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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1234 Elyna
Discovery [1]
Discovered byK. Reinmuth
Discovery siteHeidelberg Obs.
Discovery date18 October 1931
Designations
(1234) Elyna
Pronunciation/ɪˈlnə/[5]
Named after
Elȳna (Kobresia)[2]
(flowering plant)
1931 UF · 1933 BN
main-belt · (outer)
Eos[3][4]
Orbital characteristics[1]
Epoch 4 September 2017 (JD 2458000.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc85.63 yr (31,277 days)
Aphelion3.2788 AU
Perihelion2.7526 AU
3.0157 AU
Eccentricity0.0873
5.24 yr (1,913 days)
148.48°
0° 11m 17.52s / day
Inclination8.5120°
304.68°
87.424°
Physical characteristics
Dimensions22.876±0.465 km[6]
22.88±0.47 km[6]
25.38±8.51 km[7]
25.70±3.2 km[8]
26.00 km (derived)[3]
29.08±0.90 km[9]
5.421±0.001 h[10]
5.4219±0.0001 h[11]
5.4221±0.0001 h[11]
17.6 h (poor)[12]
0.055±0.004[9]
0.0672±0.020[8]
0.10±0.07[7]
0.1286 (derived)[3]
0.162±0.031[6]
SMASS = K[1][3]
10.71±0.24[13] · 10.77[3][12] · 10.80[6] · 10.9[1] · 10.98[7] · 11.50[8][9]

1234 Elyna /ɪˈlnə/, provisional designation 1931 UF, is an Eoan asteroid from the outer regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 25 kilometers in diameter. It was discovered on 18 October 1931, by astronomer Karl Reinmuth at the Heidelberg-Königstuhl State Observatory.[14] The asteroid was named after the flowering plant Elyna (Kobresia; bog sedges).[2]

Orbit and classification

Elyna is a member the Eos family (606),[3][4] the largest asteroid family of the outer main belt consisting of nearly 10,000 asteroids.[15]:23 It orbits the Sun at a distance of 2.8–3.3 AU once every 5 years and 3 months (1,913 days; semi-major axis 3.02 AU). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.09 and an inclination of 9° with respect to the ecliptic.[1] The body's observation arc begins at Heidelberg, four days after its official discovery observation.[14]

Physical characteristics

In the SMASS classification, Elyna is a K-type asteroid,[1][3] which agrees with the overall spectral type for members of the Eos family.[15]:23

Rotation period

Several rotational lightcurves of Elyna were obtained from photometric observations since 1983. Lightcurve analysis gave a rotation period of 5.421 hours with a consolidated brightness amplitude between 0.21 and 0.37 magnitude (U=3-/2/3/1).[10][11][12]

Diameter and albedo

According to the surveys carried out by the Infrared Astronomical Satellite IRAS, the Japanese Akari satellite and the NEOWISE mission of NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer, Elyna measures between 22.876 and 29.08 kilometers in diameter and its surface has an albedo between 0.055 and 0.162.[6][7][8][9]

The Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link derives an albedo of 0.1286 and a diameter of 26.00 kilometers based on an absolute magnitude of 10.77.[3]

Naming

This minor planet was named after the flowering plant Elyna, a subgenus of the genus Kobresia in the family Cyperaceae, sometimes called bog sedges. The official naming citation was mentioned in The Names of the Minor Planets by Paul Herget in 1955 (H 114).[2]

Meta-naming

The initials of the minor planets (1227) through (1234), all discovered by Reinmuth, spell out "G. Stracke". Gustav Stracke was a German astronomer and orbit computer, who had asked that no planet be named after him. In this manner Reinmuth was able to honour the man whilst honoring his wish. Nevertheless, Reinmuth directly honored Stracke by naming planet 1019 Strackea later on.[2] The astronomer Brian Marsden was honored by the same type of meta-naming using consecutive initial letters in 1995, spelling out "Brian M." in the sequence of minor planets (5694) through (5699).[2]

Reinmuth's flowers

Due to his many discoveries, Karl Reinmuth submitted a large list of 66 newly named asteroids in the early 1930s. The list covered his discoveries with numbers between (1009) and (1200). This list also contained a sequence of 28 asteroids, starting with 1054 Forsytia, that were all named after plants, in particular flowering plants (also see list of minor planets named after animals and plants).[16]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 1234 Elyna (1931 UF)" (2017-06-05 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 6 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d e Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (1234) Elyna. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. pp. 102–103. doi:10.1007/978-3-540-29925-7_1235. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "LCDB Data for (1234) Elyna". Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB). Retrieved 6 January 2018.
  4. ^ a b "Asteroid 1234 Elyna – Nesvorny HCM Asteroid Families V3.0". Small Bodies Data Ferret. Retrieved 26 October 2019.
  5. ^ Paxton's Botanical Dictionary (1868)
  6. ^ a b c d e Masiero, Joseph R.; Mainzer, A. K.; Grav, T.; Bauer, J. M.; Cutri, R. M.; Nugent, C.; et al. (November 2012). "Preliminary Analysis of WISE/NEOWISE 3-Band Cryogenic and Post-cryogenic Observations of Main Belt Asteroids". The Astrophysical Journal Letters. 759 (1): 5. arXiv:1209.5794. Bibcode:2012ApJ...759L...8M. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/759/1/L8.
  7. ^ a b c d Nugent, C. R.; Mainzer, A.; Bauer, J.; Cutri, R. M.; Kramer, E. A.; Grav, T.; et al. (September 2016). "NEOWISE Reactivation Mission Year Two: Asteroid Diameters and Albedos". The Astronomical Journal. 152 (3): 12. arXiv:1606.08923. Bibcode:2016AJ....152...63N. doi:10.3847/0004-6256/152/3/63.
  8. ^ a b c d Tedesco, E. F.; Noah, P. V.; Noah, M.; Price, S. D. (October 2004). "IRAS Minor Planet Survey V6.0". NASA Planetary Data System. 12: IRAS-A-FPA-3-RDR-IMPS-V6.0. Bibcode:2004PDSS...12.....T. Retrieved 22 October 2019.
  9. ^ a b c d Usui, Fumihiko; Kuroda, Daisuke; Müller, Thomas G.; Hasegawa, Sunao; Ishiguro, Masateru; Ootsubo, Takafumi; et al. (October 2011). "Asteroid Catalog Using Akari: AKARI/IRC Mid-Infrared Asteroid Survey". Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan. 63 (5): 1117–1138. Bibcode:2011PASJ...63.1117U. doi:10.1093/pasj/63.5.1117. Retrieved 17 October 2019. (online, AcuA catalog p. 153)
  10. ^ a b Aznar Macias, Amadeo; Carreno Garcerain, Alfonso; Arce Masego, Enrique; Brines Rodriguez, Pedro; Lozano de Haro, Juan; Fornas Silva, Alvaro; et al. (July 2016). "Twenty-one Asteroid Lightcurves at Group Observadores de Asteroides (OBAS): Late 2015 to Early 2016". The Minor Planet Bulletin. 43 (3): 257–263. Bibcode:2016MPBu...43..257A. ISSN 1052-8091.
  11. ^ a b c Behrend, Raoul. "Asteroids and comets rotation curves – (1234) Elyna". Geneva Observatory. Retrieved 6 January 2018.
  12. ^ a b c Binzel, R. P. (October 1987). "A photoelectric survey of 130 asteroids". Icarus. 72 (1): 135–208. Bibcode:1987Icar...72..135B. doi:10.1016/0019-1035(87)90125-4. ISSN 0019-1035.
  13. ^ Veres, Peter; Jedicke, Robert; Fitzsimmons, Alan; Denneau, Larry; Granvik, Mikael; Bolin, Bryce; et al. (November 2015). "Absolute magnitudes and slope parameters for 250,000 asteroids observed by Pan-STARRS PS1 - Preliminary results". Icarus. 261: 34–47. arXiv:1506.00762. Bibcode:2015Icar..261...34V. doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2015.08.007.
  14. ^ a b "1234 Elyna (1931 UF)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 6 January 2018.
  15. ^ a b Nesvorný, D.; Broz, M.; Carruba, V. (December 2014). Identification and Dynamical Properties of Asteroid Families. Asteroids IV. pp. 297–321. arXiv:1502.01628. Bibcode:2015aste.book..297N. doi:10.2458/azu_uapress_9780816532131-ch016. ISBN 9780816532131.
  16. ^ Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (1054) Forsytia. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 90. doi:10.1007/978-3-540-29925-7_1055. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3.

External links

This page was last edited on 21 March 2020, at 09:04
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