%
Daniel D. Tompkins (Democratic-Republican) 27.7%
Nicholas Fish (Federalist) 22.3%
Wynandt Van Zandt (Federalist) 22.2%
Joshua Sands Federalist 1802 Incumbent retired.
New member elected but declined the seat to become associate justice of the New York Supreme Court.
Democratic-Republican gain.
New York 4 Philip Van Courtlandt Democratic-Republican 1793 Incumbent re-elected. Philip Van Courtlandt (Democratic-Republican) 64.8%
John Herring (Democratic-Republican) 35.2%
New York 5 Andrew McCord Democratic-Republican 1802 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
John Blake Jr. (Democratic-Republican) 63.1%
David M. Westcott (Federalist) 36.9%
New York 6 Daniel C. Verplanck Democratic-Republican 1803 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Daniel C. Verplanck (Democratic-Republican) 58.0%
Benjamin Akin (Federalist) 42.0%
New York 7 Josiah Hasbrouck Democratic-Republican 1803 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Martin G. Schuneman (Democratic-Republican) 60.0%
Gerrit Abeel (Federalist) 40.0%
New York 8 Henry W. Livingston Federalist 1802 Incumbent re-elected. Henry W. Livingston (Federalist) 54.8%
Edward P. Livingston (Democratic-Republican) 45.2%
New York 9 Killian Van Rensselaer Federalist 1800 Incumbent re-elected. Killian Van Rensselaer (Federalist) 56.4%
David McCarty (Democratic-Republican) 43.6%
New York 10 George Tibbits Federalist 1802 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Josiah Masters (Democratic-Republican) 55.4%
Jonathan Brown (Federalist) 44.6%
New York 11 Beriah Palmer Democratic-Republican 1802 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Peter Sailly (Democratic-Republican)
Unopposed
New York 12 David Thomas Democratic-Republican 1800 Incumbent re-elected. David Thomas (Democratic-Republican) 70.3%
Reuben Skinner (Federalist) 29.7%
New York 13 Thomas Sammons Democratic-Republican 1802 Incumbent re-elected. Thomas Sammons (Democratic-Republican) 100%
New York 14 Erastus Root Democratic-Republican 1802 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
John Russell (Democratic-Republican) 85.8%
Benjamin Gilbert (Federalist) 6.0%
Solomon Martin (Federalist) 3.6%
Erastus Root (Democratic-Republican) 3.6%
Thomas R. Gold (Federalist) 1.0%
New York 15 Gaylord Griswold Federalist 1802 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Nathan Williams (Democratic-Republican) 57.4%
Thomas R. Gold (Federalist) 42.6%
New York 16 John Paterson Democratic-Republican 1802 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Uri Tracy (Democratic-Republican) 62.8%
Edward Edwards (Federalist) 37.2%
New York 17 Oliver Phelps Democratic-Republican 1802 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Silas Halsey (Democratic-Republican) 40.4%
Nathaniel W. Howell (Federalist) 37.5%
Joseph Grover (Democratic-Republican) 11.2%
Peter Hughes (Democratic-Republican) 10.8%

North Carolina

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates[f]
North Carolina 1 Thomas Wynns Democratic-Republican 1802 (special) Incumbent re-elected. Thomas Wynns (Democratic-Republican)[e]
Thomas Harvey
North Carolina 2 Willis Alston Democratic-Republican 1798 Incumbent re-elected. Willis Alston (Democratic-Republican) 66.6%
John Binford (Federalist) 20.7%
William R. Davie (Federalist) 12.7%
North Carolina 3 William Kennedy Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Thomas Blount (Democratic-Republican) 51.4%
William Kennedy (Democratic-Republican) 48.6%
North Carolina 4 William Blackledge Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent re-elected. William Blackledge (Democratic-Republican) 96.6%
John Stanly (Federalist) 3.4%
North Carolina 5 James Gillespie Democratic-Republican 1793
1803
Incumbent re-elected.
Successor died January 5, 1805, triggering a special election.
James Gillespie (Democratic-Republican) 52.5%
Benjamin Smith (Federalist) 40.2%
Samuel Ashe (Democratic-Republican) 7.3%
North Carolina 6 Nathaniel Macon Democratic-Republican 1791 Incumbent re-elected. Nathaniel Macon (Democratic-Republican) 99.9%
North Carolina 7 Samuel D. Purviance Federalist 1803 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Duncan McFarlan (Democratic-Republican) 36.8%
Joseph Pickett (Federalist) 31.7%
William Martin (Federalist) 31.1%
North Carolina 8 Richard Stanford Democratic-Republican 1796 Incumbent re-elected. Richard Stanford[g] (Democratic-Republican)
Duncan Cameron
Archibald Murphey
John Hinton Jr.
North Carolina 9 Marmaduke Williams Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent re-elected. Marmaduke Williams (Democratic-Republican) 98.9%
Theophilus Lacey (Democratic-Republican) 1.0%
North Carolina 10 Nathaniel Alexander Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent re-elected. Nathaniel Alexander (Democratic-Republican)[e]
North Carolina 11 James Holland Democratic-Republican 1800 Incumbent re-elected. James Holland (Democratic-Republican) 100%
North Carolina 12 Joseph Winston Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent re-elected. Joseph Winston (Democratic-Republican) 57.0%
Meshack Franklin (Democratic-Republican) 43.0%

Ohio

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Ohio at-large Jeremiah Morrow Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent re-elected. Jeremiah Morrow (Democratic-Republican) 70.2%
Elias Langham (Federalist) 29.4%
Rufus Putnam 0.4%

Pennsylvania

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates[20]
Pennsylvania 1
Plural district with 3 seats
Joseph Clay Democratic-Republican 1802 Incumbent re-elected. Joseph Clay (Democratic-Republican) 33.6%
Jacob Richards (Democratic-Republican) 31.7%
Michael Leib (Democratic-Republican) 18.0%
William Penrose (Democratic-Republican) 16.7%
Jacob Richards Democratic-Republican 1802 Incumbent re-elected.
Michael Leib Democratic-Republican 1798 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 2
Plural district with 3 seats
Robert Brown Democratic-Republican 1798 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. John Pugh (Democratic-Republican) 32.2%
Frederick Conrad (Democratic-Republican) 31.7%
Robert Brown (Democratic-Republican) 21.8%
John Ross (Quid) 13.0%
Samuel Preston (Quid) 1.3%
Frederick Conrad Democratic-Republican 1802 Incumbent re-elected.
Isaac Van Horne Democratic-Republican 1801 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Pennsylvania 3
Plural district with 3 seats
Isaac Anderson Democratic-Republican 1802 Incumbent re-elected. Christian Lower (Democratic-Republican) 33.1%
John Whitehill (Democratic-Republican) 23.0%
Isaac Anderson (Democratic-Republican) 22.9%
Thomas Boude (Federalist) 10.7%
Isaac Wayne (Federalist) 10.3%
Joseph Hiester Democratic-Republican 1797 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
John Whitehill Democratic-Republican 1802 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 4
Plural district with 2 seats
John A. Hanna Democratic-Republican 1796 Incumbent re-elected, but died July 23, 1805 David Bard (Democratic-Republican) 34.6%
John A. Hanna (Democratic-Republican) 31.2%
Oliver Pollock (Democratic-Republican) 18.1%
Robert Mitchell (Democratic-Republican) 16.1%
David Bard Democratic-Republican 1802 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 5 Andrew Gregg Democratic-Republican 1791 Incumbent re-elected. Andrew Gregg (Democratic-Republican) 100%
Pennsylvania 6 John Stewart Democratic-Republican 1800 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
James Kelly (Federalist) 58.5%
John Stewart (Democratic-Republican) 41.5%
Pennsylvania 7 John Rea Democratic-Republican 1802 Incumbent re-elected. John Rea (Democratic-Republican)
Unopposed
Pennsylvania 8 William Findley Democratic-Republican 1802 Incumbent re-elected. William Findley (Democratic-Republican) 64.7%
John Brandon (Federalist) 35.3%
Pennsylvania 9 John Smilie Democratic-Republican 1792
1794 (Retired)
1798
Incumbent re-elected. John Smilie (Democratic-Republican)
Unopposed
Pennsylvania 10 William Hoge Democratic-Republican 1801 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
John Hamilton (Democratic-Republican)
John Israel (Federalist)[h]
Pennsylvania 11 John Lucas Democratic-Republican 1802 Incumbent re-elected, but resigned before the start of the Congress, triggering a special election. John Lucas (Democratic-Republican) 64.8%
James O'Hara (Federalist) 35.2%

Rhode Island

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates[f]
Rhode Island at-large
2 seats on a general ticket
Nehemiah Knight Democratic-Republican 1802 Incumbent re-elected. Nehemiah Knight (Democratic-Republican) 49.9%
Joseph Stanton Jr. (Democratic-Republican) 49.5%
Joseph Stanton Jr. Democratic-Republican 1800 Incumbent re-elected.

South Carolina

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
South Carolina 1
"Charleston district"
Thomas Lowndes Federalist 1800 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Robert Marion (Democratic-Republican) 60.6%
Thomas L. Smith (Federalist) 37.0%
Scattering 2.4%
South Carolina 2
"Beaufort and Edgefield district"
William Butler Sr. Democratic-Republican 1800 Incumbent re-elected. William Butler Sr. (Democratic-Republican)[e]
South Carolina 3
"Georgetown district"
Benjamin Huger Federalist 1798 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
David R. Williams (Democratic-Republican) 58.0%
Robert Witherspoon (Democratic-Republican) 29.0%
Joseph Blyth (Democratic-Republican) 13.0%
South Carolina 4
"Orangeburgh district"
Wade Hampton Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
O'Brien Smith (Democratic-Republican)[e]
John Taylor (Democratic-Republican)
South Carolina 5
"Sumter district"
Richard Winn Democratic-Republican 1802 (special) Incumbent re-elected. Richard Winn (Democratic-Republican)[e]
John Kershaw
South Carolina 6
"Abbeville district"
Levi Casey Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent re-elected. Levi Casey (Democratic-Republican)[e]
South Carolina 7
"Chester district"
Thomas Moore Democratic-Republican 1800 Incumbent re-elected. Thomas Moore (Democratic-Republican)[e]
South Carolina 8
"Pendleton district"
John B. Earle Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent re-elected but resigned March 3, 1805, triggering a special election. John B. Earle (Democratic-Republican)[e]

Tennessee

Beginning with the 9th Congress, Tennessee was divided into 3 districts.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Tennessee 1
"Washington district"
John Rhea
Redistricted from the at-large district
Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent re-elected. John Rhea (Democratic-Republican)
Unopposed
Tennessee 2
"Hamilton district"
George W. Campbell
Redistricted from the at-large district
Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent re-elected. George W. Campbell (Democratic-Republican)
Unopposed
Tennessee 3
"Mero district"
William Dickson
Redistricted from the at-large district
Democratic-Republican 1801 Incumbent re-elected. William Dickson (Democratic-Republican)
Unopposed

Vermont

Vermont required a majority for election, which frequently mandated runoff elections. The 2nd, and 3rd districts both required second elections in this election cycle, and the 3rd district required a third election.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates[f]
Vermont 1
"Southwestern district"
Gideon Olin Democratic-Republican 1802 Incumbent re-elected. Gideon Olin (Democratic-Republican) 56.1%
Jonas Galusha (Democratic-Republican) 24.0%
Chauncey Langdon 18.6%
Others 1.4%
Vermont 2
"Southeastern district"
James Elliot Federalist 1802 Incumbent re-elected. First ballot (September 4, 1804):
James Elliot (Federalist) 41.9%
Samuel Fletcher (Federalist) 15.6%
Mark Richards (Democratic-Republican) 15.5%
Pascal P. Enos (Democratic-Republican) 12.1%
Aaron Leland (Democratic-Republican) 4.3%
Lewis R. Morris (Federalist) 3.1%
Elias Keyes (Democratic-Republican) 2.9%
Paul Brigham (Democratic-Republican) 1.4%
Others 3.1%

Second ballot (December 18, 1804):
James Elliot (Federalist) 62.0%
Mark Richards (Democratic-Republican) 36.4%
Others 1.6%
Vermont 3
"Northeastern district"
William Chamberlain Federalist 1802 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
First ballot (September 4, 1804):
William Chamberlain (Federalist) 48.0%
James Fisk (Democratic-Republican) 38.4%
Nathaniel Niles (Democratic-Republican) 9.9%
Samuel C. Crafts (Democratic-Republican) 2.6%
Others 1.2%

Second ballot (December 18, 1804):
William Chamberlain (Federalist) 49.3%
James Fisk (Democratic-Republican) 49.1%
Others 1.6%

Third ballot (March 25, 1805):
James Fisk (Democratic-Republican) 56.1%
William Chamberlain (Federalist) 42.7%
Others 1.2%
Vermont 4
"Northwestern district"
Martin Chittenden Federalist 1802 Incumbent re-elected. Martin Chittenden (Federalist) 50.4%
Ezra Butler (Democratic-Republican) 46.7%
Others 3.0%

Virginia

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Virginia 1 John G. Jackson Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent re-elected. John G. Jackson (Democratic-Republican) 57.2%
Thomas Wilson (Federalist) 42.8%
Virginia 2 James Stephenson Federalist 1803 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
John Morrow (Democratic-Republican)[e]
James Stephenson (Federalist)
Virginia 3 John Smith Democratic-Republican 1801 Incumbent re-elected. John Smith (Democratic-Republican)[e]
Virginia 4 David Holmes Democratic-Republican 1797 Incumbent re-elected. David Holmes (Democratic-Republican)[e]
Virginia 5 Alexander Wilson Democratic-Republican 1804 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Alexander Wilson (Democratic-Republican) 60.6%
Robert Bailey (Quid) 39.4%
Virginia 6 Abram Trigg Democratic-Republican 1797 Incumbent re-elected. Abram Trigg (Democratic-Republican)[e]
Virginia 7 Joseph Lewis Jr. Federalist 1803 Incumbent re-elected. Joseph Lewis Jr. (Federalist) 54.3%
William Elzey (Democratic-Republican) 45.7%
Virginia 8 Walter Jones Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent re-elected. Walter Jones (Democratic-Republican) 99.0%
Henry Lee (Federalist) 1.0%
Virginia 9 Philip R. Thompson Democratic-Republican 1793 Incumbent re-elected. Philip R. Thompson (Democratic-Republican)[e]
Virginia 10 John Dawson Democratic-Republican 1797 Incumbent re-elected. John Dawson (Democratic-Republican) 66.2%
James Barbour (Quid) 33.8%
Virginia 11 Anthony New Democratic-Republican 1793 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
James M. Garnett (Democratic-Republican)[e]
Carter Braxton
John Roane (Democratic-Republican)
John Smith
Archibald Ritchie
Virginia 12 Thomas Griffin Federalist 1803 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Burwell Bassett (Democratic-Republican) 65.1%
Thomas Griffin (Federalist) 34.9%
Virginia 13 Christopher H. Clark Democratic-Republican 1804 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Christopher H. Clark (Democratic-Republican)[e]
Virginia 14 Matthew Clay Democratic-Republican 1797 Incumbent re-elected. Matthew Clay (Democratic-Republican) 88.9%
William Lewis (Federalist) 11.1%
Virginia 15 John Randolph Democratic-Republican 1799 Incumbent re-elected. John Randolph (Democratic-Republican)[e]
Virginia 16 John W. Eppes Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent re-elected. John W. Eppes (Democratic-Republican)[e]
Virginia 17 Thomas Claiborne Democratic-Republican 1793
1801
Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
John Claiborne (Democratic-Republican) 72.7%
Mark Alexander (Democratic-Republican) 27.3%
Virginia 18 Peterson Goodwyn Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent re-elected. Peterson Goodwyn (Democratic-Republican)[e]
Virginia 19 Edwin Gray Democratic-Republican 1799 Incumbent re-elected. Edwin Gray (Democratic-Republican)[e]
Virginia 20 Thomas Newton Jr. Democratic-Republican 1799 Incumbent re-elected. Thomas Newton Jr. (Democratic-Republican)
Unopposed
Virginia 21 Thomas M. Randolph Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent re-elected. Thomas M. Randolph (Democratic-Republican) 63.7%
Walter Leake (Quid) 36.3%
Virginia 22 John Clopton Democratic-Republican 1801 Incumbent re-elected. John Clopton (Democratic-Republican)[e]

Non-voting delegates

There were three territories with non-voting delegates in the 9th Congress, one of which (the Orleans Territory) did not send its first representative until 1806. The delegates were elected by the territorial legislatures, votes here are the number of members of the territorial legislatures voting for each candidate.

In the Mississippi Territory, the territorial legislature was locked. The first vote given above was on the 7th ballot, after which point the territorial legislature adjourned, the second vote was at a later session of the territorial legislature.

District Incumbent First
elected
Result Candidates
Indiana Territory at-large None (District created) New delegate elected.
New delegate was seated December 12, 1805.
First ballot:
Benjamin Parke 5
Thomas J. Davis 5
Jesse B. Thomas 1

Second ballot:
Benjamin Parke 5
Thomas J. Davis 5
Bond[i] 1

Third ballot:
Benjamin Parke 7
Thomas J. Davis 4
Mississippi Territory at-large William Lattimore 1802 Incumbent re-elected. Seventh ballot:
William Lattimore 5
Cato West 5
William Gordon Freeman 4

Eventual decision:
William Lattimore 10
Cato West 2
John Ellis 1

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Majority required for election, which was not met in 2 districts necessitating additional elections on December 18, 1804 and March 25, 1805
  2. ^ Note: Source mistakenly identifies Hoge as a Federalist.
  3. ^ Benjamin Smith was also supported by the Federalists.[13]
  4. ^ a b Date given for the start of the term, of the person elected at the special election (source: Congressional Biographical Directory). In some cases this is clearly wrong as the date of the legal start of the Congress is given, even though the member was elected at a later date.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x Source does not give numbers of votes or has incomplete data.
  6. ^ a b c d e Unless otherwise noted, only candidates with at least 1% of the vote listed.
  7. ^ Source does not give complete results, but partial results suggest a very large majority
  8. ^ Source did not have returns for Israel.
  9. ^ Source does not give full name

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Dubin, Michael J. (1998). United States Congressional Elections, 1788-1997: The Official Results. McFarland and Company.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g 8th Congress membership roster Archived December 13, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ "New York 1804 U.S. House of Representatives, District 1, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University.
  4. ^ "MA District 12 (Berkshire) - Special Election". April 16, 2011. Retrieved September 17, 2018 – via OurCampaigns.com.
  5. ^ "Maryland 1804 U.S. House of Representatives, District 4, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved September 17, 2018.
  6. ^ "VA District 13". April 9, 2006. Retrieved September 18, 2018 – via OurCampaigns.com.
  7. ^ Cox, Harold. "Pennsylvania Election Statistics: 1682-2006" (PDF). The Wilkes University Election Statistics Project. Wilkes University.
  8. ^ "VA District 5 - Special Election". April 29, 2006. Retrieved September 18, 2018 – via OurCampaigns.com.
  9. ^ "New York 1805 U.S. House of Representatives, Districts 2 and 3, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved September 18, 2018.
  10. ^ a b c d e f "9th Congress membership roster". Retrieved September 17, 2018.
  11. ^ "NY District 3". April 9, 2006. Retrieved September 17, 2018 – via OurCampaigns.com., Note: Source incorrectly lists as "3rd district."
  12. ^ "New York 1805 U.S. House of Representatives, Districts 2 and 3, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved September 18, 2018.
  13. ^ a b "North Carolina 1805 U.S. House of Representatives, District 5, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved September 19, 2018.
  14. ^ "Delaware 1805 U.S. House of Representatives, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved September 19, 2018.
  15. ^ "Pennsylvania 1805 U.S. House of Representatives, District 4, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved September 19, 2018.
  16. ^ "Pennsylvania 1805 U.S. House of Representatives, District 11, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved September 19, 2018.
  17. ^ a b c d "Indiana 1805 U.S. House of Representatives (Territorial Delegate), Ballot 3". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved September 23, 2018.
  18. ^ a b c "Kentucky 1804 U.S. House of Representatives, District 2". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved September 20, 2018.
  19. ^ "Maryland 1804 U.S. House of Representatives, District 4". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved September 21, 2018.
  20. ^ Wilkes University Elections Statistics Project

Bibliography

External links

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