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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Šavnik

Шавник
Main town square in Šavnik
Main town square in Šavnik
Coat of arms of Šavnik
Coat of arms
Šavnik is located in Montenegro
Šavnik
Šavnik
Location of Šavnik in Montenegro
Coordinates: 42°57′N 19°06′E / 42.95°N 19.10°E / 42.95; 19.10
Country Montenegro
MunicipalityŠavnik Municipality
Settlements27
Government
 • MayorVelimir Perišić (DPS)
Area
 • Town and municipality553 km2 (214 sq mi)
Population
 (2011 census)
 • Density5.3/km2 (14/sq mi)
 • Urban
472
 • Rural
1,598
 • Municipality
2,070
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
81450
Area code+382 40
ISO 3166-2 codeME-18
Car platesŠN
ClimateCfb
Websitewww.savnik.me

Šavnik (Montenegrin and Serbian Cyrillic: Шавник, pronounced [ʃǎv̞niːk]) is a town in Montenegro and administrative center of the Šavnik Municipality. It is located at the confluence of three rivers - Bukovica, Bijela and Šavnik, at an altitude of 840 meters. It is the lowest lying settlement in the municipality.

History

Unlike most settlements in the area, which date back several centuries, Šavnik is relatively new, founded only in 1861. It was populated by migrants from other parts of Montenegro and Herzegovina, mostly craftsmen, merchants, riflers and blacksmiths, which were needed by local farmers. The area was overgrown with willows, which the newly formed town was named after (šavice – willow branches or seams, which were used as a roof covering).[1]

Before the construction of first houses on the site of today's town, there were two mills on Šavnik River. The first three houses that were built in Šavnik were a tavern with a shop, rifle repair shop and a blacksmith shop.[2] The town quickly became a center for the Drobnjaci region, and incorporated a post office, school, primary court, and military post.[3]

Industrialization during the SFR Yugoslavia era mostly bypassed Šavnik, so did all major transit road or rail links, and economy of town went into stagnation. Population of Šavnik and entire municipality is since in slow but steady decline. Most of the residents are migrating to Nikšić and southern Montenegro, and Šavnik is often a synonym for a poor and deteriorating town. The new road Risan - Nikšić - Šavnik - Žabljak (P5), and proximity of Žabljak as a main mountain tourist resort in Montenegro may boost Šavnik's economic prospects.

Population

Šavnik is administrative centre of Šavnik municipality, which in 2011 had a population of 2,070. The town of Šavnik itself has 472 citizens.

Population of Šavnik:

  • 1981 - 633
  • 1991 - 821
  • 2003 - 571
  • 2011 - 472

Ethnic groups (2003 census):

Transport

Šavnik is situated on a regional road between Nikšić (45 km) and Žabljak (15 km), and it is its only link with the rest of Montenegro.

References

  1. ^ "Nepokretna baština Crne Gore - ŠAVNIK"., Analitika
  2. ^ "Opština Šavnik | Istorija". www.savnik.me. Retrieved 2018-11-07.
  3. ^ "Savnik". Eko zona Durmitor (in Serbian). 2011-02-26. Retrieved 2018-11-07.
This page was last edited on 25 March 2020, at 16:37
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