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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1765 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1765
MDCCLXV
Ab urbe condita2518
Armenian calendar1214
ԹՎ ՌՄԺԴ
Assyrian calendar6515
Balinese saka calendar1686–1687
Bengali calendar1172
Berber calendar2715
British Regnal yearGeo. 3 – 6 Geo. 3
Buddhist calendar2309
Burmese calendar1127
Byzantine calendar7273–7274
Chinese calendar甲申(Wood Monkey)
4461 or 4401
    — to —
乙酉年 (Wood Rooster)
4462 or 4402
Coptic calendar1481–1482
Discordian calendar2931
Ethiopian calendar1757–1758
Hebrew calendar5525–5526
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1821–1822
 - Shaka Samvat1686–1687
 - Kali Yuga4865–4866
Holocene calendar11765
Igbo calendar765–766
Iranian calendar1143–1144
Islamic calendar1178–1179
Japanese calendarMeiwa 2
(明和2年)
Javanese calendar1690–1691
Julian calendarGregorian minus 11 days
Korean calendar4098
Minguo calendar147 before ROC
民前147年
Nanakshahi calendar297
Thai solar calendar2307–2308
Tibetan calendar阳木猴年
(male Wood-Monkey)
1891 or 1510 or 738
    — to —
阴木鸡年
(female Wood-Rooster)
1892 or 1511 or 739

1765 (MDCCLXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1765th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 765th year of the 2nd millennium, the 65th year of the 18th century, and the 6th year of the 1760s decade. As of the start of 1765, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

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Transcription

Contents

Events

January–March

April–June

  • April 4 – At Fort Tombecbe, near what is now the town of Epes, Alabama, representatives of the British Empire and of the Choctaw Indian tribe in Mississippi sign a peace treaty in the wake of French cession of claims to the British. A boundary is fixed between land to be occupied by the Choctaws and for lands which British settlers can use; in addition, the British agree to provide a police official and a gunsmith at Fort Tombecbe for the Choctaws to use for trespassing complaints and for weapons repairs. By 1775, however, the Choctaws are outnumbered in Mississippi. [7]
  • April 5 – After completing the portion of the Mason–Dixon line marking the semi-circular boundary between Pennsylvania and Delaware, English surveyors Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon begin the two and a half year process of plotting out the 230-mile boundary between Pennsylvania and Maryland along the latitude of 39°43′20″ N. [8]
  • April 14 – Three days after getting the news that the Stamp Act has passed, American colonists invade the British Army arsenal near the New York City Hall and sabotage guns inside by spiking them. [9]
  • April 26 – At Saint Petersburg, German engineer Christian Kratzenstein presents to the Russian Academy of Sciences a perfected version of the arithmetical machine originally invented by Gottfried Leibniz. Kratzenstein claims that his machine solves the problem with the Leibniz machine has with calculations above four digits, perfecting the flaw where the machine is "prone to err whenever it is necessary to make a number of 9999 move to 10000", but the machine is not developed further. [10]
  • May 18 – Not long after British rule has started over the formerly French colony of Quebec, an accidental fire destroys one quarter of the town of Montreal. [11]
  • May 26 – During a stroll in the park "on a fine Sabbath afternoon" at Glasgow Green, Scottish engineer James Watt receives the inspiration that provides the breakthrough in his development of the steam engine; he recounts later that "The idea came into my mind, that as steam was an elastic body it would rush into a vacuum, and if a communication was made between the cylinder and an exhausted vessel, it would rush into it, and might be there condensed without cooling the cylinder... I had not walked further than the Golf-house when the whole thing was arranged in my mind." [12]
  • June 21 – The Isle of Man is brought under British control, the Isle of Man Purchase Act (coming into force 10 May) confirming HM Treasury's purchase of the feudal rights of the Dukes of Atholl, as Lord of Mann over the island, and revesting them into the British Crown.[13]

July–December

Map of India in 1765 showing territories loyal to the Marathas in (Yellow); and the territories of those loyal to the Great Mogul in (Green).
Map of India in 1765 showing territories loyal to the Marathas in (Yellow); and the territories of those loyal to the Great Mogul in (Green).

Date unknown

Births

Deaths

References

  1. ^ Abdul Majed Khan, The Transition in Bengal, 1756-75: A Study of Saiyid Muhammad Reza Khan (Cambridge University Press, 2007) p69
  2. ^ Isabel V. Hull, Sexuality, State, and Civil Society in Germany, 1700-1815 (Cornell University Press, 1997) p127
  3. ^ Jonathan Mercantini, The Stamp Act of 1765: A History in Documents (Broadview Press, 2017) p71
  4. ^ Stanley J. Stein and Barbara H. Stein, Apogee of Empire: Spain and New Spain in the Age of Charles III, 1759–1789 (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003) p69
  5. ^ "Sunday's and Monday's Posts", in The Leeds Intelligencer, March 26, 1765, p3
  6. ^ Richard Archer, As If an Enemy's Country: The British Occupation of Boston and the Origins of Revolution (Oxford University Press, 2010) pp20-21
  7. ^ "Mississippi", by Kathrin Dodds, in Native America: A State-by-State Historical Encyclopedia, ed. by Daniel S. Murphree (ABC-CLIO, 2012) p611
  8. ^ Andro Linklater, The Fabric of America: How Our Borders and Boundaries Shaped the Country and Forged Our National Identity (Bloomsbury Publishing, 2009) p29
  9. ^ Edward Robb Ellis, The Epic of New York City: A Narrative History (Basic Books, 2011)
  10. ^ Matthew L. Jones, Reckoning with Matter: Calculating Machines, Innovation, and Thinking about Thinking from Pascal to Babbage (University of Chicago Press, 2016) p133
  11. ^ William Henry Atherton, Montreal, 1535-1914: Under British rule, 1760-1914" (S. J. Clarke, 1914) p397
  12. ^ H. W. Dickinson, James Watt: Craftsman and Engineer (Cambridge University Press, 1936) pp36-37
  13. ^ Hartley Booth, V. E.; Sells, Peter (1980). British extradition law and procedure: including extradition between the United Kingdom and foreign states, the Commonwealth and dependent countries and the Republic of China. Alphen aan den Rijn: Sijthoff & Noordhoff. p. 5. ISBN 978-90-286-0079-9. OCLC 6890466.
  14. ^ Nicholas K. Robinson, Edmund Burke: A Life in Caricature (Yale University Press, 1996) p17
  15. ^ Arrell M. Gibson, Kickapoos: Lords of the Middle Border (University of Oklahoma Press, 1975)
  16. ^ "Nanicksah", in Native Peoples A to Z: A Reference Guide to Native Peoples of the Western Hemisphere, ed. by Donald Ricky (Native American Book Publishers, 2009) p1779
  17. ^ John Wiley Spiers, How Small business Trades Worldwide (Writer's Showcase, 2001) p86
  18. ^ "Karim Khan Zand (ca. 1705-1779)" in The Ottoman Empire: A Historical Encyclopedia, by Mehrdad Kia (ABC-CLIO, 2017) p133
  19. ^ Bert Anson, The Miami Indians (University of Oklahoma Press, 2000) p74
  20. ^ Robert Blair St. George, Conversing by Signs: Poetics of Implication in Colonial New England Culture (University of North Carolina Press, 2000) p246
  21. ^ Bhattacherje, S. B. (May 1, 2009). Encyclopaedia of Indian Events & Dates. Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd. pp. A-96. Retrieved March 24, 2014.
  22. ^ Bisha, Robin (2002). Russian Women, 1698-1917 Experience and Expression: An Anthology of Sources. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press. pp. 162–163.
  23. ^ "Biografia de José María Morelos". Biografiasyvidas.com. Retrieved January 15, 2019.
  24. ^ "Smithsonian History, James Smithson". Smithsonian Institution Archives Website. Smithsonian Institution Archives. Retrieved February 28, 2018.

Further reading

This page was last edited on 20 July 2019, at 23:51
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