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1713 British general election

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


← 1710 22 August – 12 November 1713 (1713-08-22 – 1713-11-12) 1715 →

All 558 seats in the House of Commons
280 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party
 
RobertHarley1710.jpg
No image.svg
Leader Robert Harley Whig Junto
Party Tory Whig
Leader since 1710 c. 1695
Seats won 369 161
Seat change Increase23 Decrease35

The 1713 British general election produced further gains for the governing Tory party. Since 1710 Robert Harley had led a government appointed after the downfall of the Whig Junto, attempting to pursue a moderate and non-controversial policy, but had increasingly struggled to deal with the extreme Tory backbenchers who were frustrated by the lack of support for anti-dissenter legislation. The government remained popular with the electorate, however, having helped to end the War of the Spanish Succession and agreeing on the Treaty of Utrecht. The Tories consequently made further gains against the Whigs, making Harley's job even more difficult. Contests were held in 94 constituencies in England and Wales, some 35 per cent of the total, reflecting a decline in partisan tension and the Whigs' belief that they were unlikely to win anyway.

Summary of the constituencies

See 1796 British general election for details. The constituencies used were the same throughout the existence of the Parliament of Great Britain.

Dates of election

The general election was held between 22 August 1713 and 12 November 1713. At this period elections did not take place at the same time in every constituency. The returning officer in each county or parliamentary borough fixed the precise date (see hustings for details of the conduct of the elections).

Results

1713 British general election results.svg

Seats summary

Parliamentary seats
Tory
64.2%
Whig
35.8%
Country Tories[1] Whigs[1] Total Members
 England 323 166 489
 Wales 21 3 24
 Scotland 14 31 45
 Total 358 200 558

See also

Notes

References

  • British Electoral Facts 1832–1999, compiled and edited by Colin Rallings and Michael Thrasher (Ashgate Publishing Ltd 2000). (For dates of elections before 1832, see the footnote to Table 5.02).

External links


This page was last edited on 13 December 2020, at 19:56
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