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150th Rifle Division

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

150th Rifle Division
Great emblem of the 150th Motor Rifle Division.svg
Great emblem of the 150th Motor Rifle Division
ActiveSeptember 1939 – December 1946
December 2016 – present
Country Soviet Union (1939–1946)
 Russia (2016–)
Branch
Red Army flag.svg
Red Army
TypeMechanised Infantry
RoleMotorized Rifle Troops
EquipmentT-90A,[1] T-72B3, BMP-3,[2] 2S12,[3] Akatsiya,[4] Msta-B, Grad, Shturm-S,[5] Tor-M2U[6]
EngagementsWorld War II
Decorations
Order of Kutuzov 2nd Class
 Order of Kutuzov
HonorificsIdritsa

The 150th Idritsa-Berlin Order of Kutuzov 2nd Class Motor Rifle Division (Russian: Russian: 150-я Идрицко-Берлинская ордена Кутузова 2-й степени мотострелковая дивизия) of the Russian Ground Forces was re-instituted in 2016.[7][8][9] It is part of the 8th Guards Army that was re-instituted in 2017.

Its Red Army′s predecessor fought on the Eastern Front of World War II from 1941 to 1945. It gained fame as a formation, whose soldiers raised the Soviet flag over the Reichstag shortly before the end of the war. The nickname ‘Idritskaya’ was given to the Soviet division on July 23, 1944, by the order № 207 for its heroic battle in the town of Idritsa. The Division fought at Schneidemühl and Berlin.

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Transcription

Contents

History

The Division was formed three times, being initially established at Vyazma in September 1939. As part of the 3rd Army's 3rd Rifle Corps, the division took part in the Soviet Invasion of Poland.

Force Composition[10]

  • 469th Rifle Regiment
  • 674th Rifle Regiment
  • 756th Rifle Regiment
  • 328th Light Artillery Regiment
  • 418th Howitzer Regiment

Operating as part of the 9th Army on 22 June 1941, then, after the Second Battle of Kharkov, was wiped out at Izyum in May 1942.

2nd Formation

The division was reformed at Turga in the Siberian Military District on July 23, 1942, based on the 1st Siberian Volunteer Division. The unit was made up of over 10,000 men from Siberian factories and the Kuzbass coal fields and had a cadre of 1,460 combat veterans. By September 1 it had enlisted 13,754 personnel, 43.8 percent of whom were Communist Party members or Komsomols. Within two weeks it was assigned to the 6th "Siberian Volunteer" Rifle Corps and began moving by rail to camps near Moscow where it received the last of its support troops and transport. On September 30, the 150th set out on a 170km road march to join the 22nd Army near Belyi in Kalinin Front.[11]

During the Second Rzhev-Sychevka Offensive (Operation Mars) the 150th Division and the 6th Rifle Corps were referred to as "Stalin" units and were regarded as an elite force. On January 6, 1943, the division was pulled from the line and moved by rail to the Velikiye Luki area, where it served in the 5th Guards Rifle Corps during the last few days of the battle for that city, then on the 25th staged an assault crossing of the Lovat and Loknya Rivers. By the middle of February it was back in 6th Corps in 22nd Army. Over the next two months it fought in the Kholm area, pinning down the German forces evacuating from the Demyansk Pocket. On April 16 the Supreme High Command recognized the service of the 6th "Siberian Volunteer" Rifle Corps by re-designating it as the 19th Guards Rifle Corps, and three days later the 150th became the second formation of the 22nd Guards Rifle Division.[12]

3rd Formation

"Victory Banner #5" was raised just below a statue on the roof of the Reichstag building. The flag reads, "150th Rifle, Order of Kutuzov 2nd class, 'Idritskaya' Division, 79th Rifle Corps, 3rd Shock Army, 1st Belorussian Front."
"Victory Banner #5" was raised just below a statue on the roof of the Reichstag building. The flag reads, "150th Rifle, Order of Kutuzov 2nd class, 'Idritskaya' Division, 79th Rifle Corps, 3rd Shock Army, 1st Belorussian Front."

It was then re-created for the third time in September 1943. When formed for the third time, it was composed of the 127th, 144th, and 151st brigades. Initially, this division fell under the command of the 34th Army. But during some time in early 1944, it was transferred to the 6th Guards Army, and then finally it was assigned to the 79th Rifle Corps of the 3rd Shock Army, of the 1st Belorussian Front, under which it would stay on the offensive all the way from Nevel, Pskov Oblast to Berlin.

On April 22, 1945, when victory for the Soviet Army was near, an order from the Military Council of the 3rd Shock Army designated the 150th Division to be one of 9 divisions to receive a special banner solely for the purpose of raising it over the Reichstag as a sign of the Soviet victory. Red Army photographer Yevgeny Khaldei took the picture of soldiers Kovaliev and another comrade of the Division's 756th Rifle Regiment hoisting the flag (called the Victory Banner) on April 30, 1945, on the roof of the Reichstag building.[13] An earlier flag had been raised the day before while the building was being fought over with remaining German soldiers. However, as the flag was raised after dusk, there was no chance to take a picture. After taking the shot with the flag Khaldei rushed back to Moscow, and it was later decided that the true persons on the photo, Kovaliev and his comrade, were not politically correct. So they became Meliton Kantaria (a Georgian, like Stalin) and Mikhail Yegorov (a Russian).

On April 26, 1945, for its heroic overnight victory at lake Voshvanzee 150th Rifle Division was awarded the Order of Kutuzov, second degree.

In December 1946 the division was disbanded in the Group of Soviet Forces in Germany.[14]

15 personnel were awarded the Gold Star Medal as Heroes of the Soviet Union, while a veteran of the unit was given the Gold Star Medal as a Hero of Ukraine in 2005.

Reactivation (2016)

The unit was re-established in December 2016 in Rostov Oblast as a full motor rifle division with its division HQ scheduled to open in Novocherkassk[14][15] and was meant to become part of the to-be-reactivated 8th Guards Army, as part of the broader structural reform of the Russian armed forces.[16]

The division was equipped with T-90A MBTs, BMP-3 IFVs and BTR-80 APCs, and contains as-yet undisclosed infantry, armour, artillery and SAM regiments, as well as communications, logistics and intelligence units.[1] The division's re-formation was completed by 2017.[17][18] In 2018, Russian president Putin signed decrees naming some of the division's units after localities in Belarus, Poland, and Ukraine.[19]

381st Guards Warsaw Artillery Regiment in 2018.
381st Guards Warsaw Artillery Regiment in 2018.
Organization as of 2017
  • Division HQ
  • 102nd Slonim-Pomeransk Motor Rifle Regiment[20]
  • 103rd Motor Rifle Regiment
  • 68th Guards Zhytomyr-Berlin Tank Regiment[21]
  • 163rd Guards Nizhyn Tank Regiment[22]
  • 381st Guards Warsaw Artillery Regiment[23]
  • 993rd Upper Dnipro Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment[24]
  • 174th Separate Reconnaissance Battalion
  • Separate Anti-Tank Artillery Battalion
  • 539th Separate Engineers Battalion
  • 258th Separate Signal Battalion
  • 293rd Separate Materiel Battalion
  • Separate Medical Battalion
  • Separate Electronic Warfare Company
  • Separate UAV Company
  • Separate NBC protection company

Commanders

  • Major-general Sergei Alekseyevich Kniazkov (1939–1940)
  • Major-general Alexander Ivanovich Pastrevich (1940–1941)
  • Major-general Daniil Grigorevich Egorov (1941–1942)
  • Colonel Leonid Vasilyevich Yakovlev (September 1943 – April 1944)
  • Major-general Vasily Mitrofanovich Shatilov (May 1944 – December 1946)
  • Major-general Pyotr Nikolayevich Bolgarev (2016)

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Новая 150-я мотострелковая дивизия приступила к защите рубежей на юге РФ" (Russian), TASS (2 December 2016)
  2. ^ "Подразделения 150-й мотострелковой дивизии переброшены на полигон Прудбой". Пресс-служба Южного военного округа. 2017-06-03. Retrieved 2018-02-19.
  3. ^ "Минометчики 150-й мотострелковой дивизии уничтожили наземные цели условного противника". Пресс-служба Южного военного округа (in Russian). 2018-01-26. Retrieved 2018-02-19.
  4. ^ "В 150-ю мотострелковую дивизию ЮВО поступили САУ 2С3М "Акация"". Пресс-служба Южного военного округа (in Russian). 2018-03-25. Retrieved 2018-03-26.
  5. ^ "Военнослужащие артполка 150-й мотострелковой дивизии впервые проведут в Ростове-на-Дону праздничный салют в День защитника Отечества". Пресс-служба Южного военного округа (in Russian). 2018-02-09. Retrieved 2018-02-19.
  6. ^ "Расчеты "Тор-М2" 150-й мотострелковой дивизии ЮВО завершили боевое слаживание в составе дивизиона". Пресс-служба Южного военного округа (in Russian). 2018-01-31. Retrieved 2018-02-19.
  7. ^ Министр обороны проинспектировал ход обустройства 150-й мотострелковой дивизии ЮВО в Ростовской области
  8. ^ Новая 150-я мотострелковая дивизия приступила к защите рубежей на юге РФ
  9. ^ Военнослужащие 150-й мотострелковой дивизии ЮВО приступили к полевым занятиям на полигоне в Ростовской области : Министерство обороны Российской Федерации
  10. ^ Nafizger Collection 939RJAA
  11. ^ Charles C. Sharp, "Red Swarm", Soviet Rifle Divisions Formed From 1942 to 1945, Soviet Order of Battle World War II, Volume X, Nafziger, 1996, p. 57
  12. ^ Sharp, "Red Swarm", pp. 57-58
  13. ^ A largely symbolic move, as the building had not been the seat of German power since the 1933 Reichstag fire
  14. ^ a b Merzlyakov, Roman (23 April 2016). "Боевое соединение на юге России назовут в честь покорителей Рейхстага" [Military forces in the south of Russia will be named for the conquerors of the Reichstag]. Rossiyskaya Gazeta (in Russian). Retrieved 10 September 2016.
  15. ^ "Источник: новое соединение на юге РФ получит имя дивизии, бравшей Рейхстаг" [Source: A New Unit in South Russia will received the name of the division that took the Reichstag]. TASS (in Russian). 23 April 2016. Retrieved 10 September 2016.
  16. ^ Ramm, Alexey; Andreyev, Yevgeny (17 March 2017). "В Южном военном округе появится новая армия" [New army in the Southern Military District]. Isvestia (in Russian). Retrieved 2 April 2017.
  17. ^ "Министр обороны проинспектировал ход обустройства 150-й мотострелковой дивизии ЮВО в Ростовской области" (Russian), Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation (19 January 2017)
  18. ^ http://www.armstrade.org/includes/periodics/news/2017/0213/100539513/detail.shtml
  19. ^ "In Provocative Move, Putin Names Regiments After Ukrainian Cities, Warsaw, Berlin". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 2018-07-02.
  20. ^ "Указ Президента Российской Федерации от 30.06.2018 № 388 'О присвоении 102 мотострелковому полку почетного наименования'". publication.pravo.gov.ru. Retrieved 2018-07-02.
  21. ^ "Указ Президента Российской Федерации от 30.06.2018 № 387 'О присвоении 68 танковому полку почетного наименования'". publication.pravo.gov.ru. Retrieved 2018-07-02.
  22. ^ "Указ Президента Российской Федерации от 30.06.2018 № 389 'О присвоении 163 танковому полку почетного наименования'". publication.pravo.gov.ru. Retrieved 2018-07-02.
  23. ^ "Указ Президента Российской Федерации от 30.06.2018 № 391 'О присвоении 381 артиллерийскому полку почетного наименования'". publication.pravo.gov.ru. Retrieved 2018-07-02.
  24. ^ "Указ Президента Российской Федерации от 30.06.2018 № 390 'О присвоении 933 зенитному ракетному полку почетного наименования'". publication.pravo.gov.ru. Retrieved 2018-07-02.

Sources

This page was last edited on 25 August 2019, at 08:58
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