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14th Street–Union Square station

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 14 Street–Union Square
 "4" train"5" train"6" train"6" express train"L" train"N" train"Q" train"R" train"W" train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway station complex
Union Square Subway 3760070985 d4b6a3d4fa2.jpg
Station entrance within Union Square Park
Station statistics
AddressEast 14th Street, Park Avenue South & Broadway
New York, NY 10003
BoroughManhattan
LocaleUnion Square, Gramercy
Coordinates40°44′05″N 73°59′25″W / 40.73472°N 73.99028°W / 40.73472; -73.99028
DivisionA (IRT), B (BMT)[1]
LineBMT Broadway Line
BMT Canarsie Line
IRT Lexington Avenue Line
Services   4 all times (all times)
   5 all times except late nights (all times except late nights)
   6 all times (all times) <6> weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction (weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction)​
   L all times (all times)​
   N all times (all times)
   Q all times (all times)
   R all except late nights (all except late nights)
   W weekdays only (weekdays only)
TransitBus transport NYCT Bus: M1, M2, M3, M14A SBS, M14D SBS, SIM7, SIM33, X27, X28
StructureUnderground
Levels3
Other information
OpenedJuly 1, 1948 (73 years ago) (1948-07-01)[2]
Station code602[3]
AccessibleThis station is partially compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 Partially ADA-accessible (BMT Broadway Line & BMT Canarsie Line platforms only)
Traffic
201932,385,260[4]Decrease 2.2%
Rank4 out of 424[4]
Location
Street map

Station service legend
Symbol Description
Stops all times except late nights Stops all times except late nights
Stops all times Stops all times
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops rush hours in the peak direction only

14th Street–Union Square Subway Station (IRT; Dual System BMT)
MPSNew York City Subway System MPS
NRHP reference No.05000671[5]
Added to NRHPJuly 6, 2005

14th Street–Union Square is a New York City Subway station complex shared by the BMT Broadway Line, the BMT Canarsie Line and the IRT Lexington Avenue Line. It is located at the intersection of Fourth Avenue and 14th Street, underneath Union Square in Manhattan. The complex sits on the border of several neighborhoods, including the East Village to the southeast, Greenwich Village to the south and southwest, Chelsea to the northwest, and both the Flatiron District and Gramercy Park to the north and northeast. The 14th Street–Union Square station is served by the 4, 6, L, N, and Q trains at all times; the 5 and R trains at all times except late nights; the W train on weekdays; and ⟨6⟩ train weekdays in the peak direction.

The Lexington Avenue Line platforms were built for the Interborough Rapid Transit Company (IRT) as an express station on the city's first subway line, which was approved in 1900. The station opened on October 27, 1904, as one of the original 28 stations of the New York City Subway. As part of the Dual Contracts, the Broadway Line platforms opened in 1917 and the Canarsie Line platform opened in 1924. Several modifications have been made to the stations over the years, and they were combined on July 1, 1948. The complex was renovated in the 1990s and was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2005.

The Lexington Avenue Line station has two abandoned side platforms, two island platforms, and four tracks, while the parallel Broadway Line station has two island platforms and four tracks. The Canarsie Line station, crossing under both of the other stations, has one island platform and two tracks. Numerous elevators make most of the complex compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA). The Lexington Avenue Line station, serving the 4, ​5, ​6, and <6> trains, is not ADA-accessible. In 2016, over 34 million passengers entered this station, making it the fourth-busiest station in the system.[4]

History

First subway

Views of the 14th Street IRT station in 1904
Under construction
Newly opened

Planning for a subway line in New York City dates to 1864.[6]: 21  However, development of what would become the city's first subway line did not start until 1894, when the New York State Legislature authorized the Rapid Transit Act.[6]: 139–140  The subway plans were drawn up by a team of engineers led by William Barclay Parsons, chief engineer of the Rapid Transit Commission. It called for a subway line from New York City Hall in lower Manhattan to the Upper West Side, where two branches would lead north into the Bronx.[7]: 3  A plan was formally adopted in 1897,[6]: 148  and all legal conflicts concerning the route alignment were resolved near the end of 1899.[6]: 161  The Rapid Transit Construction Company, organized by John B. McDonald and funded by August Belmont Jr., signed the initial Contract 1 with the Rapid Transit Commission in February 1900,[8] in which it would construct the subway and maintain a 50-year operating lease from the opening of the line.[6]: 165  In 1901, the firm of Heins & LaFarge was hired to design the underground stations.[7]: 4  Belmont incorporated the Interborough Rapid Transit Company (IRT) in April 1902 to operate the subway.[6]: 182 

The 14th Street station was constructed as part of the route segment from Great Jones Street to 41st Street. Construction on this section of the line began on September 12, 1900. The section from Great Jones Street to a point 100 feet (30 m) north of 33rd Street was awarded to Holbrook, Cabot & Daly Contracting Company.[8] The 14th Street station opened on October 27, 1904, as one of the original 28 stations of the New York City Subway from City Hall to 145th Street on the Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line.[9][6]: 186  The opening of the 14th Street station turned Union Square into a major transportation hub.[10][11] With the northward relocation of the city's theater district, Union Square became a major wholesaling district with several loft buildings, as well as numerous office buildings.[12][13][5]: 11 

Initially, the IRT station was served by local and express trains along both the West Side (now the Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line to Van Cortlandt Park–242nd Street) and East Side (now the Lenox Avenue Line). West Side local trains had their southern terminus at City Hall during rush hours and South Ferry at other times, and had their northern terminus at 242nd Street. East Side local trains ran from City Hall to Lenox Avenue (145th Street). Express trains had their southern terminus at South Ferry or Atlantic Avenue and had their northern terminus at 242nd Street, Lenox Avenue (145th Street), or West Farms (180th Street).[14] Express trains to 145th Street were later eliminated, and West Farms express trains and rush-hour Broadway express trains operated through to Brooklyn.[15] In 1918, the Lexington Avenue Line opened north of Grand Central–42nd Street, thereby dividing the original line into an "H"-shaped system. All trains were sent via the Lexington Avenue Line.[16]

A view of the now-closed side platform at 14th Street in 1905
A view of the now-closed side platform at 14th Street in 1905

To address overcrowding, in 1909, the New York Public Service Commission proposed lengthening platforms at stations along the original IRT subway.[17]: 168  As part of a modification to the IRT's construction contracts, made on January 18, 1910, the company was to lengthen station platforms to accommodate ten-car express and six-car local trains. In addition to $1.5 million (equivalent to $41.7 million in 2020) spent on platform lengthening, $500,000 (equivalent to $13,888,000 in 2020) was spent on building additional entrances and exits. It was anticipated that these improvements would increase capacity by 25 percent.[18]: 15  At the 14th Street station, the northbound island platform was extended 55 feet (17 m) north and 100 feet (30 m) south, while the southbound island platform was extended 128 feet (39 m) north, necessitating the replacement of some structural steel north of the intersection of Fourth Avenue and 13th Street.[18]: 107–108  On January 23, 1911, ten-car express trains began running on the Lenox Avenue Line, and the following day, ten-car express trains were inaugurated on the West Side Line.[17]: 168 [19]

Dual Contracts

After the original IRT opened, the city began planning new lines. The New York Public Service Commission adopted plans for what was known as the Broadway–Lexington Avenue route (later the Broadway Line) on December 31, 1907.[6]: 212  A proposed Tri-borough system was adopted in early 1908, incorporating the Broadway Line. Operation of the line was assigned to the Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company (BRT, subsequently the Brooklyn–Manhattan Transit Corporation or BMT) in the Dual Contracts, adopted on March 4, 1913.[6]: 203–219 [20] Because the Dual Contracts specified that the street surfaces needed to remain intact during the system's construction, a temporary web of timber supports was erected to support the streets overhead while the BMT platforms were being constructed.[5]: 3  The Broadway Line platforms opened on September 4, 1917, as the northern terminus of the first section of the line between 14th Street and Canal Street. Initially, it only served local trains.[21][22] On January 5, 1918, the Broadway Line was extended north to Times Square–42nd Street and south to Rector Street, and express service started on the line.[23]

The Dual Contracts also called for the construction of a subway under 14th Street, to run to Canarsie in Brooklyn; this became the BMT's Canarsie Line. Booth and Flinn was awarded the contract to construct the line on January 13, 1916.[24] Clifford Milburn Holland served as the engineer-in-charge during the construction.[25] The Canarsie Line station at Union Square opened on June 30, 1924, as part of the 14th Street–Eastern Line, which ran from Sixth Avenue under the East River and through Williamsburg to Montrose and Bushwick Avenues.[26][27] A passageway between the Broadway and Canarsie Line stations was completed in late 1923.[28]

Later years

The transfer between the IRT and BMT was placed inside fare control on July 1, 1948.[2] In the 1960s, the New York City Transit Authority (NYCTA) started a project to lengthen station platforms on the Broadway Line to 615 feet (187 m) to accommodate 10-car trains.[29] As part of the project, the Broadway Line platforms at Union Square, which were 535 feet (163 m) long, were extended 85 feet (26 m) to the north.[30] The Broadway Line station was overhauled in the late 1970s. The MTA replaced the original wall tiles, old signs, and incandescent lighting with the 1970s wall tile band and tablet mosaics, signs and fluorescent lights. They also fixed staircases and platform edges.

By 1982, the entrances in the southern portion of Union Square were to be renovated as part of a refurbishment of Union Square Park.[31] This work was performed over the latter half of that decade, with the entrances having been renovated by 1985.[32][33][34] In the late 1980s, the 14th Street–Union Square station was renovated as part of the construction of the Zeckendorf Towers immediately east of the Lexington Avenue Line platforms.[5]: 4  The towers' developers agreed to build and maintain subway entrances within the Zeckendorf Towers as "a public benefit", and in exchange, were allowed to develop the site. This was because of zoning rules that required many developers in Lower Manhattan, Midtown Manhattan, and Downtown Brooklyn to relocate and maintain subway entrances that were formerly on the street.[35] The New York City Department of City Planning prepared zoning guidelines for the Union Square area, which would allow a greater maximum floor area ratio in exchange for subway improvements, particularly benefiting the Zeckendorf project.[36]

On August 28, 1991, an accident just north of the IRT station killed five riders and injured 215 others in one of the deadliest accidents in New York City Subway history. The operator of a southbound 4 train was to be shifted to the local track due to repair work on the express one. He was running at 40 mph (64 km/h) in a 10 mph (16 km/h) zone and took the switch so fast that only the first car made it through the crossover, and the rest of the train was derailed. Five cars were damaged heavily, being scrapped on site, and the track infrastructure suffered heavy structural damage as a result.[37] The entire infrastructure, including signals, switches, track, roadbed, cabling, and 23 support columns needed to be replaced.[38] The derailment occurred at the entry to a former pocket track on the Lexington Avenue Line station, which was removed when the damage from the 1991 wreck was repaired,[39][40]

An elevator from the mezzanine to the southbound Broadway Line platform, one of several installed in the station's renovation during the 1990s and 2000s
An elevator from the mezzanine to the southbound Broadway Line platform, one of several installed in the station's renovation during the 1990s and 2000s

In the 1990s, the station underwent a major renovation. On July 9, 1993, the contract for the project's design was awarded for $2,993,948. As part of the contract, the consultant investigated whether it was feasible to reconfigure the IRT passageway, to reframe the exit structure on the Lexington Avenue platforms to accommodate the relocation and widening of stairs, the construction of a new fan room, the removal of stairs on the Broadway Line platforms, the reframing of the existing structure, and the construction of a new staircase between the intermediate and IRT mezzanines. These were all deemed feasible, and in May 1994, a supplemental agreement worth $984,998 was reached to allow the consultant to prepare the design for this work.[41]: C-57  Plans were prepared by Lee Harris Pomeroy. The project was to cost $38.5 million and start in December 1994, with a new entrance pavilion on the southeast corner of Union Square Park, containing an elevator entrance.[42] The same year, a New York City Transit Police station opened in the Broadway Line mezzanine.[5]: 4  A construction contract was ultimately signed in March 1995.[43] The work involved creating a pocket park in a traffic island at the southeast corner of Union Square, a project that was completed in 2000.[44] In addition, power infrastructure had to be upgraded to allow the construction of MetroCard vending machine equipment.[45] In 2002, the Broadway Line station was upgraded for ADA-accessibility and its original late 1910s tiling was restored. As part of the upgrade, the MTA repaired the staircases, re-tiled for the walls and floors, upgraded the station's lights and the public address system, installed yellow safety treads along the platform edge, new signs, and new trackbeds in both directions.

As part of the 2015–2019 MTA Capital Program and the L Project, several modifications were implemented on the platform to improve circulation and to reduce crowding. The stairs from the Broadway Line platforms were rebuilt in March 2019; the stair from the downtown Broadway Line platform was reconfigured entirely.[46][47] Additionally, a new escalator was installed from the east mezzanine to the platform; it cost around $15 million and opened on September 10, 2020.[48][49][50]

Station layout

G Street level Exit/entrance
B1 Mezzanine Fare control, station agent
Disabled access Elevator at northeast corner of 14th Street and Union Square East
B2 Side platform, not in service
Northbound local "6" train"6" express train toward Pelham Bay Park or Parkchester (23rd Street)
"4" train toward Woodlawn late nights (23rd Street)
(No service: 18th Street)
Island platform
Northbound express "4" train toward Woodlawn (Grand Central–42nd Street)
"5" train toward Dyre Avenue or Nereid Avenue (Grand Central–42nd Street)
Southbound express "4" train toward Utica Avenue (Brooklyn Bridge–City Hall)
"5" train toward Flatbush Avenue weekdays, Bowling Green evenings/weekends (Brooklyn Bridge–City Hall)
Island platform
Southbound local "6" train"6" express train toward Brooklyn Bridge (Astor Place)
"4" train toward New Lots Avenue late nights (Astor Place)
Side platform, not in service
B2 Northbound local "R" train toward 71st Avenue (23rd Street)
"W" train toward Ditmars Boulevard weekdays (23rd Street)
"N" train toward Ditmars Boulevard late nights/weekends (23rd Street)
"Q" train toward 96th Street late nights (23rd Street)
Island platform Disabled access
Northbound express "N" train toward Ditmars Boulevard weekdays (34th Street–Herald Square)
"Q" train toward 96th Street (34th Street–Herald Square)
Southbound express "N" train toward Coney Island via Sea Beach weekdays (Canal Street)
"Q" train toward Coney Island via Brighton (Canal Street)
Island platform Disabled access
Southbound local "R" train toward 95th Street (Eighth Street–New York University)
"W" train toward Whitehall Street weekdays (Eighth Street–New York University)
"N" train toward Coney Island via Sea Beach late nights/weekends (Eighth Street–New York University)
"Q" train toward Coney Island via Brighton late nights (Eighth Street–New York University)
B3 Westbound "L" train toward Eighth Avenue (Sixth Avenue)
Island platform Disabled access
Eastbound "L" train toward Rockaway Parkway (Third Avenue)
New tile name tablets on the mezzanine with names of 9/11 victims
Corridor sloping up from the IRT to BMT mezzanines

The IRT Lexington Avenue Line and BMT Broadway Line stations run roughly parallel to each other in a north-south direction. The Lexington Avenue Line platforms run under Fourth Avenue and Union Square East, while the Broadway Line platforms to the west run under Broadway, cutting directly under Union Square Park. The BMT Canarsie Line station runs west-east under both of the other stations, along 14th Street.[5]: 3 

A 480-foot-long (150 m) mezzanine stretches above the BMT Broadway Line platforms, ramping down to a control area at its south end, where there are stairs down to the Broadway Line platforms and transfers to the other platforms. Along the mezzanine and adjacent passageways, the tops of the walls contain friezes made of raised geometric patterns on the rectangular tiles. White-on-green tiles with the number "14" are placed at the tops of the walls at regular intervals, while white-on-green "Union Square" tablets are installed below the friezes. Rectangular red metal frames also surround sections of the original wall. The mezzanine is relatively shallow, and because it was built with insufficient clearance, Union Square Park was raised by 4 feet (1.2 m) to accommodate the station.[5]: 4, 6  Imprinted on the walls are over 3,000 stickers with the names of victims of the September 11 attacks, which were put up by artist John Lin and sixteen friends on September 10, 2002.[51] The stickers were not sanctioned by the subway system's operator, the Metropolitan Transportation Authority, and have deteriorated since they were placed.[52][53]

Directly east of the control area at the south end of the BMT Broadway Line mezzanine, a 20-foot-wide (6 m) corridor slopes down to the IRT mezzanine. The IRT mezzanine contains two overpasses, connecting the station complex with exits on the east side of both Fourth Avenue and Union Square East. Galleries extend from the overpasses above the platforms, with stairs leading downward from the galleries to each island platform. A corridor runs above the western side of the IRT station, connecting the two overpasses. This corridor contains restored cross-segments of the original station wall, including faience cornices, mosaic tile borders, and plaques of eagles.[5]: 4–5  These are part of a larger, station-wide art installation entitled Framing Union Square, by Mary Miss.[54][55] Original faience plaques with the number "14" are in the southern end of the mezzanine, near one of the entrances. Other decorations, such as a pale blue frieze, date from later renovations. The area near the Zeckendorf Towers contains storefronts, as well as steel and glass enclosures.[5]: 5 

Another staircase extends from the IRT mezzanine to a small mezzanine above the Canarsie Line platform. Another mezzanine on the western side of the station serves the Canarsie Line platform directly. There were several connecting passageways between the western Canarsie Line mezzanine and the larger concourse area above the Broadway Line. However, these passageways have been sealed off. The passageways to the Canarsie Line platform contain cruciform borders similar to those in the other passageways.[5]: 6–7, 18 

Exits

Station entrance sign
Station entrance sign

The station contains numerous entrances and exits. Near the southeast end of the station, there is one stair, escalator bank, and elevator in the Zeckendorf Towers at the northeast corner of 4th Avenue and 14th Street; this is the ADA-accessible entrance to the station. There are two stairs to each of the southwest and southeast corners of the same intersection. All of these lead directly to the Lexington Avenue Line mezzanine. One block to the west, there are two staircases on the south side of 14th Street between Broadway and University Place, which lead to the western Canarsie Line mezzanine.[5]: 18 [56] A closed exit extended to the west side of Broadway between 13th and 14th Streets.[5]: 18 [57]

The central portion of the station contains another exit from the Lexington Avenue Line mezzanine to the Zeckendorf Towers, which leads to the southeast corner of Union Square East and 15th Street. There are also two stairs inside Union Square Park between 14th and 15th Streets. One is closer to Union Square West between these two streets, opposite the equestrian statue of George Washington, while the other is closer to Union Square East and 15th Street. These entrances more directly serve the Broadway Line platforms.[5]: 18 [56] The Union Square Park entrances contain large polygonal metal-and-glass canopies, which date from a 1985 renovation of the park.[5]: 7 [32]

At the northern end of the station, two stairs rise to Union Square Park on the east side of Union Square West at 16th Street. These lead most directly to the Broadway Line platforms.[56]

IRT Lexington Avenue Line platforms

 14 Street–Union Square
 "4" train"5" train"6" train"6" express train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway station (rapid transit)
14 Street-Union Square IRT 003.JPG
Downtown platform for the local services (left) and express services (right), showing the curvature of the station and the movable platforms
Station statistics
DivisionA (IRT)[58]
Line   IRT Lexington Avenue Line
Services   4 all times (all times)
   5 all times except late nights (all times except late nights)
   6 all times (all times) <6> weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction (weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction)
Platforms2 island platforms (in service)
cross-platform interchange
2 side platforms (abandoned)
Tracks4
Other information
OpenedOctober 27, 1904 (117 years ago) (1904-10-27)[9]
Station code406[3]
Accessible
The mezzanine is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, but the platforms are not compliant
ADA-accessible to mezzanine only; platforms are not ADA-accessible
AccessibilityCross-platform wheelchair transfer available
Opposite-
direction
transfer
Yes
Station succession
Next northGrand Central–42nd Street (express): 4 all except late nights5 all except late nights
23rd Street (local): 4 late nights6 all times <6> weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction
18th Street (local; closed): no service
Next southAstor Place (local): 4 late nights6 all times <6> weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction
Brooklyn Bridge–City Hall (express): 4 all except late nights5 all except late nights
Track layout

Station service legend
Symbol Description
Stops all times except late nights Stops all times except late nights
Stops all times Stops all times
Stops late nights only Stops late nights only
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops rush hours in the peak direction only

14th Street–Union Square is an express station on the IRT Lexington Avenue Line. The 4 and 6 trains stop here at all times;[59][60] the 5 train stops here at all times except late nights;[61] and the ⟨6⟩ train stops here during weekdays in the peak direction.[60] The station has four tracks and two island platforms. The uptown and downtown platforms are offset from each other, having been extended at their rear ends, and are slightly curved.[5]: 5 [62] Platform gap fillers, on the downtown side, use proximity sensors to detect when trains arrive, automatically extending when a train has stopped in the station.[5]: 5 

The island platforms allow for cross-platform interchanges between local and express trains heading in the same direction. Local trains use the outer tracks while express trains use the inner tracks.[62] The island platforms were originally 350 feet (110 m) long, as at other express stations on the original IRT,[7]: 4 [63]: 8  but later became 525 feet (160 m) long. The platforms are 30 feet (9.1 m) wide at their widest point.[63]: 8 

The station has two abandoned local side platforms; the northbound platform is visible through windows, bordered with wide, bright red frames.[5]: 5  A combination of island and side platforms was also used at Brooklyn Bridge–City Hall on the IRT Lexington Avenue Line and 96th Street on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line.[63]: 8  These side platforms were built to accommodate extra passenger volume and were built to the five-car length of the original IRT local trains. When trains were lengthened, the side platforms were deemed obsolete, and they were closed and walled off.

Design

The platforms are offset, with the original platforms having been extended at their rears
Abandoned side platform behind the wall and the black bars on the right, whose edge is still visible
Old IRT "14" eagle cartouche

As with other stations built as part of the original IRT, the station was constructed using a cut-and-cover method.[64]: 237  The tunnel is covered by a "U"-shaped trough that contains utility pipes and wires. The bottom of this trough contains a foundation of concrete no less than 4 inches (100 mm) thick.[5]: 3–4 [63]: 9  Each platform consists of 3-inch-thick (7.6 cm) concrete slabs, beneath which are drainage basins. The platforms contain I-beam columns spaced every 15 feet (4.6 m). Additional columns between the tracks, spaced every 5 feet (1.5 m), support the jack-arched concrete station roofs.[5]: 3–4 [7]: 4 [63]: 9  There is a 1-inch (25 mm) gap between the trough wall and the platform walls, which are made of 4-inch (100 mm)-thick brick covered over by a tiled finish.[5]: 3–4 [63]: 9 

The walls near the tracks do not have any identifying motifs with the station's name, as all station identification signs are on the platforms. The trackside walls contain vertical white glass tiles.[5]: 5  The original decorative scheme for the side platforms consisted of blue tile station-name tablets, blue and buff tile bands, a yellow faience cornice, and blue faience plaques.[63]: 34  The mosaic tiles at all original IRT stations were manufactured by the American Encaustic Tile Company, which subcontracted the installations at each station.[63]: 31  The decorative work was performed by faience contractor Grueby Faience Company.[63]: 34 

Track layout

Similar to 72nd Street on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line, this station was built with extra tracks on the approach to the station. These were between the local and express tracks and were approximately 300 feet (91 m) long. The idea was to have a "stacking" track where a train could be held momentarily until the platform cleared for it to enter the station. The tracks here and at 72nd Street were rendered useless when train lengths grew beyond these tracks' capacity.[62] The northern track was removed as a result of the 1991 derailment.[39] A similar track still exists between the northbound tracks south of the 14th Street–Union Square station's northbound platform.[62]

BMT Broadway Line platforms

 14 Street–Union Square
 "N" train"Q" train"R" train"W" train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway station (rapid transit)
BMT Broadway 14th Street-Union Square Southbound Platform.jpg
R46 Q train arriving on the southbound express track
Station statistics
DivisionB (BMT)[65]
Line   BMT Broadway Line
Services   N all times (all times)
   Q all times (all times)
   R all except late nights (all except late nights)
   W weekdays only (weekdays only)
Platforms2 island platforms
cross-platform interchange
Tracks4
Other information
OpenedSeptember 4, 1917 (104 years ago) (1917-09-04)[22]
Station code015[3]
AccessibleThis station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 ADA-accessible (Transfer to IRT Lexington Avenue Line platforms not accessible)
Opposite-
direction
transfer
Yes
Station succession
Next north34th Street–Herald Square (express): N weekdays onlyQ all times except late nights
23rd Street (local): N weekends and late nightsQ late nights onlyR all except late nightsW weekdays only
Next southEighth Street–New York University (local): N weekends and late nightsQ late nights onlyR all except late nightsW weekdays only
Canal Street (express): N weekdays onlyQ all times except late nights
Track layout

Station service legend
Symbol Description
Stops all times except late nights Stops all times except late nights
Stops all times Stops all times
Stops late nights only Stops late nights only
Stops late nights and weekends Stops late nights and weekends
Stops weekdays only Stops weekdays only

14th Street–Union Square is an express station on the BMT Broadway Line that has four tracks and two island platforms. The N and Q trains stop here at all times.[66][67] The R stops here at all times except late nights,[68] while the W stops here during weekdays.[69] The island platforms were originally 530 feet (160 m) long, but as a result of an extension in the early 1970s, became 615 feet (187 m) long.[30][5]: 5  The platforms are 30 feet (9.1 m) below the street. At the southern end of each platform, three stairs and an elevator lead to the mezzanine, and one stair leads to the Canarsie Line platforms. At the northern end of each platform, two stairs lead to the mezzanine. [5]: 5–6, 18 

The tunnel is covered by a "U"-shaped trough that contains utility pipes and wires. The bottom of this trough contains a concrete foundation no less than 4 inches (100 mm) thick. Each platform consists of 3-inch-thick (7.6 cm) concrete slabs, beneath which are drainage basins. The platforms contain I-beam columns spaced every 15 feet (4.6 m). Additional columns between the tracks, spaced every 5 feet (1.5 m), support the jack-arched concrete station roofs. The trackside walls also contain exposed I-beam columns, dividing the trackside walls into 5-foot-wide panels.[5]: 3–4 

Depiction of the junction of Broadway and Bowery Road in 1828
Depiction of the junction of Broadway and Bowery Road in 1828

The panels on the trackside walls consist of white square ceramic tiles. A frieze with multicolored geometric patterns runs atop the trackside walls, with a square mosaic tile placed inside the frieze at intervals of three panels. A band of narrow green tiles runs along the left and right edges of each white-tiled panel, as well as below the frieze and mosaic tiles.[5]: 6  The mosaic tiles, by Jay Van Everen, are part of a work entitled "The junction of Broadway and Bowery Road, 1828", a reference to the two streets that intersected at Union Square.[5]: 6 [70] In 2005, an artwork called City Glow by Chiho Aoshima was installed here.[71][72]

BMT Canarsie Line platform

 Union Square
 "L" train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway station (rapid transit)
Union Square - Canarsie Line Platform.jpg
Station statistics
DivisionB (BMT)[73]
Line   BMT Canarsie Line
Services   L all times (all times)
Platforms1 island platform
Tracks2
Other information
OpenedJune 30, 1924 (97 years ago) (1924-06-30)
Station code117[3]
AccessibleThis station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 ADA-accessible (transfer to IRT Lexington Avenue Line platforms not accessible)
Opposite-
direction
transfer
Yes
Former/other names14 Street–Union Square
Station succession
Next westSixth Avenue: L all times
Next eastThird Avenue: L all times
Track layout

Station service legend
Symbol Description
Stops all times Stops all times

Union Square (announced as 14th Street-Union Square on rolling stock) on the BMT Canarsie Line has two tracks and one island platform. The L train stops here at all times.[74] Various stairs and an elevator go up from the platform to the mezzanine. There are also two stairs leading directly to each of the Broadway Line platforms.[5]: 7, 18  An escalator leads directly from the Canarsie Line platform to the IRT mezzanine.[50]

The tunnel is covered by a "U"-shaped trough that contains utility pipes and wires. The bottom of this trough contains a concrete foundation no less than 4 inches (100 mm) thick. The platform consists of 3-inch-thick (7.6 cm) concrete slabs, beneath which are drainage basins. The platform contains I-beam columns spaced every 15 feet (4.6 m). The trackside walls also contain exposed I-beam columns, dividing the trackside walls into 5-foot-wide panels.[5]: 3–4 

The panels on the trackside walls consist of white square ceramic tiles. A band of narrow green tiles runs along the left, right, and top edges of each white-tiled panel. A frieze with multicolored geometric patterns runs atop the trackside walls, with a hexagonal mosaic tile with the letter "U" placed inside the frieze at intervals of three panels.[5]: 6–7 

Escalator from the Canarsie Line platform to the IRT
Escalator from the Canarsie Line platform to the IRT

References

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Further reading

  • Stookey, Lee (1994). Subway ceramics : a history and iconography of mosaic and bas relief signs and plaques in the New York City subway system. Brattleboro, Vt: L. Stookey. ISBN 978-0-9635486-1-0. OCLC 31901471.

External links

nycsubway.org:

Google Maps Street View:

Other websites:

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